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east country, and all the wisdom of Egypt, 1 Kings iv. 30. They that dwell in the wilderness shall bow before him; and his enemies shall lick the dust. The kings of Tarshish and of the isles shall bring presents, the kings of Sheba and Seba shall offer gifts. Yea, all kings shall fall down before him: all nations shall serve him. For he shall deliver the needy when he crieth, the poor also, and him that hath no helper, Ps. lxxii. 9-12. And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people, to it shall the Gentiles seek and his rest shall be glorious. Isa. xi. 10.

VER. 2.

Λέγοντες· Ποῦ ἐστιν ὁ τεχθεὶς βασιλεὺς τῶν Ἰουδαίων; εἴδομεν γὰρ αὐτοῦ τὸν ἀστέρα ἐν τῇ ἀνατολῆ, καὶ ἤλθομεν προσκυνῆσαι αὐτῷ.

Saying, Where is he that is a born King of the Jews? for we have seen his star in the east, and are come to worship


a Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion, Ps. ii. 6. For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this, Isa. ix. 6, 7. Behold a king shall reign in righteousness and princes shall rule in judgment. And a man shall be as an hiding place from the wind, and a covert from the tempest, as rivers of water in a dry place, as the shadow of a great rock in a weary land, xxxii. 1, 2. Behold the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth, Jer. xxiii. 5. Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold thy King cometh unto thee: he is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass, Zech. ix.9.

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Tell ye the daughter of Zion; Behold thy King cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass, Matt. xxi. 5. For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour which is Christ the Lord, Luke ii. 11. Saying, Blessed be the King that cometh in the name of the Lord: peace in heaven, and glory in the highest, xix. 38. And they began to accuse him saying, We found this fellow perverting the nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Cæsar, saying that he himself is Christ a king. xxiii. 2. And a superscription also was written over him in letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS, 38. Nathanael answered and saith unto him, Rabbi, thou art the Son of God, thou art the King of Israel, John i. 49. Took branches of palm trees, and went forth to meet him, and cried Hosanna:

Blessed is the King of Israel that

cometh in the name of the Lord, xii. 13. Pilate therefore said unto him, Art thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was 1 born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice, xviii. 37. And from thenceforth Pilate sought to release him, but the Jews cried, saying, If thou let this man go, thou art not Cæsar's friend, whosoever maketh himself a king speaketh against Cæsar. When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus forth, and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called the Pavement, but in the Hebrew Gabbatha. And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King! But they cried out, Away with him, away with him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We have no king but Cæsar. And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross. And the writing was, JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE Jews, xix. 12—15. 19.

b I shall see him, but not now: I shall behold him, but not nigh. There shall come a Star out of Jacob, and a Sceptre shall rise out of Israel, and shall smite the corners of Moab, and

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destroy all the children of Sheth, Numb. xxiv. 17. And the Gentiles shall come to thy light, and kings to the brightness of thy rising, Isa. Ix. 3. Through the tender mercy of our God; whereby the day-spring from on high hath visited us. To give light to them that sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace, Luke i. 78,79. 1 Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning star, Rev. xxii. 16.

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Lord, I believe. And he worshipped him, John ix. 38. So shall the king greatly desire thy beauty: for he is thy Lord, and worship thou him, Ps. xlv. 11. And again, when he bringeth in the first begotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him, Heb. i. 6. And I fell at his feet to worship him, and he said unto me, See thou do it not: I am thy fellow-servant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Jesus: worship God, Rev. ix. 10, and xxii. 8, 9.

VER. 3.

̓Ακούσας δὲ Ἡρώδης ὁ βασιλεὺς ἐταράχ θη, καὶ στᾶσα Ἱεροσόλυμα μετ ̓ αὐτοῦ.

When Herod the king had heard these things, he was troubled, and all Jerusa

VER. 4.

Καὶ συναγαγὼν πάντας τοὺς ̓Αρχιερείς καὶ γραμματεῖς τοῦ λαοῦ, ἐπυνθάνετο παρ' αὐτῶν τοῦ ὁ Χριστὸς γεννᾶται.


