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63. Elocution and Music being insepar
Notes. 1. In Song, as well as in Speech, the Articulation, able in their nature, every one, of common Pitch, Force, and Time, must be attended to; i.e. in both arts, masorganization, whether aware of it, or not,
ter the right form of the elements, the degree of elevation and deuses all the elements of Music in his daily pression of the voice, the kind and degree of loudness of sounds,
and their duration : there is nothing in singing that may not be intercourse with society. When we call to found in speaking. one at a distance, we raise the voice to the upper pitches: when to one near by, we
Anecdote. Musical Pun. A young Mudrop it to the lower pitches; and when at a sician, remarkable fr his modesty and sinmedium distance, we raise it to the middle cerity, on his first appearance before the pubpitches: that is, in the first case, the voice lic, finding that he could not give the trille', is on, or about the eighth note : in the sec-effectively, assured the audience, by way of ond, on, or about the first note : and in the apology,“ that he trembled so, that he could last place, on, or about the third or fifth not shake. note. In commencing to read or speak in public, one should never commence above
Proverbs. 1. A word—is enough to the wise. his fifth note, or below his third note: and, 2. It is easier to resist our bad passions at first, to ascertain on what particular pitch the than after indulgence. 3. Jokes—are bad coin lowest natural note of the voice is, pro- to all but the jocular. 4. You may find your nounce the word awe, by prolonging it, worst enemy, or best friend—in yourself. 5. Evwithout feeling; and to get the upper one, ery one has his hobby. 6. Fools—have liberty to sound eel, strongly.
say what they plec 7. Give every one his due. 64. Vocal Music. In the vowel sounds 8. He who wants content, cannot find it in an of our language, are involved all the ele- easy chair. 9. Ill-will never spoke well. 10. ments of music; hence, every one who Lawyer's gowns are lined with the wilfulness of wishes, can learn to sing. These eight their clients. 11. Hunger—is an excellent sauce. vowels, when naturally sounded, by a de- 12. I confide, and am at rest. veloped voice, will give the intonations of the notes in the scale, as follows, com- given them of growing wise, but not equal.
True Wisdom. All have the faculty mencing at the bottom.
ly wise : by which faculty is not meant the 1st e in eel, 8 C note 0-8-la-High. ability to reason about truth and goodness Half tone.
from the sciences, and thus of confirming 1st i in Isle, 7
whatever any one pleases ; but that of disTone.
cerning what is true, choosing what is suit.
able, and applying it to the various uses of 2d o in ooze, 6 OA note
life. He is not the richest man, who is able
to comprehend all about making money, and Tone,
can count millions of dollars; but he, who 1st o in old, 5 0- Gnote 0-5-la-Medium. is in possession of millions, and makes a
proper use of them.
Variettes. 1. Does not life-beget life, 4th a in at, 4
and death-generate death? 2. The man,
who is always complaining, and bewailing 1st a in ale, 3 0– Enote 0-3-la-Medium. his misfortunes, not only feeds his own misTone.
ery, but wearies and disgusts others. 3.
We are apt to regulate our mode of living2d a in ar, 2 O D note
more by the example of others, than by the
dictates of reason and common sense. 4. Tone.
Frequent recourse to artifice and cunning3d a in all, 11-0 note 0-1-la-Lou.
is a proof of a want of capacity, as well as
of an illiberal mind. 5. Every one, who 65. This Diatonic Scale of eight notes, does not grow better, as he grows older, is a (though there are but seven, the eighth being spendthrift of that time, which is more prea repetition of the first,) comprehends five whole tones, and two semi, or half tones. and you will know what to do. 7. As is
6. Do what you know,
cious than gold. An erect ladder, with seven rounds, is a the reception of truths, such is the percepgood representation of it; it stands on the tion of them in all minds. 8. Do you see ground, or floor, which is the tonic, or first more than your brother ? then be more note; the first round is the second note, or humble and thankful; hurt not him with supertonic; the second round is the third ihy meat, and strong food : when a man, he note, or mediant; the third round, is the will be as able to eat it as yourself, and, fourth note, or subdominant ;, between perhaps, more so. which, and the second round, there is a semitone ; the fourth round is the fifth note, Walk with thy fellow creatures : note the hush or dominant ; the fifth round is the sixth And whisperings amongst them. Not a spring note, or submediant ; the sixth round is the Or leaf—but hath his morning hymn; each bush seventh note, or subtonic ; and the seventh And oak-doth know I AM. Canst thou not sing ? round is the eighth note, or octave.
