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possessed of talents and learn, to enter until he has been con. ing which well fitted him for the firmed ; and a certificate of his discharge of its important duties. talents and dispositions is required For several years, he was the from the minister of the parish in pupil and secretary of the late which he has resided. The period Bishop Finsson at Skalholt, after of annual study extends from the whose death he studied some time beginning of October to the end at Copenhagen ; where as a clas. of May; the summer being made sical scholar, be acquired very the season of vacation to accom. great credit. His knowledge of modate the rural occupations, in the Greek and Hebrew languages which all ranks among the Ice. is said to be accurate and exten. !anders are obliged to partake. It sive; and to theological studies is a part of the office of the Bishop he has given a very minute atten. to visit the school at the com tion, being intimately acquainted mencement and close of each sese with the writings of the most emi. sion; and at the latter time to nent of the German theologians. superintend the examinations of This gentleman, during our stay the scholars which then take place. in Iceland, was removed from These examinations continue dur. Bessestad to the church of Oddè, ing several days, with a prescribed in Rangaarallè Syssel, one of the form of proceeding, of which a most valuable livings in the island. sketch has already been given in He was succeeded by another the narrative. person, of the same name, who After a certain degree of pro. is likewise reputed to be a man gress in the studies allotted to him, of learning and acquirements. each scholar becomes what is
The two inferior masters of the termed a demissus ; leaving the school have salaries of 300 rix. school and pursuing his future dollars each. The office of the studies at home. No particular second master comprehends the period is fixed for a demission. This instruction of the scholars in Latin, is determined solely by the pro. history, geography, and arithme. ficiency of the student, as ascertic; while the third is occupied tained by an examination; for in teaching the Greek, Danish, which it is required that he should and Icelandic languages. It is á be able to read and write Latin singular circumstance in the re, with accuracy, that he should gulations of the school, that each have some knowledge of Greek scholar, whether intended for the and Hebrew, and of the rules for pastoral office or not, is obliged interpreting the Old and New to study the elements of Hebrew, Testaments; and that he should and to undergo some examination be acquainted with the Danish in this language. By far the language, with history, arithme. greater number, however, of those tic and geography. The know. who attend the school, are pre. ledge of Greek and Hebrew, paring themselves for this future though officially required, is, situation in life; and in the ad. however, in the practice of these mission of scholars, a preference examinations, by no means very is always given to the children of rigorously exacted. Where the priests. A youth is not allowed students are preparing for the
priesthood, as is generally the case, zius, Reinhard, Lowth, Gries. they are farther questioned upon bach, Michaëlis, and numerous the Bible and ecclesiastical his- other authors of minor pote, on tory, upon the doctrines of the ecclesiastical history and doctrine. Lutheran church, &c. If a youth It is the best theological collec. bas continued seven years with- tion in the island. out attaining the qualifications Among the young men educated which entitle him to become a at this school, there are some demissus, the Lector writes to bis who afterwards go to Copenhagen, family, representing the matter with the view of prosecuting their to them, and he is not allowed to studies at the University there; remain longer at the school. this advantage being occasionally
A library is attached to the afforded to the children of those establishment at Bessestad, con. who hold civil offices, or possess taining probably twelve or four. landed property, and to the sons teen hundred volumes; among of some of the wealthier among which are a few good editions of the clergy of the country. The the classics. The greater part of number of students, however, who the library consists of Icelandic enjoy such opportunities is very and Danish works; beside which limited; and the remainder, opthere are a considerable number pressed by poverty and the neces. of volumes in the German lan. sities of their situation, are gene. guage, and a few in the English rally compelled to take up their and French. The number of abode for life in solitary spots, manuscripts is very inconsiderable, where their intercourse even with and they appear to be of litile each other, is almost wholly sus. value. The private library of pended, and where any future pro. the Lector Theologia, though gress in knowledge can only be smaller, is more select, and con. cffected by their independent and tains the works of Mosheim, Ilein- unaided exertions.
