454. INFLECTIONS AND INTONATIONS. Maxims. 1. The wise man thinks he knows The author is perfectly satisfied, that most but little; the fool thinks he knows it all. 2. He, of his predecessors have depended entirely who cannot govern himself, cannot govern others. too much upon the inflections, to produce 3. He is a poor wretch, whose hopes are confined variety, instead of upon the intonations of to this world. 4. He, who employs hiinself well, the voice : the former, invariably makes me

can never want for something to do. 5. Umbrage chanical readers and speakers; while the should never be taken, where offence was never

intended. 6. Deride not the unfortunate. 7. In latter, being founded in nature, makes natural ones: the one is of the head, and is the and silence. 8. Lawyers' gowns are often lined

conversation, avoid the extremes of talkativeness result of thought and calculation; and the

with the willfulness of their clients. 9. Good books other of the heart, and is the spontaneous ef

are the only paper currency, that is better than fusion of the affections: the former spreads silver or gold. 10. No man may be both accuser, a vail before the mind; the latter takes it and judge. 11. At every trifle-scorn to take offence. away. Is it not so? Choose ye. Nature Anecdote. A Rose. A blind man, having knows a great deal more than art; listen to a shrew for his wife, was told by one of his her teachings and her verdict.

friends, that she was a rose. He replied, “ I There are two hearts, whose movements thrill do not doubt it; for I feel the thorns daily.In unison, so closely sweet!

Laconics. He who would become disa That, pulse to pulse, responsive still,

tinguished in manhood, and eminently useful That both must heave, or cease to beat;

to his country, and the world, must be conThere are two souls, whose equal flow In gentle streams-s0 calmly run,

tented to pass his boyhood and youth in ob That when they part, (they part?) ah no;

scurity,-learning that which he is to pracThey cannot part,—their souls are one.

tice, when he enters upon the stage of action. No marvel woman should love flowers, they bear

There are two kinds of education; the liber

al and the servile; the former puts us in So much of fanciful similitude To her own history; like herself, repaying,

possession of the principles and reasons of With such sweet interest, all the cherishing,

actions and things, so far as they are capable That calls their beauty, and their sweetness forth;

of being known or interrogated: the latter And, like her, too, dying-beneath neglect. stops short at technical rules and methods,

455. IGNORANCE AND ERROR. How fre- without attempting to understand the reasons quently an incorrect mode of pronunciatim, or principles on which they are grounded. and of speaking, is caught from an ignorant Varieties. 1. We may apprehend the nurse, or favorite servant, which infects one works and word of God, if we cannot fully through life! so much depends on first im- comprehend them. 2. A man passes, for pressions and habits. Lisping, stammering, what he is worth. The world is full of judgand smaller defects, often originate in the ment-days; and into every assembly, that a same way, and not from any natural defect, man enters, in every action he attempts, he or impediment. If parents and teachers is guag'd and stamp'd. 3. It is base, and would consider the subject, they might see that is the one base thing in the universe, to the importance of their trust, and be induced receive favor, and render none. 4. How shall to fulfill their respective offices in a conscien- we know, that Washingtonwas the most tious manner: to do wrong, in any way, is prudent and judicious statesman, that ever

lived ? By carefully observing his actions, Association of Ideas. We may trace and comparing them with those of other men, the power of association-in the growth and in like circumstances. 5. The union of science development of some of the most important and religion, is the marriage of earth and heavprinciples of human conduct. Thus, under en. 6. Mankind can no more be stationary the feudal system, appeals from the baronial than an individual. 7. The virtue of women tribunals were first granted to the royal is often the love of reputation and quiet. courts, in consequence of the delay, or refusal

SATAN'S SUPPOSED SPEECH TO HIS LEGIONS. of justice ; afterwards, they were taken, on

Princes, Potentates, account of the injustice or iniquity of the Warriors, the flower of Heaven! once yours, now - Lost, sentence. In the same way, a power, ap

If such astonishment as this-can seize

Eternal spirits ; or have ye chosen this place, pealed to from necessity, is at length resorted

After the toil of battle, to repose to from choice; till finally, what was once a Your wearied virtue, for the ease you find privilege is, in certain cases, exacted as an ob To slumber here, as in the vales of Heaven? ligation. This principle is full of political

Or, in this abject posture-have ye sworn

To adore the Conqueror ! who now beholds and social wisdom, and cannot be too deeply

Cherub--and seraphrolling in the flood, studied by those, who wish to analyze the With scatter'd arms and ensigns; till anon causes and motives of human conduct.

