« ElőzőTovább »
563. GESTURE, or a just and elegant ad A Great Mistake. The sons of the rich so aptation of every part of the body to the sub- ofien die poor—and the sons of the poor so often ject, is an essential part of oratory; and its die rich, that it has grown into a proverb; and yet, power is much greater than that of words :
how many parents are laboring and toiling to acfor it is the language of nature, and makes its
cumulate wealth for their children, and, at the way to the heart, without the 'utterance of a single word: it affects the eye, (which is the same time, raising them up in habits of indolence quickest of all our senses,) and of course, con- and extravagance. Their sons will scatter their veys impressions more speedily to the mind, property much sooner than they can gather it tothan that of the voice, which affects the ear gether. Let them have their heads well stored with only. Nature, having given to every senti- useful knowledge, and their hearts with sound and meni and feeling its proper outward expres- virtuous principles, and they will ordinarily take sion, what we often mean, does not depend so much on our words, as on our manner of
care of themselves. However affluent may be his speaking them. Art-only adds ease and circumstances, yet every parent inflicts upon his gracefulness, to what nature and reason dic- son a lasting injury, who does not train him up to tate. Study the Gesture Engravings thor- habits of virtue, industry and economy. oughly.
Anecdote. Francis I., king of France, All natural ohjects liave
(opponent and rival of Charles V., of Ger. An echo in the heart. This flesh doth thrill, many,) consulting with his generals, how to And has connection, by some unseen chain, lead his army over the Alps into Italy, his With its original source and kindred substance: fool, Amarel, sprung from a corner, and adThe mighty forest, the proud tides of ocean,
vised him to consult how to bring them back Sky-cleaving hills, and in the vast air,
again. The starry constellations; and the sun,
A child is born. Now take the germ, and make Parent of life exhaustless-these maintain
A bud of moral beauty. Let the dews With the mysterious mind and breathing mould,
Of knowledge, and the light of virtue, wake it
In richest fragrance, and in purest hues ;
The shelter of affection-ne'er refuse,
From its weak stem of life,-and it shall lose
Hath swell'd one pleasure, or subdued one pain,
O, who shall say, that it has lived in vain,
For virtue-leaves its sweets wherever tasted,
Varieties. 1. All those, who have presented themselves at the door of the world, with a great truth, have been received with stones, or hisses. 2. Who has not observed the changed, and changing condition of the human race? 3. We are indebted to the
monastic institutions for the preservation of Stretch of Thought. A fellow-student, ancient libraries.
4. No good can bring in consequence of too close application to pleasure, unless it be that, for the loss of study, and neglect of proper diet and exercise, which we are prepared. 5. They,
who sac. became partially deranged; but being very rifice at the altar of Apollo, are like those, harmless, it was thought best that he should who drink of the waters of Claros ; they
rego and come when,
and where he pleased; ceive the gift of divination, they imbibe the in hope of facilitating his restoration. One seeds of death. 6. The same misconduct Saturday afternoon, he went out through the which we pardon in ourselves, we condemn gardens and fields, and gathered every variety in others ; because we associate a palliation of flowers, from the modest violet to the gaudy with the one, which we cannot perceive in sunflower -with which he adorned himself the other. 7. What constitutes true marfrom head to foot, in the most fantastical riage.
Sheba-was never manner; in which condition he was displaying his imaginary kingly power, on a hillock More cautious of wisdom, and fair virtue, in the college green, just as the president and Than this pure soul shall be; one of the professors were going up to attend TRUTH—shall muse her, chapel prayers; when the former observed
to Holy and heavenly thoughts still counsel her. the latter-what a great pity that such a noble
Can mind should be thus in ruins! the maniac
you raise the dead! hearing what he said, rose majestically upon Pursue, and overtake-the waves of time? his throne, and with a most piercing look and Bring back again—the hours, the days, voice, exclaimed; “What is that you say, old The months, the years, that made me happy? president? you presume to talk thus about 'The heart has tendrils-like the vine, me? Solomon, in all his glory, was not ar
Which round another's bosom twine, rayed as I am. You old sinner, come here ; and I will tear you limb from' limb,--and Outspringing from the living treescatter you through infinite space; where of deeply-planted sympathy; Omniscience cannot find you, nor Omnipo- Where flowers are hope, its fruits—are bliss, tence put you together again.
