223. When accented and unaccented syl Proverbs. 1. He who marries for wealth, sells lables are agreeably interspersed through the his liberty. 2. A friend, which you buy with prewords, neither a heavy utterance, nor indis- sents, may be bought from you. 3. Ladies—will tinctness occurs. Ex. “Not so, when swift sooner pardon want of sense, than want of good Camilla scours the plain, Flies o'er the un manners. 4. The remedy for love is—land between. bending corn, and skims along the main.|5. You may know a foolish woman-by her fin. Now, compare the movement of the voice in ery. 6. Temperance, employment, and a cheerful this, with the following, and see and feel the 7. Many a one digs his grave with his teeth. 8.

spirit-are great preservers and restorers of health. difference: “And ten low words oft creep in one dull line." The former is like a nag, that the miser-his stomach in his purse. 9. Change of

The epicure---puts his purse in his stomach; and gallops off in fine style; the latter, one that weather is the discourse of fools. 10. We hate decreeps, like a snail. The reason is, as you lay; but it often makes us wiser. 11. Talkingperceive, in one case, there is life and light; does no work. 12. Past labor is pleasant. in the other, nothing but words.

Laconics. Never mystify science; but, 224. Neither teachers nor parents, can be if possible, always elucidate it. Knowledge too wisely careful of the influence, exerted -is too important—to be made the subject upon their pupils and children: for principles of a silly joke. apply to both matter and spirit. “ Just as

Varieties. 1. If content does not remove the twig is bent, the tree's inclined.” Again, the disquietudes of life, it will at least alleviate since thoughts are imperishable existences, them. 2. Can matter ever be annihilated? we should be careful in entertaining and 3. Every sentence we read understandingly, cherishing any other, than such as we are is like a cast of the weaver's shuttle, adding willing to have for our companions on earth, another thread to the web of life. 4. They, and during our eternal state of being in the who are governed by reason, need no other future world. Here, then, is something for motive than the goodness of an act, to excite all of us to attend to; and unspeakable con- them to practice it. 5. A reading people will sequences are depending on the performance become a thinking people; and then, they of duty. Are we of the number of those, who turn back in the day of battle? or, of those A diligent pen supplies many thoughts. 7.

are capable of becoming a great people. 6. who gird on their armor, to do, or die?

Nothing but divine love, and divine wisdom, 225. Position in Bed. There is no doubt, can proceed from God, the centre of all beings. that the habit of forming round or hump'd

DEATH OF A HEART-FRIEND. shoulders, (which is rarely, if ever, natural,)

If I had thought—thou couldst have died, is contracted in infancy, and childhood. The

I might not weep for thee; incautious mother, not understanding the

But I forgot, when by thy side, principles of physiology, lays the infant on a

That thou couldst mortal be. pillow of feathers, instead of on a good mat

It never through my mind had passed, tress, or straw bed, without pillows; thus, The time would e'er be o'er, elevating the head far too much above the le And I on thee-should look my last, vel of the body; and this practice is continued

And thou shouldst smile-no more! in aster-life, very much to the detriment of

And still—upon that face I look, health, and beauty of form. If necessary, And think-twill smile again; raise the head-posts of the bedstead a few And still the thought I will not brook, inches, instead of using pillows.

That I must look in vain! Notes. 1. Observe, that when the accent is at, or near, the

But when I speak,-thou dost not say, beginning of the word, it materially aids the expulsive stress of

What thou ne'er left'st unsaid ; voice, carrying us more easily through the word, than when it is And now I feel, as well I may, placed near the last end: the genius of our language is in favor of

Sweet Mary! thou art dead! the former; hence, the tendency is to place the accent at the begipning; which makes language more powerful and effective. 2. If thou wouldst stay, e'en as thou art. In running, the impetus of preceding efforts carries us on after

All cold and all serene,those efforts have ceased.

