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anniversaries of the Unitarian Fund mon parent in schemes of the greatest excite, is the best proof of the appro and most sublime utility. Several rebation of its plan and objects by the solutions expressive of the satisfaction Uuitarian public.
of the meeting were put by the alternate
speakers of every persuasion, and were Birmingham Aurrirary Bible So. carried without a dissentient voice. In ciety.
short, the most perfect and cordial unaThe general annual meeting of the
nimity prevailed, and all distinctions of
parties and opinions scemed to be buried BISMINGUAM ASSOCIATION for pro
in the general and laudable desire of moring the wojects of the BRITISH AND
being instrumental in conferring benefits FRION BIJLE Society, was held at
of the most valuable nature upon the the io, al iiotel, yesterday. when the
pour and the ignorant. accounts of the success of the institution
Midland Chronicle, April 25th, 1812. were listened to with pleure by a nu. merous audito.y of ladies and gentlemen. The chair was taken at twelve
NOTICES. o'clock, by the Rey Mr Spooner, who
THE UNITARIAN TRACT SOCIETY opened the business of the day, and was
TOR WARWICKFUIRE and the NEICRfollowed by the Revus E. Buro. Dr. BOURING COUNTIES. The annual Tolmin,
Scitt, J. Kentish. Jas, meeting of this Society will be held, Buddico, &c. Messrs. Curni, Rock,
this year, on Wednesday, the 17th of P. M. James and others, who succes
June, at Evesham in Worcestershire : sively addressed the assembly. We re. when the Rev. John Fry, of Coscley. gret that want of room prevents the will preach. The service to begin at possivility of our giving any report of 11 o'clock A Lecture will be preached ther various interesting and eloquent
bonent on the preceding evening by the Rev. speeches. The most satisfactory ac- John Kenissh of Birmingham counts were given of the success of this most excellent institution and the most The Annual Meeting of the SOUTH. checring hopes held forth of its future ERN UNITARIAN SOCIETY will this Usefulness. Ia eight years it was stated year take place at Chichester on the the Holy Scriptures have been trans. first of July. The Sermon in the Morn. lated into fifty-four languages, and ing will be preached by th Rev. Wil. 300,100 copies have been distributed. liam Hughes, formerly of London. 100 Auxiliary Societies have been estab. There will also be service in the cycn. lished, which co-operate with the com- ing.
MONTHLY RETROSPECT OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS ;
The Christian's Survey of the Political World.
With the utmost grief we heard the secutor, committed to prison. It is first account, that the Attomey Gene- needless for us to say, how much we ral had thought it necessary to use the abhor the sentiments, which were the power with which he is, or claims to objects of this prosecution. Our Lord be invested, in prosecuting a bookseller and master was reviled upon earth, but for publishing a book, written against he did not crush his revilers; and when the peculiar doctrines of Christianity. his mistaken disciples intreated him to This grief was increased, by the event ca'l down fire from heaven to destroy of that trial, in which a deaf old man those, who would not acknowledge, was frequently interrupied by the court, like the author of the book in question, and his defence did not appear to be his divine mission, far from acceding to answered by either his prosecutor or his such a request, he rebuked them with judge, and being found guilty by the these emphatic words, • Ye know not jury he was, at the instance of the pro. what spirit ye are of.' Sir Vicary Gibbs,
according to the newspapers, has profess. ing the infidel to use his own arms, in ed himself to be a sincere Christian; his attack upon Christianity. The inbut a sincere Christian must bend to the formations of the Attorney General were authority of Christ, and though a man properly treated as bars to all free in. should ca:1 the Chris'ian religion a table, quiry, and his inconsistency was shewn, its author an impostor, and its teachers by his sanction of the poem of Lucretius, designing and interested villain, (as mule which was an attack against all religion, titudes have done, emperors, kings, whereas the book before the court was princes, priests, the great, the rich, and against only a peculiar mode of it, The the learned) the sincere Christian hears Christian charity of the judges was ap. the reproaches with sorrow for those, plied to with peculiar energy, for though from whose mo'ith it comes, and does the arm of the law, grasped at the thun. Dot retort, cither by bad language, or ders of heaven, it would be impotent to what is worse, by penalties, imprison. convince, it was powerful on!y to destroy. ments, tortures or deaih 'These were The bookseller was remanded to prison the instruments of infidels against Chris- and ordered to be brought up for judg. tians: if Christians use these instru. ment in the ne xt week, when he was senments, because they now have power in tenced to eighteen months imprisonment, their hands, we say to them as Christ and to stand in the pillory. said to his erring apostles, . Ye know A circum-tance of this kind would not what spirit ye are of.