Beneficence—its harvest is.
MADNESS AND TERROR.
564. VEHEMENCE OF ACTION. Cicero Three Modes of Forming Theories. very judiciously observes, that a speaker One-to imagine them, and then search for facts must remit, occasionally, the vehemence of his actions, and not utter every passage with
to sustain, prove and confirm them; one-10 colall the force, of which he is capable ; so as to lect
facts, which are only effects, and out of them set off, more strongly, the emphatical parts; to form theories; and one-to observe all these as painters make their figures stand out hold| facts, and look through them to their causes; which cr, by means of light and shades : there are causes constitute the only true theories : then, all always strong points, as they may be called, known or probable effects, will not only confirm in every well written piece, which must al- such theories, but they can be explained by these ways be attended to,—thus hill and dale, theories. Hence, the true theories of all things, mountain and precipice, cataract and gulph: will explain and demonstrate all things, so far as always keep some resources, and never utter the weaker with all your energy; for if they can be seen and understood ; i. e. rationally you do, there will be a failing in the strong perceived, according to the state and capacity of the points—the most pathetic parts.
human mind. That which enables one to explain a In peace, there's nothing so becomes a man,
thing, analytically and synthetically, is the true As modest stillness, and humility :
cause or theory of that thing; thus, true theories But, when the blast of war blows in our ears,
are the causes of things, and facts are the legitiThen, imitate the action of the tiger;
mate effects of those things. The ENDS OF THINGS. Stiffen the sinews, summon up the blood,
There is one step higher, which must be taken, Disguise fair nature with liard-favor'd rage;
and then we shall have all, that the human mind Then lend the eye a terrible aspect;
can conceive of, or think about; which is the end Let it pry through the portage of the head,
of things : thus we have ends, causes, and effects ; Like the brass cannon ; let the brow o'erwhelm it, beyond which sphere, man cannot go; for every As fearfully, as doth a galled rock
thing, object or subject, concerning which we can O'erhang and jutty his confounded base,
feel, think or act, is either an end, a cause, or an Swill'd with the wild and wasteful ocean.
effect; the latter only, are accessible to our senses : Now set the teeth, and stretch the nostril wide;
the other must be seen intellectually: i. e. in a reHold hard the breath and bend up every spirit
gion of mind above our senses. To his full height!--On, on! you noblest English, Varieties. 1. Can what is incomprehen
465. THE FOREHEAD. To what specta- sible, be an object of thought? 2. Humanitor can the forehead appear uninteresting? ty,justice, and patriotism--are qualities—of Here, appear light and GLOOM; Joy and universal benifit to mankind. 3. The only ANXIETY, STUPIDITY, IGNORANCE,and vice. way to expel what is fulse from the mind, is On this brazen tablet are engraved MANY com
to receive the opposite truth. 4. Faith—is binations of sense and of soul. Here, all saving, when we learn truths from the Bible, the GRACES revel, and all the CYCLOPS thun- and live according to them. 5. A man is der. Nature has left it bare, that by it, the said to be square, when he does not, from incountenance. may be ENLIGHTENED 'and justice, incline to this or that party. 6 The DAR KENED. At its lowest extremities, power of the muscles, is derived through the THOUGHTS--appear changed into acts; the nerves, as the power of good is from truth. mind HERE collects the powers of RESIST
7. Nothing remains with us, that is not reANCE; and HERE headlong obsTINACY, or
ceived in freedom. wise PERSEVERANCE take up their fixed Look nature through ; 'tis revolution all: (night abode.
