not be uniformly confined to one have recommended, take my leave . person, in a place or district, if for the present. it can be conveniently avoided;

W. MATTHEWS. but that the talents of more than one, where talents exist, should Mr. R. Flower on Dr. Buchanan's be encouraged, both for social Christian Researches in India. good, and that accidental disap. Marden, near Hertford, pointments may be less likely to Sir, April 25, 1812. happen.. Grave and moral cha: . In perusing the writings and racters are necessary, and should the records of sensible, intelligent be preferred before age, or literary and benevolent men, who seem to skill, where, in the latter, moral have the benefit of mankind much rectitude and seriousness are less at beart---when we find, or suppose conspicuous. The life should we find, a beclouded imagination " adorn the doctrine of God our often mistaking error for truth Saviour.". Under the head of dis. how great is the disappointment. cipline, in such congregations, I have been led to this reflection brotherly love, and that morality in the perusal of Dr. Buchanan's which is founded in reverence of Christian Researches, a work religion, will furnish the best pre highly interesting to every well. vention of the need, either of au. Wisber to the Christian cause. To thority or censure. Diligence in see a person foregoing the comforts religious duties, and fervency of of a settled 'habitation and the spirit in the performance, are ex. sweets of domestic life, to travel cellent patterns of practice, and at the peril of health, and oftenguards of union in all congrega- times at the risk of life itself, is tions: and as' experience proves truly admirable, and demands both the advantage of frequent religious our respect and admiration ; but assemblies, I would propose its be. it is lamentable if the perpetuation ing strongly recommended, that of error and idolatry should be the erening meetings be holden, where. effect of such virtuous sacrifices. ever they conveniently may be, at The part of the Researches I least once in the week, as well as now allude to will be found in on the Christian sabbath. Their page 261 and onward, entitled, diffusive usefulness, especially in Vestiges of the Doctrine of Reve. populous districts,' may be great, lation in the East-which vestiges and they must be found beneficial are, 6 Trinity in Unity, Incar. to the most religiously experience nation of the Deity, Vicarious ed ;--while the setting open of a Atonement for Sin, and the In. door, for evening instruction and Huence of the Divine Spirit." I edification, to the poor and la. need not attempt to prove to Dr. borious, after the toil of the day, B. or his intelligent reader, that is a work of Christian charity, the various idolatries of the Eastwhich will not fail of a blessing. ern nations and the sacrifices of.

I must now apologize for having fered by them, did exist much stated my opinions so much at earlier than Christianity itself. length, and with the warmest History, sacred and profane, at.. wishes for the success of what I tests the facts, nor does the Dr.

call in question the antiquity engage any one whose time is de. which the Hindoos ascribe to such voted to Christian research. practices-how those ceremonies The Doctor's notion of the wor. or doctrines which existed previ. ship of a triune God, necessarily ous to Christianity itself, can be leads him into difficulty, and be. called a vestige of that which fore the reader proceeds three follows, I am at a loss to account, pages he finds in a note a recom. and must leave the learned Doctor, mendation of Idolatry. and the advocates of vicarious and In giving an account of the human sacrifice to solve this dif- places of worship and their appen. ficulty.

dages, he describes as the most Nothing is more evident than remarkable, the Caves of the this conclusion, that which existed Elephania, in an island, near previous to a system cannot be a Boir bay, and “ containing a triad vestige of that system. If this be of three faces,” each face of the admitted, and I think it cannot be triad, being five feer in length; the denied, it would be well if the whole of the statue and the spaci. next Christian rescarches made ous temple which contains it, is by the learned Doctor, would be cut out of the solid rock of the an inquiry, if these idolatrous no. mountain. In the the note, page tions and practices of the worship 265,after a description of this graven of a triune god, vicarious sacrifice image and the ancient temple of and an incarnate God, be not which he recommends a repair, is more antient than Christianity added every Christian travel. itself, and have been injudiciously, ler can assign a reason for wishing nay, criminally incorporated into the emblem of a Trinity in Unity, Christian creeds, and may be ac. existing in an ancient heathen counted amongst the worst corrup. nation, should remain entire dure tions of Christianity. ---Amongst ing the ages of the world.”-Surely the various teachings of our Lord, every Christian sees a reason wby he has directed us how and who this idol ought not to be continued; to worship, and I would certainly and even the pious Jew, instructed ask the Dr., or the advocate of by the less perfect system of the triune worship, where our Moses, must see the reason; bow Lord taught this doctrine ? was it will it square with the second comin the conversation with the wo- mandment, ' Thou shalt not make man of Samaria, which was die unto thyself a graven image or any rected immediately to this subject? likeness of any thing that is in was it when he taught bis disciples heaven or earth! If in the repair to pray, and left on record an ex- and embellishment of the Ele. ample of prayer, which one would phanta, some new convert should have supposed would never have be employed by an Episcopalian been mistaken. Or is the wor. divine, in restoring the hideous ship of a triune God, to be found idol of three faces and one body, in the devotional exercises of our and had at first ornamented the Lord himself, or in any of the wall with the inscription of the teachings of the apostles on that Decalogue, after the manner of subject 1-This siinple enquiry ibe English churches, surely when is sorely of importance enough to he recollected the 2d command