naturally produce very little sensation. The bookseller has been brought up The object was an individual in an obfor judgment, and put in the affidavits, scure situation, and the higher ranks of five respectable persons, as to his cha- who entertain the sentiments of Hume, racter, and he himself stated, that he Gibbons, Voltaire, Dupuis, &c. &c. had no evil intention or design against were not likely to intercede for one, the public peace, in publishing his book, who was disseminating their principles which he did not conceive to be to the in a form not sufficiently refined. But dishonour of God that he had errone other events, and those of a most melanously believed it to be the right of all choly nature, called forth all the pubpersons. to discuss the authenticity of any lic attention. Assassination is a crime, passages in the holy scriptures--that he from which the English character turns was born and bred, and continued in with abhorrence, yet the instances of the Church of England, and endeavoured it of late have too ofien grieved our to live in charity with all men--that he hearts. Private wrongs, real or prewas sixty years of age, afflicted with a tended, have armed the hands of Encough and very infirm, and prayed the glishmen, in a manner, which has been mercy of the court, in pity to the errors long the reproach of the I: alians : but and infirmities of human judgment. in one case the individual gloried in his
Mr. Prince Smith addressed the act, and did not attempt to escape from court in a most able manner, in mitiga. the hands of justice. In the north, the tion of punishment, shewing the state assassins have, notwithstanding great of the world under Popish laws against rewards for their detection, escaped enquiry, and pointing out that the court hitherto undiscovered. These wretched was the guardian of the morals of the men commit murder from revenge, as people, not the kceper of their souls : some of their confederacy have been killed and the enquiry now was, how far the in their outrages against private property, public morals might be injured and the and others have been consigned to the public peace invaded by the dissemina- hands of ustice. The confederacy is of cion of the principles contained in this an abominable nature, waging war book, Great latitude had formerly been against the improvement of machinery, allowed in discussing opinions, and at by which their districts have hitherto this time there were upwards of forty flourished, and notwithstanding cempo. million's of the kings subjects, who be- rary distress it is certain that the chief lieved Christianity to be a fable, and instigaters in the tumultuous proceedings whose faith was founded on an incarna- are the least affected by it. Governtion eight hundred years older than ment has sent a very strong military Moses. He brought instances of divines force to protect the immense property using a great latitude of enquiry respect- employed in manufacture, and a coming the prophecies, and among them the mission has been issued to try the infafather of the Lord Chicf Justice, allow. Luated rioters.
But the assassination, more generally fur he was a very serious member of the felt from the higher rank of the suffering establishment, and in writing. His for. party, owed its origin to wrongs real or titude did not forsake him to the last, pretended, which were confined entirely for previous to his execution, on the to the person, who performed the act, third day after his condemnation, just and these grew out of commercial trans- befo:e he stepped on the scaffold, he was actions in the Russian empire. A mer- ex mined by the Lord Mayor and Shechant there, by nawe Bellingham, had a rifts, in the presence of a number of perdispute relative to his business, which sons, before whom he justified the act, being rifered to arbitration was given and denied the concurrence of any acag in t bini, and it ended in his being complice. He looket upon death as a thrown into prison. He conceived, that haven from his troubles and was launchthe Enlich en bassader and consul ed into eternity, without betraying a were not sufficiently attentive 10 his symptom of remorse, or losing at any cor: plaints, and he came to England time his fortitude, w th this idea strong in his mind, im- Thus were completed the days of this presed deeply by the indiguities he had extraordinary character, which manifestsuffered and heightened by a derange- ed powers, that had they been exercised ment, to which he appears to have been in a good cause, would have clled forth sub ect. Flere he la d his complaints all our commiseration, all our praise. before ministers, members of parliament, It shews how strangely may be combined and the Low-street oflicers, but no in the human mind, the feelings of reliwhere obtained that attention, to which gion and the basest passions of ihe heart. he thought him elf entitled. Hence he Little had this unhappy man attended to formed the idea of sacr ficing a public the precepis of religion. · Vengeance is man to his resentment, with a confused mine, and I will repay, saith the Lord:' noiion of teaching them their duty; and and how could he reconcile in his pious it fell to the lot of the first minister to re- moments, his conduct with hat of our ceive the fatal blow. He was coming into Saviour, under more trying circumstanthe lobly of the House of Commons, ces, whose charge to us to love our when he received a pistol shot, the ball eremies, to bless those who persecute us, piercing his heart: and advancing only had been exchanged for the unchristian, a step or two he fell, and expired in a and unhallowed passion of revenge. Let few minutes.
