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142. Many persons take great pains in Proverbs. 1. He, who resolves to amend, their dress, to appear well and receive atten- has God on' his side. 2. Honest men are soon tion ; and so far as personal appearance can bound; but you can never bind a knave. 3. If exert an influence, they attain their end: but the best man's faults were written on his foreif they would cultivate their language, and head, it would make him pull his hat over his the proper way of using it, so as not to de- eyes. 4. Life is half spent, before we know what
evils, choose the least. 6. form themselves in reading and conversation, it is. 5. of the they might accomplish the object at which one bad example spoils many good precepts. 7. they aim.
Patience—is a plaster for all soreg. 8. He who 143. The second sound of R, is rough, 9. If you will not hear reason, she will rap you
serves well-need not be afraid to ask his wages. trilled, or burred; when it
over your knuckles. 10. Prayer-should be the comes before vowel sounds in
key of the day, and the lock of the night. 11. the same syllable: RAIL ROAD;
Foul water will quench fire. 12. From nothing the roa-ring rep-ro-bate re-ver
-nothing can come. be-rates his ran-cor-ous rib-ald. [R in RAIL.)
Anecdote. Spinster. Formerly, it was ry and re-treats from his re-gal throne, to his a maxim, that a young woman should never ri-val rec-re-a-tion in the rook-e-ry: the op- be married, till she had spun, herself, a full pro-bri-ous li-bra-ri-an, rec-re-ant-ly threw set of linen. Hence, all unmarried women the great grid-i-ron among the crock-e-ry with have been called spinsters : an appellation ir-re-proach-a-ble ef-front-e-ry; the re-sults they still retain in certain deeds, and law of which were, ro-man-tic dreams, bro-ken proceedings; though many are not entitled ribs, and a hun-dred prime cit-rons for the to it. throng of cry-ing chil-dren: round and round
Mathematics-includes the study of the rug-ged rock the rag-ged ras-cal drags the numbers and magnitudes : hence, it is called strong rhi-noc-e-ros, while a rat in a rat-trap the science of gravity; and is applicable to ran through the rain on a rail, with a raw all quantities, that can be measured-by a lump of red liv-er in its mouth.
standard unit, and thus expressed by num144. Written language-is used for com-bers and magnitude. Feeling and thought, municating information respecting persons though they vary immensely, cannot be distant from each other, and for transmitting, measured : we cannot say, with strict proto succeeding ages, knowledge, that might priety, that we love one exactly twice as otherwise be lost, or handed down by erring much as another ; nor, that one—is thrte tradition. Spoken language—is used to con- times as wise as another: because love and vey the thoughts and feelings of those who wisdom are not mathematical quantities : are present, and are speaking, or conversing but we can measure time by seconds, mintogether: the former is, of course, addressed utes, hours, days, weeks, months, years, and to our eyes, and the latter, to our ears ; each centuries; space by inches, feet, yards, rods, kind having its own particular alphabet, and miles ; and motion, by the space passed which must be mastered.
over in a given time. Notes. 1. This vocal trilled diphthongal sound, consists
Varieties. 1. Was the world created of the aspirate sound of h, modified between the end of the tongue out of nothing ? 2. Fools-draw false conand the roof of the mouth, combined with a vocal. 2. Or, make clusions, from just principles : and mad. the name sound of r, and mix it with the aspirate, by clapping men draw just conclusions, from false printhe tongue against the mof of the mouth; practice prolonging her, ciples. 3. The discovery of what is true, or purr in a whisper, trilling the r, then add the voice sound ; af- and the practice of what is good, are the two
prefix the i, and exercise as above. 3. Demosthenes, in the early part of his career, was reproached for not being able to
most important objects of life. 4. Associapronounce, correctly, the first letter of his favorite art-Rhetoric: tions-between persons of opposite temperai. e. he could not trill it for some time. 4. Give only one trill or ments, can neither be durable, nor producclap of the tongue, unless the sentiment be very animating ; astive of real pleasure to either party. 5. Rise-brothers, rise ! etc.
Where grace cannot enter, sin increases pires."
and abounds. 6. The spontaneous gifts of
And every pang, that rends his heart,
Bids expectation rise.