And when he had gathered all the chief priests and bscribes of the people together, he demanded of them where Christ should be born.

a For the priest's lips should keep knowledge, and they should seek the law at his mouth: for he is the messenger of the LORD of Hosts, Mal. ii. 7. For every high priest taken from among men is ordained for men in things pertaining to God, that he may offer both gifts and sacrifices for sins, Heb. v. 1. also viii. 3. For the bodies of those beasts, whose blood is brought into the sanctuary by the high priest for sin, are burned without the camp, xiii. 11.

When they saw the star they rejoiced, with exceeding great joy. And when they were come into the house, they saw the young child with Mary his mother, and fell down and worship-lem with him. ped him: and when they had opened their treasures, they presented unto him gifts ; gold, and frankincense, and myrrh, Matt. ii. 11. And behold, there came a leper and worshipped him, saying, Lord, if thou wilt, thou canst make me clean, viii. 2. While he spake these things unto them, behold, there came a certain ruler and worshipped him, saying, My daughter is even now dead but come and lay thy hand upon her, and she shall live, ix. 18. Then came she, and worshipped him, saying, Lord help me! xv. 25. And as they went to tell his disciples, behold, Jesus met them, saying, All hail. And they came and held him by the feet, and worshipped him, xxviii. 9. Then the eleven disciples went away into Galilee, into a mountain where Jesus had appointed them. And when they saw him, they worshipped him: but some doubted, xvi. 17. And it came to pass, while he blessed them, he was parted from them, and carried up into heaven. And they worshipped him, and returned to Jerusalem with great joy, xxiv. 51, 52. And when he was come out of the ship, immediately there met him out of the tombs a man with an unclean spirit. But when he saw Jesus afar off, he ran and worshipped him. And cried with a loud voice, and said, what have I to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of the most high God, Mark ii. 5-7. And they smote him on the head with a reed, and did spit upon him, and bowing their knees, worshipped him, xv. 19. And he said,

b For he taught them as one having authority and not as the scribes, Matt. vii. 29. Then said he unto them,Therefore every scribe which is instructed unto the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is an householder, which bringeth forth out of his treasure things new and old, xiii. 52. Also they were over the bearers of burdens and were overseers of all that wrought the work in any manner of service: and of the Levites there were scribes, and officers and porters, 2Chron. xxxiv. 13. This Ezra went up from Babylon; and he was a ready scribe in the law of Moses, which the LORD God of Israel had given: and the king granted

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him all his request, according to the hand of the LORD his God upon him, Ezra vii. 6. Now this is the copy of the letter that the king Artaxerxes gave unto Ezra the priest, the scribe, even a scribe of the words of the commandments of the LORD, and of his statutes to Israel. Artaxerxes king of kings, unto Ezra the priest, a scribe of the law of the God of heaven, perfect peace, and at such a time, 11, 12. How do ye say, We are wise, and the law of the LORD is with us? Lo, certainly in vain made he it; the pen of the scribes is in vain, Jer. viii. 8.

VER. 5.

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then rage, and the people imagine a vain thing? The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together against the Lord, and against his anointed, saying, Let us break their bands asunder, and cast away their cords from us. He that sitteth in the heavens shall laugh; the LORD shall have them in derision. Then shall he speak unto them in his wrath, and vex them in his sore displeasure. Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion, Ps. ii. 1-6. For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder; and his name shall be called WonThe everlasting Father, The Prince of derful, Counsellor, The mighty God, Peace. Of the increase of his governe ment and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of Isa. ix. 6, 7. And hath put all things the LORD of Hosts will perform this, head over all things, to the church, under his feet, and gave him, to be the And thou Bethlehem, in the land of body, the church: who is the beginEph. i. 22. And he is the head of the Juda, art not the least among the princes ning, the first-born from the dead; that of Juda: for out of thee shall come bain all things he might have the preGovernor, that shall • c rule my people eminence, Col. i. 18. Israel.

