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Deity of the Holy Spirit.
Spirit. name; that prayer, therefore, ap
pears not to be intended for the Liverpool, June 18, 1812. Christian, but the Jewish state : SIR,
had it been designed to be used In your Repository for March when Christianity was established, last (p. 149) a correspondent who how came Mark and John not to signs himself M. H. puts some notice it in their Gospels ? as questions relating to the Holy Spi. thereby those early Christians, rit. He asks, " why did Jesus who had only those gospels, would Christ never offer up a single pe. want this important form of prayer. tition to this equal in Omnipo- And if you refer to the 16th chaptence," &c.; and further reinarks, ter of John, our Lord, just bethat " in that most striking and fore his sufferings tells his disciples, comprehensive form of words which Hitherto ye have asked nothing in he delivered to us does he exclu. my name ; and that whatsoever sively teach us to pray to the Fa- they should ask the Father in his ther." Now, it is difficult to say, name, he would give it them; evi. whether your correspondent is dently showing that prayer was to really ignorant what reply Trini. be offered in a different manner tarians would make to this, or and through a different medium whether he supposes, that none of after his ascension, to what it had the few who may happen to see been during the Jewish polity. I the Repository, will think it worth have also said, that the disciples did while to answer it, therefore ex. not understand the nature of the pects to claim a victory as though gospel, or Christ's kingdom, until it was unanswerable. I would after his ascension, for we find, even refer your reader to two excellent after his resurrection, his disciples books on this subject, viz. Dr, asked him, Acts i. 6. "Wilt Owen's and Mr. Hurrion's, and thou at this time restore the king. advise him to read them; but dom to Israel?" This he tells lest he should think this doctrine them it was not for them to know, has no advocates in the present but that they should receive power day, I would make one or two after the Holy Ghost was coine observations. And first respect. upon them. So that it does not ing the Lord's Prayer, which ap- appear, that everything which pears to me only suited to the our Lord and his disciples prac. Jewish state of the church. Every tised as Jews is to be a model for one who attentively considers the Christians. New Testament must observe, that But further. However M. H. our Lord'acted as a Jew and at. may think of the Holy Spirit, he tended all the Jewish feasts, rites appears to have been a person of and ceremonies; and that the true considerable importance during nature and design of his kingdom our Lord's stay on earth, who and gospel were not revealed to declares blasphemy against him his disciples until after his ascen. to be an unpardonable sin : and síon, when the Holy Ghost came he also appears to have been con. upon them : and, previous to this, sidered as of high importance after prayer was offered up through the our Lord's ascension. When our medium of the daily sacrifices, Lord, according to his proinise, and not through him or in his sent him to carry on the gospel, we find, Acts i. 8. that the Holy that they have not followed cuno Ghost was to come upon them. ningly devised fables, those who In verse 16, Peter, quoting a pas- call themselves Unitarians must sage from the Psalms, says the not wonder, it those called Trinita. Holy Ghost by the mruth of Da. rians will not, upon their mere ipse vid spake it. Acts ii. 4. We read dirit, believe one balf the New that the Apostles were filled with Testament to be figure and the the Holy Ghost, which produced other half fable. miraculuus effects upon them. A hint more, and I conclude. Acis xiji. 2. The Holy Ghost Will M. H. say why the writers of said, separate me Baruabas and the New Testament, so uniformly, Saul to ihe work whereunto I have when speaking generaily of the called them: and Acts v. 3 and Divine Being, call him God; and 4, of Ananias and Sapphira, it is when speaking of Josus Christ, in said, that they lied to the Holy connection wiih him, they use the Ghost, and that they had not lied relative term Father, or God the to men but unto God. Now who Father: and if Christ and the is this great person who is thus Holy Ghost are not God, why is highly spoken of in scripture, and baptism administered in the names to whose influence such miracu. of the Father, Son and Holy lous powers are ascribed? And, Ghost, and not in the names of let it be remembered, this is a God and Christ and the Holy great person sent by Christ, after Ghost ; and why does the Apostle his ascension, and that he was Paul, in the close of his Second somebody distinct from the Father; Epistle to the Corinthians, chise as the Apostles were sent forth to with the grace of the Lord Jesus baptise persons on their embracing Christ, and the love of God, and the gospel, in the name of the Fa. the communion of the Holy Ghost, ther and of the Son and of the &c.? Why does Peter, Ist Epistle, Holy Ghost ? . . . chap. i. verse 2. mention God the
If then, those who are called Fa her, the Spirit and Jesus Christ Trinitarians and worship one God, as distinct persons all uniting in in the Father, Son and Holy Ghost, blessing the elect? happen to take the scriptures, of
