515. FATIGUE~from severe or hard labor, Laconics. 1. We too often form hasty opingives a general languor to the body; the counte- ions, froin external appearances, assumed merely nance is dejected, the arms hang listless; the body, (if not sitting, or lying along.) stoops as in for deception, by the wolf in sheep's clothing. 2. old age; the legs, if walking, drag leavily along, while prosperity gilds your days, you may reckon and seem, at every step, to bend under the weight many friends; -but, if the clouds of adversity deof the body; the voice is weak, and hardly arti-scend upon you, behold, they flee away. 3. Cowculate enough to be understood.

ards boast of their fancied prowess, and assume I see a man's life is a tedious one:

an appearance of courage, which they do not posP've tir'd myself, and for two nights, together sess. 4. The life of the true christian, is not one Have made the ground my bed. I should be sick, of melancholy, and gloominess; for he only resigns But that my resolution helps me. Milford the pleasure of sin, to enjoy the pleasure of holie When from the mountain-lop Pisanio showd thee, ness. 5. The blessings of peace cannot be too Thou wast within my ken. Ah me! I think highly prized, nor the horrors of war too earnestly Foundations fly the wretched; such, I mean, deprecated; unless the former is obtained, and the Where they should be relieved.

latter-arerted, by a sacrifice of principle. 6. The 516. GRAVITY - seriousness, as when the mind conqueror is regarded with awe, and the learned is fixed, or deliberating on some important subject, man commands our esteem; but the good man alone smooths the countenance, and gives it an air of is beloved. melancholy; the eye-brows are lowered, the eyes cast downwards, and partially closed, or raised to Thy words-had such a melting flow, heaven : the mouth shut, the lips composed, and And spoke of truth, so sweetly well, sometimes a little contracted: the postures of the They dropp d-like heaven's serenest snow, body and limbs composed, and without much mo. tion; the speech, if any, slow and solemn, and the

And all was brightness- where they fell. voice without much variety.

Can gold-gain friendship? Impullence of hope ! Fathers! we once again are met in council : As well mere man-an angel might beget; Cesar's approach haih summoned us together, Love, and love only, is the loan for love. And ROME-attends her fate-from our resolves. Lorenzo! pride repress; nor hope to find How shall we treat this bold, aspiring man? A friend, but who has found a friend in thee. Success-still follows him, and backs his crimes : Au—like the purchase ; few—the price will pay :: PHARSALIA-agave him Rome. EGYPT has since And this-makes friends-such miracles below.. Received his yoke, and the whole Nile is Cesar's. Honor and Virtue. Honor is unstable, Why should I mention Juba's overthrow, and seldom the same; for she feeds upon: Or Scipio's death? Numidia's burning sands

opinion, and is as fickle as her food. She Still smoke with blood ;— tis time we should decree builds a lofty structure on the sandy foundaWhat course to take; our foe advances on us,

tion of the esteem of those who are of all beAnd envies us even Lybia's sultry deserts. [fix'd Fathers, pronounce your thoughts; are they still ings the most subject to change. But virtue To hold it out, and fight it to the last?

is uniform and fixed, because she looks for Or, are your hearts subdued at length, and wrought, approbation only from Him, who is the same By time and ill success, to a submission ? Sempro- yesterday-to-day—and forever. Honor is nious—speak.

the most capricious in her rewards. She feeds Anecdote. How to prize good Fortune. us with air, and often pulls down our house, In the year preceding the French revolution, to build our monument. She is contracted a servant girl, in Paris, drew a prize of fifteen in her views, inasmuch as her hopes are roothundred pounds. She immediately called on ed in earth, bounded by time, and terminated the parish priest, and generously put two by death. But virtue is enlarged and infinite hundred louisd'ors into his hands, for the in her hopes, inasmuch as they extend berelief of the most indigent and industrious yond present things, even to eternal; this is poor in the district; accompanying the dona- their proper sphere, and they will cease only tion with this admirable and just observation, in the reality of deathless enjoyment. In the Fortune could only have been kind to me, storms, and in the tempests of life, honor is. in order that I might be kind to others." not to be depended on, because she herself