His swift pursuers-from Heaven's gates discern

The advantage, and descending, tread us doron, The purest treasure,-mortal ties afford,

Thus drooping, or with linked thunderbolts 18-spotless reputation; that away,

Transfix us to the bottom of this gulf? Men are but gilded loam, and painted clay. Awake, ARISE, or be forever fallen!

a sin.

456. TAE PASSIONS AND ACTions. The Laconics. 1. All men, possessed of real human mind we contemplate under two power, are upright and honest: craft is but the grand divisions, called Will and Understand- substitute of power. 2. To answer wit by reason, ing: the former is the receptacle, or conti- is like trying to hold an eel by the tail. 3. Frenent, of our passions, emotions, affections ; quent intercourse often forms such a similarity, the latter of our thoughts. To attend to that we not only assure a mental likeness, but the workings of mind, to trace the power

contract some resemblance in voice and features. that external objects have over it, to discern 4. The more ideas included in our own words, and the nature of the emotions and affections, extensive and powerful will they be. 5. The im

the more cases an axiom is applied to, the more and to comprehend the reasons of their be

provement of the internal, will also be the iming affected in a particular manner, must have provement of the external. 6. A little vice often a direct influence on our pursuits, character deforms the whole countenance; as one single and happiness, as private citizens, and as false trait in a portrait, makes the whole a carripublic speakers.

cature. 7. The noblest talents may rust in indoWhat nothing earthly gives, or can destroy, lence; and the most moderate, by industry, may be The soul's calm sunshine, and the heartfelt joy,

astonishingly improved. IS VIRTUE's prize.

Anecdote. A Good Hint. A clergyman In faith, and hope, the world will disagree; and Garrick the tragedian, were spending But all mankind's concern-is charity.

an evening together; and among other topHe gave to mercy-all he had, a tear; [friend. ics of conversation, that of delivery was inHe gained from heaven, ('twas all he wished,) a troduced. The man of the pulpit asked GarIn the faithful husbandman-you see,

rick, “ Why is it, you are able to produce so What all-true christians_ought to be.

much more effect, with the recital of your ficSpeak of me, as I am: nothing extenuate, tions, than we do, by the delivery of the Nor set down aughtin malice.

most important truths 3" The man of the Honor, and shame, from no condition rise ; stage replied—“My Lord, you speak truths, Act well your part, there all the honor lies. as if they were fictions; we speak fictions,

457. An accurate analysis of the passions as if they were truths.and affections is, to the moralist, as well as Action. To do an ill action is base; to the student in elocution, what the science of do a good one, which involves you in no dananatomy, and physiology is to the physi- ger, is nothing more than common; but it is cian and surgeon: it constitutes the first the property of a truly good man, to do great principles of rational practice for both; it is, and good things, though he risk everything in a moral view, the anatomy of the heart; by it. discloses why and how it beats; indicates Varieties. 1. The coin, that is most curappearances in a sound and healthy state, rent among mankind—is flattery: the only and detects diseases, with their causes, and benefit of which is, that by hearing what we is much more fortunate in applying remedies. are not, we may be instructed what we ought

