I might mention other parts of facts, without, as I hope, any America, in which I think it will colouring or exaggeration. To be found that your friend's ac. such, as a friend of truth, I think count is very incorrect. In New. you cannot object. I only wished York, and especially in the city, to show, as I trust I have done, where there are several distinguish, without offence, that in Boston, ed ministers, there is a great at. in New England and in America tachment to Calvinism; and this, at large, we are not, and permit though I am not so well acquaint. me to add, as long as we study the ed with particulars, is the general scriptures, I believe, WE SHALL spirit of our more Southern NOT, become converts to your churches. Indeed in the Caroli. “ new doctrine.nas, in 'Tenessee, in Georgia, Me I am, dear Sir, with respect, thodism very much prevails; and yours,

F. P. in the Presbyterian churches of any noie, the ministers, as far as I know, are most decided Calvi. ne

Report of the Progress of the nists. In Philadelphia, where Dr.

Lancasterian System in Ireland. Priestley used to preach to a very [From the Freeman's Journal, Dublin. few hearers, there is an Unitarian

March 25, 1812.] church. But this is really the Early in November, Mr. Lancasonly one, that I know of: and in ter arrived at Shrewsbury on his general I would say, that multi. way to Ireland, and lectured in ludes, who reject the doctrines of that town. He exerted himself it Calvinism, are equally opposed to appears with much success, for those of Unitarianism.

after the lecture the Mayor took But I really beg pardon, my the ch

the chair, and not only proposed dear Sir, for this very long letter. the establishment of a school ac. From a stranger I feel that it needs curding to the plan he heard set apology. But I have only stated down and explained, but liberally

offered ground for the building. and Massachusett's clergy, is so very in. Some persons who were enemies probable, that I think your friend must to the system (and whose hostility have referred to the Annual Convention no doubt of Massachusett's congregational minis

no doubt derived its birth froin the ters, which takes place in Boston, the liberality of Mr. Lancaster's views last week of every May. It is composed on religious topics) disapproved of ministers of very various and opposite of the proposition, and manifested sentiments. They are, however, united much dissatisfaction: they were in the care and distribution of a common fund, for the relief of poor widows of however soon put out of countetheir deceased brethren, very much in nance, and they even retired leav. the same manner, as the three different ing the philarthropist enjoying the dissenting denominations in London. acclamations of the e

| acclamations of the entire assemBut when you consider that it is formed of men of such varieties of opinion, that bly. The Nayor's proposition many are Hopkinsians and many are was of course carried nei. dis. Calvinists, you will think that such a and thus the invaluable benefits conversion to Unitarianism, as your of education were secured to the friend and yourself seem so much to rejoice in, is quite as improbable as poor

poor children of Shrewsbury, by would be the same conversion among an adventitious effort of our inde. the Uniled Presbyterians, Independants fatigable traveller, in whose very and Baptists in London. VOL, VII,

2 M

journey to serve one fellow crea. Street, in the Liberty of this City. ture, a contrivance is made to be. Twenty-eight thousand poor chilnefit another, When Mr. Lan. dren have been already instructed caster left Shrewsbury he was not here; and though it is an irrele. forgotten by his opponents. Those vant fact, it is not at the same meritorious individuals who would time unworthy of notice, for quiet. keep the human mind in thedarkness ing the imaginations of Mr. Lan. of ignorance unless its intelligence caster's opponents, that at this come blended with the prison of school no proselyte has ever been bigotry, renewed their clamour made to any religious opinions (with a zeal that has latterly be- yet it is notorious, it has sent thou. come no novelty) about “the dan. sands of pupils into the great ger of the Establishment ;" but the world,” from the first steps of superior persuasion and influence knowledge, who have never been of the Mayor, and his enlighten. reproached for any laxity in their ed coadjutors, put down the illibe attachment to their king or the con. eral efforts of their adversaries, and stitution. Nay, it has sent away Mr. Lancaster was left the conso. many who are at this day respect. lation of reflecting that his visit to able citizens of this city, and who Shrewsbury was not unavailing. if they have been distinguished for

