[ocr errors]


252. The Interrogation, (:) indicates a Proverbs. 1. Manifest no excitement, when a pause, equal to the Colon, or Period, accord- mistake is made. 2. Be sincere—in your profesing to circumstances. It is generally used as sions of friendship. 3. Cultivate a pure heart, and a sign of asking questions: though sometimes, you will have a pleasant countenance. 4. Never it is one of the strongest modes of affirmation speak to the disadvantage of any one, unless duty 1. Can you see? 2. Can you hear? 3. Can -requires it. 5. Avoid light and trifling conversayou taste? 4. Can you smell? 5. Can you litle

, and is worth a good deal. 7. Dispel corrod

tion. 6. A civil answer, to a rude speech--costs but feel? 6. Who are you? 7. What are you ing care; and consider it sinful—to give way to doing? 8. Where are you going? 9. What is your destiny? 10. Who made you? 11. wins the soul. 9. Persons are to be estimated, ac

passion. 8. Charms-strike the sight; but meritof what are you thinking? 12. Whom do cording to their goodness,—not according to their xu love?

dress. 10. The sincere and candid man,-has no253. Among the examples above, are, the thing to conceal; for he speaks nothing but the first five questions, that are direct : because truth. 11. Turn a deaf ear to angry words. 12. they admit the answer, yes, or no; all such He who promises-runs in debt. interrogations require the voice to glide up Laconics. We esteem most things according ward, in asking them; the last seven questions to their intrinsic merit; it is strange man should be are indirect; because they do not admit the an exception. We prize a horse for his strength and answer yes, or no; all such interrogations re- courage, -not for his furniture. We prize a man quire the voice to glide downward, in asking for his sumptuous palace, his great train, his vast them. You can test the theory thus: Can revenue ; yet these are his furniture, not his mind. you see? Yes; or no. Who are you? Yes ; Varieties. 1. Which is the more imporor no. The former-makes sense ; the latter tantand useful discovery, the balloon, or

Can you hear? Yes. Can you the telegraph? 2. What is the cause of seataste? No. What are you doing? Yes. currents? 3. Will it take ages—to discover Where are you going? No. However, it the truth; or ages—to acknowledge it, when will be seen hereafter, that the slides of the it is discovered? 4. What is meant by the voice, up, or down, may be reversed-in every words, a pure state of nature.? Do they not instance, and yet make good sense.

mean that state, in which the condition, cir254. Direct Question in reference to our cumstances, and habits of men-are in strict Living Temples. Is not the house, in which accordance with the laws of his nature? 5. we live, a very curious building? Can we Is not Hip-poc-ra-tes called the Father of conceive of any form-more beautiful than Medicine? 6. If we are not happy, is it bethe human form, when it has not been per- cause our Creator has not endowed us with verted, or deformed? Who knows best, we, the capability of becoming so? 7 What is or our Creator, what is the proper shape in the difference-in reasoning from facts and which we should be? Can we mend his experience, and reasoning from a mixture of works? Is any thing beautiful—that is not truth and falsehood? Do not manyreason useful? Were we not made right, and have from the latter, instead of from the former ? we not, in a measure, unmade ourselves? Is not OUR HOUSE a very convenient one, and The scene-was more beautiful-far to my eye its furniture admirably adapted to the wants Than if day-in its pride—had arrayed it; of its occupant? Would it not be well—fre- The land-breeze blew mild, and the azure arch'd sky quently to take a view of the form, covering, Look'd pure—as the Spirit that made i* apartments, furniture, employments, uses The murmur rose soft, as I silently gaz'd and abuses of this wonderful house of ours?

On the shadowy wave's playful motion,

From the dim distant hill, till the beacon-fire blaz'd Anecdote. A Challenge. After the battle

Like a star-in the midst of the ocean. of Actium, Mark Antony - challenged Au

No longer the joy of the sailor boy's breast gustus,—who disarmed him in the following words.“If Antony - is weary of his life, The sea-bird-had flown to her wave-girdled nest,

Was heard in his wildly breath'd numbers, there are other ways of despatch, besides

The fisherman-sunk to his slumbers.
fighting him; and for my part, I shall not One moment I look’d—from the hill's gentle slope,
trouble myself to be his executioner.

