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answer to the inquiries of this cor. man in the ways and customs of respondent, I shall avoid a discus. the college. sion of the points alluded to by Mr. Henderson passing some him, and shall content myself hours of that day with me, I was with exhibiting a few traits of gratified with a rich feast of intel. Mr. Henderson's character and lectual entertainment. The exdeportment, collected during that tent and variety of his knowledge, acquaintance which I maintained the intrinsic politeness of his man. with him at the universily of which ners, his inexhaustible sund of he was a member.
humour and anecdote, concurred • It may not perhaps be imper- to instruct, please, and amuse me. tinent or superfluous to mention From this period to the time of some particulars relative to the my relinquishing an academical commencement of our acquaint. residence (a space of about four ance. I had never seen Mr. Hen. years), I was frequently honoured derson before he entered at Pem- with the society of Mr. Henderson. broke College, though his fame I had therefore many opportunihad previously reached my ears. ties of being acquainted with his One morning while I was occupied natural disposition, his habits of in my apartments at this college, life, and his moral as well as lite. I was surprised by the unexpected rary character. appearance of the joint tutors of His temper was mild, placable, our society, introducing to me a and bumane. He possessed such stranger, who from the singularity a spirit of philanthropy, that he of his dress, and the uncouthness was ready to oblige every indiviof his aspect (I speak not with dual as far as lay in his power. any disrespect), attracted my no. His benevolence knew no bounds; tice in an uncommon degree. His and his liberality was so diffusive cloihes were made in a fashion that it submitted with difficulty to peculiar to himself; he wore no the circumscription of a narrow stock or neckcloth ; his buckles income. He was fond of society, were so small as not to exceed the and well qualified to shine in it. dimensions of an ordinary knee. He was frank, open, and commu. buckle, at a time when very large nicative, averse to suspicion, and buckles were in vogue. Though untinctured with pride or morose. he was then lwenty-four years of ness. age, he wore his bair like that of His mode of life was singular. a school-boy of six. This stran. He generally retired to rest about ger was no less a person than Mr. day-break, and rose in the afterHenderson, who had that morn. noon: a practice, however, that ing been enrolled in our fraternity, was frequently interrupted by the and had been recommended to occasional attendance which he apartments situated exactly under was obliged to give to the morning mine, which I believe was the service of the college chapel. He sole reason of his being introduced spent a great part of the day in to me in particular, as it was not smoking, and, except when in otherwise probable that I should company, he usually read while have been singled out as the per. he smoked. He had no objection son who was to initiate this freshto the liberal use of wine and spi. rituous liquors; and, notwith- as if he had been enfeebled by the standing his philosophic self-de. co-operation of age and disease. nial in other respects, he did not With regard to his moral and always scrupulously adhere to the religious character, he was a patrules of temperance in this parti. tern highly worthy of imitation. cular. But this failing, which, He was in the strict sense of the I believe he did not often practice, phrase, integer vitae scelerisque and which never led him into any purus. He shewed a constant glaring impropriety of conduci, regard to the obligations of honour was lost amidst the general blaze and justice: and recommended of merit and virtues with which both by precept and example, an his character was adorned.
attention to moral rectitude in all The following remarkable cus. its ramifications. He had the tom was frequently observed by courage to reprove vice and immo. him before he retired to repose, rality wherever they appeared ; He used to strip himself naked as and though he was sometimes low as the waist, and taking his treated on these occasionswith constation at a pump near his rooms, tumely and insult, he bore with would completely sluice his head a moderation truly Christian, so and the upper part of his body: ill a return for his well-meant en. after which he would pump over deavours. In his principles of his shirt, so as to make it perfectly religion he was orthodox, without wet, and putting it on in that con- being rigid. His devotion was dition, would immediately go to fervent, without making too near bed. This he jocularly termed an approach to enthusiasm or su. “ an excellent cold baih.” The perstition. He was perfectly aclatter part of this ceremony, how. quainted with the religious dogmas ever, he did not practice with of every different sect, and could such frequency as the former. readily detect the respective falla. • His external appearance was as cies of each. But, however he singular as his habits of life. I might differ from these sectarists, have already mentioned those ex. he behaved to them, on all occa. terior traits which struck me in sions, with great politeness and my first interview with him, and liberality, and conversed with the same peculiarities remained them on the most amicable terms with him during the whole time of of general sociability. my being honoured with his ac- His abilities and understanding quaintance, and, I believe, to the were eminently conspicuous. His end of his life. He would never penetration was so great as to have suffer his hair to be strewed with the appearance of intuition. So white dust (1o use his own expres. retentive was his memory that he sions), daubed with pomatum, or remembered whatever he learned; distorted by the curling irons of and this facility of recollection, the friseur. Though under two combined with a pregnancy of and thirty years of age at his imagination and solidity of judgdeath, he walked when he ap- ment, enabled him to acquire a peared in public, with as much surprising fund of erudition and apparent caution and solemnity, argument; a fund ready at every
call, and adequate to every emer. His skill in physiognomy rcgency.
