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194. Accent-means either stress, or 196. Some persons may wish for more quantity of voice, on a certain letter, or let- specific directions, as to the method of bringters in a word: it is made by concentrating ing the lower muscles into use, for producing the voice, on that particular place in the sounds, and breathing : the following will word, heavy, at first, then gliding into silence. suffice. Take the proper position, as above There are two ways of making it; first, recommended, and place the hands on the by STRESS, when it occurs on short vowels ; hips, with the thumbs on the small of the as, ink-stand: secondly, by QUANTITY, when back, and the fingers on the abdominal musit occurs on long ones; as, o-ver: i. e. when cles before ; grasp them tightly; i. e. try to the word is short, we pronounce it with press in the abdomen, and, at the same time, FORCE; and when it is long, with QUANTI- to burst off the hands, by an internal effort, TY, and a little force too: thus, what we lack in the use of the muscles to produce the vowin length of sound, we make up by stress, or el sounds of the following words, at, et, it, ot, force, according to circumstances. These en-ut; then leave off the t, giving the vowels gravings present to the eye an idea of accent the same sound as before: or imagine that by stress, or a concentration of voice, with you have a belt tied around you, just above more or less abruptness.
the hip bones, and make such an effort as
would be required to burst it off; do the The first-indicates that the accented vow- same in breathing, persevere, and you will el is near the beginning of the word; as in succeed: but do not make too much effort. ac-cent, em-pha-sis, in-dus-try, on-ward, up Proverbs. 1. A man under the influence ward : the second, that it is at, or near the of anger — is beside himself. 2. Poverty, with end : as in ap-pre-hend, su-per-in-tend, in-di-honesty, is preferable to riches, acquired by disvis-i-bil-i-ty. In music, the first represents honest means. 3. The wolf casts his hair, but the diminish; the second—the swell of the never changes his ferocious disposition. 4. To voice.
wicked persons--the virtue of others-is always a 195. The first use of accent-is to convert subject of envy. 5. Flies-cannot enter a mouth letters, or syllables-into words, expressive that is shut. 6. No plea of expediency-should of our ideas ; i. e. to fasten the letters to reconcile us to the commission of a base act. 7. gether, so as to make a word-medium for Power, unjustly obtained, is of short duration.
8. Every mad-man-believes all other men mad. manifesting our feelings and thoughts: and the second use is—to aid us in acquiring a kind to himself. 10. The beginning of knowledge
9. The avaricious man-is kind to none; but least distinct articulation, and melody of speech, is the fear of God. 11. Of all poverty, that of and song. Exs. 1. ACCENT BY STRESS OF
the mind—is the most deplorable. 12. He only is VOICE. He am-pli-fies his ad-ver-tise-ment, powerful, who governs himself. di
min-ish-es its im-pe-tus, and op-e-rates on the ul-ti-mates. 2. The ac-cu-ra-cy of the
Varieties. 1. What was it—that made
man miserable, and what-alone can make cer-e-mo-ny is fig-u-ra-tive of the com-pe- him happy? 2. Diffidence-is the mother of ten-cy of his up-right-ness: 3. The cat-e- safety; while self-confidence-often involves pil-lar for-gets the no-bil-i-ty of or-a-to-ry us in serious difficulties. 3. He is not rich, un-just-ly; 4. The math-e-mat-ics are su- who has much, but he who has enough, and per-in-tend-ed with af-fa-bil-i-ty, cor-res- is contented. 4. It is absurd—for parents to pond-ent to in-struc-tions.
preach sobriety to their children, and yet in. Notes. 1. Observe, there are but FIVE SHORT vowels in dulge in all kinds of excess. 5. Nature our language; the examples above contain illustrations of all of never says, what wisdom contradicts ; for them, in their alphabetical order; they are also found in these they are always in harmony. 6. Save somewords—at, et, it, ot, ut ; and to give them with purity, make as thing — against a day of trouble. 7. With though you were going to pronounce the whole word, but leave off such as repent, and turn from their evils, at the t. 2. This is a very important point in our subject; if you aud surrender their wills to the Lord's will, fail in understanding accent, you cannot succeed in emphasis. Anecdote. Holding One's Own. A very
all things they ever saw, knew, or EXPE. fat man was one day met by a person whom RIENCED, shall be made, in some way or be owed, and accosted with="How do you
other, to serve for good. do ?" Mr. Adipose replied, “ Pretty well ; I do remember an apothecary, I hold my own ;'-"and mine too, to my And hereabouts he dwells,---whom late I noted sorrow," --rejoined the creditor.