All hush'd—was the billow's commotion,
There are somewheart-entwining hours in life,

And thought—that the beacon look'd lovely as hope,
With sweet seraphic inspiration rife;

That star-on life's tremulous ocean.
When mellowing thoughts, like music on the ear, The time—is long past, and the scene-is afar,
Melt through the soul, and revel in a tear ;

Yet, when my head-rests on its pillow,
And such are they, when, tranquil and alone, Will memory--sometimes-rekindle the star
We sit-and ponderon long periods flown; That blazed-on the breast of the billow,
And, charmed by fancy's retrospective gaze, In life's closing hour, when the trembling soul flies,
Live in an atmosphere of other days;

And death-stills the heart's last emotion,
Till friends and faces, flashing on the mind, O then-may the seraph of mercy arise!
Conceal the havoc--time has left behind.

Like a star-on Eternity's ocean.


255. The exclamation Point (!) indicates Proverbs. 1. Great designs, and small about the same length of silence, as the In- means-have been the ruin of many. 2. He, is terrogation : but the slide of the voice, is gen- a slave to the greatest slave, who serves none but erally downward, from the 6th or sth note, himself. 3. Correct the errors of others, when you because there is a kind of an outflowing, and can, and inspire them with the love of goodness then an indrawing of the mind,-an inflow- and truth. 4. It is the act of a base mind, to deing of the affections, that give rise to this man-ceive, by telling a lie. 5. Liberalityconsists less ifestation. 1. What a beautiful Lake! 2. How in giving profusely, than in giving judiciously. 6. delightful the music is! 3. What a splendid 7. We know well, only what has cost us trouble to

The head and feet cool; the rest will take little harm. piece of workmanship! 4. How charming learn. 8. “ Haste not, rest not;" was the motto on is the prospect! 5. What a majestic scene! Goethe's ring. 9. Keep your thoughts-close, and 6. How inimitable those strains are! 7. your coun-tenace-open, and you may go safely What a piece of work is man! 8. How glo- through the world. 10. With the humble, there is rious are all the works of God! 9. What perpetual peace. 11. Long is the arm of the needy. splendid views of heaven! 10. How majes- 12. Poverty is an evil counsellor. 13. Delay-often ticallythe Sunwheels his mighty round! makes one wise. 256. Examples of Exclamation. 1. Fa

War and Truth. A wise minister would thers ! Senators of Rome! the arbiters of na- rather preserve peace, than gain a victory; tions! to you I fly for refuge! 2. Eternity! because he knows that even the most successthou pleasing, dreadful thought! 3. Behold ful war leaves a nation poor, and always more the daughter of innocence! what a look! profligate, than before it. There are real evils what beauty! what sweetness ! 4. Behold that cannot be brought into a list of indemni-a great, a good man ! what majesty! how ties, and the demoralizing influence of war is graceful! how commanding! 5. 0, vener- not among the least of them. The triumphs able shade! 0, illustrious hero! 6. Fare- of truth are the more glorious, chiefly, bewell! a long farewell—to all my greatness ! cause they are the most bloodless of all victo 7. It stands-solid and entire! but it stands ries, deriving their highest lustre from the alone and it stands amidst ruins! 8. I am saved, not from the slain. stripped of all my honor! I lie prostrate on

Varieties. 1. It is the nature of truth, the earth! 9. Leave me! oh! leave me to -never to force. 2. Is not the science of repose! 10. Hear me, O Lord ! for thy lov- human nature, very comprehensive, as well ing kindness is great!

as complicated and profound? 3. How can 257. Natural Theology. From the ex- the mere knowledge of historical eventsternal and internal evidences afforded us, from avail to the salvation of the soul? 4. What creation, and the modes of existence, we as- is meant by the martyr Stephen, seeing the sume, that man-is naturally a religious be- HEAVENS OPENED; and, John's being in the ing: the stamp of the Deity is upon him spirit, on the Lord's day? 5. To see spiriteven before his birth; and in every subse- ual existences, must not the eyes of the unquent stage of his existence, no matter what derstanding be opened ? 6. There is but may be his social, moral or civil condition, one law in being, which the Lord fulfilled, that stamp-remains with him. It is not to and went through, in the world: He passed be found on the Jew and Christian only, but through the whole circle-of both spiritual on all men, in all ages, climes, and conditions and natural order, and assumed all states, of life.