Stages of Progress. Useful discoveries to be. 2. Bring the entire powers of your and improvements generally have four distinct mind, to bear on whatever study you understages in their progress to universality. The first take, with a singleness of purpose, and you 18, when the theory is pronounced false, contrary to will not fail of success. 3. The predomiexperience, absurd and unworthy of the attentionnance of a favorite study, affects all the subof sensible men. The second is, when they are ordinate purposes of the intellect. 4. Vex claimed as having been known before; thus, de- not thy heart, in seeking—what were far betpriving the medium-of all credit for more indus- ter unfound. 5. In reference to certain printry, discrimination and originality, than others. ciples and persons, unstable people cry out, The third is, when they are denounced as perilous at first, “ALL HAIL, - but afterwards, innovations, endangering the religion and morals

“CRUCIFY! CRUCIFY!” 6. Luxury is an of society. The fourth is, when they are received as established truths by every body; the only

enticing pleasure, which hath honey in her wonder being, that they should ever have been mouth, but gall in her heart, and a sting in doubted, they are in such perfect harmony with her embrace. 7. Let your rule of action be, the laws of the universe.

to perform, faithfully, and without solicitude,

the duty of the present hour; let the future The meek-ey'd morn appears, mother of dews, At first, faint glimmering—in the dappled east;

take care of itself. Till, far o'er ether-spreads the wid'ning glow;

Two tasks are ours, to know and understand, And, from before the lustre of her face,

Evil, and good, and name their various band; White break the clouds away. With quicken'd step,

But worthier far, with cheerful will, to choose Brown night-retires ; young day pours in apace,

Whate'er is good, and all the ill-refuse. And opens all the lawny prospect wide.

Why all this toil—for triumphs of an hour ? The dripping rock, the mountain's misty top,

What though we wade in wealth, or soar in fame?
Swell on the sight, and brighten with the dawn.

Earth's highest station ends in-" Here he lies :"
If, on a sudden, he begins to rise,

Add_"dust-to dust"-concludes her noblest song.
No man that lives, can count his enemies. Virtue itself, 'scapes not calumnious strokes.

458. THE PASSIONS. There are three Maxims. 1. A well instructed people, only, things involved in the exhibition of the pas can be a free people. 2. To ask for a living, withsions, viz. the tones of the voice, the appear- out labor, would be to ask for a curse, instead of a ance of the countenance, and rhetorical ac- blessing. 3. No one looks aster his own affairs, as tion; the first is addressed to the ear only, well as himself. 4. Fruitless advice is like pour. the latter to the eye. Here, then, is another ing water on a duck's back. 5. The more our tallanguage to learn, after the pupil has learned ents are exercised, the more will they become dethe written, and the vocal languages: how-veloped. 6. Unless the laws are executed on the ever, the language of the passions may be great, they will not be obeyed. 7. He, who toils said to be written-by the hand of Nature. with pain, will reap with pleasure. 8. The torContemplate the passions separately, and ment of envy-is like sand in the eye. 9. Laziness combined, and seek for examples to illus- often gives occasion to dishonesty. 10. The error irate them.

of an hour-may become the sorrow of a whole For praise, too dearly loved, or warmly sought, life Enfeebles all internal strength of thought;

Anecdote. Father Aurius said, when And the weak, within itself unblest,

Bourdaloue preached at Rouen, the trades. Leans, for all pleasures, on another's breast. men forsook their workshops, the lawyers Friendship, like an evergreen,

their clients, and the physicians their sick, Will brave the inclement blast,

to hear the orator: but when I preached And still retain the bloom of spring,

there, the following year, I set all things When summer days—are past;

right; every man minded his own business. And tho the wintry sky should lower,

Luxury. When I behold a fashionable And dim the cheerful day,

table, set out in all its magnificence, I fancy She still perceives a vital power,

that I see gouts and dropsies, fevers and leth. Unconscious of decay.

argies, with other innumerable distempers,

lying in ambuscade among the dishes. "Na. Jealousy! thy own green food,

ture delights in the most plain and simple Thy joy-is vengeance, death, and blood! diet. Every animal, but man, keeps to one Thy lore-is wrath! thy breath-is sighs! dish. Herbs are the food of this species, fish Thy life-suspicious sacrifice!