ment his hand would tremble and given us of the Inquisition, we his tool fall to the ground, when find its victims are the victims of called to perform this act of viola. force, seized unsuspectingly for tion.

holding opinions which have arisen, The chain of argument rela. perhaps, from the writings of live lo vicarious and human sacri. Christians themselves for mere fice, is equally fallacious.-"'The mental errors, immured in dun. heathens use sacrifice respect the geons, and undergoing every spe. institution of vicarious and human cies of torture, which depraved sacrifice; this could not be by imagination can invent till death, chance, therefore it is a vestige of or burning at an auto da fe, shall Christianity.”This inode of rea. release them from their miseries; soning may be thus illustrated. this is more dreadful than the The worshippers of Moloch thought voluntary sacrifices made annually him an implacable being, requiring at Juggernant. . human and vicarious sacrifice, When we consider this pile of they, therefore, sacrificed their Christian corruption was not erectdearest relations, the infants of ed at once, but by one abuse their bosoms, the pride and beauty after another, in successive gradaof youth, the tenderest ties of na. tion, and is the work of ages, it ture, given for their protection, carries with it a sufficient caution are violated :-this simple argu. and admonition to prevent the ment of the antiquity of idolatry, recommendation of perpetuating is sufficient to shew that human any error in religious worship and and vicarious sacrifice is no veso ceremony.. tige of Christianity. The same Another reflection that presented mode of reasoning may also be itself on reading this awful acapplied to the tradition of an in. count, was, how dreadful is it, carnate Vishnos.

. that the blood and treasure of our The reader of these Researches country should be wasted, and its is no doubt struck most forcibly force directed in support of such with the dreadful account giveu of institutions as the Inquisition at the worship of the God, Jugger. Goa, existing in Spain and Porto. naut, and still more awful ac- gal; but as this will lead me into count of the inquisition of Goa; the 'extensive field of political and the question naturally arises controversy, I shall conclude with to every reflecting mind, which is the hope that Dr. Buchanan will the greatest evil, the idolatrous revise this part of his Christian worship of this heathen god, or the Researches, before another edition institution of corrupted Christi. is called for-assuring the Dr. anity, as represented by the Doc. that the propagation of Christian tor, in its present state in Goa? truth is my only motive for offering One is shocked and disgusted at these remarks. the narration of the worship at I remain, Juggernant, and if there is any

Yours, &c. consolation arising, while we per. RICHARD FLOWER. use the hideous account of the sacrifices made at their annual An Indian Speech. festival, it is, that the sacrifices SIR, March 20, 1812. are voluntary, but in the account The enclosed Speech as pub

lished in America, has been com. we are? No Brother, ibey are a municated to me in a leưer from divided people, we are uniteda friend, who when resident in they quarrel about religion, we England, was occasionally your live in love and qfriendship--they correspondent. He is now settled drink strong waters, have learnt al Mount Pleasant on the Hudson, how to cheat, and practice all the thirty miles from New York, vices of the white people, which where there can be no doubt of disgrace Indians, without imitating this Speech being considered as the virtues of the white people. authenuc. in 18. R. Brother, if you are our well-wisher,

