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the pope in England, could scarcely sure: the one exceeding valiant be called a Protestant. Nor had and advised; the other no less he the excuse, poor as it is, of be. valiant than learned, and of exing an honest, but misguided, per. cellent hope." . secutor. Whom he would, he slew; That such a" merciless prince" and whom he would, he kept alive'; should have prepared the way, for rather as unbridled passions or a the progress, now we trust accele. sanguinary policy directed, than rating, of Christian truth and cha. as guided by an erroneous religi. rity, through this nation, must ous principle. His character is always be reckoned among the ex. thus well drawn by Raleigh, in traordinary works of Providencethe Preface to his History of the From seeming evil, still educing good. World.

Thus, as it is well expressed, in o If all the pictures and pate the inscription on a column at terns of a merciless prince were lost Ampthill, where Henry's first inin the world, they might all again jured Queen resided, be painted to the life, out of the story of this king. For how many From Catharine's wrongs, a nation's

bliss was spread ; servants did he advance in baste, And Luther's light, from Henry's lawbut for what virtue, no man could

less bed. suspect, and, with the change of Yet “ Luther's light,” or rather his fancy, ruin again, no man the light of scripture, was perknowing for what offence? To how mitted to be enjoyed only through many others of more desert, gave lattices of a size and quality pre. he abundant flowers, from whence scribed by the civil power. The to gather honey, and, in the end Bible was regarded as a boon, of harvest, burnt them in the hive? vraciously bestowed by the crown. How many wives did he cut off, From such premises, the conclus and cast off, as his fancy and affec. sion was obvious, that for the tion changed ? How many princes use of this boon, an account of the blood, whereof some of them, should be rendered to the royal for age could hardly crawl to- donor. Thus came in that specious wards the block, with a world of pretender, a Magistrate affecting others of all degrees, of whom the cure of souls ; till persecution, our common chronicles have kept with her furies, like Milton's Sin the account, did he execute ? Yea, and Death, in the train of Satan, in his very death.bed, and, when Following his track, such was the will he was at the point to have given of heaven, his account to God, for the abun. Pav'd after him a broad and beaten way. dance of blood already spilt, he This enormity is adroitly com. imprisoned the Duke of Norfolk, pressed by Blackstone, into a short the father, and executed the Earl plausible sentence: Christianity of Surrey, the son : the one whose is part of the laws of England. deservings he knew not how to (B. iv. ch. 4.) The learned com. value, having never omitted any mentator knew, though it did not thing that concerned his own suit him to admit, that, let Chris. honour and the king's service; the tian or anti-christian faith, be en. other never having committed any acted in any country, while" many thing worthy of his least displea. men have many minds," persecu

tion must be the unavoidable omnes voluntates meus, Ac, xiii. consequence. i

[22.] 10 wbich answers that pro. Henry the Eighth had been en. ceeding from the king, Lucerna Hitled by the pope, Defender of pedibus meis rerbum tuum, Psal. . the Faith, a convertible term, cxix [105.] Underneath the Alwhich, as Lord Orford ol served, mighty is the king a rain reprehas equally suited a popish or sented, situng in his throne, with protestant, an episcopalian, or even his arms before him at his feet. a presbyterian, prince. Henry now O..bis right hand stand two bishadded the title of Supreme Head op; bare headed, and their mitres of the Church of England ; ani on the ground, in token, as it was complimented by the Reform, sbruid seem of their acknowledge. ers, as a man after God's own ment of the king's suprimacy. heart, with gross flattery in a The king gives to the foremost a moral sense, however the ex- book shut, with these w rds on pression may be providentially the cover, VERBUM DEI, and correct. I refer to a curious spe. these words on a label, going out cimen of picture-writing, on ihe of his mouth, Hæc precipe et doce, frontispiece of Cranmer's Bible, Tit 11.[15.] The Bishop receives 1539, a splendid copy of which it, bending his right knee. On is preserved in the British Museun. the king's left hand stand several An engraving of this frontispiece, of the Lords temporal, to one of is in Lewis's Compiere History of whom he delivers a book clasped, English Translations of the Bible, with VERBUM DEI on the cover 1739; from whence I copy bis of it, and the following words on description, as the book is not one label, Ane constitutum est now common, and it may serve to et decretum ut in unirerso imperio exemplify our Reformers' courtly et regno meo tremuscant et pave. notion of the Bible, as a grant ant deum viventem, Daniel vi. from the crown to the people. [26] and on another label this