True Eloquence, is good sense, deliver- partakes of the tumult; she also is buffeted ed in a natural and unaffected way, without by the wave, and borne along by the whirlthe artificial ornament of tropes and figures.. wind. But virtue is above the storm, and has Our common eloquence is usually a cheat an anchor sure and steadfast, because it is cast upon the understanding; it deceives us with into heaven. The noble Brutus worshiped: appearances, instead of things, and makes honor, and in his zeal mistook her for virtue., us think we see reason, whilst it is only tick- In the day of trial he found her a shadow and lin

a name. But no man can purchase his virtue Essential honor must be in a friend,

too dear; for it is the only thing whose value Not such as every breath fans to and fro;

must ever increase with the price it has cost But born within, is its own judge and end, (know. us. Our integrity is never worth so much as

And dares not sin, though sure that none should when we have parted with our all to keep it.
Where friendship's spoke, honesty's understood; Similitudes-are like songs in love;
For none can be a friend that is not good.

They much describe, tho' nothing prove.

our sense.


517. CONFIDENCE, COURAGE, BOASTING — is have lions and tigers to rule over you! hope elated, security of success in obtaining its know you not that crueltyis the attribute object; and COURAGE is the contempt of any unavoidable danger in the execution of what is re- of wild beasts ; clemency—that of man? solved upon : in botn, the head and whole body Varieties. 1. There is no person so litare erecied rather gracefully, the breast projected, the countenance clear and open, the accents tle, but the greatest may sometimes need his strong, round, full-mouthed, and not 100 rapid; assistance : hence, we should all exercise the voice firm and even. BOASTING, – exagger- clemency, when there is an opportunity, toates these appearances by loudness, blustering wards those in our power. This is illustraand railing, what is appropriately called swaggering; the eye-brows drawn down, the face ted by the fable of the mouse and the lion : red and bloated, mouth pouts, arms placed a when the lion became entangled in the toils kimbo, foot stamped on the ground, large strides in walking, voice hollow, thundering, swelling of the hunter, he was released by the mouse, into bombast; head often menacingly, right fists which gnawed asunder the cords of the net clenched, and sometimes brandished at the per- in consideration of having been spared his son threatened.

own life, by the royal beast, on a former ocBase men, that use them, to so base effect :

casion. 2. It is a universal principle—that But truer stars—did govern Proteus' birth :

an essence cannot exist out of its form ; nor His words-are bonds; his oaths-are oracles ;

be perceived out of its form; nor can the His love--sincere; his thoughts-immaculate :

quality of a form be perceived, till the form His tears-pure messengers-sent from his heart, His heart-as far from fraud as heaven from earth. itself is an object of thought : hence, if an

518. GIVING OR GRANTING,—when done with essence does not present itself in form, so an unreserved good will, is accompanied with a that its form can be seen in thought, it is to benevolent aspect, and kind tone of voice: the tally impossible to know anything about, or right hand open, with the palm upward, extend: be affected with, that essence. 3. The truths what he asks; the head at the same time inclin- of religion, and the truths of science, are of ing forward, as indicating a benevolent dispo- different orders ; though sometimes blended, sition and entire consent: all indicative of how yet never actually confounded : theology-is heartily the favor is granted, and the benefactors joy in conferring it.

the sun, and science-the moonto reflect

its light and glory. If I have too severely punished you,

My Mother. Alas, how little do we apS'our compensation makes amends; for I

preciate a mother's tenderness while living! Have given you here a thread of mine own life, How heedless, are we, in youth, of all her Or that for which I live, whom once again

anxieties and kindness. But when she is I tender to thy hand; all thy vexations

dead and gone; when the cares and coldness Were but my trials of thy love, and thou

of the world come withering to our hearts; Hast strangely stood the test. Here, afore heav'n, when we experience how hard it is to find I ratify this my rich gift: Ferdinand,

true sympathy, how few love us for ourselves, Do not smile at me, that I boast her off; For thou wilt find she will outstrip all praise,

how few will befriend us in our misfortunes; And make it halt behind her.

then it is, that we think of the mother we Then-as my giftand thine own acquisition

have lost. Worthily purchas'd-take-my DAUGHTER.