Adorns-and cheers his way,
And still, as darker grows the night, Into one single tree ?
Emits a brighter ray.
« Strike! till the last armed foe ex
146. Keep a watchful and jealous eye Proverbs. 1. It is easier to praise poverty, over common opinions, prejudices and bad than to bear it. 2. Prevention-is better than school instruction, until the influence of rea.
cure. 3. Learn wisdom by the follies of others. son, nature and truth, is so far established 4. Knowledge, without practice, makes but half over the ear and taste, as to obviate the dan- an artist. 5. When you want any thing, always ger of adopting or following, unquestionable tickings of a clock. 7. It costs more to revenge
ask the price of it. 6. To cure idleness, count the errors, and vicious habits of reading and injuries, than to endure them. 8. Conceited men speaking : extended views, a narrow mind think nothing can be done without them. 9. He, extend. To judge righteously of all things, that kills a man, when he is drunk, must be hung preserve the mind in a state of perfect equi- when he is sober. 10. An idle man's head, is the librium, and let a love of truth and gondness devil's work-shop. 11. God makes, and apparel govern all its decisions and actions.
shapes. 12. Good watch prevents harm. 147. W, has but one consonant
The Difference. Two teachers apply sound, and one vowel sound;
for a school ; one-is ignorant, but offers to W00; a wan-ton wag, with wo
teach for twelve dollars a month ; the other ful words, be-wail-ed the well
-is well qualified for the station, and asks wish-er of the wig-wam; the
twenty-five dollars a month. The fathers dwarf dwells in the wea-ry west, (W in W00.] weigh the souls of their children against where wom-en weave well the warp of life, money, and the twelve dollar teacher is em. and win-ter winds wan-der in the wild ployed. A man in search of work asks a swamps, that wail and weep: the wa-ter-farmer, if he does not want to hire a hand? witch, al-ways war-worn in the wax-works,
• If I can find one to suit me,"—the farmer war-bles her watch-word to the weath-er- replies: and then he puts a variety of ques. wise, and re-wards the wick-ed with weep-reap? chop? cradle ? hoe ? dress flax ? &c."
tions to him ; such as, *Can you mow ? ing, wail-ing and worm-wood. 148. By separating these elements of lan- whether they wish to hire a teacher in their
Soon after, another stranger calls, and asks guage, and practicing on them, each by itself, district ? But the principal question in this the exact position and effort of the vocal or- case, is—“How much do you ask a month?" gans, may be distinctly observed; and in this Now, just observe the difference in the way, the true means of increasing and im- catechising of the two applicants. Again, proving the force and quality of every one the father--will superintend the hired man, ascertained. Be not discouraged at the ap
and have things so arranged-as not to lose parent mechanical, artificial and constrained
a moment's time, — and see that nothing modes of giving the sounds, and pronoun
goes to waste; but the same watchful parent cing the words: acquire accuracy, and ease the school, and never go near him.
-will employ a teacher, and put him into and gracefulness will inevitably follow. 149. Irregulars. U has this sound in
Varieties. 1. If a man begin a fool, he certain words: the an-guish of the an-ti-qua-cumstantial evidence to be admitted in cri
is not obliged to persevere. 2. Ought cir. ry is as-sua-ged with lan-guid man-sue-tude, minal cases ? 3. Suspicion—is always worse for the con-quest over his dis-tin-guish-ed than fact. 4. No duty, imposed by necesper-sua-sion: the guide dis-gui-ses his as-sity, should be considered a burthen. 5. To sue-tude of per-sua-ding the dis-sua-der. act from order, is to act from heaven. 6.
Notes. 1. To produce this sound, shape the mouth and lips Truth, however little, does the mind good. as for whistling, and make a voice sound ; or, pronounce the word 7. True love always gives forth true light ; do, and when the o is about to vanish, commence this vocal conso- false light agrees not with the truth, but nant, thus
, do—was. 2. When w is initial, i. e. begins a word or lightly esteems it ; and also, seems to itself, syllable, it is a consonant; but when it ends one, it is equivalent to
to be better than truth. 21 o in ooze; new, how, now, power, etc. 3. In sword, two, an. swer, it is silent: w also before t, wrap, wrack, wreath, wrist, Great were the hearts, and strong the minds, zorong, etc. blow, who, knowledge, whom, whose, whole, whoop,
Of those, who framed, in high debate, etc. 4. Practice changes on w and y, as found under 21 f. 5. He who a watch would wear, two things must do, pocket his watch, The immortal league of love, that binds and watch his pocket too.
