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defended by an armed and disciplined will not ambitior, do, and who is to set population, and the sovereign is ac liberty bounds to a conqueror ? to enploy what was before called the The armistice between the Turks and regular army in any way he pleases: Russians is at an end. More bloody since not a part of it will be required for batties may be expected on the Danube, garrison service or for the interior of the and the two powers at war do not seem country.
to be aware of the dangers that threaten The sword may thus be sent through them from their mighty neighbour. the carth. To what part it will be first Constantinople is as easily to be attacked directed, time in ust discover. Rumour as Petersburg, and the march to the one says Russia will be the object or Sweden, is not more difficult than to the other and it is not likely that an ardent mind place. The pride of Buonaparte may be will be long idle, when he has such an flattered by erecting his eigles, where instrument to wield at his discretion the crescent now predominates and his He can now double his armies in Spain, Svavans will flatter him on the title of and the only check upon his designs will the Restorer of Greece. To speculate be he difficulty of pro iding for his on such a man's conduct seems to be troops. Wherever there is mony and idle ; it is sufficient only to say, that provision, thither will they direct iheir wherever he orders his troops to march, their steps : where the carcase is, the devastation accompanies their career : cagles will be gathered together. but the Greeks cannot be worse under
The plan is grand in conception, and a French than the Turkish yoke. The is highly extolled by the French orators. time is approaching for the overthrow Future orators, poet, and historians of the Mahometan superstition, and will emblazon it, and the unthinking Buonaparte may be a great instrument multitude will dignity with heroical titles in the hand of Providence to effect its him whose object is universal dominions, destruction. and whose means of attaining it are force We hcar nothing of his pretended and warlike skill. How different are Holiness the Pope, and the future state the kingdoms of this world from that of of his church remains to be developed. the lamb! What a contrast between At any rate, he is not gone back to the outward splend us of a warlike sove. Rome, nor is he likely to see again that reign at the head of immense armies and seat of fraud and delusion, which, cleared the humble Jesus with his twelve asso- of its inonks and priests, begins to wear ciates, destined to proclaim good ridings the aspect of useful industry. In Sicily, to all nations and languages! He, who the old sup rstition remains, and the admires the one cannot love the other : revolution in its politics does not affect and they who aim at the honours of the it: but we trust, that it will be attendtwo different kingdoms, must pursue ed with the free exercise of the Proteste opposite lines of conduct, and expect dif- ant religion in that country. One inferent rewards.
stance of our intercourse with that island France has seized upon Swedish Po- has transpired in rhe conversion of the merania; and Sweden has been coniente eldest son of an English peer to the poed hitherto with simply protesting pish religion; but whether the same against the violence of the action. No. spirit has infected our arıny, we do not where has the sword been drawn to op- know. We hope, that the Bible Society pose the French. The pretext of France, will not ho never lose the oppo tunity of is to support its measures with respect conveying the treasures of sacred know. to commerce; the result might be thought ledge to that benighted co ntry and, to be the junction of Great Britain and if some missionaries were also sent to it, Sweden, to prevent farther aggressions we should think them much better em: on the latter, By such a conduct, ployed than in the east. How far the goSweden itself will be safe from attack, vernment of the country is improved by since the French will have no means of our interference cannot yet be ascertain. entering the country but by a tedious cu: but a sound policy might make the march round the Gulph of Bothnia, in intercourse 'bet een Britain and Sicily which the reduction of Russia must be very advantageous to both countries. a previous object. This is said to be from Spain noth ng encouraging to within the view of the enterprizing mo- the views of the adherents to the old narch, who seems to have no just com- system has appeared. The French conplaint against the Autocrat ; yet what tinae to consolidate and to increase their power; the English confine hem elves estination, even with the favourers of to he preservation of lortugal or a slight that species of pin: h ent. The views hoverin. over the fron iers of Spain: of the parties ha é been unfolded in and the kerenci at taciz regulates with speeches referring to the Princes Letics, its little senate the district of the Isla, but the silence of the Marqu's of Weland re cives occa ional di patches from lesley has disappointed the public. Irethe d starit colonies which a e willing, land has, as usual, afforded a topic of or liom gouernois who are able to com- debate, but great prepararloos are take municate with i. There is every reason ing for the grand ques!ion of Catholie to relieve that Mexico is lost to the emancipation, 10 cume on the 1,111, mother couniry. As to the Caraccas, The fiveurers of it are supposed to atheir independence is not likely ie be mount to upwards of two hundred and shahen, and Buenos Ayrrs is so far from 1.fty members, in the House of Comcoming back to its allegiance to the mons, but how many will be brought mothei country, that we are more likely into the field i: uncertain : at the same to hear of a war between