The love of praise, howe'er conceal'd by art, Impatience. In those evils which are al- Reignsmore or less, and glows—in every heart: lotted to us by Providence, such as deformity, The proud—to gain it, toils on toils endure, privation of the senses, or old age, it is al. | The modestshun it-but to make it sure.

Think ways to be remembered, that impatience can have no present effect, but to deprive us of The gentle deeds of mercy—thou hast done, the consolations which our condition admits, Shall die forgotten all; the poor, the prisoner, by driving away from us those by whose con

'The fatherless, the friendless, and the widow, versation or advice we might be amused or Shall cry to heaven, and pull a blessing on thee.

Who daily-own the bounty of thy hand, helped; and that, with regard to futurity, it is yet less to be justified, since, without les. He, like the world, his ready visits pays

Tird Nature's sweet restorer, balmy Sleep! sening the pain, it cuts off the hope of that reward, which He, by whom it is inflicted, Swift on his downy pinions, flies from grief


Where Fortune smiles; the wretched he forsakes ; will confer upon those who bear it well.

In Nature there's no blemish, but the mind; Anecdote. Clemency. Alphonsus, king None can be call'd deformed, but the unkind: of Naples and Sicily, so celebrated in history Virtue is beauty; but the beauteous-evil for his clemency, was once asked, why he Are empty irunks, o'erflourish'd by the devil. was so favorable to all men; even to those can chance of seeing first, thy title prove ? most notoriously wicked? He replied, “Be- And know'st thou not, no law is made for love! cause good men are won by justice ; the bad, Law is to things, which to free choice relate; by clemency.Some of his ministers com- Love is not in our choice, but in our fate : plained to him, on another occasion, of this Laws are but positivo; love's power, we see, clemency ; when he exclaimed, “Would you l Is Nature's sanction, and her first degree.

the goo

520. GRATI

Views of Truth. We see truths through TUDE--puts on an

the medium of our own minds, as we see objects aspect full of com

around us thro' the atmosphere; and, of course, placency; (see Love;) if the ob

we see them not as they are in themselves, but as ject of it be a char

they are modified by the quality of the medium acter greatly su

thro' which we view them; and, as the minds of perior, it express

all are different, we must all have different views es much submission: the right

of any particular truth; which is the reason, that hand is open with

differences of opinion exist, and always will exist: the fingers spread,

hence, it is no argument against truth, that men and press'd upon

have different views of it; and because they must the breast just o

have different views, it is no reason why they ver the heart, expresses, very ap

should quarrel about their opinions; for good uses, propriately, a sin

and not matters of opinion, are the touch-stone of cere and hearty sensibility of obligation. The fellowship. Thus it is, that the all of religion reengraving represents the deep-felt emotions of a lates to life, and the life of religion is to do good, noble mind.

from a love of doing good. While we agree, and O great Sciolto! O my more than father!

are united in doing good, we should not fight Let me not live, but at thy very name,

among ourselves, about mere matters of opinion;, My eager heart springs up, and leaps with joy.

still, we must not be indifferent about them; for When I forget the vast, vast debt I owe thee,

truth is necessary to give form to goodness; and (Forget—but 'tis impossible,) then let me

every good person will naturally desire to know Forget the use and privilege of reason

the truth, that he may regulate his conduct by it; Be banish'd from the commerce of mankind,

and thus, acquire the greatest and highest degree of To wander in the desert, among brutes,

goodness. To bear the various fury of the seasons,

Varieties. 1. The young-are slaves to The midnight cold, and the noontide scorching heat, novelty; the oldto custom. 2. The volume To be the scorn-of earth, and curse of henven.

of nature, is the book of knowledge, and he 521. A man is never the less an artist, for becomes the wisest, who makes the best senot having his tools about him; or a musician, lections, and uses them properly. The greatbecause he wants his fiddle : nor is he the less est friend of truth-is time; her greatest enebrave, because his hands are bound, or the myprejudice ; and her constant companion worse pilot, for being upon dry ground. If I is humility. 4. The best means of establishonly have will to be grateful, I am so. As

ing a high reputation is to speak well, and gratitude is a necessary, and a glorious, so aci better. 5. Be studious, and you will be also is it an obvious, a cheap, and an easy vir

learned; be industrious and frugal, and you tue: so obvious, that wherever there is life, will be rich; be sober and temperate, and you there is place for it: so cheap, that the covetous will be healthy ; be virtuous, and you will be man may be gratified without expense : and

happy. 6. He, who governs his passions, so easy, that the sluggard may be so likewise does more than he, who commands armics. without labor.