Our fair, broad Empire, State with State Anecdote. A Scold. Foote, a celebrated
1 comic actor, being scolded by a woman, said, and deep the gladness of the hour, in reply, “I have heard of tartar —
When, as the auspicious task was done, brimstone ;—you are the CREAM of the one,
In solemn trust, the sword of power, and the FLOWER of the other.
Was giv'n to glory's unspoil'd son. « Ask for what end-the heavenly bodies shine ?
That noble race is
But the bright links, those chosen ones
So strongly forged, are brighter yet.
Wide-as our own free race increase-
Wide shall extend the elastic chain,
And bind, in everlasting peace,
State after State, a mighty train.
150. Two grand objects are to be accom • Proverbs. 1. If better were within, better plished by these lessons and exercises: the would come out. 2. Jests, like sweetmeats, have acquiring a knowledge of the vowel and con- often sour sauce. 3. Keep aloof from quarrels ; sonant sounds, and a facility in pronoun- be neither a witness, nor a party. 4. Least said, cing them : by means of which, the voice is the soonest mended. 5. Little boats should keep
6. partially broken, and rendered flexible, as
near shore ; greater ones may venture more.
Some are more nice than wise. 7. M a wrong well as controllable, and the obstacles to a clear and distinct articulation removed: there- step, and down you go. 8. We all live and learn. fore, practice much, and dwell on every ele- Spread. 19. Silks and satins often put out the
9. Riches, (like manure,) do no good, till they are mentary sound, taking the letters separately, kitchen fire. 11. Some-would go to the devil, if and then combining them into syllables, they had authority for it. 12. Love virtue, and words and sentences.
abhor vice. 13. Good counsel has no price. 151. Two of the three sounds of X: first, name sound; or ks, when
Anecdote. Matrimony. A father, wishat the end of accented syllables,
ing to dissuade his daughter from all thoughts
of matrimony, quoted the words: “She who and often when it precedes them;
marries, doeth well ; but she who marries if followed by an abrupt conso
not, doeth better." The daughter, meekly nant. AXE: the cox-comb ex- (X in AXE.) replied, "Father, I am content to do well; pe-ri-en-ces the lux-u-ry of ex-pa-ti-a-ting on let those do better, who can." the ex-plo-sion of his ex-ces-sive ex-al-ta-tion Boundaries of Knowledge. Human of the bux-om fair sex; being anx-ious to reason —very properly refuses to give its ex-plain the or-tho-dox-y and het-o-dox-y of assent to any thing, but in proportion as it Ex-ag-o-nus, the ex-pos-i-ter ex-po-ses the sees how that thing is, or is done. Now, ex-ploit, of ex-pect-ing to ex-plain how to there are three directions—in natural science, ex-crete ex-cel-lent texts by ex-cru-ci-a-ting The astronomer - sees
which are attended with their difficulties. the wax of the ex-cheq-uer.
- and feels a diffi
culty-in getting from the solar system-to 152. A good articulation-consists in giv- the universe; the chemist, in proceeding ing to every letter in a syllable, its due propor- from matter — to its mysterious essence; tion of sound, according to the best pronun- and the physiologist, in advancing from the ciation; and, in making such a distinction body—to the soul ; three kingdoms of knowbetween the syllables, of which words are ledge-bordering on kingdoms-unknown to composed, as that the ear, without difficulty, natural science. Without reason, man could shall acknowledge their number, and
never become elevated above his senses, and,
perceive, at once, to which syllable each letter and intellectual being, and, of course, not
consequently, could not become a rational belongs. When these things are not observed, MAN, in the true sense of the term. But the articulation is in that proportion, defec- our minds are so constituted, that after hav. tive: the great object is—to articulateso well, ing traversed the material creation, and that the hearer can perfectly understand perceived, scientifically, the very boundaries what is read or spoken, without being obliged of matter, where it is adjoined by spirit, it to have recourse to a painful attention. A can elevate itself, by a power, constantly good articulation is the foundation of good given by God, to the lower boundaries of delivery : as the sounding of the musical spirit, where it touches upon matter, and notes with exactness, is the foundation of then, by its derived powers, ascend step by good singing.
