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the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life, John iv. 14. And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst, vi. 35. In the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink. He that believeth on me, as the Scripture bath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water, vii. 37, 38. They shall hunger no more, neither thirst any more; neither shall the sun light on them, nor any heat, Rev. vii. 16.

VER. 7.

Μακάριοι οἱ ἐλεήμονες, ὅτι αὐτοὶ ἐλεηθή.


Blessed are the merciful: a for they shall obtain mercy.

a For if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. But if ye forgive not men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses, Matt. vi. 14, 15. With the merciful thou wilt shew thyself merciful, and with the upright man thou wilt shew thyself upright, 2 Sam. xxii. 26. also Ps. xviii. 25. Blessed is he that considereth the poor: the LORD will deliver him in time of trouble. The LORD will preserve him, and keep him alive; and he shall be blessed upon the earth: and thou wilt not deliver him unto the will of his enemies. The LORD will strengthen him upon the bed of languishing: thou wilt make all his bed in his sickness, xli. 1-3. He that hath pity upon the poor lendeth unto the LORD; and that which he hath given will he pay him again, Prov. xix. 17. If thou draw out thy soul to the hungry, and satisfy the afflicted soul; then shall thy light rise in obscurity, and thy darkness be as the noon day; and the LORD shall guide thee continually, and satisfy thy soul in drought, and make fat thy bones and thou shalt be like a watered garden, and like a spring of water, whose waters fail not, Isa. lviii. 10, 11. And when ye stand praying, forgive, if ye hae ought against any that your Fatner also which is in heaven may forgive you your trespasses. But if


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ye do not forgive, neither will your Father which is in heaven forgive your trespasses, Mark xi. 25, 26. Love ye your enemies, and do good, and lend, hoping for nothing again; and your reward shall be great, and ye shall be the children of the Highest: for he is kind unto the unthankful and to the evil. Be ye therefore merciful, as your Father also is merciful, Luke vi. 35, 36. God is not unrighteous to forget your work and labour of love, which ye have shewed towards his name, in that ye have ministered to the saints, and do minister, Heb. vi. 10. For he shall have judgment without mercy, that hath shewed no mercy; and mercy rejoiceth against judgment, James ii. 13.

VER. 8. Μακάριοι οἱ καθαροὶ τῇ καρδίᾳ, ὅτι αὐτοὶ τὸν Θεὸν ὄψονται.

Blessed are the a pure in heart: for they shall b see God."

a Thou blind Pharisee, cleanse first that which is within the cup and platter, that the outside of them may be clean also, Matt. xxiii. 26. I know also, my God, that thou triest the heart, and hast pleasure in uprightness, 1 Chron. xxix. 17. If thou wert pure and upright; surely now he would awake for thee, Job viii. 6. With the pure thou wilt shew thyself pure, Ps. xviii. 26. Who shall ascend into the hill of the LORD or who shall stand in his holy place? He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully, xxiv. 3, 4. Behold, thou desirest truth in the inward parts: and in the hidden part thou shalt make me to know wisdom. Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean: wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow, li. 6, 7. Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me, ver. 10. Truly God is good to Israel, even to such as are of a clean heart, lxxiii. 1. The thoughts of the wicked are an abomination to the LORD: but the words of the pure are pleasant words, Prov. xv. 26. He that loveth pureness of heart, for the grace of his lips the king shall be his friend, xx. 11. Then will I sprinkle clean water upon you, and ye shall be clean; from all your filthiness, and

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MATT. V. 8, 9.

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| heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water, x. 22. Cleanse your hands, ye sinners; and purify your hearts, ye double-minded, Jam. iv. 8. Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, see that ye love one another with a pure heart fervently, 1 Pet. i. 22. And every man that hath this hope in him purifieth himself, even as he is pure, 1 John iii. 3.

And though after my skin worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I see God: whom I shall see for myself, and mine eyes shall behold; and not another; though my reins be consumed within me, Job xix. 26, 27. For now we see through a glass, darkly; but then face to face, 1 Cor. xiii. 12. We are confident, I say, and will

from all your idols, will I cleanse you. A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you: and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh. And I will put my spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them. Ezek. xxxvi. 25-27. Shall I count them pure with the wicked balances, and with the bag of deceitful weights? Mic. vi. 11. Purifying their hearts by faith, Acts xv. 9. Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God, 2 Cor. vii. 1. According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love, Ephes. i. 4. Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it; that he might sanctifying rather to be absent from the body, and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word, that he might present it to himself a glorious Church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish, v. 25-27. And this I pray, that your love may abound yet more and more in knowledge and in all judgment; that ye may approve things that are excellent; that ye may be sincere and without offence till the day of Christ; being filled with the fruits of righteousness, which are by Jesus Christ, unto the glory and praise of God, Phil. i. 9-11. And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly; and I pray God your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ Faithful is he that calleth you, who also will do it. 1 Thess. v. 23, 24. Unto the pure all things are pure: but unto them that are defiled and unbelieving is nothing pure; but even their mind and conscience is defiled, Tit. i. 15. Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us all from iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works, ii. 14. How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? Heb. ix. 14. Let us draw near with a true

and to be present with the Lord, 2 Cor. v. 8. Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord, 1 Thess. iv. 17. Follow peace with all men, and holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord, Heb. xii. 14. Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is, 1 John iii. 2. Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them. They shall hunger no more, neither thirst any more; neither shall the sun light on them, nor any heat. For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead them into living fountains of waters: and God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes, Rev. vii. 15-17. The throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it; and his servants shall serve him: and they shall see his face; and his name shall be in their foreheads, xxii. 3, 4.