All change; no death. Day--follows night, and That brow, which was, to me, The dying day; stars rise, and set, and rise ; A blooming heaven (it was a heaven, for there Earth-takes the example. See, the Summer, gay Shone forth twin stars of excellence, so brightly,
With her green chaplet—and ambrosial flowers, As though the winds of paradise had fann'd
Droops into pallid Autumn: Winter, gray, Their orbed lustre, till they bearn'd with love ;)
Horrid with frost, and turbulent with storm, That brow—was as the sleep-imprison'd lake, Blows Autumn, and his golden fruits, away ;Treasuring the beauty of the deep blue skies,
Then, melts into the Spring. Soft Spring, with Whose charm'd slumber, one small breath will ruffle. Favonian, from warm chamb’rs of the south, (breath
Anecdote. A commonwealth's man, in Recalls the first. AU, 10 re-flourish, fades,
You elsewhere would, perhaps, bestow it,
And I would be as loath-to owe it; Were not our souls-immorial made,
Or, if you will not take the thing-once given
For when—did woman's love expire,
He, that doth public good-for multitudes, The bursting bosom, when betrayed.
Finds few are truly grateful.
568. EVE. Are not good sense, and good huXOSTHENES,
mor of more advantage than beauty? When Adam the most emi
is introduced by Milton, describing Eve, in parunent of Grecian
dise, and relating to the angel, the impressions he crators, was
felt on seeing her, at her first creation, he does not born 385 years
represent her-like a Grecian Venus, by her shape, before the
or features, but by the lustre of her mind, which christian era,
shone in them; and gave them their power of and die by
charming: poison, self-ad
Gruce--was in all her steps, heaven-in her eye, ministered, to escape the
In every gesture-dignity, and love. vengeance of
Anecdote. A Humane Driver Rewarded. Antipater, 322
A Macedonian soldier, was one day leading B.C. He was
before Alexander a mule laden with gold for celebrated on
the king's use; and the beast being so tired, account of the
that he could not go, or sustain the load, his fire strength,
driver took it off, and, with great difficulty, a ad vehemence of his elo
carried it himself a considerable way. Alex
ander, seeing him just sinking under the quence, which was excited in
burden, and about to throw it on the ground, rousing the
cried out, “Do not be weary yet; try and car: Athenians
ry it through to the tent, for it is all thy own." war with the Macedonians, and in defeating his Faint not, heart of man! though years wane slow! rivals, who were bribed by the latter. The char
There have been those, that, from the deepest caves, acteristics of his oratory were, strength, sublimity, And cells of night, and fastnesses, below piercing energy and force, aided by an emphatic, The stormy dashing of the ocean-waves, and vehement elocution; he sometimes, however, degenerated into severity. In reading his orations,
Down, farther down-than gold lies hid, have nurs'd
A quenchless hope, and watch'd their time, and burst we do not meet with any sentiments that are very
On the bright day, like wakeners from the graves ! exalted; they are generally bounded by self-love and a love of the world. His father died when he
Varieties. 1. When we go out, let us was seven years old; and his guardians having consider what we have to do; and when we wasted his property, at the age of seventeen, he return, what we have done. 2. There are appeared against them at the court, and plead his many subjects, that are not easily understood; own cause successfully; which encouraged him to but it is easy to misrepresent them; and when speak before the assembly of the people ; but he arguments cannot be controverted, it is not made a perfect failure: after which, he retired, difficult for the uncharitable—to calumniate studied and practiced in secret, until he was twen- motives. 3. A man's true character is a greater ty-fire, when he came forward again, and com- secret to himself, than to others; if he judge menced his brilliant career.
himself, he is apt to be partial; if he asks the An honest statesman-to a prince-is like
opinions of others, he is liable to be deceived. A cedar, planted by a spring, which bathes its
4. Really learned persons never think of havRoots: the grateful tree-rewards it--with the shadow.
ing finished their education, for they are stuBy tedious toil--no passion is expressed :
dents during life. 5. The insults of others His hand, who feels the strongest, paints the best.