H. M . the New Testament as being plain matters of fact, related by plain honest men, miraculously inspired Sketch of English Protestant by the Holy Ghost, and should Persecution, Letter V. understand them ja that light SIR, June 21, 1812. which the language in common I ought to have mentioned in acceptation conveys, and literally my last letter how the reformer of as it is written; how can they be Geneva, not long before the pro. to blame? and who is to prove ceedings against Joan Bocher, had that the New Testament does not contributed to increase the ardour mean literally what is written in of English Protestant persecution, it? We have been taught that the under the influence of that antitruths of religion are so plain, christian spirit which al length that a man that runs may read urged him to the atrocious deed and understand ; and when the against Seroetus. Among the Apostles have solemnly declared, epistles of Calvin is one to the Protectur, Somerset, dated Octu- the fesh. Divers of them were ber 29, 1548. He tells the Duke taken up and found sureties for that he has been informed respect. their appearance, and were at ing two sorts of troublesome peo- length brought into the ecclesias. ple in England. One called Gos. tical court." pellers : the other party smitten Strype adds, (p. 237) “ Be. with the old superstition. He re- sides these sectaries, there was in. commends to the Protector that formation sent to the court in June buih feel the weight of a severe this year of another sort in Essex, correction and have the magis. but they as it seems, more harm. trate's sword drawn upon them. less, namely certain that came Gladio ultore coerceri quem tibi together on other days beside Suntradidit Dominus.
. days and holidays to hear serCalvin had no occasion thus to mons, who had preacbers that spur the speedy. The year 1550, then preached to them, and that, memorable in the history of the for all perceive, was all their English Protestant Church for fault; for I do not find any false the burning of Joan Boucher, was doctrine or sedition laid to their also employed in the infiction of charge.” more tidious, though probably, I know not whether in such a conin many instances, not less tatal nection this instance of mere reli. severites, on the score of religion gious restraint may be thought wor4. Siry percc. Mem. ii. 236) re. thy of notice. Though it would now lates, from ibe manuscripts of Fox, be very justly called persecution, that " sectaries appeared now in vet probably it never excited Kent and Essex," chiefly at bocking even a question among our Prutesand Fever bam, who " held the o- tant refo, iners, amidst the san. pinions of the Anabaptists and Pela. guinary projects which engaged gians,". Those in Kent went over to their attention.". The following patheir brethren in Essex “ to instruct per, issued by the council, in conand joiņ with them.” Strype names sequence of the Information men. eleven of their principal adherents tivned by Surype, inay however be and four of their teachers, one of worthy of preservation, as a teswhom was Ilumphrey Middleton, timony to that desire of religious whose story will sooll engage our instruction which had been excitattention. Among their “ Sayings ed by the events and be preachers and teneis" were the following: of that age in a populace of whom
" 'That the doctrine of Predes. scarcely any were able to read the tination was meeter for devils than scriplures for themselves. This for Christian men : that children paper I copy from Wilkins' Con. were not boru in original sin : that cil. Mag. Brit. iv. 62. there was no man so chosen but ... 66 The council's letter to the he might damn himself, neither bishop of London against weekly any man so reprobale but that he lectures, with the bishop of Lon. might keep God's commandinents don's letter for the execution of it and be saved : that learned men to the Archdeacon of Colchester. were the cause of great errois : Ex. Reg. Bonner. Fol. 281.11.1 that to play at any manner of game " After our right hearty com. for money is sin and the work of mendations unto your lordship. Being advertised from the Lord 251.) This commission is dated Chancellor, that divers preachers Jan. 18, 1551. Its title and ge. within your diocese in the county neral terms are like the foriner; of Essex, do preach, as well the both, as a well informed friend work days as the holy days, where- lately remarked to me, being coas some inconveniences may grow. pied from the judicial forms of Thinking not convenient that the the English Papal Church. The preachers should have liberty so variations of this second commis. to do, because at this present it sion consist in the notice of some may increase the people's idleness, probably new heresies called liber. who of themselves are so much tinorum errores, and a special in. disposed to it, as all the ways that junction to the commissioners to may be devised are little enough reclaim or punish certain impug. to draw them to work. We there. ners of the established service thus fore pray you to take order that described. Librum nostrum vulgo they preach the holy days only, appellatum, The Booke of the as they have been accustomed to Common Prayer and Administra. do. And the work days to use tion of the Sacraments and other those prayers that are prescribed Rites and Ceremonies of the unto them. Thus we bid your Church after the use of the Church good Lordship most heartily fare. of England, aut divina officia in well. From Greenwich, the 23d codem expressa et inserta contem? of June 1550, your loving friends, nentes, spernentes, adversantes, E. Somerset, &c.”