step, to the great I Am; whom to know 153. Play upon Xes. Charles X. x-king chief good of man.
aright, and whom to love supremely, is the of France, was xtravagantly xtolled, but is
Varieties. 1. When man sins, angels xceedingly xecrated. He xperienced xtra
and devils REJOICE. 2. True politeordinary xcellence in xigencies ; he was xcel
ness, springs from the heart. 3. What is lent in xternals, but xtrinsic in xtacy; he was that, which makes every body sick, except xtatic in xpression, xtreme in xcitement, and those who swallow it? Fiattery. 4. Science xtraordinary in xtempore xpression. He was has no enemy, but ignorance. 5. Be not too xpatriated for his xcesses, and, to xpiate his brief in conversation, lest you be not underxtravagance, was xcluded, and xpired in stood ; nor too diffuse, lest you be troublexpulsion.
6. Simplicity, and modesty, are Notes. 1. To produce this diphthongal aspirate sound, among the most engaging qualities of every whisper the word kiss, and then repeat it, and leave out the i; k'ss! superior mind. 7. We live in two worlds, one of the most unpleasant sounds in our language. 2. Since the
a natural and a spiritual one. word diphthong merely signifies a double sound, there is no impro
I would never kneel at a gilded shrine, priety in calling double consonants, diphthongs, as we do certain
To worship the idol-gold; vowels. 3. All critical skill in the sound of language, has its foun.
I would never fetter this heart of mine, dation in the practical knowledge of the nature and properties of
As a thing-for fortune sold: these elements : remember this and apply yourself accordingly.
But I'd bow-to the light th't God hath given, 4 In all cases, get the proper sounds of letters, as given in the
The nobler light-of mind; key-words, or first examples.
The only light, save that of Heaven, To err-is human; to forgive-divine.
That should free-will homage find.
154. Reading-should be a perfect fac Proverbs. 1. If you would lend a man simile of correct speaking; and both exact money, and make him your enemy, ask him for it copies of real life: hence, read just as you again. 2. He that goes a borrowing, goes a sorwould naturally speak on the same subject, rowing. 3. The innocent—often suffer through and under similar circumstances : so, that if the indolence and negligence of others. 4. Two of any one should hear you, without seeing you, a trade seldom agree. 5. When the Lord revives
6. He that he could not tell whether you were reading his work, the Devil revives his. or speaking. Remember that nothing is de- swells in prosperity, will shrink in adversity. 7. nied to industry and perseverance; and that It is human to err; but diabolical to persevere in
error. 8. For a cure of ambition, go in the churchnothing valuable can be obtained without yard, and read the gravestones. 9. Better get in them. 155. The second sound of X is that is discerned in a trying case. 11. Every one
the right path late, than never. 10. A real friend of gz; generally, when it imme
can acquire a right character. 12. Two wrongsdiately precedes the accent, and
don't make a right. is followed by a vowel sound, or
Anecdote. Zeno-was told, that it was the letter h, in words of two or
disreputable for a philosopher to be in love. more syllables; EXIST ; the ex- [X in EXIST.] • If that were true,” said the wise man, hor-ter is ex-haust-ed by his ex-u-ber-ant ex “ the fair sex are indeed to be pitied; for or-di-um, and desires to be ex-on-er-a-ted they would then receive the attention of from ex-am-in-ing the ux-o-ri-ous ex-ec-u-fools alone." tive; an ex-act ex-am-in-a-tion into the ex-ag- tends to discompose or agitate the mind,
Mental Violence. Everything which ger-a-tions of the aux-il-li-a-ries ex-hib-its a whether it be excessive sorrow, rage or fear, lux-u-ri-ant ex-ile, who ex-ist-ed an ex-ot-ic in ex-em-pla-ry ex-al-ta-tion.