I still might press thy silent heart, Anecdote. A Tough Animal. “The con And where thy smiles have been! stitution of our females must be excellent,While e'en thy chill, bleak corse I have, says a celebrated physician; “for, take an

Thou seemest still my own; ox, or a horse, and enclose his sides with cor

But there I lay thee in thy grave,

And I am now-alone! sets, -and he would labor indeed, - but it would be for breath."

I do not think, where'er thou art,

Thou hast forgotten me;
Nothing-is lasting-on the world's wide stage,
As sung, and wisely sung, the Grecian sage;

And I, perhaps, may soothe this heart And man, who, through the globe-extends his sway,

In thinking, too, of thee. Reigns—but the sovereign creature of a day;

Yet there was round thee-such a dawn One generation comes, another-goes,

Of light, ne'er seen before,
Time-blends the happy--with the man of woes;
A different face of things-each age appears,

As fancy-never could have drawn,
And all things-alter-in a course of years,

And never--can restore!

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226. Revisions. The great practical im Proverbs. 1. Never repulse an associate with portance of this subject, demands a passing unkindness. 2. Love one another with a pure remark. In revising, we not only gather up heart ferventy. 3. The morality of the christian the fragments, but refresh our minds with a religion, is not national, but universal. 4. Prureproduction of what we previously had dence says—ake time by the foretop. 5. A bird in learned. By reviewing our studies, we often the hand, is worth two in the bush. 6. The dilifind the materials, with which we can over- gent soul, shall be made rich. 7. Knowledgemis come difficulties, that seem almost insur- power; ignorance—is weakness. 8. An egg to mountable; hence, revisions frequently serve reputation and sensual pleasure, are destructive to

day, is better than a hen 10-morrow. 9. Worldly as a key, to unlock the casket, that contains virtue. 10. The history and wisdom of the world, invaluable treasures. And we must guard can only be known by reading. 11. We are to be against thinking of the principles, as being saved from our sins, not in our sins. 12. Whatcontained in the book; unless they are un ever is worth reading at all, is worth reading well. derstood and felt in the mind, and by the Anecdote. Afraid of Work. A person mind, and through the body are reduced to once said to a father, whose son was noted practice, they are, so far as we are concerned, for his laziness, that he thought his son was valueless and dead. Seeing food, or think- very much afraid of work. Afraid of ing of it, will impart no nourishment to the work ?" replied the father, “not at all,-he body; it must be eaten, digested, and appro- will lie down, and go to sleep close by the priated.

side of it." 327. Now repeat all the sounds of the let Right Views. The more we ascribe all ters, in their alphabetical order, as found on goodness and truth to the Lord, the more page 63; omitting those that are duplicates ; -will the interiors of the mind, be open to then give the vowels and consonants, by them- wards heaven, the only source of happiness : selves: afterwards, give the short vowels, for by thus doing, we acknowledge that nothand the long ones by themselves, and read ing good and true is from ourselves ; and, in several paragraphs by vowel sounds; after proportion as this is heartily confessed, the which, give the vocal consonants, and aspi- love of self-departs, and with it—the thick rates, by themselves: then the single, dou- darkness, which arises from that which is ble, and triple ones, and analyze words, false and evil: thus it is evident, how onan spelling them by their sounds; also, raise becomes wiser than another. As the exhalaand fall the eight vowels, according to the di- tions from the earth-rise and form clouds, atonic scale, in article 64; then revise the more or less dense, thus obscuring the atmostwo modes of making accent ; practice on phere, and preventing the clear light of the the changes of its seat, and realize the impor- sun ; so, do the exhalations of self-love-arise tant use of every exercise.

and obscure the light of Divine truth,-of 328. The pre-con-tract pre-con-tracts the that Sun, which rules the world of mind. pre-fix which is pre-fixed to the prel-ude,