Socrates, being one day offended with his serTo the generous mind,

vant, said, “I would beat you, if I were not The heaviest debt-is that of gratitude, When 'tis not in our power to repay it.

angry. 7. The best mode of gaining a high

reputation, is—to be--what you appear to be. Tis the Creator's primary great law,

Like birds, whose beauties languish, half conceald, That links the chain of beings to each other,

Till, mounted on the wing, their glossy plumes, Joining the greater to the lesser nature.

Expanded, shine with azure, green, and gold; When gratitude-o'erflows the swelling heart, How blessings brighten-as they take their flight! And breathes in free and uncorrupted praise

Deep-as the murmurs of the falling floods ; For benefits received, propitious heaven

Sweet-as the warbles of the vocal woods : Takes such acknowledgments as fragrant incense, The list ning passions hear, and sink, and rise, And doubles all its blessings.

As the rich harmony, or swells, or dies! Anecdote. The bill of indictment, pre The pulse of avarice-forgets to move; ferred against John Bunyan, author of Pil

A purer rapture-fills the breast of love; grim's Progress, &c., was as follows: "John Devotion-lifts to heav'n a holier eye, Bunyan hath devilishly and perniciously ab And bleeding pity-heaves a softer sigh. stained from coming to church, to hear divine

I, solitary, court service, and is a common upholder of several The inspiring breeze, and meditate upon the book unlawful meetings and conventicles, to the Of nature, ever open; aiming thence, disturbance and distraction of the good sub- Warm from the heart, to learn the moral song. jects of this kingdom, contrary to the laws of A dark, cold calm, which nothing now can break, our sovereign lord the king,” &c., was con

Or warm, or brighten ;-like that Syrian lake,

Upon whose surface, morn and summer shed victed, and imprisoned twelve years and six

Their smiles in vain; for all beneath is dead! months.

AU is silent-twas my fancy!
And too fond of the right, to pursue the expedient. Still-as the breathless interval-between the flash and thunder.

522. To act a Passion properly, we must Laconics. 1. When we behold a full grown never attempt it, until the imagination has man, in the perfection of vigor and health, and conceived clearly and distinctly, a strong and the splendor of reason and intelligence, and are vivid idea of it, and we feel its influence in our informed that “God created man in his own inmost soul; then, the form, or image of that image, after his own likeness ;" we are attracted idea, will be impressed on the appropriate with tenfold interest to the examination of the muscles of the face, and communicate, in-object, that is placed before us, and the structure stantly, the same impressions to the muscles of his mind and body, and the succinct developof the body; which, whether braced, or re- ments of the parts and proportions of each. 2. A laxed, (the idea being either active or passive,) working man without tools, tho' he has the best by impelling, or retarding the flow of the designs and most perfect practical skill, can do affection, will transmit their own sensation to nothing useful ; without skill, his design could

do nothing with the best of tools ; and without the voice, and rightly dispose the proper ges- design, his skill and tools would be both inoperature.

tive : thus again, three distinct essentials are COURAGE, DISTRACTION.

seen to be necessary in every thing. A generous fer, the vet’ran hardy gleanings

Mercy! I know it not,- for I am miserable; of many a hapless fight, with Heroic fire, inspirited each other,

I'll give thee misery, for here she dwells,

This is her home, where the sun never dawns, Resolved on death; disdaining to survive Their dearest country. If we fall," I cried,

The bird of night-sits screaming o'er the roof ; “Let us not tamely fall, like passive cowards ;

Grim spectressweep along the horrid gloom; No ; let us live, or let us die like MEN ;

And naught is heard, but wailing and lamenting.