6 On the top is a representa- text, Quod justum est judicate, tion of the Almighty in the clouds ita parvum nudietis ut magnum, of heaven, with both his hands Deut. primo. (17.) The nobleman stretched out, and two labels going receiv's the book, bending his left from his mouth. On that going knee. Underneath the bishops, towards his right hand, are the stands archbishop Cranmer, with following words, Verbum quod his mitre Omnis head, and habited egredietur de me, non revertetur ad in his rochet or stole over it. Beme vacuum, sed faciet quæcunque fore him is one kneeling with a volui, Esa. Iv. (11.] His left hand shaven crown, and habited in a points to the king, who is repre. surplice, to whom the Archbishop sented kneeling at some distance, delivers a book clasped, with the bare.headed, and his hands lifted words VERBUM der, on the cover up towards heaven, with his crown of it, and saying to him these on the ground before him, and a words, as they are in a label, com. label going out of his mouth. On ing out of his mouth, Pascite quod the label which comes from the in robis est gregem Christi, i Pet. Almighty, is this text, Inveni v. [2 ] Under the lord's temporal mirum juxta cormeum, qui fuciet stands Lord Cromwel, the king'

VOL. VII.

vicegerent. His lordship is repre. and low, great and little, had, sented with his cap on, and a and their thankfulness to the king, roll of paper in his right hand, for his granting them this privilege and in his left, a book clasped, of having and reading the holy with VERBUM DEI on the cover of scriptures, in their mother-tongue. it, which he delivers 10 a noble. On the left side, are represented man, who receives it of him bare. prisoners looking out of the prison headed, with these words, on a grates, and partaking of this great label going out of his mouth, Di- and common joy."- Complete verte a malo et fac bonum, inquire Hist. 2 Ed. pp. 122--124. pacem et sequere eam, Psalmo I have not been able to transxxxiiii. 114.) At the bottom, on cribe this passage, without recol. the right hand, is represented a lecting a remark, by Mrs. Macau• priest, with his square cap on, in a lav, on a later period of our his. pulpit, preaching to a pretty large tory, tliat “ priests were instructed auditory of persons of all ranks to teach speculative despotism, and qualities, orders, sexes and and graft on religious affections, ages, men, women, children, systems of civil tyranny.” This nobles, priests, soldiers, trades. pretended mediator between Gol men and countrymen, who are re, and the people, was yet caprici. presented, some standing, and ous as a Moorish Emperor, and others sitting on forms, and ex. would have burned translators and pressing themselves very thankful. readers of the Bible, or enjoined Out of the preacher's mouth goes its perusal, just according to the a label with these words, Obsecro humour of the moment. I ex. igitur primum omnium fieri oba cuse myself from following Henry secrationes orationes, postulationes, through the bloody eccentricities gratiarum actiones pro omnibus of his latter years. The Protestant hominibus, pro regibus, &c. 1 Tim. sufferers being orthodox, have had ii. [1. 2.) On the right side of the justice done to their memories by pulpit are the words Vivat Rex, their pious and learned martyrand in labels coming from the ologisi; and, indeed, the proper people's and children's mouths, æra of English Protestant perseVIVAT REX, GOD SAVE THE cution, scarcely commences till KINA, to express the great and the infantile reign of Edward, universal joy and satisfaction which shall be the subject of my which all the king's subjects, high next letter

R. G. S.

GLEANINGS; OR, SELECTIONS AND REFLECTIONS MADE IN A

COURSE OF GENERAL READING.

No. CV.

this day preserved those his domi.. Lord Clarendon's Prophecy con- nions from entertaining any thing cerning Spain.

that was not before known or ge. “ It cannot be denied, that nerally believed by them; but it Philip (King of Spain) by this is as true, that from that time, and means (the Inquisition) hath to only by the settling that terrible

judicatory, (which admits not the

No. CVI. mention of any thing that is new

Contenticle. in any other science as well as divinity, nor the natural doubts or

Condenticle means a meeting. discourses which cannot but arise

· house, and is so used by Blackamongst learned men.) the acute. stone; but it signifies as much a ness and vigour of that nation is

* meeting.house for Church-men as so totally decayed and their spirits for Dissenters... Latimer, in the broken, and inclinations diverted title to one of his sermons before to more pernicious licences that King Edward, calls the Chapel. too many of that class of men,

* Royal “ a meeting-place." who should preserve and improve

Literally, a Conventicle is a knowledge, are upon the matter

marter small meeting of persons ; in which become illiterate: and the spirit Sense, how many parish churches and courage, which was natural may bear the denomination! To to that people, and made them as

the assembled thousands of the cminent for many noble attempts

Tabernacle, Tottenham-Court. and atchievements as any other

† Chapel, Spa Fields, Zion Chapel nation of the world. is much de, and Surry Chapel, it cannot be generated and broken. It is very applied, except by ignorance and probable, however, that since their

folly.