VER. 9.

Μακάριοι οἱ εἰρηνοποιοί, ὅτι αὐτοὶ ὑιοὶ Θεοῦ κληθήσονται.

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Blessed are the a peace-makers: for they shall be called the children of God.

a And Abram said unto Lot, let there be no strife, I pray thee, between me and thee, and between my herdmen and thy herdmen; for we be brethren. Is not the whole land before thee? separate thyself, I pray thee, from me: if thou wilt take the left hand, then I will go to the right; or if thou depart to the right hand, then I will go to the left, Gen. xiii. 8, 9. And when he went out the second day, behold, two men of the Hebrews strove together: and he said to him that did the wrong, Wherefore smitest thou thy fellow? Exod. ii. 13. If it be possible, as much as lieth in you, live peaceably with all men, Rom. xii. 18. But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, Gal. v. 22. But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, and easy to be entreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy, James iii. 17.

b Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven, Matt. v. 19. Afterward thou shalt be called, The city of righteousness, the faithful city, Isa. i. 26. Thy Redeemer the Holy One of Israel; the God of the whole earth shall he be called, liv. 5. And this is his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS, Jer. xxiii. 6. And Jerusalem shall be called a city of truth; and the mountain of the LORD of Hosts the holy mountain, Zech. viii. 3. He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest, Luke i. 32. And thou, child, shalt be called the prophet of the Highest: for thou shalt go before the face of the Lord to prepare his ways, 76.

c Ye are the children of the LORD your God: ye shall not cut yourselves, nor make any baldness between your eyes for the dead. For thou art an holy people unto the LORD thy God, Deut. xiv. 1, 2. And it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people,

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there it shall be said unto them, Ye are the sons of the living God, Hos. i. 10. Neither can they die any more: for they are equal unto the angels; and are the children of God, being the children of the resurrection, Luke xx. 36. But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name, John i. 12. For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God, Rom. viii. 14. The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God, 16. Because the creature itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God, 21. That is, they which are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God; but the children of the promise are counted for the seed, ix. 8. Wherefore come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean thing; and I will receive you, and will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty, 2 Cor. vi. 17, 18. For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus, Gal. iii. 26. When the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, to redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons. And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying. Abba, Father, iv. 4-6. Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will, to the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved, Eph. i. 5, 6. Be ye therefore followers of God, as dear children, v. 1. Do all things without murmurings and disputings: That ye may be blameless and harmless, the sons of God, without rebuke, in the midst of a crooked and perverse nation, among whom ye shine as lights in the world; holding forth the word of life, Phil. ii. 14-16. Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not. Beloved,

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Blessed are they which are a persecuted for righteousness' sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven,

a But beware of men: for they will deliver you up to the councils, and they will scourge you in their synagogues; and ye shall be brought before governors and kings for my sake, for a testimony against them and the Gentiles, Matt. x. 17, 18. And the brother shall deliver up the brother to death, and the father the child: and the children shall rise up against their parents, and cause them to be put to death. And ye shall be hated of all men for my name's sake: but he that endureth to the end shall be saved, 21, 22. The wicked plotteth against the just, and gnasheth upon him with his teeth. The wicked have drawn out the sword, and have bent their bow, to cast down the poor and needy, and to slay such as be of upright conversation, Ps. xxxvii. 12. 14. Blessed are ye, when men shall hate you, and when they shall separate you from their company, and shall reproach you, and cast out your name as evil, for the Son of man's sake. Rejoice ye in that day, and leap for joy: for, behold, your reward is great in heaven; for in the like manner did their fathers unto the prophets, Luke vi. 22, 23. But before all these, they shall lay their hands on you, and persecute you, delivering you up to the synagogues, and into prisons, being brought before kings and rulers for my name's sake. And it shall turn to you for a testimony, xxi. 12, 13. And ye shall be betrayed both by parents, and brethren, and by kinsfolks, and friends; and some of you shall they cause to be put to death, and ye shall be hated of all men for my name's sake, 16, 17. Remember the word that I said unto you, the servant

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is not greater than his lord. If they have persecuted me, they will also persecute you; if they have kept my saying, they will keep yours also. But all these things will they do unto you for my name's sake, because they know not him that sent me, John xv. 20, 21. They shall put you out of the synagogues: yea, the time cometh, that whosoever killeth you will think that he doeth God service, xvi. 2. Ι