possible for man to be in, when in progression Anecdote. A Lawyer and Physician, from the state of nature,-to that of perfect having a dispute about precedence, referred grace; and by virtue thereof, can touch um the case to Di-og-e-nes, the old philosopher ; in all states of trial, we can possibly be in. who gave judgment in favor of the Lawyer, 'Tis the quiet hour-of feeling, in these words: “Let the thief go before, and Now—the busy day is past, let the executioner follow after."

And the twilight shadows --stealing, The rillis tunelessto his ear, who feels

O'er the world—their mantle cast; No harmony within ; the south wind-steals

Now, the spirit, worn and saddened, As silent--as unseen-among the leaves.

Which the cares of day had bowed, Who has no inward beauty, none perceives,

By its gentle influence-gladdened, Though all around is beautiful. Nay, more

Forth emerges from the cloud ; In nature's calmnest hour-he hears the roar

While, on Memory's magic pages, Of winds, and Ainging waves-put out the light,

Rise our long lost joys to light, When high-and angry passions meet in fight; Like shadowy forms of other ages, And, his own spirit into tumult hurled,

From the oblivious breast of night; He makes a turmoilmof a quiet world :

And the lovedand lost-revisit The fiends of his own bosom-people air

Our fond hearts, their place of yore, With kindred fiends, that hunt him

to despair. Till we long with them to inherit
Not rural sights alone-but rural sounds

Realms above-to partno more.
Exhilarate the spirits.

The patient mind, by yielding, overcomes.

258. The Parenthesis (-) shows, that the Proverbs. 1. Discord-reduces strength-to words included within it, must be read, or weakness. 2. No sweet, without some sweat: no spoken, on a lower pitch, and with a quicker pains, without some gains. 3. Whatever you do, movement, than the other parts of the sen- do it to some purpose; whether conquering, or tence; as though anxious to get through with conquered. 4. We are inclined to believe those we the explanation, or illustrative matter-con

do not know, because they have never deceived us. tained in it; and the parenthetical clause, the stubborn. 6. Stake even life, if necessary, in

5. Gentleness-often disarms the fierce, and melts generally, has the same slide, or inflexion of voice, as the last word of the sentence, imme- the support of truth. 7. Listen—10 the voice of

experimental truth, and confide-in her opinion. diately preceding it. 1. An honest man, 8. A good appetite-gives relish to the most hum(says Mr. Pope,) is the noblest work of God. ble fare. 9. There is no secret in the heart, that 2. Pride, (as the Scripture saith,) was not our actions do not disclose. 10. Where there is a made for man. 3. The Tyrians were the will

, there is a way. 11. True valor—is fire; first, (if we are to believe—what is told us by boasting—is smoke. writers of the highest authority,) who learned The Telescope. A spectacle-maker's boy, the art of navigation. 4. Know ye not, amusing himself in his father's shop, by holdbrethren, (for I speak to them that know the ing two glasses between his finger and thumb, law,) how that the law-hath dominion over and varying the distance, the weathercock of a man-as long as he liveth?

the church spire, (opposite them,) seemed 259. That strong, hyperbolical manner, to be much longer than ordinary, and appawhich we have long been accustomed to call rently much nearer, and turned upside down. the Oriental style of poetry, (because some This excited the wonder of the father, and led of the earliest poetical productions—came to him to additional experiments; and thence us from the East,) is, in truth, no more Ori- resulted that astonishing instrument, the telental, than Oc-ci-den-tal; it is characteristic escope, as invented by Gal-i-le-o, and perof an age, rather than of a country, and be- fected by Herschell. This is only one instance, longs, in some manner, to all nations, at that among thousands, that show great effects may period, which gave rise to music and song. result from small causes. 260. MINERALOGY-treats of minerals,