O leave thy cares and follies ! go this way, Keep one consistent plan-from end-to end. And thou art sure to prosper-all the day.
66. The twenty-eight consonant | Proverbs. 1. Gentility, sent to market, will sounds. For the purpose of still farther not buy even a peck of corn. 2 He, that is developing and training the voice, and ear, warm, thinks others so. 3. A true friend-should for reading, speaking, and singing, a system- venture, sometimes, to be a little offensire. 4. It atic, and thorough practice, on the twenty- is easy to take a man's part; but the difficulty is eight consonants, is absolutely essential: in
to maintain it. 5. Misfortunes-seldom come which exercises, it is of the first importance, alone. 6. Never quit certainty-for hope. 7. One to make the effort properly, and observe the --beats the bush, and another-catches the bird. exact positions of the organs. These conso
8. Plough, or not plough,-you must pay your nants are either single, double, or triple; rent. 9. Rome-was not built in a day. 10. Seek and some of them are vocal sounds, (sub-ton-11. An oak—is not felled by one stroke. 12. A
till you find, and you will not lose your labor. ics, or sub-vowels,) others, merely aspirates, breath sounds or atonics: let them be analy- display of courage—often causes real cowardice. zed and presented according to their natures, Party Spirit. The spirit of party—unand uses.
questionably, has its source in some of the 67. B has but one sound, which is native passions of the heart; and free govits name sound: BA; baa,
ernments naturally furnish more of its aliball, bat ; be, beg; bide, bid;
ment, than those under which liberty of bode, boon, boss; bute, buss,
speech, and of the press is restrained, by the brute ; boil, bound; a rob-in imbibed blub-bers from a bob-bin, (B in BA.]
strong arm of power. But so naturally does and gob-bled for cab-bage; the rob-ber blab. party run into extremes ; so unjust, cruel, bed bar-ba-rous-ly, and bam-boo-zled the
and remorseless is it in its excess ; so ruthless tab-by na-bob; Ja-cob dab-bled in rib. is the war which it wages against private bons, and played hob-nob with a cob-ler ; character; so unscrupulous in the choice the bab-oon ba-by gab-bled its gib-ber-ish, of means for the attainment of selfish ends ; and made a hub-bub for its bib°and black so sure is it, eventually, to dig the grave of ber-ries; the rab-ble's hob-by is, to brow- those free institutions of which it pretends beat the bram-ble bushes for bil-ber-ries, and to be the necessary accompaniments ; so inevbribe the boo-by of his bom-bas-tic black. itably does it end in military despotism, and bird.
unmitigated tyrany; that I do not know 68. By obtaining correct ideas of the how the voice and influence of a good man sounds of our letters, and their influences could, with more propriety, be exerted, than over each other; of the meaning and pro- in the effort to assuage its violence. nunciation of words, and their power over the understanding and will of man, when Varieties. 1. Are our ideas innate, or acproperly arranged into sentences, teeming quired? 2. The mind that is conscious of with correct thought and genuine feeling, its own rectitude, disregards the lies of comI may, with proper application and exercise, mon report. 3. Some—are very liberal, become a good reader, speaker, and writer. even to profuseness, when they can be so at
Notes. 1. To get the vocal sound of b, speak its name, the expense of others. 4. There are pure be, and then make a strong effort to pronounce it again, compress Loves, else, there were no white lilies. 5. The ing the lips closely; and the moment you give the sound of be, when you get to e, stop, and you will have the right sound ; or
, glory of wealth and external beauty—is pronounce ub, in the usual way, then, with the teeth shut, and the transitory; but virtue—is everlasting. 6. lips very close, prolonging the last sound ; and, in both cases, let We soon acquire the habits and practices, of none of the sound of b, come into the mouth, or pass through the Dose. 2. It was in analyzing and practicing the sounds of the let those we live with ; hence the importance of ters, and the different pitches and qualities of voice, that the author associating with the best company, and of became acquainted with the principles of VENTRILOQUISM, (or carefully avoiding such as may corrupt and vocal modulation, as it should be called,) which art is perfectly debase us. 7. The present state is totally simple, and can be acquired and practiced by almost any one of common organization. Begin by swallowing the sound, suppress- different from what men suppose, and make, ing and depressing it. 3. B is silent in debt, subt-le, doubt, lamb, of it; the reason of our existence is our comb, dunh, thumb, limb, crumb, subt-le-ty, suc-cumb, bdell-ium. growth in the life of heaven ; and all things
Anecdote. A beautiful English countess are moved and conspire unto it; and great said, that the most agreeable compliment she might be the produce, if we were faithful to ever had paid her, was from a sailor in the the ordinances of heaven. street; who looked at her, as if fascinated,
In eastern lands, they talk in flower's, and exclaimed, “ Bless me! let me light my and they tell, in a garland, their love and cares ; pipe at your eyes.”