the duellist, who in a similar manner Having perpetrated the act, Belling- sends his adversary to the tribunal of his ham retired to a seat behind, where he Creator, reflect upon the danger of giving was siezed soon after, with a very un- way unto wrath ; and that he frequently necessary degree of violence, for he did has not so much to say in palliation of not Letray the slightest wish to escape, his crime, as the wretched man, who has nor did he make any res stance. After expiated his offence by the hand of the an examination, in which he confessed executioner. the fact, and corrected with great cool. The sudden death of Mr. Perceval, ness, the evidence of some of the wito naturally occasioned a very great sensanesses, he was committed to Newgate, tion in all ranks of people, though in and four days after was brought to his some places the news of it was received trial. In prison, and at the bar, he ma- with joy, as he was looked upon as the nifested the same firmness of mind, re- author and supporter of these evils, jecting the plea, that had been set up for under which the manufacturers were him of insanity, complaining of the in- suffering. Yet in his private character, juries he had sustained in Russia, and of a; a father, a husband, and a friend, no the neglect of government towards him, one was more sincerely lamented. The both at home and abroad, and justifying House of Commons shewed the sense his act, in which he maintained that they entertained of his loss, by a most there was no peculiar malice a ainst the enormous grant, no less than an annuitý unhappy object, who fell a victim to the of two thousand a year to his widow, a neglect of government in doing justice, thousand a year to his eldest son during The sentence of death he received with her life, and afterwards two thousand a the utmost composure, which he retain- year during hi, own life, and fifty thoued during the trying interyal to the time sand pounds to his children. We are at of execution, which was employed in a loss in looking for services, which pious conversation and acts of devouon, particularly in the present state of the
country, can justify such a grant. Re, the established sect, and on this its time spectable as he was in private life, he would be better emploved, than in does not appear, in his public character, wasting its efforts in iain attempts to to have any great claim for public re- prevent the influence of a society, which gard. His want of liberality in matters has the noblest ends in view, the diffus of religion and his participation in the sion of the light of the gospel, and the abuses which are as notorious as the removal or alleviation of party differsun at noon day, would be a blot upon ences. a character that had the highest claims The Lancasterians have also had a to respect : but however fit for a subor- meeting and a dinner, the latter graced dinate part, he was, as Marquis Welles- by the presence of two Royal Dike”, ley properly observed, totaliy out of his one in the chair, and a great nu nber of element in the othice of premier,
the nobility. Nothing could be more By the death of Mr. Perceval, an end pleasing to a liberal mind than to witness was put to his administration. A nego- the union of birth, talents and wealth in ciation was entered into with Marquis the promotion of this no le scheme for Wellesley and Mr. Canning to join it, giving instruction to the lower classes. to which they bo h, with great dignity The Bellans could not find any rational and propriety, resused to accede, and a ground for compluint in this meeting; vote of the House of Commons frustrate for their exclusive system was treated ed the attempt of the feeble remains of with great respect, and we cannot but administration to patch up a ministry by augur well for the country from the themselves, and a few feeble adherents, rivalry which prevails between the two who were willing to run the risque of parties. It will make thom both more managing the state. A motion was alert in their respective departments, made for an address to the Prince to and the esi ablished sect will probably form an efficient administration, which soon discover the folly of adhering to was carried by a majority of four against the system they have laid down, or at. the ministry: and to this address the tending so much to human formularies, Prince returned a gracious answer. At particularly that catechism of their's, this moment of wriiing, the arrange- which is unfit for the education of chil. ments are not completed; but it is ex. dren as it is unintelligible to the learned. pected that Marquis Wellesley will be The established sect p.tron ses che premier, and Ms. Canning, Lord Hol- system of Bell against that ot Lancaster ; land and Lord Erskine, the latter as but something was wan,ing to oppose to lord chancellor, will be received into the the Bible Society. This defect is now cabinet. Earl Moira is said to be in- to be supplied by a Prayer.book and tended for Ireland. A vigorous admi. Homily Society. When we read the nistration is evidently to be formed; advertisement for this meeting, we al. and, at any rate, from what we have most were led to think it intended as seen of Lord Wellesley, he is freed from a banter upon the establishment; but those narrow and bigoted views of to the signature of a very re pectable cler. leration which disgraced the Perceval gyman prevented us from looking upon administration,