The Speech of Sagoua Ha, keep away, and do not disturb us. which signifies the Keeper arouke. Brother, we do not worship a Chief of the Senecu nation of the Great Splille as the white Indians, known by the white poor people do, but we believe the ple by the name of Red jacket, in forms of worship are indifferent to answer to a speech of the Rev. the Great Spirit; it is the homage Mr. Alexander, a missionary from of a sincere heart that plçaşes him, the Missionary Society in New and we worstap hun in this man. York, to that nation. Deliverer ner. According to your religion, at a Council held, at Buffaloe we must believe a father and Creek, Now York, in May, 1811. Son, or will not be happy, here

Brother, We listened to the after. We have always believed talk you delivered to us, from the 10 a Father, and we worship him, council of Black.coats in New as, we were taught by our fathers. York. We have fully considered Your book says, that the Son was your talk, and the offers you have sent on earth by the Father., Did ipade us. which we perfectly un. all the people who saw the son bę. derstand, and we return sour an. swer to them, which we wish you and the consequence must be also to understand, In making known to you, . you read the up our minds, we have looked book.... backs and remembered what has · Brother, you wish us to change been done in our days, and what our religion, for yours. We like our fathers have told us were done our religion and do not want anoin old times feine

pe r mit ther. Our friends (pointing to Brother. Great numbers of Messrs. Granger Parisht and Black.coats have been among the Taylorfj,do us great good. They Indians, and, with sweet voices counsel us in our troubles and tell and smiling faces, have offered to us how to make ourselves com. teach them the religion of the fortable. Our friends, the Quakw bite people. Our brethren in the ers, do more than this. They give east listened to them. turned from us ploughs and instruct us how to

took up the religion of the for Indian affairs, who resides at Bufwhite people. What good has it faloc, no done? Are they more happy and it The Indian interpreter,

f. The agept of the Society of Friends more friendly one to another than

for improving the condition of the InThe appellation given to clergymen

diaris, who resides near the Alleghany by the Indians.'

River. a

* for VOL. VII.

2 3

use them. They tell us we are dominion over faith and conaccountable beings, but do not science ? laul's advice to the say we must change our religion. church at Corinth, when they We are satisfied with what they do. bad attended to the Lord's Supe

Brother, For these reasons we per in a very disorderly manner, cannot receive your offers. We was not that they should examine have other things to do, and beg and scrutinize each other, nor you to make your mind easy, and that they should act as a court of not trouble us, lest our heads inquisition upon the faith and should be too much loaded, and, motives of others, who might by and by, burst.

wish to join with them ; but that

every one should examine himself, Dr. Il'right's Reply to Ques- and so eat of the bread and drinli

tions on Church Discipline of the cup: beyond this neither Wisbeach, May 1, 1812. he nor any of the apostles, nor Sir,

even Christ himself, authorized I still regard the declaration of Christians to go. The very act of the freedom of the Lord's Table, coming to the Lord's Supper is an in the Unitarian churches at Glas. expression of faith in Christ; the gow illnd Edinburgh, as “ a great motives which influence men to do triumph of Christian liberality ii, can be correctly kıyown to God over bigoti and narrow plans of unly, to hinn alone are they acdisciplinie.” To this your corres. countable. The church at Glas. ponekani, who subscribes himself gou thinks it sufficient, to bave the Ai Uniturian, olijecis; and calls nature of the Lord's Supper exupon me to answer several ques. plained, to es hort men to examine tions. (Ser P. 153.) I should theniselves and so partake of n: have paid an carlier attention 10 beyond this they claim no autho. his rimarks and questions had rity : and those who do, ought leisure permitted.

to establish their claim by the Your correspondent is right in New Testament, before they sit in suppo-ing, " That every person judgment on others, and to be. whai happens to be present when ware, lest they be found usurping the Unitarians of Glasgow are the prerogatives of Jesus Christ, going to cal the Lord's supper, is lording it over their brethren, and at liberty, if he chuses, to join taking a rank, however humble, with them; without any questions in the family of Antichrist. Paul's being asked, about what he be. question, IVho art thou that judg. lieves, or what are his motives est another's servant ? may be for so doing," Before he objected justly put to all those who usurp to this, he should have been pre. the authority of sitting in judgpared to show that Christ bas in. ment on the faith and motives of Vested churches with authority to others. sil in judgment on the faith and I will now answer your corresnolives of others, and to decide pondent's questions. I admit that amboritatively whether they be so “ there were some persons formerly Currect as 10 entitle them to a called brethren, with whom the place at the Lord's Table. But apostle Paul would not allow the would not such authority imply churches be planted to cat ;" but

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