Varieties. 1. Is not prejudice - invetetheir properties, composition, classification, rate, in proportion to its irrationality.? 2. and uses. A mineral—is an organic natural The most delicate, and the most sensible, of substance, either gaseous, as air ; liquid, as all pleasures consists in promoting the hapwater ; or solid, as earth and stones : it is in- piness of others. 3. Wit-sparkles as a meseparably connected with Geology, which teor, and like it, is transient ; but geniustreats of the structure of the earth, and the shines like a splendid luminary, marking masses that compose it; also, of the changes its course in traces that are immortal. it has undergone, and to which it is still ex- 4. Men can have no principles, unless they posed; while its practical importance is re-are revealed to them by Deity. 5. Is there cognized in Agriculture, Mining, and En- anything that melts — and conquers — like gineering, it ranks with Botany and Chemis- love? 6. Confessing a folly, or crime, is try in its recondite developments, and with an act of judgment: a compliment - we Astronomy-in the sublimity of its themes rarely pass on ourselves. 7. Spiritual truth, and results, as one of the most profound and is the light of heaven: the good-proper to it, interesting of the sciences.

is the heat, or love thereof; to be filled with Anecdote. Fashion's Sake. Lord Muns- both, is the perfection of life, and true salvafield, being willing to save a man, who had tion; conferable, only, by the Lord Jesus stolen a watch, directed the juryto bring it Christ, the giver of eternal life, and our Rein value-ten pence. Ten pence, my Lord!" deemer and Savior. said the prosecutor ; “ why, the very fashion Besides,school-friendships are not always to be found of it cost fifty shillings.” His lordship re- Though fair in promise, permanent and sound; plied, “ Perhaps so; but we cannot hang a The most disint'rested and virtuous minds, man for fashion's sake.”

In early years connected, time unbinds : I venerate—the pilgrim's cause,

New situations-give a diff'rent cast Yet, for the red man-dare to plead:

Of habit, inclination, temper, taste; We-bow to Heaven's recorded laws,

And he, that seein'd our counterpart at first, He-turn'd to Nature for a creed;

Soon shows the strong similitude revers'd. Beneath the pillar'd dome,

Young heads are giddy, and young hearts are warm, We-seek our God in prayer ;

And make mistakes —for manhood to reform. Through boundless woodshe loved to roam, Boys are at best, but pretty buds unblown, [known;

And the Great Spiritworshiped there. Whose scent and hues-are rather guess'd than But one, one fellow-throb with us he felt;

Each-dreams that each-is just what he appears, To one Divinity-with us he knelt

But learns his error-in maturer years, Freedom! the self-same freedom-we adore, When disposition, like a sail unfurl'd, Bade him-defend his violated shore.

Shows all its rents and patches to the world.


6 Yes,

261. The Rhetorical Pause-is dictated Proverbs. 1. Pride is the offspring of folly, by the thought and feeling, and is usually and the plague of fools. 2. A bad man's dislike, addressed only to the ear; it is here indicated is an honor. 3 The censure of some persons generally, by a dash (6) and its length, is praise; and their prarse, is condemnation—in must be determined by the subject, and occa- the eyes of the world. 4. It is a base thing—to lie ;

it is usually, however, about the length truthalone, becomes the ingenuous mind. 5. of a Semicolon, or Colon: and one thing Riches-either serve or rule, every one who possesmust be distinctly observed, that the reader ses them; and thus, they are either blessings, or and speaker—is always to inhale breath-at curses. 6. In cases where doubt exists, always

lean to the side of mercy. 7. Poets--are born such; every Rhetorical Pause, and generally, at

orators--are made such. 8. Malice—is a mean, each Grammatical Pause; if the system be re- and deceitful engine of mischief

. 9. Nature—is laxed, inhalation will be almost sure to take superior to Art: have faith in her, and success is place. Indeed, one of the great secrets of yours. 10. All rules and principles, to be of use, reading, speaking and singing—for hours in must be understood, and practiced. 11. The offen. succession, with effect, and without injurious der-rarely pardons. 12. Might too often makes Exhaustion, consists in the proper manage- right. 13. Truth has a good basis. ment of the breath: not that there should be Anecdote. When the painter, Leo-naranything stiff and mechanical in the act; for di da Vinci, lay upon his death-bed, the king all must be the result of the perfect freedom came to see him; and out of respect, he raisof nature.