mains to be mentioned: he spoke His learning was deep and mul. of the certainty of this science with tifarions. He was admirably skilled all the confidence of a Lavater. in logic, ethics, metaphysics, and He constantly maintained ibai by scholastic theologyDuns Scotus, the mere inspection of the coun. Thomas Aquinas, and Burgersdi. tenance of any individual in the cius, were authors with whom he world, he was able, without havwas inumately conversant. He ing either seen or heard of the had studied the healing art with person before, to give a decisive particular attention, and added opinion of his disposition and cha.: io a sound theoretic knowledge of racier. Though I am inclined to it, some degree of practice. His consider this as an extravagant skill in this art he rendered sub- boast, I am ready to allow that sei vient to his philanthropy ; for the characters of many persons he gratuitously attended the valetu. may be discovered by such inspecdinarian puor wherever he resided, tion, and that Mr. Henderson and favoured them with medical frequently succeeded in a wonder. advice, as well as pecuniary assis. ful manner in his attempts of this tance. He had a competent know. kind. ledge of geometry, astronomy, He pretended to a knowledge of and every branch of natural and the occult sciences of magic and experimental philosophy. He astrology. Whether this was, or was well acquainted with the civil was not, a mere pretence, I leave and canon laws, and the law of to the judgment of the enlightened nature and nations. In classical reader. Suffice it to remark, that learning and the belles lettres he his library was well stored with the was by no means deficient. He magical and astrological books of was master of the Greek and Latin the last century, tongues, as well as of several mo. I never knew any one whose dern languages. He affected not company was so universally court. elegance, either in his Latin or cd as that of Mr. Henderson. His English style; but was happy in talents of conversation were of so a manly, perspicuous, and forci. attractive a nature, so variable ble diction, which he preferred and multiform, that he was a to the empty Bow of harmonious companion equally acceptable to periods. He was versed in his. the philosopher and the man of tory, grammar, and rhetoric. In the world, to the grave and the politics, he was a firm Tory, and gay, the learned and the illiterate, greatly disapproved the general the young and the old of both conduct of the Whig pariy. In sexes. this respect he resembled his friend Yours, &c. C.C. Dr. Johnson.
Dr. Enfield's Sermon on the Pro. est ages of the world. Whereas gress of Religious Knowledge. human nature admits of such es.