this settlement time, it is imagined that the minister and the fortuguese Brasilians. This will find great reluctance in his troops, latter power bad the imprudence to in- for many will vote against him, and terfere in the dispute between the Spa- many will stay away. The issue of the niards on the opposite banks of La ' lata, debate is thus made more interesting, which will end probably in a rooted hos- and it is far from being absolutely certility between the two government; tain on which side it will be carried. an, future historians will talk of he n A trial has taken place in the Courts habitants of Buenos Ayres and ihe Bra. of law on a subject, which cannot easily sils geing formed by nature to cut euch be made a matter of argument in such a others cliro.ts, as in these d ys it is pre- piace. We have the account of it from tended by a surd writers, hat such is the public papers, und if it s properly rethe situation of the french and English. ported we stand in th: peculiar si uation
At home, the grea: topic of conversa- of differing from prosecutor, detendant, tion, and subject of some dchates in Par- judge and ,ury upon this occasion. The liament, has ari en from the Let er of Attorney General filed his internation the Prince and the refusal of the opposi. against the defendant for pu lishing a tion to come into power. Public writ- blasphemous and prophane libel on the Crs have descended to personal r es upon holy scriptures, in other ords, tor dethr, occasion which ca 101 be coo much nying the Christian religion asserting reprobated, The char cter of the Sothat the holy scriptures were irom beginvereign is not to be brught into con- ning to end a fable and an impo turetempt, and the calamury that has beral- the apostles liars and deceiver.-pacing len the na ion, might have been a lesson the history ot Christ on a level with the of awe to those, * ho take such liberties legends of the heathen mythology. The wiih his representative. In both houses, Atorney General is said io huveobserved, however, the minincs has been triumph- that the ob ect of the book was to lay ant, and the st ergih of the parties will the axe to the very root of religion, and be seen in the approaching derate on this mistake seems to have pervaded the Catholic question. The nur bei of both his mind and that of the judge, votes will not however be an absolute for the author did not intend to root out criterio , as many who -upport the mic religion, but a peculiar mode of it, nisterial ide in general, may on this oc- which he apprehended to be false. In casion exercise their own udg., ent and consequence of this mistake, his speech discretion, and favour the cause of a more appealed to the passions and feeling», not enlarged olvation. Ireland seems to to the reason of mankind. His quotabe unan.mous nearly in its petition, and, tion from Judge Hale, that Christianity as the people of Great Britaiu do not ex- is parcel of the laws of England, led also press their disapprobation of it, we can- to mistake: for Chris ianity cannot not conce ve that any danger, considered make part of any worldly laws; it is merely in a pohtic and still less in a re- founded upon love, and not one of its ligious point of view, could arise from precepts can be sanctioned by temporal Ca holic emanc pation
authority or temporal punishment. A In the house have been several debates, civil magistrate may be member of a and it is with pleasure we perceive that Christian community, but in that commilit ry floggings to the extent of a munity his authority ceases : all are thousand lashes, grow less and less in brethren, held together by the law of love, and no one can exercise lordship stirred up the multitude against Christ over the other. The Attorney General for blasphemins religion, and reviling however allowed, that the disputes of the temple, and in what manner did learned men on controversial points he treat his opponents. Nor hy reviling were not to be included in his list of pu- again ; but by pasiently suffering what. nishablefcrimes, and the in. erpretations ever they chose to inflict. And if our of the orthodox might be called in ques- Suviour could endure such contumely tion, withou' danger of being an imputed thrown upon him, his disciples must libeller on scripture The defend nt vindicate his religion by paticnce, by read his defence, in which he treated forbearance, by love, by the best arguthe scriptures with such little reverence, ments urged in the gentiest manner. If that the judge gave him repeated ad. the infidel reyiles us, let us not levile mon cions, saying he did not sit there to again. The judgment belongs to God, hear the Christian religion reviled-that and the ark of the covenant cannot be the defendant was not to defame religi. sustained by the powers of this world. on-but at last upon mature delibera Another circunstance ought to be tion, gave up the point, and left the de- taken into consideration. Missionaries fendant to read what he pleased, who are now sent from this country into concluded his paper with a hope, i hat heathen lands, to converi the natives he had satisfied bot judge and jury of from idolatry, their e-ta'lished rilizion, the falsehood of the scripture. The to ( hriscianity. The conduct of the Sojudge stated the defence to be from be. ciet es, that subscribí for the support of ginn ng to end a tissue of opprobium and these missionaries, and the patience and dełamatory reviling on the Holy Scrip- courage, and magnanimity, of the pertures, and it could not be endured, that sons sent, are matter of general appro. whate.er might be the practice in Ame. bation. The imprisonment of these rica, religion should be calumniated and missionaries is deprecated; yet with abused. The defendant was found what justice could it be complained of? guilty, and on the inotion of the Aitor. The heatnens may retort upon us : ney General, was committed to prison, “ You imprison those who revile the es