ed himself from the pillow; but the effort 262. The Rhetorical Pause always occurs being too great, he fell back; when the king either before or after the important word, caught him, and he expired in his arms. or words, of a sentence: if the significant The king was much affected with the event, word or phrase, is at the beginning, this and left the chamber in tears ; when his no pause is made immediately after it; but if bles endeavored to soothe him, saying, such word or phrase, is at the end of the

“Consider, he was only a painter." sentence, the pause occurs before it. The yes,” replied the monarch, “I do; and though design of the pause is, in the first instance, I could make a thousand--such as you, yet to produce a retrospection of mind; and in God alone can make such a painter, as Leo the second, to excite attention and expecta- nardi.” tion. Ex. 1. Industry is the guardian of

Justice. How many tedious and ruinous innocence. 2. Imagery—is the garb of poe- law-suits--might have been avoided, had the try. 3. To err—is human; to forgive-Di- parties concerned--patiently examined the

4. Prosperitygains friends ; adver-facts, with coolness and deliberation; insity – tries them. 5. Feelings -generate

stead of giving way to the blindness of interthoughts; and thoughts-reciprocate feel- cst and to passion, by which mutual hatreds ings. 6. Vanity-is pleased with admira- have been generated, or blood spilled,--when tion ; Pridewith self-esteem. 7. Dancing a generous search after truth, and a love of -is the poetry of motion. 8. Some-place justice--would have prevented all the evil. the bliss in action; some-in ease; Those Varieties. 1. What is requisite--for the call it pleasure; and contentment, these. 9. right formation of character? 2. The true To hope for perfect happiness—is vain. 10. disciples of nature--are regardless who acAnd now-abideth Faith, Hope, Charity ; companies them, provided she be the leader : these three ; but the greatest of these is for nature, like truth, is immutable. 3. Charity.

There is no pride--equal to theirs, who rise 263. Individuals of both sexes, often com

from poverty--to riches ; for some--have plain of a very unpleasant sensation at the even forgotten their own relations. 4. That pit of the stomach; some call it a “ death-like form of government is best, which is best feeling;” others speak of it as if the bottom adapted to the state of the people, and best had fallen out:" one of the principal causes is administered. 5. Cyrus, when young, bea want of the proper action of the breathing ing asked--what was the first thing to be apparatus: the abdominal and dorsal mus- learned; replied, --TQ speak the truth. 6. cles become relaxed, by wrong positions and The orator's field--is the universe of mind want of appropriate exercise and food; when --and matter : and his subjects--all that is their contents fall by their own weight, and --and can be known--of God--and man. the diaphragm does not, consequently, act in 7. Every aspiration, desire, and thought—is a healthy manner. The remedy is a return heard and accepted--in heaven, when we sure to the laws of life and being, as here exhi- render our whole life to the Lord's governbited.

ment and providence.
Conscience-distasteful truths may tell,

Gather the rose-buds-while ye may,
But mark her sacred dictate-well ;

Old Time-is still a-flying ;
Whoever with her lives at strife,

And that same flower, that blooms to-day,
Loses their better friend-for life.

To-morrow, shall be dying.


264. MISCELLANEOUS EXAMPLES OF ALL Proverbs. 1. By deferring our repentanceTHE PAUSES. The pupil must not rely too we accumulate our sorrows. 2. Complaisance much on these external indications of silence; renders a superior-amiable, an equal-agreeafor they are only general rules : hence the ble, and an inferior_acceptable. 3. A wound give necessity of being governed by the prompt en by a word, is often harder to be cured, than one ings and guidance of his own feelings and made by the sword. 4. The human form is the thoughts, after bringing them in subjection noblest, and most perfect, of which we can conto goodness and truth; of which reason-ceive. 5. Intentions, as well as actions, must be always approves. 1. The ostestatious, fee- good, to be acceptable. 6. Every scene in life, is a ble, harsh, or obscure style, is always faulty; picture; of which some part is worthy of attenand perspicuity, strength, neatness, and sim- tion. 4. Receive instruction with gratitude. 8. To plicity-are beauties--ever to be aimed at. such as are opposed to truth, it seems harsh and 2. Be wise to-day, 'ris madness to defer; severe. 9. Never reproach another for doing wrong; next day-the fatal precedent will plead. unless you are sure he has done it. 10. Knowledge, Thus on, till wisdom-is pushed out of life. to be a good thing, must be rightly applied. 11. Re3. How noble 'tis, to own a fault; how geplies-are not always answers. 12. A chaste eye nerous, -and divine-to forgive it! 4. Who –banishes evil desires. 13. Respect and contempt, can forbear to smile with nature? Can the

spoil many a one. siormy passions—in the bosom roll, while every gale—is peace, and ev'ry grovemis melody? refinements of modern times have, or have