envy, or revenge, love or despair-in short,
whatever acts violently on our mental facul. 156. The letters o, and e, in to and the, are ties—tends to injure the health. Long, before vowels, but abbreviated before Varieties. i. Washington-was born consonants, (unless emphatic,) to prevent Feb. 220, 1732, and died Dec. 14th, 1799; a hiatus. Th’ man took the instrument and how old was he? 2. We cannot love those, began to play th' tune, when th' guests were whom we do not respect. 3. Order—is the ready to eat. I have written to Obadiah t' same in the world, in man, and in the send me some of th' wheat, that was brought church; and man is an epitome of all the in th’ ship Omar, and which grew on th' land principles of order. 4. In factions, the most belonging th’ family of the Ashlands. Are ignorunt are always the most violent. 5. you going from town? No I am going to he is not in his mouth : but the hypocritem
The good man has God in his heart, when town. Th’ vessel is insured to, at and from has God in his mouth, without having him London.
in his heart. 6. It is some hope of goodNotes. 1. To make this diphthongal vocal sound, close the ness, not to grow worse ; but it is a part of teeth as if to give the sound of C, and then bring into contact the badness, not to grow better. 7. Why should posteriors, or the roots of the tongue, and back parts of the throat,
we seek—that love, that cannot profit us, or and pronounce the imaginary word guz, several times; then omit the u, and pronounce the g, z, by themselves : 8–z. 2. For the 3a fear-that malice, that cannot hurt us? sound of X, see the third sound of C. 3. These elemental sounds WARREN'S ADDRESS AT THE BUNKER HILL BATTLE. was the favorite study among the ancients, of the greatest ability. STAND! the ground's your own, my braves !
157. Sight Reading. To become a good Will ye give it up to slaves ? reader, and a reader at sight, one must al Will ye look for greener graves ? ways let the eyes precede the voice a number Hope ye mercy still ? of words ; so that the mind shall have time, What's the mercy despots feel ! clearly, and distinctly, to conceive the ideas to Hear it-in that battle peal ! be communicated; and also feel their influ Read it-on yon bristling steel! ence: this will give full play to the thoughts, Ask it-ye who will. as well as impart power from the affectuous
Fear ye foes who kill for hire ? part of the mind, to the body, for producing
Will ye to your homes retire? the action, and co-operation, of the right
Look behind you! they're afire ! muscles and organs to manufacture the
And before you, see
Who have done it !-From the vale sounds and words. In walking, it is always
On they come!-and will ye quail ? best to see where we are about to step; it is
Leaden rain and iron hail equally so in reading, when the voice walks.
Let their welcome be ! Indeed, by practice, a person will be able to
In the God of battles trust! take in a line or two, in anticipation of the
Die we may-and die we must :vocal effort: always look before you leap. But, O! where-can dust-to dust The high, the mountain-majesty-of worth
Be consigned so well, Should be, and shall, survive its woe ;
As where heavens-its dews shall shed
On the martyr'd patriot's bed,
Of his deeds to tell !
158. An accurate knowledge of these ele Proverbs. 1. The shorter answer—is doing mentary sounds, which constitute our vocal the thing. 2. You cannot quench fire with tow. alphabet, and the exact co-operation of the 3. There is no general rule without exceptions. appropriate organs to give them truly, are 4. Happiness—is not in a cottage, nor in a palace, essential to the attainment of a good and ef- nor in riches, nor in poverty, nor in learning, nor ficient elocution. Therefore, be resolved to in ignorance, nor in active, nor in passive life ; understand them thoroughly; and, in your
but in doing right, from right motives. 5. Good various efforts to accomplish this important intention—is not reformation. 6. It is self-conceit, object, give precision and full force to every that makes a man obstinate. 7. To cure a fit of sound, and practice faithfully, and often, the passion, walk out in the open air. 8. Idle men dificult and rapid changes of the vocal pow. know the value of money, earn it. 10. Hearts
are dead, all their lives long. 9. If you would ers, required by the enunciation of a quick succession of the muscle-breakers.