can never make us wretched, or resentful, if , 567. MARCUS
our hearts are right; the viper, that stings us, TULLIUS CICERO,
is within. 6. Beware of drawing too broad the most distin
and strong conclusions—from feeble and illguished of the Roman orators,
defined premises. 7. When human policy was born 106
wraps one end of the chain round the ancle of
a man, divine justice rivets the other end round years before the birth of Christ;
the neck of the tyrant. 8. All who have been and died at the
great, without religion, would undoubtedly age of 63. He
have been much greater, and better--with it. made the Greeks
QUALITIES-SURPASSING LOVELINESS. his model; and, as an orator, he
She had read possessed the
Her father's well-filled library-with profit,strength of De
And could talk charmingly. Then she would sing, mos-the-nes, the
And play, too, passably,-and dance with spirit; copiousness of Plato, and the su
She sketch'd from nature well, and studied flowers arily of 1-soc-ra
Which was enough, alone, to love her for; es. His first
Yet she was knowing—in all needle-work,!cher was the
And shone—in dairy,—and in kitchen, too, puet Ar-chi-as;
As in the PARLOR. and in elocution he was taught by A-pol-lo-ni-us Molo of Rhodes; after which he visited Athens, and the wise man, said the Bible, walks with God, on his return was made quæstor, and then consul; Surveys far on-the endless line of life; when he rendered the greatest service to the state, Values his soul; thinks of eternity; by the suppression of the conspiracy of Catiline : he was afterwards nished, and voluntarily re
Both worlds considers, and provides for both; tired 10 Greece, but was soon honorably recalled; With reason's eye-his passions guards; abstaine after which, he undertook the prætorship of Cilicia. From evil; lives on hope-on hope, the fruit In the civil wars of Casar and Pompey, he adher of faith; looks upward; purifies his soul; ed to the party of the latter; and after the battle of Pharsalia, was reconciled to Cæsar, but was soon Expands his wings, and mounts into the sky; slain by Pompilius, at the instigation of Marc An- Passes the sun, and gains his Father's house; tony.
And drinks--with angels-from the fount of bliss.
569. RHETORICAL ACTION-respects the atti- , correspond. An erect attitude, and a firmness tude, gesture, and expression of the countenance. of position, denote majesty, activity, strength; Words cannot represent certain peculiarities ; the leaning-affection, respect, earnestness of they depend on the actor. Simplicity, or a strici entreaty. dignity of composure, indifference, disadherence to the modesty of nature-correct ease. The air of a person expresses a language ness—or adaption to the word-and beauty, as easily understood. The husbandman, dandy, opposed to awkwardness — are the principal gentleman and military chief bespeak the habits marks of good action. Beauty belongs to objects and qual t es of each. The head gently reclined, of sight. Action should be easy, natural, varied, denotes grief, shame; erect-courage, firmness; and directed by passion. Avoid affectation and thrown back or shaken--dissent ; forward--asdisplay; for they disgust. The best artists are sent. The hand raised and inverted--repels, famous for simplicity, which has an enchanting more elevated and extended-surprise, astonisheffeci. Profuse decorations indicate a wish to ment; placed on the mouth--silence; on the supply the want of genius by multiplying inferi- head. pain ; on the breast-affection, or appeal to or beauties. There is in every one an indis- conscience : elevated--defiance; both raised and cribable something, which we call nature, that palms united -- supplication; gently clasped perceives and recognizes the inspirations of na- thankfulness; wrung-agony. ture; therefore, after bringing your voice under
Anecdote. Tyrolese Songs. In the your control, if you enter fully into the spirit of ihe composition, and let your feelings prompt children-come out, at bed-time, and sing
mountains of Tyrol, hundreds of women and and govern your action, you cannot greatly err. The victory is half won when you fuily feel and their national songs, until they hear their huse realize what you read or speak. Resolve to ac- bunds, fathers, and brothers, answer them quire the power, the witchery, the soul of elocu- from the hills on their return home. Upon tion-thailightning of ancient times which pour- the shore of the Adriatic, the wives of the ed a blaze of light on the darkest understanding, fishermen come down, about sunset, and and that thunder which awakens the dead. sing one of their melodies. They sing the
first verse, and then listen-for sometime:
then they sing a second ; and so on, till they
Hail memory, hail ! in thy exhaustless mine,
Thought, and her shadowy brood, thy call obey,
Thy pleasures most we feel, when most alone, The world, at last, to FREEDOM.