Refinement. It is a doubt, whether the 265. 1. The evidence that TRUTH carries not, been a drawback upon our happiness: with it, is superior to all argument, and mira: for plainness and simplicity of manners have cles : and it wants neither the support, nor dreads the

opposition, of the greatest abil. given way to etiquette, formality, and deities. 2. True modesty is ashamed to do almost deserted our land ; and what we ap.

ceit; whilst the ancient hospitality has now what is repugnant to reason, and common sense ; false modesty—10 do what is oppos- have lost in heart.

pear to have gained in head, we seem to ed to the humor of ihe company : true modesty avoids whatever is criminal ; false tween the internal and external man? be.

Varieties. 1. What is the difference be. modesty-whatever is unfashionable. 3. Some-live within their means ; some live up 2. Love to God and love to man,—is the

tween an internal and external state of mind ? to their means—and some-live beyond their means. 4. “ To what party do you be life and soul, of all sound philosophy; conlong?" said a noisy politician, to one whose sequently, no one can become a philosopher, soul-grasped the interests of his whole coun.

who is not a good man. 3. Riches, and try. To what party do I belong ?" replied would get rid of one, must become divested

cares, are generally inseparable; and whoever the patriot; "I belong to no party, but my of the other. 4. The acquirement of useful country's party."

knowledge,-is often difficult and troublePunctuate the following, by reading it correctly.

some; but perseverance-will reward us for There is a lady in this land

our toil. 5. If we regard our present views Has twenty fingers on each hand

--as an infallible test of truth, whatever Five and twenty on hands and feet

does not conform to them, we set down as All this is true without deceit.

false, and reject it. 6. Ignorance of a fact 266. BOTANY-treats of plants - their

-may excuse; but not ignorance of the law structure, growth, classification, description, --which every one is supposed to be ac. localities and uses. They are organized bo- quainted with. 7. Man's will, and under. dies, and endowed with life; but they dif, standing, -are receptacles of life, not life fer from animals, in wanting sensation and itself; as is the reception, such is the persua. voluntary motion : they differ from minerals, sion, faith, wisdom, light, and love. in possessing lise; and they contain organs, I care not, Fortune! what you me deny ; by which they assimilate new matter to in. You cannot rob me of free nature's grace; crease their substance, and promote their You cannot shut the windows of the sky, growth. The study of botany is highly in. Thro’ which Aurora shows her brightning face : teresting and useful ; not only on account You cannot bar my constant feet-to trace of the beauty and variety of plants, but of the The wood and lawns, by living stream at eve: important purposes to which they may be Let health my nerves and finer fibres brace, applied in sustaining life and curing disease:

And I their toys-10 the great children leave : it is necessary to aid in the development of

Of fancy, reason, virtuenought can me bereave. body and mind.

Anecdote. One day, when the moon Another day-is added 10 the mass was under an eclipse, she complained thus of buried nges. Lo! the beauteous moon, to the sun for the discontinuance of his fa. Like a fair shepherdess, now comes abroad, vor; “My dearest friend," said she, “why do with her full flock of stars, that roam around you not shine upon me as you used to do ?" The azure meads of heaven. And O how charmed,

Do I not shine upon thee ?" said the sun; Beneath her loveliness, creation looks! “I am very sure I'intend it.” “O no," re- Far-gleaming hills, and light-inweaving streams plied the moon: "but now I see the reason; And sleeping boughs, with dewy lustre clothec, that dirty planet, the earth, has got between And green-haired valleys—all in glory dressed,

Make up the pageantry of night.

[ocr errors]
« ElőzőTovább »