In tatter'd weeds, with overwhelming brows, Hail, to thee, filial love, source of delight, Culling of simples ; meagre were his looks, Of everlasting joy! Heaven's grace supreme And in his needy shop-a tortoise hung. Shines in the duteous homage of a child ! Sharp misery-had worn him to the bones : Religion, manifested, stands aloft,
An alligator stuffd, and other skins Superior-to the storms of wayward fate. Of ill-shap'd fishes ; and about his shelves When children-suffer in a parent's cause, A beggarly account of empty boxes, And glory-in the lovely sacrifice,
Green earthen pots, bladders, and musty seeds, 'Tis heavenly inspiration fills the breast Remnants of packthread, and old cakes of roses, And angels-waft their incense to the skies. Were thinly scatter'd, to make up a show.
197. Accent-is made, secondly, by Proverbs. 1. Men of limited attainmentsQUANTITY; or prolongation of sound, with generally condemn every thing they cannot expulsive force, on long accented vowels; comprehend. 2. Wit-should flow spontaneously; which may be represented either by this en- it cannot be produced by study. 3. Buoyancy of graving
indicative of a spirit-greatly diminishes the pressure of misforcontinuous equal movement of the voice; or, tune. 4. The surest method of being deceived is by this one,
- to consider ourselves — more cunning than which shows the swell, continuous and di- others. 5. Envious persons-always view, with minish in combination; or, the unequal con
an evil eye, the prosperity of others. 6. It is a tinuous. Exs. 1. The a-gent, with ar-dent proof of mediocrity of intellect-to be addicted to
story-telling. 7. When we give way to passion, aw-ful e-go-tism, i-dol-i-zed the o-di-ous oo-zy we do every thing amiss. 8. Truth-needs no u-ni-form, which was fruit-ful in oi-li-ness, disguise, nor does she want embellishment. 9. A from the ou-ter-mosts. 2. The base-ment of mind diseased - cannot bear any thing harsh. the ar-mo-ry, awk-ward-ly e-qual to the i-ro- 10. Never utter what is false, nor hesitate to ny of the o-li-o, was, to the moon-shine of the speak what is true. 11. Trifles—often discover u-ni-verse, as an un-ob-tru-sive moi-e-ty of a a character-more than actions of importance. poun-cet-box.
12. The Bible—is a perfect body of divinity. 198. Prolongation of Sound. Let the pu
Body and Mind. The science of hu. pil take a lesson of the ferryman. A travel- man nature—is valuable, as an introduction er arrives at the brink of a wide river, to the science of the Divine nature; for which he wishes to cross ; one ferry-man is man—was made in the image, and after on the other side, and, by chance, one is on the likeness," of his Maker: å knowledge this side: the traveler halloos, in the com- of the former facilitates that of the latter ; mon speaking voice, using principally the and to know, revere, and humbly adore, is chest ; of course his voice soon becomes dis- the first duty of man.
To obtain just and sipated. He is informed that his call cannot impartial views of human nature, we must be heard : listen to me, says this son of na- consider the mind, body, and actions, each
not disconnect the object of our study, and ture; "0 -ver, 0
by itself, but the whole man together ; which ver:” making each accented vowel two sec- may be contemplated under two different onds long: try it and see ; extending your aspects, of spirit and of matter; on the eye and mind at a distance; which will aid | body-shines the sun of nature, and on the the prolongation.