About the 6th of November, any thing, it is for exemplary loyMr. Lancaster landed in Ireland, alty and unaffected social virtue. and shortly after commenced his With the School.street commite lectures in this city. His notice tee Mr. Lancaster naturally beof his first lecture at the Rotunda came acquainted. There was a immediately caught the public congeniality of sentiment and feel. eye, and insured him a full and ing that attracted the parties to. respectable attendance. His se. wards each other, but there was cond night attracted a larger a stronger impulse to bring them throng than the first, but his third together. Mr, Lancaster, ever ar. collected together a greater multi. dent in advancing his objects, tude, consisting of persons of the waited upon the committee to ar. first distinction (many of whom range a plan he understood they came a considerable distance from meditated, of not only adopting the country) and of people of all his system in toto (having already religious persuasions, than we ever partially availed themselves of it) saw assembled before. It is need. but of extending its benefits to less to say we never witnessed at. other parts of the kingdom. The tention so marked, or interest so committee had already a good idea fixed upon any occasion as this, of Mr. Lancaster's plan--indeed, except when they were interrupt- they were the only persons in Dub. ed by bursts of acclamation from lin who were in any degree prac. the entire auditory.

tically conversant with it; the It is well known that the La communication with Mr. L. ex. Touche family, Mr. Leland Ma- panded their views, and it was ul. quay, and some others (among timately resolved to convene a whom are some benevolent Mem- meeting at the Exchange by pubbers of the Society of Friends) lic advertisement, in order to form have established a school in School a society for the extention of the Lancasterian system of Education different schools of the city, Mr. in Ireland.” The meeting took Lancaster contrived to find leisure place, and a society was formed; to visit Castlecomer, and to superand the first resolution entered in. intend in person a school opened to was an approval of the Lancas- there by a teacher of his own trainterian system, on the ground of ing at the expense of a lady, whose its affording " on the smallest name will be long endeared to the . scale of expense the incans of a youth of that neighbourhood, we sériptural education, by which mean the Countess Dowager of the Bible could be read without Ormonde. Mr. Lancaster had invidious commentary; and chil. reason to feel much satisfaction at dren could be instructed without the state in which he found this the mischievous influence of sec. benevolent institution, and his tarian catechisms and controver- visit to Castlecomer was further sial tracts."--The society further remunerated by learning it was resolved to aid the progress of her Ladyship's intention, to still education by procuring properly further his views by the establish. qualified school-masters, and fur. ment of a school for One Thousand nishing schools with all the arti- children at the Collieries. The cles necessary for their out.fit and neatness and general appearance establishment on the economical of this village exhibit already graprinciple, and they are now in tifying specimens of the benevo. correspondence with Mr. Lancas- lence of a most rounificent patrona ter for information on those inter. ess; but what will it be when the esting subjects. Thus the society effects of education are fully ex. are proceeding, and such are their emplified in the demeanour of so broad, liberal and philanthropic many hundred children! views. Donations for their patri. Nir. Lancaster's attention was otic purposes are received at the next directed to the populous city Bank of La Touche and Co. There of Kilkenny. He had not been can be little doubt of their meet. disappointed in the calculations he ing the warm support of the public made upon the benevolence of Lord at large. Their objects are strikingly Ormonde. His lecture was atnational, and admirably calculat- tended by the Countess of Or. ed for the adoption of all sects and monde, Lady Carrick, and several persuasions. To the community persons of the first respectability. in general, they must render the It is needless to add, that by Lord most important benefits; and if Ormonde's liberality, a school is Mr. Lancaster's visit to this coun- to be established at Kilkenny, In try had been productive of no this neighbourhood alone, 2000 other advantage than giving life children are likely to be educated. and energy to this society by his Tullamore afforded another scene presence in Dublin; this alone of pleasure to our uniwearied tra. would entitle him to the thanks veller, having enabled him to wit. and gratitude of Ireland.

ness a gratifying example of Lord Though constantly employed in and Lady Charleville's zeal in the Dublin during the intervals of advancement of his system. It ap. public duty, having among other pears that Lord and Lady Charleoccupations devoted much time to ville, who rank among his warm.

est patrons, were at Weymouth at their gradations with nearly the the time the king and the royal usual rapidity, but they had beside family honoured Mr. Lancaster learned a decent and modest de. with so much attention in 1805. meanour. It has been recently They expressed a desire to see observed, that amongst 600 cbil. him, and he was favoured by an dren adınitted this year, there has invitation to become their guest. not becn discoverable a single in6 It was then," said Mr. Lancas. stance of truantism. Mr. Lanter, on some occasion, “I first caster gave two public lectures learned the character of Irish hos. while he was in Bellast, which pitality," Lord and Lady Charle. were attended by the Marquis of ville availed themselves of this Donegal, Sir Edward May, Gene. opportunity to procure the instruc- ral Mitchell, and an in mense tion of a schoolmaster, to be sent crowd of the most respectable into Ireland; and the success of this habitants of the town. He lecteacher was the source of the sa- tured in Newry on his way back tisfaction Mr. Lancaster felt at to Dublin; and in this city he Tullamore.

