sition of the sense of them set forth niated and highly valuable inart by ecclesiastical authority, are two has " wandered to the de. distinct, not to say opposite, con- vious passage where Christiansiderations : and it would have ity itself becomes lost from the been happy if our REFORMERS view?" What infallibility belongs and if Dr. Marsh had discriminate to the present Margaret Professor ed between them. The history of of Divinity that he should pro. the origin, progress and establish. nounce so unhesitating and so ment of confessions of faith, is a unfavourable a decision? As the curious and very interesting topic. advocate of the Bible, Mr. LanOur limits oblige us to refer, on caster will be remembered by a this head, to that masterly per- far distant posterity; and his Chrisformance the Confessional, which, tianity, both speculative and pracwe trust, the present disquisitions tical, may, not improbably stand of the Margaret Professor will the test of a comparison with that occasion to be more generally of his (inconsiderate, shall we say, read. The reformers in Germany or unkind?) accuser. Our author and Switzerland drew up articles does well to “ descend from” an of their belief in consequence of “ allegory” in which Christian their adversaries reproaching them Charity " becomes lost" from his with having discarded the peculi- sight. ar doctrines of Christianity. In 29, 30. He acknowledges that England the Reformation proceed. the operations of the Bible Society ed under the jealous eye of the abroad" are not only unobjection. reigning sovereigns, who, as is able, but highly laudable." We well known, transferred to West. add, that these are its most essen. minster the infallibility which they tial and useful effects, and, as denied to the see of Rome. We may easily be supposed, its cost. thus perceive that subscription to liest. The extent and magnitude creeds among protestants had its of the labours of the society in this rise in secular motives, and in field, are even such as 'to require human passions of not the most the united pecuniary aid of all evangelical complexion: and we classes of Christians. Its services, learn from the several controver. however, are not confined to fosies which it has produced that, reign nations. Were it inactive at scripturally, and agreeably to the home, it might be reproached, genius and principles of our sepa- plausibly enough, perhaps justly, ration from the Papal church, it with bestowing on strangers the cannot be defended. :

whole of that attention a share in 24. " If the liturgy is not wanted, which is needed by numbers of why do churchmen now object to the religious instruction of Mr. Lancaster? Mr. Our countryu Lancaster adopts the Bible, and the Bi. 32. « Protestants of every description, ble alone.”

however various and even opposite in Dr. M. is consistent with him. their opinions, claim severally for them. self in introducing the case of selves the honour of deducing from the Mr. Lancaster, on which we have Bible' irrefragable and indubitable already offered, and perhaps may conse again offer, an opinion. But This has the appearance of a wherefore subjoin that this calum. sneer on the part of Dr. Marsh.

[ocr errors]

The fact and the right, neverthe- the dissentions which followed, less are such as he describes. It is would either have been prevented characteristic of a real Protestant or considerably mitigated. Those to make and exercise this claim, feuds arose, in truth, from another Nor are we ignorant of the use to cause and from the opposite quar. which Catholics apply it: more ter. Have we now a treacherous consistent than the Margaret Pro. prince or a tyrannizing primate? fessor, they hence infer the necess. Or where shall we discover in ity of a living, infallible interpre- these united kingdoms the courts ter,

of Star Chamber and High Com. 33. “Men become so enamoured of mission ? the Protestant in the abstract, that they In confirmation of his opinion, abstract themselves from the Protestant- Dr. M. makes an extract from ism by law established.”

Bishop Beveridge's Sermon* on An unexpected specimen this the excellency and usefulness of the figure paranomasia! Our of the Common Prayer. But if author's play on the noun abstract episcopal names can weigh any and the verb abstract, may be thing in this discussion, those of edifying enough to some student Tillotson and Secker are assuredly in composition. As to the mat. important. Now our author con. ter of this sentence, surely, if it be cedes (note, p. 46) that these ap. the essence of Protestantism to de. parently justify the practice of the duce its conclusions immediately inodern Bible Society : and he had from the Bible, its establishment before admitted (8) that the argu. by law is something extrinsic from ments for the distribution of the its pature. Science and Protes. Bible alone are apparently in the tantism and Religion, are Science, spirit of true Protestantism. ? Protestantism and Religion still, "'To illustrate the assertion that whether they lave or have not the sectaries under the Common. this establishment.

wealth were as numerous as the 33. The history which Dr. interpretations of the Bible were Marsh judges proper to give of various, the writer of the Inquiry the abolition of the liturgy, dur. adduces a passage from Dryden's ing the civil wars in the last cen. Religio Laici. Dryden was a contury but one, he may possibly vert to popery. In his Hind and have inserted in consequence of Panther, says Johnson," he rehis own fears : at any rate, it is proaches the reformers with want not ill calculated to alarm some of unity; but is weak enough to classes of his readers.