MIND — that better light, which is the true 199. In exercising on accent, for a time light: here, is a real man, having essence, at least, go to extremes, and make the ac- form, and use, which is clad in the habili. cented vowels as prominent to the ear, as ments of beauty, and majesty; meeting us the following ones are to the eye ; a-b Ase. now, and which will meet us hereafter, as a
-, -; in beaU-ti-ful, OIl-mill, OU-ter-most. Ex. stage of his future existence. 1. The lu-na-tic a-bode at the ca-the-dral, Varieties. 1. Can we be a friend, and till the an-nun-ci-u-tion, that the an-te-di- an enemy--at the same time? 2. Every one lu-vi-ans-had con-vey'd the hy-dro-pho-bia should be considered innocent, till he is to Di-a-na of the E-phe-sians. 2. The pa proved guilty. 3. It is not sufficient that you tri-ots and ma-trons of the rev-o-lu-tion, by are heard, you must be heard with pleasure. their har-mo-ni-ous co-op-e-na-tion, de- 4. There is a great difference between poelry thron'd the ty-rants that were ru-ling our and rhymetry; the former grows, the latter peo-ple with an un-ho-ly rod of i-ron. -is made. 5. If your money is your God,
Anecdote. Raising Rent. “Sir, I in- it will plague you like the Devil. 6. Order tend to raise your rent,”-said a land-holder -is one, in revelation, man, creation, and -to one of his tenants : to which he replied, the universe; each-respects the other, and -" I am very much obliged to you,--for 1 is a resemblance of it. cannot raise it myself.”
Man-is dear to man; the poorest poor Notes. 1. As vowels are either long or short, different de Long for some moments, in a weary life, grees of length do not affect any one of the long ones, so far as
When they can know, and feel, that they have been the quality of the sound is concerned ; the e in de-vise, and the o,
Themselves-the fathers, and the dealers out in do-main-are the same as to length, (not force,) as they are in de-cent, do-tard ; thus we have long ac-cented vowels, and long Of some small blessings—have been kind to such un-accented ones. 2. We make accent by quantity, when the As needed kindness ;-for this single cause, accented vowels are long, and by st. ess when they are short. 3. That we have all of us—a human heart. The shurt vowels are of the same length, but not so the long ones.
Such pleasure-is to one kind being known, " Blessed is the man, Who hears the voice of nature; who, retired
My neighbor, when, with punctualcare, each week, From bustling life, can feel the gladdening beam,
Duly as Friday comes, though press'd herself The hope, that breathes of Paradise. Thy deeds,
By her own wants, she, from her store of meal, Sweet Peace, are music to the exulting mind;
Takes one unsparing handful for the scrip
Of this old mendicant ; and, from her door,
Returning with exhilarated heart,
Sits by her fire, and builds her hopes in heaven.
it is very
200. Accent. The intentions of the Anecdote. When Lieutenanı O Brien mind--are manifested by the accent of the was blown up, in the Edgar, and thrown on voice, as are those of a tailor, when he makes board the Admiral, all black and wet, he a gentleman's coat; or of a mantuamaker, said to the commander, with pleasantry "I when she makes a lady's gown; there is a hope sir, you will excuse my dirty appear. meaning, an end, in all. The three great ance; for I left the ship in so great a hurry, categories of knowledge are end, cause and that I had not time to change my dress.“
Proverbs. 1. Every thing great-is comeffect ; reflection and experience will convince those who would be wise, that the end or pur- stronger resemblance to a mad-man than a drun
posed of minute particles. 2. Nothing-bears a pose, is the first thing,—the cause or medium; kard. 3. Pleasure, purchased by pain, is always the second, and the effect, or ultimation of injurious. 4. The act is to be judged of, by the the co-operation of end and cause, the third intention of the person, who does it. 5. Theory, thing. Now the feeling, or affection, is the without practice, however plausible, seldom first thing; the thought—is the second thing: tends to a successful issue. 6. Reflect well, beand the action—the third thing: the affection fore you say yes, or no. 7. Be cautious—in givand the vowel sound are connected, the ing advice, and consider-before you follow it. thought and the consonant, and all become 8. A man, fond of disputing, will, in time, have manifest, when the word is properly made, few friends to dispute with. 9. Young people by the application of accent, and enuncia- are apt to think themselves wise enough ; as tion.