Each blossom, th't blooms in their garden bowWe rise-in glory, as we sink-in pride ; Where boasting-ends, there dignity-begins. On its leaves, a mystic language bears ; The true, and only friend-is he,
Then gather a wreath from the garden bowers, Who, like the Arbor-vitæ true,
And tell the wish of thy heart-in flowers. Will bear our image-on his heart.
Praise, from a friend, or censure, from a FOE,
Is lost--on hearers th't our merits know.
As full as an egg is of meat.
69. These arts, like all others, are made Proverbs. 1. Building is a sweet imporup of many little things ; if I look well to erishing. 2. Unmanliness—is not so impolite, as them, all difficulties will vanish, or be easily over-politeness. 3. Death—is deaf, and hears overcome. Every youth ought to blush at no denial. 4. Every good scholar is not a good the thought, of REMAINING ignorant, of the schoolmaster. 5. Fair words break no bones ; first principles of his native language. I but foul words many a one. 6. He, who has can do almost any thing, if I only think so, not bread to spare, should keep a dog. 7. If and try; therefore, let me not say I CAN'T; you had fewer pretended friends, and more enebut I WILL.
mies, you would have been a better man. 8. 70. C has four regular sounds: first, Lean liberty—is better than fat slavery. 9. name sound, or that of s, be
Much coin-much care ; much meat-much mal fore e, i, and y; cede, ci-on, cy
ady. 10. The submitting to one wrong-often press; rec-i-pe for cel-i-ba-cy
brings another. 11. Consult your purse, before in the cit-y of Cin-cin-na-ti is a fas-ci-nat-ing sol-ace for civ-il C in CEDE.)
you do fancy. 12. Do what you ought, come
what will 80-ci-e-ty;. Cic-e-ro and Ce-cil-i-as, with tac-it re-ci-proc-i-ty di-lac-er-ate the a-cid Anecdote. The Psalter. The Rev. Mr. pum-ice with the fa-cile pin-cers of the M-, paid his devoirs to a lady, who was previce-ge-rency; the a-ces-cen-cy of the cit. possessed in favor of a Mr. Psalter : her parrons in the pla-cid cel-lar, and the im-bec-ile tiality being very evident, the former took lic-o-rice on the cor-nice of the prec-i-pice occasion to ask, (in a room full of company,) ex-cite the dis-ci-pline of the doc-ile di-oc- “Pray Miss, how far have you got in your
71. Lisping—is caused by permitting the Psalter ?” The lady archly replied, -As far tongue to come against, or between the front as “ Blessed is the man.” teeth, when it should not; thus, substituting Book Keeping-is the art of keeping the breath sound of th for that of s or sh. accounts by the way of debt and credit. It This bad habit may be avoided or overcome teaches us all business transactions, in an by practicing the above and similar com exact manner, so that, at any time, the true binations, with the teeth closely and firmly state of our dealings may be easily known. set; not allowing the tongue to press against the teeth, nor making the effort too near the Its principles are simple, its conclusions natfront part of the mouth. The object to be ural and certain, and the proportion of its attained is worthy of great efforts: many parts complete. The person, who buys or can be taught to do a thing, in a proper receives, is Dr. (Debtor,) the one who sells, or manner, which they would never find out parts with any thing, is Cr. (Creditor :) that of themselves.