But whatever he may imagine, This sermon « had passed through or wish others to imagine, there the twenty-eighth edition in 1738." The is a most important difference be- Bishop's “ writings were numerous, tween the state of parties, both rather weak.” We quote from Noble's

continuation of Granger, vol. ii. 92, 93. political and religious, under the

An anecdote is there given of which we Stewarts and their situation at the leave the application to our readers. present day: and if in the reign of “ When Dr. Beveridge, whilst PrebenCharles I. the same zeal had been dary of Canterbury, objected to reading

a brief in the cathedral, as contrary to employed for diffusing the Bible,

musing the Bible the Rubric,' Tillotson replied, ' Charity which exists in that of George III. is above Rubrics.'” ."

ask, wby, since we see without Charles ibe First. We think that knowing how, we may not have he exaggerates the evil. But, an infallible judge without know. certainly, the opponents of Dr. ing where?” Our readers will not Marsh and Dr. Marsh himself overlook the Fac? that such an will do well to imitate the style author is gravely quoted upon the and temper of Mr. Vansittart's subject of the Bible Society by a Letter. Professor of Divinity in an English 50-53. In the growth of the university.,

Bible Society and in Mr. Whit. 47. Professor Marsh perceives bread's Speech at Bedford, the features of resemblance between Margaret Professor beholds a pre. the Bible Society and the Assem- paration for the repeal of the Test bly of Divines : one of them he Act. Here therefore he avows represents in the following sen- a political motive of his opposi. tence:

tion: for no man will pretend " When the Assembly of Divines that the Test laws are religious in was instituted for the express purpose of stitutions. If Dr. M. be, in good advancing the cause of religion, it was earnest, alarmed for their repeal, honoured with the names of three bish- his judement is in a state which ops and two heads of houses in Cam. bridge."

• po argument of our's can affect.

55--63. This writer argues up He adds, in a note,

on the mistaken principle that in "I must not, however, neglect to the Bible Society no sacrifice is mention that the Margaret Professor mad

essor made, no accommodation shewn, was a member of this assembly," :

except on the part of churchmen. For such a man as our author, Yet we believe that the Scotch this is, really, very puerile. But Presbyterians and many of our he proceeds to say of the asscm- English Dissenters, in becoming

members of this association, virtu. 48. “ It consisted chiefly of Calvin- ally agree to make similar sacrifi. ists: and the Calvinistic clergy of the ceś, with the view of better pro. church of England are generally mem. bers of the modern society. Now moting the distribution of the man who adopts the doctrines of Calvin Scriptures: they Jikewise have canno: be zealously attached to our En- their confessions and their cate. glish Liturgy."

chisms, to which, we can assure Are che Calvinistic members the Professor, they are sufficiently and ministers then of the church attached. Where then is the truth of England less attached to the of bis statements or the justness of Common Prayer book and more his reasonings? Will he say that attached to the Bible than their the Bible, when read without note Arminian brethren of the same or comment, is less favourable to communion?. .

episcopacy than to nonconformity 49. He complains of the into. and Presbyterianism ?, lerant and persecuting spirit fre. 62.-ill the church is underminedo quently displayed in the writings while the conventiche remains entire.". and speeches of the advocates of Our preceding observations are the modern society: and here, a reply to this assertion.' Dr. again, he discovers a correspond- Marsh's reiterated use of the word ence with the language bolden by conventicle, which he cannot but the Calvinists in the reign of know to be glaringly incorrect,

[ocr errors]

will not weaken the suspicion of to the dissenter, popularity to the his being actuated by political and churchman, and interest to the politi

" cian, which is useful at all times, and party views.

especially at the approach of a general 70, 71. -" there are many church- election." men, who are aware of the dangers of This concluding sentence, little this the Bible society, and who would short of a libel on the Bible soci. not have become members of it when first established, yet are of opinion that y, juny developes the object of it is now the best policy to join it.” the Margaret Professor. Yet, in

the name of common charity and They are governed, we persuade

common sense, what power does ourselves, by a higher motive. We

the society give to the dissenter are ill satisfied to hear of policy, where the religious duty of circu.

except that of doing good on an

extended scale? What popularity lating the Bible is concerned. Dr.

to the churchman if, for joining Marsh's language, however, is un.

this association, he is accused of equivocal, and clearly informs us which of ibese ideas is predomi.