only. pristine appetite of honour and A secondary sense of Conventi. glory is not like to be extinguished. . cle is an unlawful meeting, in which they will at sume time, when it shall sense, a meeting of Peers for the please God to give them an active sake of influencing a County elecand enterprizing King, shake off)

tion is a Conventicle; a meeting their modern sloth and luxury, of

of Country Justices for the sake of and those shackles with which the suppressing an opposition newsfaculties of their mind are re. paper is a Conventicle ; a meeting strained and imprisoned as well of Staff Officers to address compli. as their bodies in verpetual danver ments to a Commander in Chief. and captivity : and They will then degraded by the Legislature, is a discern that the true sujety and

true safety and Conventicle; a meeting of Rural security of a Church and State Esquires for deep gambling, is a

Conventicle: but a meeting of and virtue of a people, that can

on Protestant Disssenters in a building discern and distinguish between regist

tinguish between registered according to law, to truth and error, and suppress then

uppress the hear a minister pray and preach, one, or at least expel the poison of :

of who is qualified according to law, it, by the power of the other ; sup.

is not a Conventicle, but an Es. ported by laws constituted upon the

tablished Church. To such a foundation of prudence and justice,

meeting the term is never applied, more than by a stupid resignation

id resignation but by such as have it in their of the understanding to old dic.

la dir heart, though, thank God ! not in tates, and by a sottish affectation of their power, to disperse it. The ignorance in those things which use of it is verbal intolerance, linare the proper objects for the dis. gula quisition of the soul of man." cution; barking where the Law

Religion and Policy. 8vo. 181. prevents biting. i. 373374.

So late as the 4th century, Am

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mianus Marcellinus, a pagan wri. pendence, he thus answers an ob.
ter, calls a Chistian Church at jector to his scheme of democratic
Cologne, a Conventicle (conveni. government. .
culum ritus Christiani). Proces but where, say some, is the
tant Dissentir's need not therefore King of America ? I'll tell you,
to rifuse ibis vulgar reproacn; Friend, he reigns above. Yet
the'll enemies may, it they please, that we may not appear to be de.
enjoy the reputation of a Heathen ficuve even in earibly bonours,
spiril.

let a day be solemnly set apart for

proclaiming the chartır; let it be No. CVII.

brought torih placed on the divine “ Mahumetan Slory.

law, the word of God; let a

cionn be plac id thereon, by which " The Malumetans,” says the world may know that so far Bolde, (Prct. to Meditations colle we approve of monarchy, that in cerning Death,) "have a try wisich America the law is king. For as Christians may make a good use in absolute governments the king of, viz. That in the days or Jesus, is law, so in free countries the three men in a Journey happened law vught to be king ;-- But to tind a treasure, but being very best any ill use should afterwards hungry, sent one of the number arise, let the crown), at the conclu. to buy provision; he consulad sion of the cert niony, be demolish. how to get the treasure to himself, id and scattereri among the people and determined to poison the whose right it is."..“ Com. Sense.” meat: the other two agreed to Lond. 1776. p. 28. share the treasure between them, 6. Common Sense,' was answer. and to kill the third man as soon cd in America by “ Plain 'Truth, as he returned: this they did, and which was republished with it here, preseutly after they died of the poi. and comains the strength of the suned meat. Jesus, passing by with arguments against Independence. his disciples, sand, This is the con. 6. Plain Truih,” concludes with dition: of this world-See what the the following political prediction, love of it hath brrught these men which an age of freedom and nato! Wo be io him that looks for tjonal improvement has happily any other usage from it.”

falsified.

“ Volumes were insufficient to No. CVIII.

describe the horror, misery and 66 Common Senseand 6 Plain

desolation awaiting the people al Truth."

large, in the syren form of Ameri.

can Independence. In short, I Thomas Paine, who in his“ Age affirm that it would be the most of Reason,” has ridiculed the deexcellent policy in those who wish! scription of the Bible as the Word for true liberty, to submit, by an of God, appears to have had oiber advantageous reconciliation, to! sentiments,, twenty years before. The authority of Great Britain.In his " Common Sense,” pub- Independence and slavery are sy- ' lished at Philadelphia in 1776, and nonymous terms."' « Plain Truth." ; which greatly contribuied to the p. 36. declaration of American Inde.

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