of that, and flesh of a third. Nan falls upon 459. TRUTH. Some men say, that " wealth every thing that comes in his way; not the is power”—and some that “talent—is power”—and smallest fruit or excrescence of the earth, some that “ knowledge—is power" – and others, scarce a berry or a mushroom can escape him. that "authority—is power"-but there is an apo

Varieties. 1. Without exertion and dili. thegm, that I would place on high above them all, gence, success in the pursuits of life, is rarely when I assert, that, “TRUTH—is power.” Wealth attained. 2. It is the business of the judge cannot purchase, talent-cannot refute, knowledge to decide as to the points of law, and the - cannot over-reach, authority - cannot silence duty of the jurors-to decide as to the mat. her; they all, like Felix, tremble at her presence :

ters of fact. 3. The essence of our liberty cast her into the sevenfold heated furnace of the is—to do whatever we please, provided we tyrant's wrath-fling her into the most tremend do not violate any law, or injure another. ous billows of popular commotion—she mounts

4. A handful of common sense is worth a aloft in the ark-upon the summit of the deiuge. bushel of learning. 5. Few things are more She is the ministering spirit, who sheds on man

injurious to our health and constitution, than that bright and indestructible principle of life, indulgence in luxuries. 6. Did God, after which is given, by its mighty author, io illumin- creating the universe, and putting it in mo. ate and to inspire the immortal souland which, tion, leave it to itself? 7. Credit—is of in.

estimable value, whether to a nation, or an like himself, “is the same yesterday, to-day, and

individual. forever.” The wintry blast of death,

And is there care in heaven and is there love Kills not the buds of virtue; no: they spread Beneath the heavenly beams of brighter suns,

In heavenly spirits—to these creatures base,

[case Through endless ages—into higher powers.

That may compassion of their evils move?

There is : else, much more wretched were the The scale of being—is a graduated thing;

Of men than beasts. But, oh! the exceeding grace And deeper,—than the vanities of power.

Of highest Heaven! that loves his creatures so: On the vain pomp of glory—there is writ

And all his works—with mercy doch embrace, Gradation-in its hidden characters.

That blessed angels he sends to and fro,

To serve to wicked man,—to serve his wicked foe. Here rests his head-upon the lap of earth,

How oft-do they their silver bow ers leave, A youth-to fortune and to fame unknown;

To come to succor us, that succor want! Fair sciencefrown'd not-on his humble birth,

How oft—do they, with golden pinions, cleave And melancholy--mark'd him for her own.

The flitting skies, like flying pursuirant,
A dandy-is a thing, that would

Against foul fiends—to aid us militant!
Be a young ladyif he could;

They for us fight, they watch and duly ward,
But, as he can't, does all he can,

And their bright squadrons round about us plant, To show the world-he's not a man.

And all for love, and nothing for reward: The course of true love-never did run smooth. Oh! why should the Lord to man have such regard!




Maxims. 1. The follies we tell of others, 460. Tranquil

are often only mirrors to reflect our own. 2. lity appears by the

Righteousness-exalteth a nation; but sin-is a open and compos

reproach to any people. 3. The best mode o. ed countenance,

dealing with a quarrelsome person, is, to keep and a general repose of the whole

out of his way. 4. Good thought, couched in an body; mouth near

appropriate simile, is like a precious stone, set in ly closed ; eye

gold. 5. Great minds may produce great vices, brows a little

as well as great virtues ; an honest man-is the arched; forehead smooth; eyes

noblest work of God. 6. Nature, and natural passing with

causes, are nothing else, than the way in which easy motion, from

God works. 7. 'Tis use that constitutes possesone object to

sion. 8. No sooner is a law made, than the wickanother, but not

ed seek to evade it. 9. One lie draws ten more dwelling Jong on any ; cast of hap

after it. 10. Idleness—buries a man alive. piness, bordering

Irresolution. In matters of great conon cheerfulness; desiring to please and be pleased ; gaity, good cern, and which must be done, there is no humor, when the mouth opens a little more.