Hark! something cracks above! it shakes! it totters! Come on, my friends, to Alfred we will cut Our glorious way; or, as we nobly perish,

And the nodding ruin falls to crush us! Will offer, to the genius of our country,

'Tis fullen ! 'tis here! I felt it on my brain !

A waving flood-of bluish fire swells o'er me! Whole hecatombs of Danes.

And now, 'tis out; and I am drowned in blood ! As if one soul had moved them all,

Ha ! what art thou ? thou horrid, headless trunk! Around their heads, they flashed [Danes !

It is my Hastings :-see! he wasts me on;
Their flaming falchions-“ Lead us to those
Our country! VENGEANCE!" was the gen'ral cry! Away! I go : 1 Ay: I follow thee !
523. Passions. 1. The passions and desires,

Varieties. 1. Can actions be really good, like the two twists of a rope, mutually mix unless they proceed from good motives 2 2. one with the other, and twine inextricably By doubting, we are led to think; or, consider round the heart; producing good, if mode whether it be so, and to collect reasons, and rately indulged; but certain destruction, if thereby to bring that truth rationally into our suffered to become inordinate. 2. Passion minds. 3. The effects of music-are pro. is the great mover and spring of the soul: duced directly upon the affections, without when men's passions are strongest, they may

the intervention of thought. 4. What shall have great and noble effects; but they are

we do, to obtain justice, when we are injur. then also, apt to lead to the greatest evils.

ed? Seek recompense at law, if at all. 5. Anecdote. Pungent Preaching. An old Suppose a person insults us in such a manman being asked his opinion of a certain ser. Then forgive him. 6. In the Lord, are infi

that the law cannot give us redress? mon, replied, “I liked it very well, except that there was no pinch to it. I always like nite love, infinite wisdom, and infinite power to have a pinch to every sermon.”

or authority,--which three essential attri.

butes-constitute the only God of heaven Want is a bitter and a hateful good,

and earth. 7. The New Testament was diBecause its virtues are not understood.

vided into verses, in 1551, by Robert Stevens, Yet many things, impossible to thought,

for the convenience of reference to a ConcorHave been, by need, 10 full perfection brought. The daring of the soul proceeds from thence,

dance ; and the Old Testament is supposed Sharpness of wit, and active diligence;

to have been divided into verses, about the Prudence at once, and fortitude it gives,

same time; those divisions, of course, are of And, if in patience taken, mends our lives ;

no authority ; nor are the punctuations. For even that indigence which brings me low,

All live by seeming. Makes me myself, and him above, to know; The beggar begs with it, the gay courtier A good which none would challenge, few would Gains land and title, rank and rule, by seeming: A fair possession, which mankind refuse. [choose, The clergy scorn it not, and the bold soldier If we from wealth to poverty descend,

Will eke with it his service. All admit it, Want gives to know the flatterer from the friend. All practice it ; and he, who is content The darts of love, like lightning, wound within, With showing what he is, shall have small credit And, tho' they pierce it, never hurt the skin ; In church, or camp, or state. So wags the world. They leave no marks behind them where they fly, What is this world? Thy school, O misery! Tho' thro' the tend'rest part of all, the eye. Our only lesson, is—to learn to suffer; Darkness-the curtain drops on life's dull scene. And he who knows not that, was born for nothing.


524. DESPAIR. Shakspeare has most exqui- | saw a spider climbing up one of the rafters ; sitely depicted this passion, where he has drawn the insect fell, but immediately made a second cardinal Beaufort, after a most ungodly life, dying in despair, and terrified with the murder of duke attempt to ascend; and the hero saw, with Humphrey, to which he was accessory. The first regret, the spider fall the second time; it then example is Despair, the second, Despair and Re- made a third unsuccessful attempt. With inorse. If thou be'st Death, I'll give thee England's treasures, the spider baffled in its aim twelve times;

much interest and concern the monarch saw Enough to purchase such another island, So thou wilt let me live, and feel no pain.