Οἱ δὲ εἶπον αὐτῷ· Ἐν Βηθλεὲμ τῆς Ἰουδαίας· οὕτω γὰρ γέγραπται διὰ τοῦ προφήτου

And they said unto him, In Bethlehem of Judæa: for thus it is written by the prophet,

VER. 6.

Καὶ σὺ Βηθλεὲμ, γῆ Ἰούδα, οὐδαμῶς ἐλαχίστη εἶ ἐν τοῖς ἡγεμόσιν Ἰούδα· ἐκ σοῦ γάρ ἐξελεύσεται ἡγούμενος, ὅστις ποιμανεῖ τὸν λαόν μου τὸν Ἰσραήλ.

• Or, feed.

But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting, Mic. v. 2. Hath not the Scripture said, That Christ cometh of the seed of David, and out of the town of Bethlehem where David was, John vii. 42.

And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth, xxviii. 18. The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be, Gen. xlix. 10. Out of Jacob shall come he that shall have dominion, and shall destroy him that remaineth in the city, Num. xxiv. 19. For Judah prevailed above his brethren, and of him came the chief ruler: but the birthright was Joseph's, 1 Chron. v. 2. Why do the hea. VOL. 1.

And he shall rule them with a rod of iron; as the vessels of a potter shall they be broken to shivers: even as I received of my Father, Rev. ii. 27. And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever, xi. 15.

He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry them in his bosom, and shall gently lead those that are with young, Isa. xl. 11. And I will set up shepherds over them which shall feed them: and they shall fear no more, nor be dismayed, neither shall they be lacking, saith the LORD. Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. In his days, Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely and this is his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD C

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MATT. II. 6-11.

OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS, Jer. xxiii. 4-6. And I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, even my servant David; he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd. And I, the Lord, will be their God, and my servant David a prince among them; I the LORD have spoken it. And I will make with them a covenant of peace, and will cause the evil beasts to cease out of the land: and they shall dwell safely in the wilderness, and sleep in the woods, Ez. xxxiv. 23–25. And David my servant shall be king over them: and they all shall have one shepherd : they shall also walk in my judgments, and observe my statutes, and do them. And they shall dwell in the land that I have given unto Jacob my servant, wherein your fathers have dwelt; and they shall dwell therein, even they, and their children, and their children's children for ever and my servant David shall be their prince for ever. Moreover I will make a covenant of peace with them; it shall be an everfasting covenant with them; and I will place them, and multiply them, and will set my sanctuary in the midst of them for evermore, xxxvii. 24-26.

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A. M. 4001. King of the Jews? for we have seen his star in the east, and are come to worship him. Matt. ii. 2. What man is he that feareth the LORD? him shall he teach in the way that he shall choose, Ps. xxv. 12. We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day-star arise in your hearts, 2 Pet. i. 19.

VER. 10.

Ἰδόντες δὲ τὸν ἀστέρα, ἐχάρησαν χαρὰν μεγάλην σφόδρα.

When they saw the star, a they rejoiced with exceeding great joy.

a And that the Gentiles might glorify God for his mercy; as it is written, For this cause I will confess to thee among the Gentiles, and sing unto thy name. And again he saith, ReAnd again, praise the Lord, all ye joice, ye Gentiles, with his people. Gentiles; and laud him, all ye people. And again, Esaias saith, There shall be a root of Jesse, and he that shall rise to reign over the Gentiles; in him shall the Gentiles trust, Rom. xv.