drunkards--think themselves sober enough. 10. 201. Now, as the affectuous part of the Injustice-cannot exist without agents. 11. No mind operates, especially, on those lower great loss, but some small gain. 12. No smoke, nerves and muscles, that are combined to without some fire. produce the vowel sounds, and the intellectual Reading Discourses. As the reading
of written discourses is so common, part of the mind co-operates with the lungs, to form the consonant sounds, and the two desirable, that the speaker should unite the unite—to make the word, by the use of the tion, with extemporaneous speaking ; which ·
advantages of written, or printed composi. accent, through the agency of which, feelings can be done by mastering the principles of and thoughts are conveyed,—it will be per- this system; then, though the essay be a ceived, that whenever there is a change of the month, or a year old, the orator may give it seat of accent, there may be a corresponding all the appearance and freshness of oral dischange of the meaning of the word: or course. Many public men have injured rather, a change of feeling produces a change their health by slavishly reading their disof thought, and the two produce a correspon- courses, instead of speaking them; there ding change in the seat of accent: as--au
being such an inseparable connection begust, au-gust ; prod-uce, prod-uce ; gal to read, especially from a manuscript, tends
tween thinking and breathing, that the effort lant, gal-lant.
to the use of the thorax, or lungs. If we 202. Change of the seat of accent accord- were taught to read by ear, instead of by ing to sense. They bom-bard the town, with sight, there would be no difficulty in this bom-bards, and ce-ment their cannon with exercise: there must be a revolution-in cem-ent, and call upon their col-leagues to regard to teaching and learning this impor. col-league together, col-lect their soldiers, and tant art, or sad will continue to be the conoffer up their col-lects. He com-ments upon sequences. their com-ments, while they com-merce about Varieties. 1. Were the Texians right, the com-merce, and com-mon-place their com- in rebelling against Mexico ? 2. If wornan mon-place business. The com-pact was en- taught the philosophy of love, who would tered into in a com-pact manner, while the not learn? 3. Do not yield to misfortunes; soldiers com-plot together in a com-plot, and but resist them, with unceasing firmness.
4. Procrastination is the thief of time. 5. com-port themselves with a becoming com- No one is qualified to command, who has port. The farmer com-posts his fields with not learned to obey. 6. A laugh—costs too excellent com-post, and out of the com-pound much, if purchased at the expense of prohe com-pounds a fruitful soil; which, when priety. 7. Words, fitly spoken from a life com-press’d, makes a very fine com-press for of love, are exceedingly sweet, and profitable the grain.
to all. My birthday! what a different sound
Beware, ye slaves of vice and infamy, That word had-in my youthful ears ! Beware-choose not religion's sacred name, And how, each time-the day came round, To sanctify your crimes—your falsehood shield. Less, and less white-its mark appears ! Profane not your Creator's boundless power, When first-our scanty years are told, Or lest his vengeance-fall upon, and crush ye It seems like pastime—to grow old.
It is an awful height of human pride, And as youth-counts the shining links, When we dare-robe ourselves in sanctity, That time-around him binds so fast,
While all is dark impiety within ! Pleased with the task, he little thinks, This, surely, is the aggregate of sin, How hard that chain will press-at last. The last-to be forgiven-by heaven, or man.
203. The subject of accent, being of pri Proverbs. 1. Beware of reading, without mary importance, should be dwelt upon, till thinking of the subject. 2. A man rarely deceives its principles, and their application, are per- another but once. 3. A good paymaster is lord of fectly familiar. Remember, it is the principal another man's purse. 4. He is most secure from external means, of making words out of let- danger, who, even when conscious of safety, is ters and syllables : comparatively, it is the on his guard. 5. The pitcher may go often to the thread with which we make the garments well, and be broken at last. 6. A good companion, for our thoughts, and thus manifest the ob- according to his own fancy. 8. A comparison—is
makes good company. 7. Let every one choose, jects which the mind has in view in clothing
no reason. 9. Your looking-glass-will tell you them in different ways, and making them what none of your friends will. 10. The human alive with feeling. The mental power of ac- heart wants something to be kind to. 11. Many cent, is in the will, or voluntary principle, hands make light work. 12. Ask your purse — and the physical force is from the combined what you shall buy. action of the lower muscles, in connection
Anecdote. Blundering on the Truth. with the diaphragm ; hence, it may be per- An ignorant fellow, who was about to be ceived, that in simply expelling vowel sounds, married, resolved to make himself perfect in as always insisted upon, we at the same time, the responses of the marriage service; but, acquire the power of making the accent; for by mistake, he committed the office of bapexpulsion—is accent, radical, or stress. If tism for those of riper years : so, when the you do not master accent, you cannot suc
clergyman asked him, in the church,
Wilt thou have this woman to thy wedded ceed in becoming an elocutionist.