may agree, tho' heads—differ. 11. Beware of
flirting and coquetry. 12. There is no place like 159. The sound of Y, when a conso
home. 13. He that is warm, thinks others so. nant; YE: the year-ling young
Anecdote. A Vain Mother. As a lady ster, yelled for the yel-low yolk,
-was viewing herself in a looking-glass, yes-ter-night, and yearn-ed in the
she said to her daughter : " What would yard o-ver the year-book till he
you give to be as handsome as I am ?” yex’d: the yoke yields to your [Y in YE.] * Just as much, (replied the daughter,) as year-ling, which yearns for the yar-row in you would, to be as young as I am.” the yawls; you yerk'd your yeast from the The Poor. How few, even of professing yawn-ing yeo-man yes-ter-day, and yet your-christians, are aware of the pleasure, arising self, of yore, yea, tho' young, yearn-ed o-ver from contributing to the support of the poor? the yes-ty yawn: Mr. Yew, did you say, or Is it not more blessed to give—than to redid you not say, what I said you said ? beceive? But there are alms for the mind-as cause Mr. Yewyaw said you never said what well as for the body. If we duly considered I said you said: now, if you say that you our relations, and our destinies, instead of did not say, what I said you said, then pray giving grudgingly, or wanting to be called what did you say?
upon, we should go out in search of the des160. The first step to improvement is, to titute and ignorant, and feel that we were perawaken the desire of improvement: Whatev- forming the most acceptable service to God, er interests the heart, and excites the imagi- while sharing the gifts of his providence with nation, will do this. The second is a clear our fellow-beings, who are as precious in his and distinct classification of the principles, sight-as we fancy ourselves to be: for he on which an art is based, and an exact ex- does not regard any from their external situpression of them, in accordance with this ation, but altogether from their internal state. classification; indeed, all the arts and scien Varieties. 1. American independenceces should be seen in definite delineations, was acknowledged by Great Britain, Jan. thro’ a language which cannot well be mis- 19, 1783; and the treaty of Ghent signed, understood.
Déc. 24, 1814. 2. Never do an act, of 161. Irregulars. E, I, J, and U, occa- which you doubt the justice. 3. Nothing sionally have this sound; Eu-rope al-ien-ates can be a real blessing, or curse, to the soul, the con-spic-u-ous cult-ure of her na-iads, that is not made its own by appropriation and, like a dis-guised creat-ure, eu-lo-gi-ses 5. How sharper—than a serpent's tooth it is
4. Let every man be the champion of right. her ju-nior court-iers for their bril-liant gen- to have a thankless child. 6. All science has ius: the virt-u-ous christ-ian sold-ier, in spir- its foundation in experience. 7. Happy, are it-u-al un-ion with the mill-ions of Nat-ure, the miseries that end in joy; and blessed are shouts with eu-cha-ris-tic grand-eur, eu-pho- the joys, that have no end. ni-ous hal-le-lu-jahs, which are fa-mil-iar-ly Ay, I have planned full many a sanguine scheme read, throughout the vol-ume of the U-ni
Of earthly happiness; *
And it is hard Notes. To give this vocal sound, nearly close the teeth, To feel the hand of death-arrest one's steps, with the lips turned out as in making long e, (see engraving,) and Throw a chill blight-on all one's budding hopes, drawlingly pronounce the word yet, protracting the sound of the
And hurl one's soul, untimely, to the shades, y thus, ymet; y-on. 2. For the two other sounds of y, see the two sounds of i ; rhyme, hymn; isle, ile. 3. V is a consonant at Lost in the gaping gulf of blank oblivion. the beginning of a word or syllable, except in y.clad, (e-clad,) y-Fifty years hence, and who will think of Henry? clept, (e-clept) 'yt-ri-a, (it-ri-a,) Yp-si-lan-ti, (Ip-si-lan-ti,) the name Oh, none! —another busy brood of beings of a town in Michigan. 4. In prod-uce, u has its name sound; and in vol-ume, it has this con-so-nant sound of y preceding it; Will hold him in remembrance.
Will shoot up in the interim, and none in the first, it is preceded by an abrupt element: in the second, by
I shall sink,
Where human feet have never trod, Of busy London :—some short bustle's caused,
A few inquiries, and the crowd close in,
[H. K. WHITE
en open one.