it in that light; and in our next we From this melancholy subject we turn shall probably have to announce some to others, on which, if our limits als of their proceedings. An extensive cir. lowed, we could dilate with great plea- culation of the Book of iJomilu:s will sure. The Bible Suciety has had a meet- tend to shew the state of religious opinion ing very numerously attended, and peers at the time of what is called the Reforın. and prelates vied with each other in ation, or what ought rather to be called manifestations of respect for the sacred the separation from the sect of Rome: scriptures and the propriety of diffusing for it must never be forgotten, that in as widely as possible the light of truth, the main articles of faiih, and in the The opposition excited by Dr. Marsh three creeds, the cwo secis agree, and has evidently produced very little effect. both stan i equally in need of reformaThe Bible is triumphant; and we hope tion. that it will produce the proper effect on An event in a minor sect must not pass the Prayer.book, by giving to the latter unnoticed. A very re-peciable member more of consistency wich that original, of the Quakers has been disuwned by biz on which its claims to respect are found body for being an Unitarian, that is, ed. This, however, is the business of for holding the opinivas, for which
William Penn, the glory of the sect, in both houses, and the bigots have been suffered persecution, and which he has so completely defeated i argoment. so nobly vindicated in his work, enti- Abroad, the chief feature is the jourtled, The Sandy Foundation Shaken. ney of Buonaparte from Paris to join his How the Quakers can permit this book armies on the Vistula. The Russians to have a place in their publications, are prepared to receive him, and by our and at the same time disown a member for dext, some important nous of this grand being a Unitarian, we cannot reconcile conflict may be expected. The great to their p:inciples. Whse have they conqueror natur lly looks for success to formed their new creed? Whence have the number and excellence of his troops, they derived an attachment to that and apparently little hopes can be en Trinity, which William Penn has ex. iertained of a vigorous resistance from a posed in the stronge t ternis, and by feeblc monarch and a feeble administhe strongest scriptural arguments ? ration. To what new events this This disownment is made by a single will tead time must discover. The diet meeting, and remains to be coofimed is sitting in Sweden, and the three by the general body, and we trust that courts of London, Stockholm and Pe. the aggrieved party will bring his cause tersburgh, are approaching or coali. before that body, that both they and tion the world at large may know the princi- In Spain, nothing important has 'ocples of their religion. When we read curiod Ac Cadiz a srand feast has been the work of Williarn Penn, and know given by the Spanisk to the British atiny, the attach ient of the Quakers to him, bui !his had no effect on the French, we were at a loss to find any justification encamped within hearing of their refor this meeting, and we cannot but joicings. The integrity of the Spanish consider this disownment as the disown. monarchy, which we have agreed to ment of William Penn, and not merely maintain, has received a sad blow by the of the individual member, who has been constitution of Venezuela, which has the object of this strange proceeding, reason to boast of its liberal view3 seIt remains for the body at large to de- specting civil liberiy: but we are sorry termine, whether they will adhere to to see, that it is so little enlightened on the new-fangled heresy, or al ide by the the subject of religion.", The Romista scriptural refutation so ably laid down sect is declared to be not only predumiby their great founder.
nant but the only one to be allowed in The Dissenting Ministers about Lon: the new government, * : don have not been inactive. They have The United States of America hold a nobly taken up the cause of religious monucing posturc, yet still we are in liberty, and presented petitions to both hopes, that we shail nou come to blows houses of Parliament in its support. with each other. The change of ad
This measure was carried in a very large minis: racion will probably lead to a meeting of the three denominations, and change of measures, and to a revival of we augur well from their efforts - No trade bets een the two countries. This objection was made to the principle of would seem to be a measure worthy of the petitions; a slight difference of the statesman, to whom the ruins of opinion prevailed as to the time, but government are likely to be confided surely no time could be better than this, and if hc secures this object, he will when such noble declarations, in favour commence his course with justly de of liberty of conscience, have been made served popularity, ,
ERRATUM. B. Batavi