but the thirteenth essay was successful; Bring me to my trial, when you will;

when the king, starting up, exclaimed, “This Died he not in his bed? where should he die? despicable insect has taught me perseverance: Can I make men live, whether they will or no ? I will follow its example. Have I not been Oh! torture me no more; I will confess.

twelve times defeated by the enemy's supeAlive again? then show me where he is;

rior force ? On one fight more hangs the inI'll give a thousand pounds to look upon him. dependence of my country.In a few days, He hath no eyes,-the dust-hath blinded them;

his anticipations were realized, by the gloriComb down his hair; look! Look! it stands upright, ous victory at the battle of Bannockburn, and Like lime-twigs—to catch my winged soul;

the defeat of Edward the Second. Give me some drink, and bid the apothecary

Varieties. 1. The bee-rests on natural Bring in the strong poison, that I bought of him.

flowers, never on painted ones, however inHenceforth-let no man-trust the first false step

imitably the color may be laid on; apply this To guilt. It hangs upon a precipice,

to all things. 2. The rapidity with which Whose deep descent, in fast perdition ends. How far—am I plunged down, beyond all thought, the progress which the mind is about to make;

the body may travel by steam, is indicative of Which I this evening framed ! Consummate horror! guilt-beyond a name!

and improvements in machinery-represent Dare not my soul repent. In thee, repentance

those which are developing in the art of teachWere second guilt, and 'twere blaspheming heaven ing. 3. Equal and exact justice to all, of To hope for mercy. My pain can only cease

whatever state, or persuasim, religious and When gods want power to punish. Ha! the dawn! political. 4. What is matter? and what are Rise, never more, O! sun! let night prevail. its essential properties, and what its primeval Eternal darkness-close the world's wide scene : form? 5. How much more do we know of And hide me—from myself.

the nature of matter, than we do of the essential properties of spirit? 6. What is the origin of the earth, and in what form did it originally exist,-in a gaseous, or igneous form? 7. Everything that exists, is designed to aid in developing and perfecting both body and mind: the universe is our school-house.

DESPAIR makes a despicable figure, and descends from a mean original. 'Tis the offspring of fear, of laziness, and impatience; it argues a defect of spirit and resolution, and oftentimes of honexty too. I would not despair, unless I saw my misfortune record.

ed in the book of fate, and signed and sealed by necessity. X I am not mad ; this hair I tear is mine;

My name is Constance; I was Goffrey's wife; 525. GRIEF is disappointment, devoid of hope; Young Arthur-is my son,—and he is lost. but muscles braced instantly, imply hope strongly, I am not mad; I would to heaven I were ; and a spirited vivacity in the eye, is the effect of pleasure and elevation. They are inconsistent For then, 'tis like I should forget myself. with a passion that depresses, which grief mani-Oh, if I could, what grief-I should forget! festly does; because depression slackens the Preach some philosophy—to make me mad, nerves, and unbraced nerves deject the looks and And, cardinal, thou shalt be canonized ; air, necessarily; therefore, a relaxed mien, and languid eye, form the truest picture of natural For being not mad, but sensible of grief, sorrow. The smaller engraving represents vacant My reasonable part produces reason, grief, and the other deep silent grief.

That I may be delivered of these woes,
I'll go, and, in the anguish of my heart,

And teaches me to kill, or hang myself;
Weep o'er my child,—if he must die, my life If I were mad, I should forget my son,
Is wrapt in his; and shall not long survive; Or madly think a bale of rags were he.
'Tis for his sake, that I have suffered life,

I an, not mad; too well I feel
Groaned in captivity, and outlived Hector,

The diffused plague of each calamity. Yes, my As-ty-a-nax! we will go together ;

Make thy demand on those, who own thy power; TOGETHER—to the realms-of night-we'll go.

Know, am still beyond thee; and tho fortune Anecdote. Lesson from a Spider. King Has strippd me of this train, this pomp of greatness, Robert Bruce, the restorer of the Scottish 'This outside of a king, yet still—my soul monarchy, being out one day reconnoitering Fixed high, and on herself alone dependent, the army, lay alone in a barn. In the morn- Is ever free and royal; and even now, ing, still reclining on his pillow of straw, he . As at the head of battle, does defy thee.

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