Comments on Paine's “ Age of your pages as the historian of the
Reason," Part. iii. - York Baptists :) is under prosecu. London, Feb. 21, 1812. tion by the Attorney-General; a SIR,
miserable way of defending Chris. I had lately put into my hands, tianity. The copy which I have Thomas Paine's 6 Age of Reason,” is valuable, on account of some Pt, iii.-a wretched compilation manuscript comments, by a pen, of falsehood and calumny, the dipped as I conceive, in the very dregs of a genius always coarse. spirit of the New Testament; For the publication of it, a book. these I now send you for your use, seller [Daniel Isaac Eaton, of if you shall judge thein serviceable Ave-Maria Lane ; not I presume to your great object of promoting the D. Eaton, who is known on rational religion.
On a blank page opposite to then the justness of representing the title, are the following re- these as undisputed Christian doc. marks:
trines?", “ Whatever may be thought of In some blank leaves at the the “ Reason" of Mr. Paine, or end of the work, the commentalor of the prudence of his publisher, has thus written: highly we cannot deem of the “ What is the great gain of inChristianity of the Attorney Gen. fidelity - It relieves the mind eral, quasi Attorney General. In. from superstition ! But Voltaire fidelity is not more anti-christian, was eminently superstitious; and than is the coercion of conscience the Parisians, in the heat of the by the civil power. It would be French Revolution, howed down curious to see what sort of an in. before a naked harlot, as the gud. dictment, Sir V. G. with all his dess of reason.-It explodes priestacuteness and desterity, would be craft! But priests may be infidels; able to draw from the New Tes. there have been intidel bishops tament, against D. I. Eaton!” and infidel popes; of one of the
Paine concludes his work with latter it is told that he once rea the definition of infidelity, thus- marked, “What a profitable fable " He that believes in the story of is this of Jesus Christ!'--and if Christ is an infidel to God:” men become infidels, there is no upon which the annoiator re. longer any reason in morals, why marks,
they should not be priests or bish" He that comes to Mr. Paine's ops or popes, or impostors, usurpconclusion upon his premises, ers and tyrants of any other de. must be an infidel to common scription : to such, there is no sense. He attacks the corruptionis rule of right but their own intero of Christianity, rather than Chris. ests; and what a rule is that for tianity itself. Unable to distin. human conduct! What citizen guish between purious and au, would wish his magistrate govern). thentic · scripture, he confounds ed by it! what master his servant ! and oppose:s both: one might what parent his child !--Infidelity give him almost all his arguments, was, for a time, accidentally as. (his scurrilities are out of ihe sociated with free principles in question,) and leave Christianity, government; but nothing can be as really contained in the New more fallacious than the associa. Testament, untouched.
. tion. Robespierre was an intidel, “ Did Mr. Paine know that and a bold, zealous and consistent Christians do not ail believe in the one ; so, I dare say, was H.---miraculous conception, or, in the D.-- and possibly Thomas Paine infallibility of the Evangelists ? and Bp. H. might, in secret, have This he must have known, Sfor he understood each other, on the was formerly usher in the school subject of religion. Hume (to of Mr. Noble, who was a Chris. whom every other infidel is a piga tian and a divine of the class of iny,) was the advocate of the Dr. Foster ;) as also that the docu despotic, wretched house of the trines of election, &c. are as Stuarts ; and Bolingbroke (next much reprobated by some believers in ability perhaps to Hume, in as by any unbelievers. Where the ranks of infidelity,) was one
of the framers and promoters of some expectation of reward, act. the Schisın Bill, (providentially ing constantly upon their minds. smothered by the seasonable death “If a man has a vicious habit, of Queen Anne), by which no what motive to correct it, will man was to have been allowed he find in infidelity ? say that he to educate his children, without is inclined to intemperance; and subscribing the 39 articles. Gib. what will be his motto, but ibat bon, 100, hated equally Christi. of the Epicureans, rebuked by the anity and civil and religious liberty. Apostle Paul- Let us eat and
Away, then, the plea that in. drink, for to-morrow we die' -fidelity would abolish priestcraft, we perish. It is not contended
it tends directly to favour it, that infidel principles impel a man by providing a license for deceit at once into vice ; but ihat if he and wickedness, and that it is fall into vice, they have no power not more prevalent, is owing, not to raise him from it. Who can to infidels but, to Christians, un. say that Mr. Paine would not have derstanding Christianity. The New been a temperate man, if he had Testament is the Magna Charta of lived under the influence of the the • Rights of Man:'--in every powers of the world to come! and age, it has inspired and embol. who but must lament that intem. dened our Hampdens and Hollises, perate indulgence should have our Russels and Sydneys, our brought on, in his case, such well. Washingtons, our Palmers and our known, preniature dotage,--that Priestleys, to expose and resist dotage in which this book was hypocritical church men and in. written, and of which it exhibits fidel ministers of state. The so many melancholy tokens. Christian has a reason, a motive “What then is the great gain for patriotism; he is called to of infidelity - This: that it takes glory.