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* Or, offered.

found Mary, and Joseph, and the babe a And they came with haste, and lying in a manger, Luke ii. 16.

b See on last clause, ver. 2.

cAnd their father Israel said unto them, If it must be so now, do this ; take of the best fruits in the land in your vessels, and carry down the man a present, a little balm, and a little honey, spices, and myrrh, nuts, and almonds, Gen. xliii. 11. But the children of Belial said, How shall this man save us? And they despised him, and brought him no presents. But he held his

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peace, 1 Sam. x. 27. And she came to Jerusalem with a very great train, with camels that bare spices, and very much gold, and precious stones; and when she was come to Solomon, she communed with him of all that was in her heart. And she gave the king an hundred and twenty talents of gold, and of spices very great store, and precious stones: there came no more such abundance of spices as these which the queen of Sheba gave to king Solomon, 1 Kings x. 2. 10. The kings of Tarshish and of the isles shall bring presents: the kings of Sheba and Seba shall offer gifts. And he shall live, and to him shall be given of the gold of Sheba: prayer also shall be made for him continually; and daily shall he be praised, Ps. lxxii. 10. 15. The multitude of camels shall cover thee, the dromedaries of Midian and Ephah; all they from Sheba shall come: they shall bring gold and incense; and they shall shew forth the praises of the LORD, Isa. Ix. 6.

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spoons were twelve, full of incense, weighing ten shekels apiece, after the shekel of the sanctuary: all the gold of the spoons was an hundred and twenty shekels, 86. All thy garments smell of myrrh, and aloes, and cassia, out of the ivory palaces, whereby they have made thee glad, Ps. xlv. 8.

For from the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same my name shall be great among the Gentiles; and in every place incense shall be offered unto my name, and a pure offering: for my name shall be great among the heathen, saith the LORD of Hosts, Mal. i. 11. And when he had taken the book, the four beasts and four and twenty elders fell down before the Lamb, having every one of them harps, and golden vials full of odours, which are the prayers of saints, Rev. v. 8.

VER. 12.

κάμψαι πρὸς Ηρώδην, δι ̓ ἄλλης ὁδοῦ ἀνεΚαὶ χρηματισθέντες κατ ̓ ὄναρ μὴ ἀναχώρησαν εἰς τὴν χώραν αὑτῶν.

And being warned of God in a dream that they should not return to Herod, a they departed into their own country another way.

Take thou also unto thee principal spices, of pure myrrh five hundred shekels, and of sweet cinnamon half so much, even two hundred and fifty shekels, and of sweet calamus two hundred and fifty shekels. And a But the midwives feared God, and the LORD said unto Moses, Take un- did not as the king of Egypt comto thee sweet spices, stacte, and ony-manded them, but saved the mencha, and galbanum; these sweet spices children alive, Exod. i. 17. But Peter with pure frankincense: of each shall and John answered and said unto there be a like weight, Ex. xxx. 23. 34. them, Whether it be right in the And when any will offer a meat-of-sight of God to hearken unto you fering unto the LORD, his offering more than unto God, judge ye, Acts shall be of fine flour; and he shall iv. 19. pour oil upon it, and put frankincense thereon: And he shall bring it to Aaron's sons the priests, and he shall take thereout his handful of the flour thereof, and of the oil thereof, with all the frankincense thereof; and the priest shall burn the memorial of it upon the altar, to be an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD, Lev. ii. 1, 2. And he shall take of it his handful, of the four of the meat-ofering, and of the oil thereof, and all the frankincense which is upon the meat-offering, and shall burn it upon the altar for a sweet savour, even the memorial of it, unto the LORD, vi. 15. One spoon of ten shekels of gold full of incense, Numb. vii. 14. The golden

Then Peter and the other apostles answered and said, We ought to obey God rather than men, v. 29. . For the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God. For it is written, He taketh the wise in their own craftiness, 1 Cor. iii. 19.

VER. 13.

̓Αναχωρησάντων δὲ αὐτῶν, ἰδοὺ ἄγγελος Κυρίου φαίνεται κατ ̓ ὄναρ τῷ Ἰωσὴφ, λέγων· Ἐγερθεὶς παράλαβε τὸ παιδίον καὶ τὴν ἴσθι ἐκεῖ, ἕως ἂν εἴπω σοί· μέλλει γὰρ Ηρώ μητέρα αὐτοῦ, καὶ φεῦγε εἰς Αἴγυπτον, καὶ δης ζητεῖν τὸ παιδίον, τοῦ ἀπολέσαι αὐτό.

And when they were departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appeareth to Joseph in a dream, saying, ↳ Arise, and


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