Varieties. 1. Does pain or pleasure with which the speaker pre-ludes the pres- predominate in human life? 2. Wedded life, ent pres-age, that he pre-sag'd the man would says a happy husband, is a perpetual foun. pre-sent. The prod-uce of the land was such tain of domestic sweets. 3. Drinking water as to pro-duce a pro-ject to protest against --neither makes a man sick, nor runs him in the man who pro-jects the infamous prot-est debt, nor makes his wife a widow: can as against the reb-el that re-bels against the much be said of ardent spirits? 4. He, who law. I re-fuse to re-cord either the ref-use or peeps through a keyhole, may see something the rec-ord, or re-tail them by wholesale or

to vex him. 5. That gentleness, which is re-tail.

characteristic of a good man,


every other 329. A Dandy of some use. Let the pu- virtue, has its seat in the heart : and nothing pil impress on his mind the absolute necessi- but what flows from the heart—can render ty, for awhile, of keeping his shoulders even external manners, truly pleasing. 6. thrown back, so as to make the breast as

The Lord came to seek and save those who round and prominent as possible: and then, are lost : and he saves all who are willing to after a few days, or weeks at farthest, he will be saved. 7. Love - principles and genuine feel very uncomfortable to sit, stand, or labor, truth, respect each other according to degrees in a bent position. But, says one, “I should of affinity; and the greater the affinity, the look so much like a dandy.Never mind greater is the attraction between them. that, provided it be right; and if you can

Morning-hath her songs of gladness, make this much use of so superfluous an ar

Sultry noon—its ferved glare, ticle, it may serve to show you, that nothing

Evening hours, their gentle sadness, exists in vain : think of the wisdom and in

Night-its dreams, and rest from care;

But the pensive twilight-ever dustry of the bee.

Gives its own sweet fancies birth, This smooth discourse,--and mild behavior, oft

Waking visions, that may never Conceals--a traitor.

Know reality-on earth.

230. Orthography - relates to the right Proverbs. 1. Reprove mildly, and correct placing of the letters in words, and Orthoepy with caution. 2. Let us creep before we walk, and -to the right pronouncing of words, accord- walk before we fly. 3. One book, well read, is

4. The greatest ing to the sounds of the letters ---the former worth twenty skimmed over. --respects written language, and is addressed wealthis contentment with a little. 5. A lellerto the eye; and the latter, spoken language, is half a meeting. 6. We may read much, withand is addressed to the ear ; the first supposes is necessary at all times. 8. Little boats should

out understanding much. 7. Presence of mind, the second. We may infer the perfection, keep near shore ; great ones—may venture more. which the ancient Greeks attained, in or-tho- 9. I confide, and am at rest. 10. While there is e-py, from this fact, that when a public spea- life, there is hope. 11. He attains whatever he ker-even pronounced a word incorrectly, the aims at. 12. A good story, is none the worse for whole audience simultaneously hissed him. being twice told. Whence did they acquire such accuracy of Aneodote. Dying but once. When Ceear? Doubtless, in spelling by the sounds sar was advised, by some of his friends, to be of their letters, instead of by their names more cautious as to the security of his perWhen we adopt this method, which nature son, and not to walk among the people withand science dictate, we shall attain like excel- out arms, or any one to protect him; he lency in pronunciation, and our language replied, “He, who lives in the fear of death, will then be found to contain more power and every moment feels its torture; I will die sweetness than any other in the world. but once."

231. Pronunciation is orthoepy, or the Laconics. A life of deceit-is one of unright utterance of words; i. e. pronouncing mitigated torture a living hell, which should words according to euphony, analogy and deserve our pity for the unhappy beings who custom, which constitute the standard. The submit to it. principal rule is, pronounce in the easiest and Varieties. 1. Are not the unity and trinmost effectual manner: and, when words are ity of God, the elemental and fundamental introduced from other languages, they should principles of christian theology? 2. Characbe pronounced according to the principles of ter, based on goodness and truth, is a source our language; that is, they must conform to of eternal happiness. 3. We are made what the genius of the English language, as for- we are, by what is from above, within, and eigners do to that of our constitution, when around us. 4. God gives to all, the power they become naturalized,-abjuring foreign, of becoming what they ought to be. 5. A uncongenial influences and principles, and full persuasion of our ability to do well, is a submitting to ours.