The bridegroom answered, in a 204. Change of the seat of accent. On
very solemn tone ; “I renounce them all." her en-trance, she was en-tranced at being The astonished minister said—“ I think you es-cort-ed by a grand es-cort: I es-say to are a fool :'—to which he replied, “ All this make an es-say to ex-ile the ex-iles: ex-port I steadfastly believe.” the ex-ports, with-out ex-tract-ing the ex
Analogies. As, in the succession of the tracts for the ex-tract-ors: the ab-ject fel-lows seasons, each, by the invariable laws of naab-ject the gifts, and the ab-sent minded ab- ture, affects the productions of what is next sent themselves from the party: he ab-stracts in course ; so, in human life, every period the ab-stracts and at-trib-utes the at-tri-butes of our age, according as it is well or ill to others: I lay the ac-cent on the ac-cent-ed spent, influences the happiness of that which vowel, and af-fix the af-fix to the final sylla- is to follow. Virtuous youth - generally ble, and make aug-ment in the right place brings forward accomplished and fourishing and ang-ment the word in Au-gust, and thus without 'uneasiness, into respectable and
manhood ; and such manhood passes off, make the idea au-gust. Notes. 1. Be careful in placing the accent on the right out of its regular course, disorder takes
tranquil old age.. When nature—is turned syllable : ad-ver-tise-ment, al-lies, com-pen-sate, in-qui-ry, de-co-rus
the moral, just as in the vegetable ry, up-right-ly: for if you place the accent on the wrong vowel, world. If the spring—put forth no blossoms, you partially pervert the meaning, or render it ridiculous: as, 1 in summer--there will be no beauty, and in saw an au-gust spectacle in Au-gust. 2. In singing, accent is al- the autumn-no fruit. If youth—be trifled ways made by stress: and the first note of each full measure ac
away without improvement, manhood will be Laconics. Labor is honorable in all, from the beginnings of life-have been vanity,
contemptible--and old age-miserable. If the king on the throne to the mendicant in its latter end can be no other than vexation the street ; and let him or her, who is a. shamed to toil for themselves, or the benefit
of spirit. of their race, be more ashamed to consume
Varieties. 1. Is there any such thing as the industry and labor of others, for which time and space, in the world of mind ? 2. they do not render an equivalent.
Any book that is worth reading once, is The rose had been washed, just washed in a shower,
worth reading twice. 3. Most misfortunes Which Mary-to Anna-conveyed;
---may be turned into blessings, by watching The plentiful moisture-encumbered the flower, the tide of affairs. 4. When the wicked are And weighed down its beautiful head.
in power, innocence and integrity are sure The cup was all filled, and the leaves were all wet,
to be persecuted. 5. Give people proper And it seemed, to a fanciful view,
books, and teach them how to read them, To weep for the buds—it had left with regret, On the flourishing bush-where it grew,
and they will educate themselves. 6. Una I hastily seized it, unfit as it was
limited powers-should not be trusted in the Fora nosegay, so dripping and drowned
hands of any one, who is not endowed with And swinging it rudely, too rudely, alas!
perfection, - more than human. 7. The I snapped it,-it fell to the ground.
truths of the Bible are the seeds of order ; And such, I exclaimed, is the pitiless part, Some act-by the delicate mind,
and as is the reception, such will be the Regardless of wringing--and breaking a heart,
produce. Already to sorrow resigned.
Faults—in the life, breed errors in the brain, This elegant rose, had I shaken it less, Might have bloomed with its owner awhile:
And these, reciprocally, those again :
The mind, and conduct-mutually imprint,
And stamp their image-in each other's mint.
205. To accomplish the objects in view, Proverbs. 1. Instead of saying “I can't," say the development and perfection of the voice “I will." 2. Acquire knowledge that may be for reading, speaking and singing, a great useful. 3. If possible, remove your own difficulvariety of exercises and examples, are intro- ties. 4. Husband your time, and waste neither duced, containing sense and nonsense ; and that, nor your money. 5. Try to exert a good attention can be given to both kinds, accord- influence, wherever you are. 6. A little stone can ing to their uses. Let it be remembered, that make a great bruise. 7. Unwearied diligence the forty-four sounds of the language are the the point will gain. 8. Cultivate good domestic fountains, from which are to flow every stream habits. 9. Some rather reflect truth than practice
it. 10. Man is a mi-cro-cosm, or little world. of elocution and music: and these are continually before us. No one can succeed in 11. Winter finds what Summer conceals. 12. Two
of a trade seldom agree. silently reading, or thinking over the subjects: practice is the great thing; therefore, self the connecting link, or medium, between
Important. Let the orator consider him. frequently repeat the sounds, read by vowels, the mental and natural world: i. e. that the spell by sounds, and exercise in accent and
spiritual world is progressing down into the emphasis, with all the other modifications.