sive obloquentes. To the former There follows a letter from Rid- Commissioners is added Sir John ley to the Archdeacon of Colches. Cheke, described as the King's ter signed Nicol. London, dated Tutor. 25th of June, 1550, charging the - These commissioners were not preachers in the king's highness's idle. They soon found another name, that “from henceforth victim to follow Joan Bocher to they do not preach but only upon the stake, though on an opposite Sundays and holy days, and none ground of heresy. Fox (Com. p. other days, except it be at any 202) describes their reputed errors burial or marriage !"
as directly contrasted. Germa. • We now return to contemplate nus de divina Christi essentia ; al. persecution in its proper form, un- tera de humanitate. The story of disguised by any pretences of po- this second and the last recorded litical expediency.
martyrdom, during the reign of · The friend who vainly expostii. Edward, so far as I have been lated with Rogers (p. 366) had able to collect it, is as follows." conjectured that the attention - Strype, (Ec. Mem. ii, 78) excited by the execution of a he- places at the year 1547, the “Be. retic was calculated to increase ginning of the Stranger's Church heresy. Such now appears to at Canterbury.” About that time have been the case. The Council arrived in England Peter Martyr, deemed it necessary at the com. and among other learned divines mencement of the following year accompanying him, Bernardinus to issue a new commission which Ochinus, an Antitrinitarian ac. is found in Rymer's Fædera. (xv. cording to Sandius, though pr
bably then on the reserve as to his at the holy communion, contrary un-orthodox opinions. It ap. to the laudable usage and express pears also from Rymer's Fæd. direction of the Church of Eng. (xv. 242) that the Church of the land." Augustine Friars in London was This church of the strangers, granted, 24 July, 1550, to the zealous against a heresy which Germans, John a Lasco, a Polish they had not themselves entertain. nobleman, being the first minister ed, perhaps grateful for the license and superintendant. Such were, allowed them, but certainly for po doubt, the persons designed by getful of those claims to christian Strype, (Cran. p. 234) who “ filed liberty under which they had over hither to escape the persecu. sought a refuge in England, now tions that were in those times very proceeded to excommunicate one violently set on foot in their res of their number. 'That this per. spective countries, and to enjoy secuted church presently became the liberty of their consciences abettors of persecution, and perand the free profession of their formed the first act of the tragedy religion.". The King's Letters we are about to witness, appears Patent to Juhn a Lisco and the clearly from the following entry German Congregation, as pre. in King Edward's Journal. "]551, served by Burnett, (ii. Rec. 185) April 7. A certain Arrian, of not only express compassion for the strangers, a Dutch Man, expatriated foreigners, but declare being excommunicated by the his zeal to preserve in its original congregation of his countrymen, liberty the church which he had was, after long disputation, concontributed to deliver from the demned to the fire." tyranny of the Pope.
This Unitarian, here called an To these foreigners a consider- Arian, more probably agreed in rable latitude was permitted as to sentiment with L. Socinus, who, as forms. This appears from a com- appears by your volume V.p. 170, plaint of Burnett, (ii. 146). that was also about this time in England. "A Lasco did not carry himself The stranger's name was George with that decency which became Van Parris, a native or inhabitant a stranger who was so kindly re. of Mentz, called by Fox a Ger. ceived, for he wrote against the man, (Germanus Moguntinus) orders of this church, both in the which was then synonimous with matter of the habits, and about Dutchman. Fox also hints at his the posture in the sacrament, being having been one of John a Lasco's for sitting rather than kneeling.” congregation. In the present age A later bistorian, Mr. Carte, (iii. it would scarcely deserve praise, 254) is larger upon this point. He but be only an avoidance of just says, " John a Lasco had been edu- reproach, to do justice to the cated in Poland, a country overrun moral character of a theological with Arians and Socinians, who, opponent. Yet in the age of Fox denying the divinity of our Savi. it was singularly liberal to comour, treated him in a manner as memorate the virtues of a man their equal by sitting with him at whose principles he must have his table, and publishing a book, abhorred. Of George Van Parris, maintained the practice of sitting Fox declares that his countrymen