powerful motive to excellence, and a sure 232. Our Orthography and Orthoepy. pledge of success. 6. It is our duty, and our Many foreigners and natives find it difficult happiness, to feel for others, and take an into speak our language, in consequence of the terest in their welfare. 7. The action of life, great difference between its spelling and its is desire; as is the desire and delight, with its pronunciation, and the various sounds given consequent actions, such is the life. to the same letters in similar, and in different combinations; and, although, for the last two The Lord-my pasture shall prepare, centuries, our orthography has remained And feed me—with a shepherd's care; nearly stationary, yet our ortheopy has been His presence-shall my wants supply, very much changed; which may be seen in

And guard me-with a watchful eye; comparing the Bible, translated under James

My noon-day walks-he shall attend,

And all my midnight hours-defend. I., with the common edition. Different persons have proposed different means, for wer

When, in the sultry glebe—I faint, coming these difficulties, and nearly all

Or, on the thirsty mountains pant;

To fertile vales, and dewy meads, without much success; which is the less to

My weary, wand'ring steps he leads, be regretted, when we consider how little the

Where peaceful rivers, soft and slow, voice and ear have been developed and culti

Amid the verdant landscape flow. vated, and thereby prepared to meet the exigencies of the case. It is now seen, on a

Though—in the paths of deathI tread,

With gloomy horrors-overspread, faithful analysis and synthesis of their labors

My steadfast heart-shall fear no ill'; to revolutionize our language in these re

For thou, O Lord, art with me still: spects, that each reformer's system is found

Thy friendly crookshall give me aid, to be very imperfect; but the good work is

And guide me--through the dreadful shade. going on slowly; and, in process of time,

Though in a barem-and rugged way, it will be accomplished; very much to the

Through devious_-lonely wilds I stray, disappointment of book-worms, and to the

Thy bounty-shall my pains beguile; gratification of that spirit of the age, which The barren wilderness-shall smile, looks more to the uses of things, than to their With sudden greens—and herbage crowned, looks.

And streams-shall murmur all around,


233. Pronunciation-should be so sys Proverbs. 1. The conduct of men is an intematic, as to render it capable of being stu- dex to their hearts ; for by their fruits ye shall know died from its elementary principles, and be- them. 2. In arduous and trying circumstances come an object of methodical acquirement. preserve equanimity; and in prosperous hours, Every thing involved in producing sounds, restrain the ebullitions of excessive joy. 3. Those in the conformation of the organs in articu- things that belong to others generally please us ; lation, the application of all that belongs to while those that are our own are more valued by

others. 4. Attach yourself to good company and accented, half-accented, and un-accented vowels, and every principle of melody and you will be respected as one of them. 5. The

most distinguished men, of all ages, have had euphony—are included in pronunciation, their imperfections. 6. Cutting jests, when the saand tends to its perfection: but the ancients tire is true, inflicts a wound that is not soon forgot included also Emphasis, Intonation, Inflec- ten. 7. Nothing is more disgusting, than a lowtion, Circumflexes and the other essentials of bred fellow, when he suddenly attains an elevated delivery.

station. 8. Either never attempt a thing, or accom234. If the great object of pronunciation plish it. 9. Fortune-favors the bold, and abandbe, to produce the designed effect, in the best ons the timid. 10. Acts of kindness, shown to manner, we shall find it necessary to attend good men, are never thrown away. 11. War-is not only to the preceding principles, and death's jest. 12. Of two evils-choose the least. their application, but to watch over useless Varieties. 1. If you make a present, innovations, and inclinations to senseless giv what will be useful. 2. Do not the changes,—desires to be what is called fash- wings, that form the butterfly, lie folded in ionable-regardless of reason, and ambitious the worm? 3. Language-should first be to shine as a leader in some peculiar pronun- learned by imitation. 4. One of the greatest ciation: then, our language will bear a rigid obstacles, in the road to excellence, is indocomparison with any other, either ancient or lence. 5. Humility~is that low, sweet root, modern, when ends, causes and effects are ta- from which all heavenly virtues shoot. 6. ken into consideration. Let us not, then, de- Acquire a thorough knowledge of all your viate from established principles, and rules, duties. 7. God is an infinite abyss of wiswithout good and satisfactory reasons. dom: which is not comprehensible either