is, Dr. means your charges against the per72. Irregulars. S often has this sound; son; and Cr. his against you : therefore, when rise and pro-gress. The pre-cise Sal-lust, starts on stilts, and assists the earths in the you sell an article, in charging it, say, u-ni-verse for con-science' sake: he spits
so and so,” (mentioning the article, weight, base brass and subsists on stripes ; the quantity, number, amount, &c.) “ so much :" ma-gis-trates sought ; So-lus boasts he but when you buy, or receive any thing, in twists the texts and suits the several giving credit for it, say, By so and so; mensects; the strong masts stood still iri the fi- tioning particulars as before. A knowledge nest streets of Syr-a-cuse ; Se-sos-tris, still of Book-keeping is important to every one strutting, persists the Swiss ship is sunk, who is engaged in any kind of business ; while sweetness sits smiling on the lips. and it must be evident, that for the want of Swan swam over the sea; well swum it-many losses have been sustained, great swan; swan swam back again; well swum injustice done, and many law-suits entailed.
Sam Slick sawed six sleek slim slippery saplings. Amidst the mists he
Varieties. 1. Ought lotteries to be abolthrust his fists against the posts, and in- ished? 2. Carking cares, and anxious ap sists he sees the ghosts in Sixth street. prehensions are injurious to body and mind.
Notes. 1. S has the above sound, at the beginning of 3. A good education—is a young man's best
rds, and other situations, when preceded or followed by an capital. 4. He, that is slow to wrath, is better abrupt , or a breath consonant. 2. To make this aspirate, place
, than the mighty. 5. Three difficult things the organs as in the engraving, and begin to whisper the word see; but give none of the sound of e. Never permit sounds to coalesce, are—to keep a secret, to forget an injury, that ought to be heard distinctly; hosts, costs, &c. 4. Don't let and make good use of leisure hours. 6. If the teeth remain together an instant, after the sound is made; one speaks from an evil affection, he may rather not bring them quite together. 5. C is silent in the follow. ing: Czar, arbuscles, victuals, Czarina, (i long e,) muscle, indicta influence, but not enlighten; he may cause ble, and second c in Connecticut.
blind acquiescence, but not action from a Hear, then, my argument ; confess we must, conscious sense of right. 7. Men have just A God there is-supremely just ;
so much of life in them, as they have of pure If so, however things affect our sight, truth and its good-implanted and growing (As sings the bard,) “whatever is—is right.” in them. As the wind blows, you must set your sail.
Would you live an angel's days ? Good measure, pressed down and running over. Be honest, just, and wise, always.
73. A perfect knowledge of these ele Notes. 1. To produce this gutteral aspirate, whisper the mentary and combined sounds, is essential to imaginary word huh, (u short;) or the word book, in a whispermy becoming a good elocutionist, and is an ing voice, and the last sound is the one required : the posterior, or excellent preparation for studying any of root of the tongue being pressed against the uvula, or veil of the the modern languages : I must master and their peculiar sounds. In giving the names of consonants,
palate. 2. Observe the difference between the names of letters, them, or I cannot succeed in acquiring a we use one, or more vowels, which make no part of the consonant distinct, appropriate, graceful and effective sound ; thus, we call the letter C by the name see ; but the ce enunciation; but resolution, self-exertion make no part of its sound, which is simply a hiss, made by forcand perseverance are almost omnipotent : I ing the air from the lungs, through the teeth
, when they are shut, will try them and see.
as indicated by the engraving ; similar facts attend the other cons74. The second sound of C, is hard, and kneeled to the knit knobs of the knees' knick-knacks, &c. ;
nants. 3. H, is silent before n-as the knavish knight knuckled or like k, before a, o, u, k, l, r,
Gh, have this sound in lough, (lock, a lake; Irish ;) hough, (hock, t; and generally at the end of
joint of a hind leg of a beast.) words and syllables. Came, car,
Proverbs. 1. Every dog has his day, and call, cap; cove, coon, cot; cute cut, crude; coil, cloud; Clark
every man his hour. 2. Forbid a fool a thing,
and he'll do it. 3. He must rise betimes, that comes to catch clams, crabs and [C in CAR.] craw-fish to cram his cow; the croak-ing would please every body. 4. It is a long lane scep-tic, in rac-coon moc-a-sins, suc-cumbs that has no turning. 5. Judge not of a ship, to the arc-tic spec-ta-cle, and ac-com-mo.