i all moral excitements and re. 6. It is not meant to be insinu. straints in life, and extinguishes ated by the foregoing remarks, all hope in death ; in other words, that unbelievers are necessarily that it enables a man to sin with, bad men; their habits are, happily, out fear, and rewards him with formed before their principles; the assurance that he shall perish and to that religion which they like a beast ! despise they owe it, perhaps, that " The greatest prostitution of they are not pilferers or ruffians, terms-next to the foul calum. voluptuaries or sots. But the his. nies cast upon religion is the tory of mankind warrants me in calling of such a wretched, debas. saying that, there is no instance ing, corrupting system, as infideli. on record, of heroic virtue at- ty, a fruit of Reason." chieved by an infidel. Men can. So far, Sir, the annotator: not become heroically virtuous some of his remarks may be deemby habit; or because their judg. ed too strong, some of his allusions ment coolly approves of heroism : too particular; but it will be re. they can attain this moral height membered that he wrote for the only by the force of some great private reader of Paine's book and principle, some sense of duty, not for the public: I judged his
reflections too valuable to be cun. An answer to this question is fined to the shelf of a library, earnestly requested by, Sir, and I could not allow, myself to Your constant reader, prune or correct them.
. M. H. EPISCOPUS.
Want of Candour towards Unbe
. lievers. Question relating to the Holy Sir, Spirit.
. The exercise of reason and li. MR. EDITOR,
berality, are, I think amongst the Will you favour me with a cor. more conspicuous excellencies, by ner in your excellent miscellany which that sect of Christians, call. for a question which I wish to ed Unitarians, would be thoughi to propose to your trinitarian rea. distinguish themselves ; and there ders and correspondents, hoping certainly can be no quality more that soine one of them will esteem calculated than these, to win the it worthy of serious consideration, affections, and to make a prose
If the Holy Spirit is indeed an lyte of the honest and amiable ena individual person distinct from the quirer, who may be led to doubt Father; if he is according to the the correctness of the doctrines orthodox creed, his equal; or in and principles, he has elsewhere other words, if he is the One acquired. Reason leads us to an Jehovah ! 66 in whom we live acquaintance with the unlimited and move, and have our being !" liberality and benevolence of the “ For whom, and to whom, and Deity towards all his creatures. through whom, are all things!” This benevolence, or liberality, is If he is the “ High and Lofty One, not less a celestial quality, ihan who inhabiteth eternity!” to whom is the infinite wisdom, or the all created beings owe their exist. boundless power of the Almighty, ence, and look for their future and being more attractive and preservation !--and to be equal lovely in the eyes of his creatures with the Father he must be all and dependents, it will ever be this; why did Jesus Christ, who sought for by ingenuous minds, as spent whole night in prayers to the first feature in every system the Father, and devoutly addressed which claims the Father of all for him, on a variety of recorded oc. its author. casions, never offer up a single I have witnessed and have felt petition, to this equal in Omnipo. the power of this supposed libertence, or give the slightest hint ality, in a community which I to his disciples to do so? Why, have been induced to join, chiefly by his own uniform and most im. from a belief that it was more pressive example, and by that largely endowed with this heavenly most striking and comprehensive attribute than others; I confess í form of words which he delivered think so still; or I would instantly to us, does he exclusively teach abandon its meetings, for the one us to pray to the Father, if there most congenial to my sentiments are indeed three persons equally in this respect. Yet I have found entitled to our worship and adora. limits to this virtue, not before tion?
observed by me, and it is on a