surer argument-of a weak mind, than irre

solution ; to be undetermined, where the CHEERFULNESS IN RETIREMENT. Now my co-mates, and brothers in erile,

case is so plain, and the cessity so urgent. Hath not old custom-made this life more sweet, To be always intending to live a new life. Than that of painted pomp? Are not these woods but never to find time to set about it; this is More free from peril, than the envious court ?

as if a man should put off eating, and drinkHere-feel we but the penalty of Adam ;

ing, and sleeping, from one day and night to
The season's difference; as the icy fung, another, till he is starved and destroyed.
And churlish chiding of the winter's wind; Varieties. 1. Every evil, that we con-
Which, when it bites and blows upon my body,

quer, is a benefactor to our souls. The SandEv’n till I shrink with cold, I smile and say, wich Islander believes that the strength and This is no flattery; these are counsellors,

valor of the enemy he kills, passes into himThat feelingly persuade me what I am: Sweet-are the uses of adversity,

self. Spiritually, it is so with us; for we That, like a toad, ugly and venomous,

gain strength, from every temptation we Wears yet a precious jewel in its head.

resist. 2. It is absurd, to think of becoming And this our life, exempt from public haunts,

good, in any thing, without understanding Finds tongues, in trees, books, in running BROOKS, and practicing what we learn. 3. Have we Sermons in STONES, and good in everything.

life of our own ? or, are we dependent on Miscellaneous. 1. Timidityoften ob- God for it, every moment of our lives? 7. scures the brightest powers of orators, at All the moments of our lives, produce eter

nal their outset ; like the chilling vapor, awhile

consequences. retarding the beauty of a morning in spring;

How sweet—the words of truth, but the day of success, attained by persever

Breathed from the lips—we love. ing efforts, when it comes, will well repay for

One alone its late appearance, and its splendor more

May do the task of many, when the mind

Is active in it. than atone for its morning shade. 2. By taking in the widest possible range of authors of

Corcombs-are of all realms, and kind; all ages, one seems to create, within himself,

They're not to sex, or age confined,

Of rich, or poor, or great, or small, a sympathy for the whole brotherhood of

'Tis vanity-besets them all. man, past, present, and to come, and to approximate continually, to a view of Univer True happiness—had no localities ; sal Truth, tho' never attaining it. 3. All No tones provincial; no peculiar gurb. good speakers and writers, are addicted to Where duty went, she went; with justice went; imitation : no one-can write or speak well, and went with meekness, charity, and love. who has not a strong sympathy with, and ad- Where'er a tear was dried ; a wounded heart miration for-all that is beautiful.

Bound up ; a bruised spirit-with the dew

Of sympathy anointed; or a pang Anecdote. A Pun. Purcell, the famous of honest suffering soothed; or injury, punster, being desired, one evening, when in Repeated oft, as oft-by love-forgiven ; company, to make an extempore pun, asked, Where'er an evil passion was subdued,

on what subject ?“The king ;" was the Or Virtue's feeble embers fanned; where'er
answer. “() sir,” said he, “the king is not a sin was heartily abjured, and left;
a subject.

Where'er a pious act was done, or breathed
I hate to see a boy-80 rude,

A pious prayer, or wished a pious wish-
That one might think him-raised

There—was a high-and holy place, a spot
In some wild region of the wood,

Of sacred light, a most religious fane.
And but half-civilized.

Faith—is not built-on disquisition's ruins.