D ffering in opinion, as we do, from tablished relig.on of your country; how the defendant, it cannot be imagined, then can you cxpect, that we should thai we would take his paat as favourers treat with respect the men who revile of his argumeni, These we hold tnuch the es ablished religion of onr own councheaper ihan his prosecutor, or his try? Either permit your religion to be judge, or his jury: and if the Christian freely canvasscd at home, or do not atreligion could make its way against the tempt to send your people to disturb our efforts of por er, and the skill of the faith. You assert that your religion is most learned, we cannot see, ihat it from heaven, we assert the same of ours. was likely to suffer iri the least from If yours is from heavin, surely it can so trifling a publ cat on. But we are not stand in need of chains and imprisorry for the prosecution, because it sonment ió support it." gives occasion to the enemies of our 'The Lancasterians have had another faith to blaspheme. They will say, triumph in the metropolis. A meeting that we use the arm of flein, which is wa h lá for the wards of Aldersgate, positively excluded by Christ, because Eassishaw, Coleman Street, and Cripwe cannot defend ourselves by argument. plegate, and for the pa ish of St. Luke's, Let us puc the case, that the que tion were in which it was agreed to establish a reversed, and that an infidel Attorney school, for a thousand children, on Ms. General had svught an action against a Lancaster's plan, without regard to the Christian for writing in de ence of the sect to which they may belong : the scriptures, before an intidel judge and an committee for conducting it to be see infidel jury. The detence of lus opinions lected in equal numbers from the memwould be cons dered by them as an ag. bers of the as!ablished sect, and the disgravation of the orence, and the attempt Senters from it ; and the clergy men and to convert them, a an insult upon their dissenuing ministers in the di tr ct are to understandings. The ar umerits of the be hono, ary members of the inst tulon. book, and of the detendant, require, if The children to attend that place of they are answered at all, the coolness, worship which their parenis or guar. the patience, and the in egrity of a true dians assign to them. This union of Christian : and nothing is gained by an the sects cannot fail of promoting chris appeal to the passions. The high priests tian knowledge and christian charity, and it is a great satisfaction tc learn, from all that “the sums which have been se quarters, that a liberal spirit is now perva- liberally sub cribed by the original ding the comr unity in general, that men friends of the institution are not likely begin to be more attached to the scriprures to do much more than to estarilish and than to the factions raised upon them, maintain those schools, which the soand that the name of Christian begins to ciety itself has resolved to open in the be more honourable than that of Cal- metropolis." A more general and ex. vinist, Lutheran, Methodist, Church of tended support is therefore called for, England, or any other denomination of in which they say, “ the best inte.ests party, which has too long corn in pieces of the established rel gion and constituthe Christian Church
tion of this country are so deeply inThe pseudo-national society for the volved," and they recomr end to the education of the poor in the principles parochial clerzy in ihe metropolis and of the established sect, has published its neighbourhood to exer: themselves. another Address to the public, framed We are not surprised, that the established at a meeting, at which were present two religion and con-titution are hunked toarchbishops, cieven bishops, four lords, gether in this address; but the cry will five esquires, and six clergemen. The no longer do. It might serve very well, chief object is to shew its friends that the when the members of the established scheme is coming into action, that everai sect bore a greater proportion to the poschools are forming, and schoolmasters pulation of the united kingdon, or when, are wanted, who are exhorted to become speaking i England and Wales, they very candidates, upon the following qualit- much outnumbered those of a different cations. "No one will be treated with, persuasion. But that time is gone by. who does not bring full and satisfactory The members of the established sect testimoniais, trom the minister, church have more landed, bui less monied ard wardens, and principal inhabitants of con giercial, interest than those of ihe their respective parishes, that they are other sects: and, if we were to weigh its memters" of the sect established by law, influence by the class to hom the gos" and profess its docirines and princi. pei was first preached, this is very sight ples; ihat they have been in the habit and rapidly dim disting. It is a ir atter of attending their parish church, and of no consequence "o the constitution are of irreproachable moral conduct." whether a single ma i attends or not the
The subsc. iptions, we have observed, meetings of the establishe, sect, The are very numerous and great, but trifliag, only difference is that, if the secession compared with the object aimed at, and shouid be general, and each sect provide the society seeins to be of the same opi- for itself, ihe country would not be ennion with us. For the Address states, barrassed by their rivalships,
CORRESPONDENCE. Being frequently unable to bring into our pages even a very narrow list of books, we shall endeavour in future to supply the place of that article, by an carly Review of all publications, which fall within the scope of our work. We request that books, of which a notice is desirəd, may be sent to us, on their first appearance.