disaffection by the Wordsworths,

the Sprys and the Marshes of the nant in his mind.

day. Or what interest to the po. 73. " the remedy now applied in the

litician, even on the eve of 's a co-operation of churchmen with Dissenters, though it is considered as effec. general election,” while it is alike tual, is really worse than the disease.” patronized by ministerialists and

Surely, if, as this writer is by oppositionists, by Mr. Perce. pleased to intimate, the Bible So. Val and Mr. Whitbread? ciety may be converted into a po

- N. litical engine, the direction and and the use of it must, in his judg. A

ART. IV.-The Ameliorated Cona ment, be rendered safe by a pre

dition of the Poor, one Benefit ponderance of churchmen among

derived to the World from Chris

tianity.--Considered in A Dis. its members.

course delivered at the Chapel, 76, 77. " Were it necessary, I could appeal to dissenting families in

in Trim Street, Bath; on Sun. this town, (Cambridge] who them day, Dec. 23, -1810. By Jo-' selves would bear witness that so far seph Hunter, 8vo. pp. 25, from dreading a contagion, from their 1s. 6d. Bath printed and sold. intercourse, I freely communicate the contributions which I can spare, with. On the day on which this serout the smallest regard to religious dis- mon was preached it appears that tinction."

collections are made at the several We doubt not the sincerity and places of worship throughout the justness of this appeal, and shall city of Bath, for the support of not the greater gift of the word the General Hospital. This fact of life" be communicated to "dis. furnishes Mr. Hunter with an il. senting families” by the hands of lustration of the philanthropic geDr. Marsh? Shall not his charity nius and merciful tendency of the be the bond of perfectness ?... Christian religion, which he presses'

80. “The society, in its present form, both as an argument of its truth, has advantages which not every member and as a motive to charity in the wil abandon. Though its splendeur is breasts of its professors. derived from the operations abroad, its mon deserves to be circulated bico

The stre! influence depends on the operations at home. It there provides for temporal as yond the

yond the limits to which the ula well a spiritual wants. It gives power thor has modestly confined it. ·


Unitarianism in America. dis greatly lamented by very many · Letter to the Rev.Mr. Grundy. serious, intelligent and rational

[Concluded from p. 199.) Christians among us, who are at I fear, that I have already wea. the same time no less opposed to ried you, but, my dear Sir, you other extremes of Unitarianism. must permit me to say, that your I really cannot imagine, what account of the progress of Unita- your friend could mean by bis rianismi in our Northern and Convention of Massachusetts and Southern States is altogether in. Connecticut ministers, in which on correct. In our own neighbour. a single day, one hundred minise hood, with the exception of those ters declared themselves converts I have mentioned, and, perhaps, to the 66 new doctrine" !!! As you one clergyman about forty miles candidly acknowledge the doctrine from Boston, I know of no one, to be new, so, I am sure, must whom you could call an Unitari. have been the convention that an. In the western parts of Mas, adopted it. The ministers of Con. sachusetts they are almost altoge. necticut, as far as I know, never ther Calvinists, or, as they term meet in Convention with those of themselves, Hopkinsian Calvinists, Massachusetts. They are mem. who carry their system to great bers of a different state ; the con. extremes, and are dissatisfied with stitution of their churches very every thing that falls below their different ;--that of Connecticut, standard. This is a sect, formed almost as rigidly Presbyterian as chiefly upon the system of the ce. the Kirk of Scotland, and that lebrated Dr. Edwards, and they of Massachusetts, Independant. are named from Dr. Hopkins, If ever such a convention took once a minister of Newport, who place, it could only have been first published the system. They with the Calvinists of Connecticut compose a numerous class of and their no less Calvinistic Christians in Rhode Island, New neighbours of the western parts of Hampshire and Vermont, and our state. But if such a body as are thought by many to be in, this, who, before, would hardly creasing.

acknowledge that man to be a As for Connecticut, nothing Christian, who did not fully unite else but Calvinism, in a greater or in all their articles of faith, could less degree, can flourish there. in ONE DAY, become converts to You may see an example of this Unitarianism, then surely the age in a pamphlet, which Mr. — of miracles has not ceased ; a new was also kind enough to lend day of Pentecost has been granted me, respecting the dismission of us, and the " new doctrine," after an able, pious and intelligent mic the establishment of Christianity, nister, (Mr. Abbot) from his peo. for more than eighteen hundred ple, on account of some differences years, has by a sudden contersion, of opinion. The intolerant spirit, at last made progress*. that prevails in this, as well as in some other parts of New England, This contention of the Connecticut

« ElőzőTovább »