The only pleasures we can call our own. 570. This system teaches you to harmon- Lighter than air, Hope's summer visions fly, ize matter and manner, to imbibe the author's If but a fleeting cloud obscure the sky; feelinys, to bring before you all the circum- If but a beam of sober Reason play, stances, and plunge amid the living scenes, and feel that what you describe is present, and Lo! Fancy's fairy frost-work melts away: actually passing before you. Speak of truths But, can the wiles of art, the grasp of power, as truths, not as fictions. Give the strongest, Snatch the rich relics of a well-epent hour ? freest, truest expression of the natural blend- These, when the trembling spirit takes her flight, ings of thought and emotion; break thro' all Pour round her path a stream of living light, arbitrary restraint, and submit, after proper And gild those pure and perfect realms of resh trainings, to the suggestions of reason and Where virtue--triumphs, and her sons are blest. nature. Let your manner be earnest, collected, vigorous, self-balanced. In the intro Varieties. 1. Costume, when once reguladuction, be respectful, modest, conciliatory, ted by true science, and art, remains in un. winning, rather mild and slow; in the dis- changable good taste; comfortable, convenient, cussion, clear, energetic; in the application, as well as picturesque and becoming. 2. In animated, pathetic, persuasive.
1756, a white headed old woman-died in All--some force obey !
London, whose hair sold for 244 dollars to a
ladies' periwig maker. 3. In some countries, Gold-will dissolve. and diamonds-melt away;
intellect has sway; in somewealth; and Marble-obeys the chisel, and the saw ;
in others-heauty and rank ; but the most And solar-beams-a rock of ice will thaw; powerful influence in the best societies, is The flaming forge o'ercomes well-temper'd steel; goodness combined with truth in practice. And flinty glass--is fashioned at the wheel :
1. Merit—in the inheritor, alone makes valid But man's rebellious heart-no power can bend,
an inheritance of glory in ancestry. 5. Why
does new sweet milk become sour-during a No flames can sofien, no concussion--rend ;
thunder storm ? 6. Why can no other naTill the pure spirit soften, pierce and melt, tion make a Chinese gong? 7. Is not the And the warm blood-is in the conscience felt. American government founded upon the true
371. Look your hearers in the face--give principles of human nature ? 8. How prone yourself, body and soul, to the sulject--let not many are, to worship the creature more ihe attention be divided between the manner than the Creator! 9. When apparent truths and matter. Practice in private to establish cor are taken, and confirmed for real ones, they rect habis of voice and gesture, and become so become fallacies. 10. Actions - show best familiar with all rules as not to think of them the nature of the law of life; and deeds when exercising. The head, face eyes, hands, show the man. and upper part of the body are principally em- In all thy humors, whether grave or mellow, ployed in oratorical action. The soul speaks mosi intelligibly in 'he muscles of the face, and Thou’rt such a touchy, testy,pleasant fellow: (thee, through the ere, which ig the chief seat of ex Hast so much wit, and mirth, and spleen about pression; let the internal man, and the external | That there's no living with thee, or without thes.
572. The emphatic strokes of the hand accom In man or woman, but far most in man, pany emphasis; its elevated termination suits high
And most of all-in man that ministers passion; horizontal-decision; downward movement - disapprobation. Avoid excess, violence
And serves the altar, in my soul-I loathe and constancy of action; gentleness, tranquillity
All affectation. Tis my perfect scorn; and dignity prevail more. What is the appro
Object-of my implacable disgust. priate gesture in this? “Light are the outward What!-will a man play tricks, will he indulge signs of evil thought; within, within—'twas there
A silly-fond conceit—of his fair form the spirit wrought.” Middle finger of the right hand points to the body-its fore-finger gently laid
And just proportion, fashionable mien, in the palm of the left, in deliberation, proof, or ar And pretty face, in presence of his God? gumentation-sometimes it is pressed hard on the Or, will he seek to dazzle me with tropes, jalm. The left hand often acts with great signifi As with the diamond on his lily hand, cancy with the right; rarely used alone in the principal gestures, except when something on the
And play his brilliant parts before my eyes left hand is spoken of, as contradistinguished from When I am hungry for the BREAD of LIFE? something on the right, and when two things are He mocks his Maker, prostitutes and shames contrasted. Motion of the hands should corres His noble office, and, instead of truth, pond with those of the eyes. Rules say, “Do not raise the hands above the head;" but if natural
Dispiaying his own beauty, starves his flock. passion prompts them—it will be well done; for Therefore, avaunt all attitude and stare, passion knows more than art.