as she lies on the stocks. 6. Let them laugh dates his ac-counts to the oc-cult stuc-co of that win. 7. No great loss but there is some the e-clip-tic; the crowd claims the clocks, small gain. 8. Never too old to learn. 9. No and climbs the cliffs to clutch the crows that condition so low, but may have hopes; and none craunched the bu-col-ics of the mi-cro-cosm. so high, but may have fears. 10. The wise man
75. The chest should be comparatively thinks he knows but little; the fool—thinks he quiescent, in breathing, speaking and sing- knows all. 11. Idleness—is the mother of vice. ing; and the dorsal and abdominal muscles 12. When liquor is in, sense—is out. be principally used for these purposes. All Anecdote. William Penn-and Thomas children are naturally right, in this particu- Story, on the approach of a shower, took lar ; but they become perverted, during shelter in a tobacco -house; the owner of their primary education : hence, the author introduces an entirely new mode of learning which—happened to be within : he said to the letters, of spelling, and of teaching to the traveler,—“You enter without leave :read without a book, and then with a book ; do you know who I am? I am a Justice of the same as we learn to talk. The effort the Peace.” To which Mr. Story replied to produce sounds, and to breathe, must be “My friend here—makes such things as made from the lower muscles, above alluded thee ;—he is Governor of Pennsylvania.” to : thus by the practice of expelling, (not exploding) the vowel sounds, we return to forting, but encouraging to think that
Eternal Progress. It is not only comtruth and nature.
mind-is awaking ; that there is universal 76. Irregulars. Ch often have this
progress. Men are borne onward, -whethsound; (the h is silent;) also q and k-always er they will or not. It does not matter, when not silent; the queer co:quette kicks whether they believe that it is an impulse the chi-mer-i-cal ar-chi-tect, for cat-e-chi- from within, or above, that impels them forsing the crit-i-cal choir about the char: ward; or, whether they acknowledge that ac-ter of the chro-mat-ic cho-rus; Tich-i: it is the onward tendency of things, concus Schenck, the quid-nunc me-chan-ic of trolled by Divine Providence : onward they Mu-nich, qui-et-lý quits the ar-chieves must go, and, in time, they will be blessed of the Tus-can mosque, on ac-count of the with a clearness of vision, that will leave ca-chez-y of cac-o-tech-ny; the piq-uant them at no loss for the whys and the wherecrit-ic quaked at the quilt-ing, and asked
fores. ques-tions of the quorum of quil-ters.
Varieties. 77. The expression of affection is the
1. To pay great attention to legitimate function of sound, which is an el- trifles, is a sure sign of a little mind. 2. ement prior to, and within language. The Which is worse, a bad education, or no edu. affections produce the varieties of sound, cation? 3. The mind must be occasionally whether of joy or of grief ; and sound, in indulged with relaxation, that it may return speech, manifests both the quality and quan- to study and reflection with increased vigor. tity of the affection : hence, all the music is 4. Love, and love only, is the loan for love. in the vowel sounds : because, all music is 5. To reform measures, there must be a from the affectuous part of the mind, and change of men. 6. Sudden and violent vowels are its only mediums of manifesta. changes are not often productive of advan. tion. As music proceeds from affection and is addressed to the affection, a person does tage—to either church, state or individual. not truly sing, unless he sings from affec- | 7. True and sound reason-must ever action; nor does a person truly listen, and cord with scripture : he who appeals to one, derive the greatest enjoyment from the mu
must appeal to the other ; for the word sic, unless he yields himself fully to the af- within us, and the word without us—are fection, which the music inspires.
one, and bear testimony to each other.