Our Coseley and Bridport correspondents, will sec that the subject of their valuable communicatious is taken up in the present No.; and perhaps they will agree with the Editor, that this is one of the very few cases, in which serious argument would be misapplied.
A respectable correspondent from Chesterfield, solicits sonne account of Le Clerc, the friend of Mr. Locke.' We are disposed to enforce his request : and should, indeed, be glad to receive well-written, concise Memoirs, not only of Le Clerc, but also of those eminent contributors to Biblical learning, Eras. mus and Grotius. There are, likewise, some English divines and scholars of whom we wish to give an account; Dr. Conyers Middleton, Dr. Caleb Flem. ing, Dr, Richard Price, Dr. Harwoud, Mr. Moore, author of a pamphlet on our Saviour's Agony in the Garden, &c. &c. Memoirs, or hints for Memoirs, will be peculiarly acceptable.
All Communications for this work are requested to be addressed (post paid] to the Editor at the Publishers', Messrs. Sherwood and Co. Paternoster Row; where also Advertisements, Bills for the Wrapper and Books for Review are received.
Birmingham, June, 5, 1809.* tell a tale of a taylor of a village
in Devonshire, whose intellectual The biographical department pursuits were not less conspicuous; of your instructive miscellany is and though they did not, like those not the least important, in point of the former, consist in the ac. of utility and entertainment. But quisition of the dead languages, I see no reason, why it should be were more calculated to enlarge limited to the characters of ininis. the mind and form the Christian ters, as I think it has hitherto character, and were, actually, been. The memoirs of those who united with distinguished moral have appeared in obscure and excellence, sound judgment and humble stations, though they useful exertions. My narrative is may carry with them less éclat, short and consists of but few parwill not be destitute of interest. ticulars. But the letters annexed On the other hand, they will afford to it, will shew the man; and if examples more adapted to general I mistake not, exhibit a portrait, iinitation. Permit me then to drawn by his own pen, that is cala afford a sketch of this kind. The culated to please, to raise esteem classical Mr. Spence, 52 years and excite emulation. : since, cxhibited a detail of the I am, Sir, learned attainments of a taylor in
Respectfully Yours, Buckinghamshiret. Allow me to
JOSHUA TOULMIN. * Op reviewing the date of this inter- A Memoir and Four Letters of esting communication, we feel it neces. Mr. Bartholomew Hoare, a sary to apologize to Dr. Toulmin and Taylor, at Musbury, near Arour readers, for having so long kept it back. The present enlarged size of our
minster, Devon. work will, we trust, prevent any similar The Four Letters here offered to delays, in future.
the public eye, will give the rea. + In a piece, entitled “ A PARALLEL ;) in the manner of PLUTARCH ; between
der a just idea of the talents, dis. a most celebrated Man of Florence, and position and character of the ONE, scarce ever heard of, in ENGLAND. writer. By the Reverend Mr. Spence.” First The First affords a general view printed in 1757, and re-published in ofthe principles on which he sepa1761, in the 2d Volume of FucITIVE Pieces. By several Authors. Printed rated from the Church of England. for R. and J. DODSLEY.
It was written in vindication of VOL. VI.
the public eye,