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Maxims. 1. The abuse of money is worse 461. JOY,

than the want of it. 2. Revenge is a mean pleaa pleasing elation of mind

sure; but no principle is more noble, than that of on the actual

forgiving injuries. 3. Without friends, the world or assured at

is but a wilderness. 4. Flattery to ourselves—does tainment of

not change the nature of that which is wrong. 5. good; or de liverance from

When a man is not liked, whatever he does is some evil.

amiss. 6. If a man is unfortunate, and reduced in When moder

the world, it is easy to find fault with him. 7. A ate, it opens

pure heart makes the tongue impressive. 8. A the countenance with

man's best fortune, or his worst—is a wife. 9. s miles, and

Health is better than wealth. 10. Unexperienced throws a sun

persons think all things easy. shine of delec

Free Schools ; or the road to Honor open tation over the whole frame;

to all. When the rich man-is called from when sudden

the possession of his treasures, he divides and violent, it

them as he wills, among his children and heirs. is expressed by clapping the hands, exultation and weeping, raising the eyes to heaven, and per- But an equal Providence deals not so with haps suffusing them with tears, and giving such a the living treasures of the mind. There are spring to the body, as to make attempts to mount children, just growing up in the bosom of up as if it could fly: and when it is extreme, goes obscurity, in town and country, who

have in often raises on very high pitches, and exhilarating; herited nothing but poverty and health, and it has a wildness of look and gesture that borders who will, in a few years, be striving, in stern sion, frantic with joy;" Joy, mirth, &c., produce land. Our system of free schools, has opened on folly, madness and sorrow; hence

the expresa contention, with the great intellects of the à rousing, exciting, lively action. JOY EXPECTED.

a straight way from the threshold of every Ah! Juliet, if the measure of thy joy

abode, however humble, in the village, or in Be heaped, like mine, and that thy skill be more the city, to the high-places of usefulness, inTo blazen it, then sweeten, with thy breath, fluence and honor. And it is left for each, This neighbor air, and let rich Music's tongue by the cultivation of every talent, by watchUnfold the imagin'd happiness, that both

ing, with an eagle-eye, for every chance of Receive, in either, by this dear encounter.

improvement; by bounding forward like a See! my lord, (veins gray-hound, at the most distant glimpse of Would you not deem it breath'd, and that those honorable opportunity; by grappling, as with Did verily bear blood ? O sweet Paulina,

hooks, the prize, when it is won ; by redeemMake me think so twenty years together;

ing time, by defying temptation, and scornNo settled senes of the world can match The pleasure of that madness.

ing sensual pleasures; to make himself use

ful, honored and happy. Talents-angel-bright,

Varieties. 1. God, who loveth all his If wanting worth,

creatures, and is no respecter of persons, Are shining instruments

would have us be good for our own sakes. In false ambition's hand-to finish faults

2. What is the difference, between the love Illustrious, and give to infamy renown.

of being wise, and the love of wisdom? Tis easiest-dealing with the firmest mind, [kind.

3. Every age has its own predominant More just, when it resists, and when it yields, more

features, taste and propensities, that each A mirror-has been well defined

may be fitted, and inclined, to discharge the An emblem—of a thoughtful mind,

offices allotted to it. 4. God has planted in For, look upon it-when you will,

the irrational brute, memory, sense, and apYou find—it is reflecting stil.

petite; but to rational manhe has given Life—is a sea, where storms must rise; all these, and superadded thought, intelliTis folly—talks of cloudless skies ;

gence, will, immortal reason, and undying af. He, who contracts his swelling sail,

fection. 5. All orders of good and truth are, Eludes the fury of the gale.

capable of an infinite display of the varieties, Anecdote. A painterwas employed in proper to that order; and of an infinite mulo painting a ship, on a stage, suspended under tiplication of each. her stern. The captain, who had just got Music! thou rest of life, and balm of age, into the boat to go ashore, ordered the cabin To cheer man's path-through this dark pilgrimaga boy to let go the painter. The boy went aft,

In every state-be thou my partner made :

By night, by day, in sunshine, and in shade ; and let go the rope by which the painter's Teach me, while here, the strain that angels sing, stage was held. The captain, surprised at From hearts devout, to Heaven's Eternal King; the boy's delay, cried out,“ Confound you for

Tune my last breath-with pure seraphic love,

And hymn my passage-to the choir above. a lazy dog; why don't you let go the paint

So very still, that echo-seems to listen ; “He's gone sir,” replied the boy,

We almost hear the music of the spheres, pots and all."

And fancy, that we catch the notes of angels.




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