material world; and that all his muscles and 206. They con-cert a plan to get up a con- vocal powers are the proper organs, thro? cert, and as they con-cord the con-cords of the which it is to flow. Hence, the necessity of notes, they con-crete the con-crete tones with developing and training, perfectly, those mesuch 'admirable con-duct, as to con-duct the diums of communication, that every thing in whole to the satisfaction of the audience. He the matter, may tell, effectually, in the mancon-fects the sugar with delicious con-fects, ner. Much, very much depends upon the although he con-fines his efforts to the con
state of his own mind; for, according to that fines of the room; and without con-flic-ting in any serious con-flict, he con-serves the con- minds of others. Conceive yourself the rep
—will be the influence shed abroad on the serves in such a way as to con-sort with his
resentative of a vast concourse of associated con-sort without con-test-ing with any seri
minds, and be the true representative of your ous con-test. I will con-text the con-text, so
constituents. as to con-tract the con-tract-ing in a strong con-tract, the con-vent, so as to con-vent its
Varieties. 1. Are fictitious writings beneinmates, while they con-verse in familiar con- ficial? 2. E-go-tism (or self-commendation,
is always disgusting, and should be carefully 207. Among the more difficult acquisi- avoided. 3. A man cannot call a better phytions, is the ability to prolong sounds in sician than himself, if he will take all the strongly marked accented and emphatic good advice he gives to others. 4. Why is the words, involving the kindlier feelings of our human mind like a garden? because you can nature; to succeed in which, practice single sow what seeds you please in it. 5. Good long vowel sounds in separate words, and al- and bad fortune are necessary, to prepare us so in short and long phrases; as a
to meet the contingencies of life. 6. Be not a-re; all; eel;i-le; o too much afraid of offending others, by telling ld; 00 -ze; mu
-ss; oi -1; the truth: nor stoop to flattery nor mean-r; also, old armed chair; wheel to the ness, to gain their favor. 7. The whole outright; roll the flames and join the muse; ward creation, with its every particular and glowing hope; praise the lofty dome. movement, is but a theatre and scene of efNotes. 1. The attempt is not made any where, to give a
fects, brought forth into existence, and movperfect notation of the manner in which one is to read; and some
ed by interior spiritual causes, proper to the words are more or less emphatic, that are printed in common spiritual world. type ; while certain words, which are not very important as to meaning, are printed in italics. 2. Never mind the rough appear
To the curious eye ance of the examples; but make them smooth in your delivery.
A little monitor--presents her page
Of choice instruction, with her snowy bellsAnecdote. Self-love.. The first consid
The lily of the vale. She, not affects eration of a knave is—how to help himself ;
The public walk, nor gaze of mid-day sun: and the second, how to do it with an appear She-to no state or dignity aspires, ance of helping others. Dionysius, the ty But, silent and alone, puts on her suit, rant, stripped the statue of Jupiter Olympus, And sheds her lasting per-fame, but for which of a robe of massy gold, and substituted a We had not known-there was a thing—90 sweet cloak of wool, saying—"Gold is too cold in
Hid-in the gloomy shade. So, when the blast
Her sister tribes confounds, and, to the earth winter, and too heavy in the summer-it be
Stoops their high heads, that vainly were exposed, hooves us to take care of Jupiter.”
She feels it not, but flourishes anew, When was public virtue to be found,
Still sheltered and secure. And so the storm, Where private was not ?
That makes the huge elm couch, and rends the oak, Can he love the whole,
The humble lily spares. A thousand blows, Who loves no part ?
That shake the lofty monarch, on his throne,
We lesser folks feel not. Keen are the pains He-be a nation's friend,
Advancement often brings. To be secure, Who, in truth, is the friend of no man there? |
Be humble; to be happy, be content.