arrived time enough to receive an Alr. Lancaster's nexi visit was invitation to the celebrated dinner made to Belfast ; and its object given to the friends of religious lia was merely to inspect a school berty, at the Rotunda, on the 19th established there for fire hundred of December. children. The found this institu. We have followed Mr. Lancaster tion in the highest state of perfec• over a vast tract of country, com. tion. The utmost order prevailed, prehending several hundred miles, and to such a state of tractability which he traversed, lecturing, and were the children reduced, that propagating his principles of eduall acted under the directions of cation, as he went along, with a their teachers, as if they were sti: rapidity which would appear al. mulated by one impulse. The most incredible to those who know boys appeared contented, and even not how 66 speed is svinged” by 2 cheerful and happy, in the midst sincere ardour to serve mankind. of all this subordination; present. Mr. Lancaster did not arrive in ing a captivating illustration of Ireland until the sixth of Novem. the superlative excellence of Mr. ber; his first lecture was not deLancaster's discipline, under which livered in this city for some time a rapid progress is made in the ac- after; there was an interval of a quisition of knowledge, and an week between cach of his three almost incredible controul obtain, lectures, yet he was able to leave ed over the mind, without the ap. Dublin, in a bad and unfavourpearance of irksome restraint or a able season, visit the distant quar. loss of mental enjoyment. It is ters we have alluded to, exclusive worthy of remark, that some of of his numberless bye-journeys, those children were the sons of and return to this metropolis before seafaring people, whose early ha. the 19th of Deceinber. An early bits had given them a marked encomiast, whose fancy was made rudeness and ungovernability of a little creative by observing the manner; yet those very boys had extraordinary exertions of this sinnot only been brought through gulamacharacter, remarked, that “ Lancaster is here now. The next tigues, from all his sacrifices and instant he is in the east. We hear losses? Is it to be inferred from of him there, and he is presently his plain and humble demeanour, in the south. He is expected in from his unostentatious habits, the west, but next day be is found from bis contempt of parade and in the north !" We will not go show? Is it to be inferred from so far as the warmth of this gen. the entire tenour of his lite, from tleman's enthusiasm has led biin, the igid uniformity of his conduct, but we will with sincerity say, that has left him the same man in that if the colouring of this pic- 1812 that he was in 1805 ? But ture be pencilled down to the scope forgetting our narrative, we are of human exertion, it will exhibit arguing the point on a question, a faithful portrait of Joseph Lan. upon the merits of which there is caster. Commendation, when it never a dissentient voice, except is employed to compliment any where envy and malice make their man who disinterestedly sacrifices combination to prove that no ef. his property and his repose for the fort of man can obtain the meed good of the human race, never of universal suffrages, fails to run into exaggeration: but We have already observed, that if there ever was a man on whose Mr. Lancaster arrived in Dublin behalf there was least danger of its previous to the celebrated 191h of running into excess, that man is December. He received a speciJoseph Lancaster. Mr. Lancaster fic invitation from Lord Fingal to has been now several years at his dine at the Rotunda, and the high present pursuit, without a relaxa- honour of having his name toasted, tion of zeal or energy. All kinds and associated with · The Friends of bodily fatigue and mental anx. of Religious Freedom,' was beside iety he has suffered in his career conferred upon him. We were of philanthropy, and he has never witnesses of the sensation that yet either looked for or enjoyed the seemed to run through upwards of slightest reward, except the appro. eight hundred noblemen and genbation of a benevolent heart. We tlemen of the first respectability, have never known an instance in when Mr. Lancaster rose to return which the gratuitous efforts of any thanks for the compliment of hay. man have been so ardent or so in. ing his health drank, and really if defatigable. There is no man we were not present, we could be wbom the shafis of calumny have never persuaded of the universal not reached; even Joseph Lan. interest excited. His address had caster can describe their malevo- all the strong characteristics of his lence. “He certainly has been mind; it was plain, candid, and profuse in his contributions for the energetic, He confessed that good of his country,” say the en- large scenes of conviviality neither vious, to whom the fame of others suited the turn, of his disposition is ever insupportable," he has nor accorded with the maxims of been laborious and active without his creed; but he was nevertheless premium or compensation, but he gratified at the splendid illustra, ism-vain !” By what criterion is iion he had seen arvund of the his vanity judged ? Is it deduci. effects of union, harmony, and ble from all bis hardships and fa- brotherly love.' All the topics

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