78. These principles must be faithfully 82. The perfection of music, as well as studied and practiced, with a particular refer- of speech, depends upon giving the full and ence to the expulsion of the short vowel free expression of our thoughts and affecsounds, and the prolongation of the long tions, so as to produce corresponding ones in ones; which exhibit quantity in its elementa- the minds of others. This is not the work of ry state. I must exercise my voice and mind, a day, a month, or a year ; but of a life ; for in every useful way, and labor to attain an it implies the full development of mind and intimate knowledge of my vocal and mental body. The present age presents only a faint capacity; then I shall be able to see any de- idea, of what music and oratory are capable fects, and govern myself accordingly. of becoming ; for we are surrounded, and
79. The third sound of C, is like that loaded, with almost as many bad habits of Z: suffice; the discerner at
(which prevent the perfect cultivation of husice, dis-cern-i-bly dis-cerns dis
manity,) as an Egyptian mummy is of folds cern-i-ble things with dis-cern-ing
of linen. Let the axe of truth, of principle, dis-cern-ment, and dis-cern-i-ble
be laid at the root of every tree that does not ness; the sac-ri-fi-cer, in sac-ri-fi- C in SICE.) bring forth good fruit. Which do we like cing, sac-ri-fi-ces the sac-ri-fice on the altar better-error, or truth? of sac-ri-fice, and suf-fi-ceth the law of sac Proverbs. 1. A man may be strong, and ri-fice. These are nearly all the words in not mow well. 2. It is easier to keep out a bad our language, in which c, sounds like z. associate, than to get rid of him, after he has
been admitted. 3. Consider well what you do, 80. Vowels are the mediums of convey-whence you come, and whither you go. 4. Eving the affections, which impart life and ery fool can find faults, that a great many wise warmth to speech; and consonants, of the men cannot mend. 5. He who follows his own thoughts, which give light and form to it; advice, must take the consequences. 6. In givhence, all letters that are not silent, should ing, and taking, it is easy mistaking. 7. Letters be given fully and distinctly. The reason— do not blush. 8. Murder-will out. 9. Nothing why the brute creation cannot speak, is, be that is violent-is permanent. 10. Old foxes want cause they have no understanding, as men no tutors. 11. The first chapter of fools is, to have; consequently, no thoughts, and of esteem themselves wise. 12. God-tempers the course, no articulating organs: therefore, wind-to the shorn lamb. they merely sound their affections, instead Anecdote. Doctor-'em. A physician, of speaking them; being guided and influ- having been out gaming, but without success, enced by instinct, which is a power given his servant said, he would go into the next them for their preservation and continuance. field, and if the birds were there, he would
81. Irregulars. S, Z, and X, sometimes ' doctor-'em.” “Doctor-'em,—what do you are thus pronounced ; as, the pres-i-dent re
mean by that?” inquired his master: signs his is-o-la-ted hou-ses, and ab-solves the “Why, kill 'em, to be-sure,”—replied the grea-sy hus-sars of Is-lam-ism; the puz-zler servant. puz-zles his brains with na-sal pains, buz-zes Varieties. 1. Which has caused most about the trees as much as he plea-ses, and evil, intemperance, war, or famine? 2. re-sumes the zig-zag giz-zards of Xerx-es Power, acquired by guilty means, never with dis-sol-ving huz-zas; Xan-thus and was, and never will be exercised—to proXen-o-phon dis-band the pis-mires, which mote good ends. 3. By applying ourselves dis-dain to dis-guise their dis-mal phiz-es diligently to any art, science, trade, or prowith their gris-ly beards; Zion's zeal breathes fession, we become expert in it. 4. To be zeph-yrs upon the paths of truths, where re- fond of a great variety of dishes—is a sure sides the soul, which loves the tones of mu- proof of a perverted stomach. 5. Prosperity sic coming up from Nat-ure's res-o-nant -often leads persons to give way to their tem-ples.
passions, and causes them to forget whence Notes. 1. This vocal diphthongal sound is made by clos
they came, what they are, and whither they ing the teeth, as in making the name sound of C, and producing are going. 6. Evil persons—asperse the the 21 sound of a in the larynx, ending with a hissing sound ; or it characters of the good, by malicious tales may be made by drawing out the sound of z in z- - -est. 2. s, | 7. Every man and woman have a good following a vocal consonant, generally sounds like 2: tubs, adds; eggs ; needs ; pens; cars, &c. ; but following an aspirate, or breath proper to them, which they are to perfect consonant, it sounds like c in cent, facts, tips, muffs, cracks, &c.
and fill up. To do this—is all that is reWould you taste the tranquil scene ?
quired of them; they need not seek to be Be sure-your bosom be serene :
in the state of another. Devoid of hate, devoid of strife,
In pleasure's dream, or sorrow's hour, Devoid of all, th't poisons life.
In crowded hall, or lonely bow'r, And much it 'vails you—in their place,
The bus'ness of my soul-shall beTo graft the love of human race.
Forever to remember thee. Be always as merry as ever you can,
Who more than he is worth doth spend, For no one delights in a sorrowful man.
Ev'n makes a rope-his life to end.