Verily, verily, I say unto thee, when thou wast young, thou girdedst thyself, and walkedst whither thou wouldest: but when thou shalt be old, thou shalt stretch forth thy hands, and another shall gird thee, and carry thee whither thou wouldest not. This spake he, signifying by what death he should glorify God, xxi. 18, 19. And when they had called the apostles, and beaten them, they commanded that they should not speak in the name of Jesus, and let them go. And they departed from the presence of the council, rejoicing that they were counted worthy to suffer shame for his name, Acts v. 40, 41. And at that time there was a great persecution against the church which was at Jerusalem; and they were all scattered abroad throughout the regions of Judæa and Samaria, except the apostles, viii. 1. As it is written, For thy sake we are killed all the day long; we are accounted as sheep for the slaughter, Rom. viii. 36. For I think that God hath set forth us the apostles last, as it were appointed to death: for we are made a spectacle unto the world, and to angels, and to men. Being reviled, we bless; being persecuted, we suffer it: being defamed, we entreat; we are made as the filth of the earth, and are the offscouring of all things unto this day, 1 Cor. iv. 9-13. We are troubled on every side, yet not distressed; we are perplexed, but not in despair; persecuted, but not forsaken; cast down, but not destroyed; always bearing about in the body the dying of the Lord Jesus. For we which live are alway delivered unto death for Jesus' sake, 2 Cor. iv. 8. 11. For unto you it is given in the behalf of Christ, not only to believe on him, but also to suffer for his sake, Phil. i. 29. All that will live godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution, 2 Tim. iii. 12.

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MATT. V. 10-12.

Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And wherefore slew he him? Because his own works were evil, and his brother's righteous, 1 John iii. 12.

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season, until their fellow servants also, and their brethren, that should be killed as they were, should be fulfilled, vi. 9, 10. See also parallels on clause 2. ver. 2. chap. iii.

VER. 11.

Μακάριοί ἐστε ὅταν ὀνειδίσωσιν ὑμᾶς καὶ διώξωσι, καὶ εἴπωσι πᾶν πονηρὸν ῥῆμα καθ ̓ ὑμῶν, ψευδόμενοι, ἕνεκεν ἐμοῦ.

Blessed are ye when men shall a revile you, and persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil against you * falsely,

*falsely Gr. lying.

the house Beelzebub, how much more a If they have called the master of shall they call them of his household? Matt. x. 25. And they that passed by reviled him, wagging their heads, and saying, Thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest it in three days, hypocritical mockers in feasts, they save thyself, xxvii. 39, 40. With gnashed upon me with their teeth, they opened their mouth wide against me, and said, Aha, aha, our eye hath seen it, Ps. xxxv. 16. 21. John the Baptist came neither eating bread nor drinking wine; and ye say, He hath a devil. The Son of man is come eating and drinking; and ye say, Behold a gluttonous man, and a winebibber, a friend of publicans and sinners! Luke vii. 33, 34. reviled him, and said, Thou art his Then they disciple; but we are Moses' disciples. John ix. 28. Who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered, he threatened not; but com. mitted himself to him that judgeth righteously, 1 Pet. ii. 23.

b Whosoever shall lose his life for my sake and the gospel's, the same shall save it, Mark viii. 35. Verily I say unto you, There is no man that hath left house, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for my sake and the gospel's, But he shall receive a hundredfold now in this time, houses, and bre-for my sake. thren, and sisters, and mothers, and children, and lands, with persecutions; and in the world to come eternal life, Mark x. 29, 30. And ye shall be hated of all men for my name's sake; but he that shall endure unto the end, the same shall be saved, xiii. 13. For our light affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory, 2 Cor. iv. 17. So that we ourselves glory in you in the churches of God for your patience and faith in all your persecutions and tribulations that ye endure: Which is a manifest token of the righteous judgment of God, that ye may be counted worthy of the kingdom of God, for which ye also suffer seeing it is a righteous thing with God to recompense tribulation to them that trouble you, 2 Thess. i. 4 6. If we suffer, we shall also reign with him, 2 Tim. ii. 12. Blessed is the man that endureth temptation: for when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of life, which the Lord hath promised to them that love him, James i. 12. Rejoice, inasmuch as ye are partakers of Christ's sufferings; that, when his glory shall be revealed, ye may be glad also with exceeding joy, 1 Pet. iv. 13. Fear none of those things which thou shalt suffer: behold, the devil shall cast some of you into prison, that ye may be tried; and ye shall have tribulation ten days: be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life, Rev. ii. 10. I saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which they held: And white robes were given unto every one of them; and it was said unto them, that they should rest yet for a little

See parallels on clause 1. ver. 10.

VER. 12.

Χαίρετε καὶ ἀγαλλιᾶσθε, ὅτι ὁ μισθὸς ὑμῶν πολὺς ἐν τοῖς οὐρανοῖς· οὕτω γὰρ ἐδίωξαν τοὺς προφήτας τοὺς πρὸ ὑμῶν.

Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: bfor great is your reward in heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets which were before you.

you-and cast out your name as evil, a Blessed are ye when men shall hate for the Son of man's sake. Rejoice ye in that day, and leap for joy, Luke vi. 22, 23. And they departed from the presence of the council, rejoicing that they were counted worthy to

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