Dr. ENFIELD has left the cha. sential improvement, from the racter of an elegant, accomplished continued labours of individuals writer ; but there is one sermon of through a succession of genera. his, particularly, which entitles him tions, that there is not perhaps a to the higher praise of a Christian greater difference between the most Reformer,-10 discourse extant, sagacious and the most stupid ani. not excepting Dr. Priestley's on mal existing on the face of the Free Inquiry, breathing a more earth, than between the human ardent spirit of improvement, or savage, who subsists on the plun. more nervously and eloquently ex. der of the forest, and the ingenious pressing the bold speculations, the artist, or the deep-judging sage,' glowing anticipations, which have, formed in the polished state of soin all ages, animated great minds. ciety.". This sermon is 6 On the Progress He next notices the rise of the of Religious Knowledge,” and is greatest amendments in the human the first of “ Three Discourses,” condition from the smallest be. by three separate authors, (Dr, ginnings : "little did the man who Enfield, Mr. Godwin and Mr. first observed the polarity of the P. Holland,) published in one 8vo. load-stone, or be who executed volume, in the year 1780: the the first rude sketch of the art of volume is dedicated to " Samuel printing, imagine to what valuable Shore, Esquire, of Norton Hall, purposes their respective disco. Derbyshire," who (agreeably to the veries would afterwards be ap. prayer of the authors) still lives plied.” Go to bless his nearest connections," . The author then turns to the and whose“ name and influence" proper subject of his discourse, still " support the schemes of use. the progress of religious know. fulness and benevolence,” by en. ledge ; and sketches with a beau. couraging which, in their day, he tiful pencil the history of the Di. attracted the respect of these united vine Dispensations from Adam to friends.
Moses, from Moses to Christ, and Dr. Enfield's text is Matt, xiii. from the establishment to the core 33—the leaven in the measures of ruption of Christianity. Here meal. The subject is introduced occurs a fine eulogium on the by some elegant remarks upon the Unitarian Reformers.- 66 Soon difference between man and otber after the first dawn of the Reform. animals in point of improvement. ation, several great men arose, who " The bee, the apt, or the braver possessed such strengih and acute. of the present race, appears to have ness of understanding, and free. no larger portion of knowledge or dom of spirit, as to be able, at one skill, and to be capable of no effort, to separate the pure religion greater variety in its productions, of Christ from the mass of absurdi. than the same animal in the earli. ties and superstitions with which it had been mixed; and to con. pered with moderation; and that ceive themselves, and represent they will settle into the respecta. to others, a system of faith so ra. ble character of rational Christional and scriptural, that all the tians.”—The pages of this work labours of modern times have done attest the preacher's sagacity. little to improve it. These bold Other obstacles to the spread of innovators, however, placed them. true religion are particularized selves on a ground so far removed in the spirit of indifference; in from the old establishment, and she thrulness, timidity and sel. even from the commonly received fishness. The following observa. system of the reformed church, tion, found in this part of the ser. that they gained few followers, mon, is admirable : “ In accomo and only brought upon themselves, plishing schemes of reformation, and those who had penetration discretion should be employed to and fortitude enough to become regulate, not to restrain, the ope. their adherents, the censures and rations of courage." anathemas of those churches which The reader's heart will kindle claimed to themselves the merit of into delight at the preacher's vivid orthodoxy. By appearing at the picture of Christian ministers sus. head of a small and despised sect, taining the character of reformers. they only furnished the multitude “ It is only from those who have with appellations of obloquy and established iheir principles on the contempt for free inquirers in firm basis of free inquiry, who succeeding ages."
are duly sensible of the importance Two causes are next specified of knowledge, particularly moral as hindering " the progress of free and religious, to the happiness of inquiry, and of its natural off. mankind-and who at the same spring, rational ideas on religious time possess inflexible integrity, a subjects,” in later times; viz. bold and enterprising temper, and subscription to articles of faith, an invincible independence of spi. and the propensity of the vulgar rit, from whom great attempts in to mysticism and enthusiasm. the work of reformation are to be Notwithstanding these obstructions expected. Such men, instead of however, the preacher represents timidly keeping out of the way of the cause of truth as surely, though danger by insisting wholly un gegradually, advancing, and expa. neral truths, or on a nearer aptiates, with an unusual spirit of proach to the ground of contro. eloquence, upon the happy signs versy, making a cowardly retreat of the times. He prophecies of the behind a set of phrases of doubtful Methodists, that " when the rage meaning, will avow and support, of novelty is over, and the heat of with all plainness and frankness, passion is abated, many who now whatever they judge to be impordespise the name of reason, will tant and seasonable truths. They listen to her still small voice;' will not think it sufficient that they that their present blind attachment barely teach no error, but will to their leaders will give way to esteem it their duty to assist their the desire of knowledge and love hearers in searching after truth, of truth ; that their zeal will be and establishing rational principles directed by judgment, and tem, of religion and morals. Having