235. Action and Reaction. Have you by men or angels, as to one millionth of its ever particularly noticed, the reciprocal ac- parts: of its infinite store, they are to receive tion between the voice and the mind, the fresh supplies to all eternity. tongue and the heart? Well might the apos- THE MOTHER'S INJUNCTION, ON PRESENTING HER SON tle exclaim, “How great a matter a little sfire kindleth!" The tongue is full of pow

Remember love, who gave thee this, er for weal, or for wo, according to the state

When other days shall come : of the heart, that impels it to action. What When she, who had thy earliest kiss, is there, that cannot be talked up, or talked

Sleeps—in her narrow home, down by it? It is full of blessing, or curs

Remember, 'twas a mothergave ing-love or hatred; and oh! how it can The gift to one-she'd die to save. sting the soul, when it has been dipped in That mother-sought a pledge of love, the gall and wormwood of hell; and how lift

The holiest-for her son ; it to heaven, when fired with celestial love.

And, from the gifts of God above,

She chose a goodly one. Notes. Always infill, perfectly, the accented vowel, and

She chose, for her beloved boy, more so, in proportion as the word is important; i. e, shape the vowel sound completely, by the appropriate organs, and give it all

The source of light, and life, and joy, its necessary power, filling it full of the influence of the mind, in

And bade him keep the gift,--that, when the proportion as you wish your ideas to be impressive and abiding.

The parting hour would come, Mind possesses a magnifying power over words, making them mean more than they naturally do: which will be perfectly obvi.

They might have hopeto meet again, ous in the specific practice of the principles which we are gradu.

In an eternal home. ally approaching.

She said-his faith in that would be Anecdote. “I suppose,” (said an arrant

Sweet incense to her memory. quack, while feeling the pulse of his patient,) And should the scoffer, in his pride, " that you think me a fool.“Sir," (replied

Laugh that fond faith to scorn, the sick man,) “I perceive you can discover And bid him cast the pledge aside, a man's thoughts by his pulse.

That-he from youth had borne;
If all our hopes and all our fears,

She bade him pause, and ask his breast,
Were prisoned in life's narrow bound;

If he, or she, had loved him best?
If, travelers through this vale of tears,

A parent's blessing on her son
We saw no better world beyond ;

Goes with this holy thing;
Oh! what could check the rising sigh?

The love, that would retain the one,
What earthly thing, could pleasures give?

Must to the other cling.
Oh! who would venture then, to die,

Remember! 'tis no idle toy,
Or who would venture then, to live !

A mother's gift, Remember, boy!


236. The only way that provincialisms, ! Proverbs. 1. Neither great poverty, nor foreign accents and brogues, can be removed, great riches will hear reason. 2. Wine—is a turnis by individual attention to the first princi- coat; first a friend, then an enemy. 3. Diet and ples of our language, as here exhibited, and, exercise are the two physicians of nature. 4. at the same time, following a teacher who There is many a good house-wife that can't sing, can give the true English pronunciation; or dance. 5. Love-can neither be bought, nor for sounds can only be learned by imitation; sold. 6. He, that is a wise man, by day, is no and this is the way in which Elocution and fool by night. 7. The society of ladies—is a Music must be taught. Our language has school of politeness. 8. An enemy to beauty is suffered, and is suffering, greatly, by being a foe to nature. 9. When a man's coat is thread improperly taught by foreigners, who can

bare, it is easy to pick a hole in it. 10. The study

of vain things—is laborious idleness. 11. No not pronounce one half of our words with propriety. But a teacher may be able to pro- trade. 13. All is good that is useful.