And start theatric, practic'd at the glass ! Our thoughts are boundless, tho'our frames are frail, I seek divine simplicity-in hin, Our souls immortal, though our limbs decay :
Who handles things divine; and all—besides, Though darken'd-in this poor life, by a vail
Tho' learn'd with labor, and tho' much admirid Of suffering, dying matter, we shall play
By curious eyes, and judgments ill-inform'd, In Truth's eternal sunbeams; on the way
To me is odious-as the nasal twang To Heaven's high capitol-our car shall roll;
Heard at conventicle, where worthy men, The temple of the power, whom all obey;
Misled by custom, strain celestial themes That is the mark-we tend to, for the soul
Through the press'd nostrid, spectacle-bestrid. Can take no lower flight, and seek no meaner goal. Anecdote. Indian Virtue. A married
573. Keep the hands out of your pockets-don't woman, of the Shawanee Indians, made this finger your watch-key or chail let your business beautiful reply-to a man whom she met in influence you. Feel your subject thoroughly and the woods, and who implored her to love and speak without fear: bave a style and manner of look on him.“ Oulman, my husbund,” said your own, for an index to yourselt: Expression she, “who is forever before my eyes, hinders is the looking out of the soul, through the eyes, me from seeing you, or any other person.” which are its windows, into the natural world.
So dear to Heaven-is saintly chastity, The body should generally be erect: not constantly changing, nor always motionless-declining in
That when a soul is found sincerely so, humiliation-rising in praise and thanksgiving ; A thousand liveried angels-lackey her, should accompany motion of the hands, head, and
Driving far off-each thing of sin, and guilt; eyes; never turn your back on the audience. Do
And, in clear dream, and solemn vision, not appear haughty, nor the reverse; nor recline the head to one shoulder- nor stand like a post;
Tell her of things, that no gross ear can hear, avoid tossings of the body from side to side, rising Till oft converse--with heavenly habitants on lip-10e, writhing of the shoulders. Study well
Begins to cast a beam--on the outward shape, the engravings; their position, gracefulness and
The unpolluted temple of the mind, awkwardness : some are designated for both-discriminale, which to imitate, which to avoid-refer
And turns it, by degrees, to the soul's essence, within, to your own nature, for dictation - and Till all be made immortal! never adopt any gesture that you do not make Varieties. 1. Children learn but little your own by appropriation. All gestures must from what they read, while the attention is originate within. Let everything you do and say divided between the sense and making out correspond.
the words. 2. Few parents and teachers are The Muse of inspiration-plays aware of the pre-eminent importance of oral O'er every scene; she walks the forest-maze, over book instruction. 3. Truths, inculcated And climbs the mountain ; every blooming spot without any sense of delight, are like seeds, Burns with her step, yet man-regards it not!
whose living germ has been destroyed; and She whispers round; her words are in the air,
which, therefore, when sown, can never come But lost, unheard. they linger-freezing there,
to anything. 4. The idea of the Lord, com
ing into the world, to instruct us, and make Without one breath of soul, divinely strong, us good, is an idea particularly delightful to One ray of heart-to thaw them into song.
young children, as well as to those of riper 574. Some of the sources of faults in action, are years. 5. We were not created—to live on unmanly diffidence. which makes one appalled at the earth, one moment in vain; every moment ois audience, or makes him fear to stir, lest he has a commission, connected with eternity; make a mistake; and servile imitation-whence is and each minute, improved, gives power to a want of action. excess or awkwardness, or un- the next minute, to proceed with an accelerdue regard to improper models. Do not become oted ratio and impulse. an artific al, made-up character, a compound of Let talkers talk; stick thou to what is best, affectation and imitation, a poor creature of borrowed shreds and patches: preserve your own
To think of pleasing all, is all a jest. identity.
Let conquerors--boast Of those few fools who with ill stars are curst, Their fields of fame: he, who in virtue, arms Sure scribbling fools, call'd poets, fare the worst: A young, warm spirit--against beauty's charms, For they're a set of fools which Fortune makes, Who feels her brightness, yet defies her thrali, And after she has made them fools, forsakes. Is the best, bravest conqueror of them all.