mine equal to saving. 12. Dependence is a poor nounce single words with a good degree of

CONTENTMENT-produces, in some meascorrectness, and yet be unable to deliver sentences, in a proper manner. A few minutes ure, all those effects, which the alchymist every day, for a few weeks, devoted to the usually ascribes to what he calls the philosostudy and practice of these principles, will pher's stone; and if it does not bring riches, enable almost any one to discover and amend

it does the same thing, by banishing the de

sire of them. If it cannot remove the dishis errors and defects in articulating our forty-four sounds, and pronouncing correctly, quietudes, arising from a man's mind, body the words in common use; and if spelling by It has indeed, a kindly influence on the soul

or fortune, it makes him easy under them. sounds and by sight, be faithfully practiced, of man, in respect of every being to whom he one may secure another rare excellence, stands related. It extinguishes all murmur, that of writing our words with correctness

repining, and ingratitude, towards that Beand despatch.

ing, who has allotted him his part to act in 237. Every thing in the universe, both of this world. It destroys all inordinate ambimind and of matter, exists in reference to cer- tion, and every tendency to corruption, with tain fixed principles, which are called laws regard to the community wherein he is placof order, originating in the Great First ed. It gives sweetness to his conversation, Cause, and thence emanating throughout all and a perpetual serenityto all his thoughts. creation, animate and inanimate: and so long and so far, as these laws are obeyed, we

Varieties. Is it not strange, that nations are shielded from all evils, physical and spiri- of men could ever have admitted into their tual: hence, if a man suffers, either in mind, creed, the idea of a plurality of Gods ; when or body, from within, or without, the cause the whole of Nature bears on it so distinctly, of the suffering is an infringement of the the impress of ONE MIND? 2. He is not the Laws of Life. Such, then, are our constitu- best reader, who speaks his words most rapidtions, and relations, that we cannot will, ly; but he who does justice to them, by prothink, or act, without obeying, or violating, nouncing them correctly, and effectively. 3. these laws of Life, of Being, of God. Oh the If a person delights in telling you the faults lengths, the breadths, the heighths, and the of others, be sure he intends to tell others depths of the wisdom and love of God, as your faults. 4. Never be a minute too late. manifested in the creation, redemption, and 5. Avoid loud talking and laughing in the

streets. 6. The moral and intellectual man, Anecdote. Pity. A would-be orator, of

seems to mould and modify the physical very moderate abilities, after a long ha- man. 7. We are filled with the life of heaven, rangue, asked a real friend, if he did not ex- just so far as we are emptied of our own, and cite much compassion. He replied, “most find in us an utter inability to do good, withcertainly, you did sir; every one of the au

out divine assistance. dience pitied you most heartily."

A cloud lay cradled-near the setting sun

A gleam of crimson-tinged its braided snow; “The way was long, the wind was cold,

Long had I watched the glory-moving on, The minstrel-was infirm, and old;

O'er the still radiance-of the lake below. His wither'd cheek—and tresses gray,

Tranquil its spirit seemed—and floated slow; Seem'd to have known a better day.

Ee'n in its very motion—there was rest, The harp, his sole remaining joy,

While every breath of eve, that chanced to blow, Was carried-by an orphan boy."

Wasted the traveler-to the beauteous westMe-let the tender office long engage,

Emblem, methought, of the departed soul, To rock the cradle of reposing age;

To whose white robe, the gleam of bliss is given, With lenient arts-extend a mother's breath, And by the breath of mercy-made to roll Make languor smile, and smooth the bed of death; Right onward-to the golden gates of heaven; Explore the thought, explain the asking eye, Where, to the eye of faith, it peaceful lies, And keep, a while, one parent from the sky! And tells to man-his glorious destinies.


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