444. There are also three great divisions Maxims. 1. Want of punctuality is a species in POETRY, which is closely allied to music ; of falsehood. 2. Pay as you go, and keep from and both of them originate in the will, or small scores. 3. He, that has his hearı in his affections: and hence, the words of the learning, will soon have his learning in his heart. psalm, hymn, poem, and the music in which 4. The empty stomach bas no ears. 5. A man they are sung, chanted, or played, constitute may talk like a wise man, and yet act like a fool. the forms, or mediums, through which the 6. Rather improve by the errors of others, than affections and sentiments are bodied forth. Is find fault with them. 7. The devil turns his not genuine music from heaven? and does it back, when he finds the door shut against him. not lead there if not perverted ? May not the with abundance. 9. The value of things, is never

8. Better be upright, with poverty, than depraved same be said of poetry? Woe betide the per- so strongly realized, as when we are deprived of son, that converts them into occasions of evil! them. 10. None are so deaf as those who will

How blind is pride ; what eagles are we still not hear.
In matters that belong to other men;

Reform. He, that looks back to the hisWhat beetles-in our own.

tory of mankind, will often see, that in poliWho fights

tics, jurisprudence, religion, and all the With passions, and overcomes them, is endued

great concerns of society, reform—has usuWith the best virtue.

ally been the work of reason, slowly awakenNature-to each-allots his proper sphere ; ing from the lethargy of ignorance, graduButthat forsaken, we like comets are ; [broke, ally acquiring confidence in her own strength, Tossed thro’ the void ; by some rude shock we're and ultimately triumphing over the dominAnd all our boasted fire-is lost in smoke.

ion of prejudice and custom. Thick waters-show no images of things ;

Varieties. 1. What is mercy and its Friends-are each others' mirrors, and should be uses ? 2. Individuals and nations, fail in Clearer than crystal, or the mountain springs,

nothing they boldly attempt, when sustained And free from cloud, design, or flattery.

by virtuous purpose, and determined resolu'Tis virtue, that they want; and wanting its tion. 3. Some persons' heads are like beeHonor-no garments to their backs can fit. hives: not because they are all in a buzz, but

445. THE USES OF ELOQUENCE. In every that they have separate cells for every kind situation, in all the pursuits of life, may be of store. 4. What nature offers, with smilseen the usefulness and benefits of eloquence. ing face, fruit, herb, and grain-are just In whatever light we view this subject, it is what man's pure instinct would choose for evident that oratory is not a mere castle in food. 5. The mojority ought never to the air : a fairy palace of frost-work; desti- trample on the feelings, or violate the just tute of substance and support. It is like a rightsof the minority; they should not magnificent temple of Parian marble, ex- triumph over the fallen, nor make any but hibiting the most exact and admirable sym- temperate and equitable use of their power. metry, and combining all the orders, varieties, 6. Death is the enacted penalty of nature's and beauties of architecture.

violated laws. 7. Was it causeless, that Habits of Industry. It is highly impor- washing—was introduced, as a religious tant, that children should be taught to acquire rite, seeing that its observance is so essential habits of industry; for whatever be their habits to the preservation of health? while young, such, for the most part, must they

And when the sou l-is fullest, the hushed tongue, continue to be in after life. Children-are apt

Voicelessly trembles, like a lute unstrung. to think it a great hardship, to be obliged to de

There's beauty-in the deep ; vote so much time to occupations, at present

The wave-is bluer than the sky;

And tho' the light--shine bright on high, perhaps, disagreeable to them; but they ought to be made to believe, that their tasks are not

More softly do the sea-gems glow, only intended for the informing of their minds,

That sparkle in the depths below ; but for the bending of their wills. Good habits

The rainbow's tints--are only made

When on the waters they are laid, are as easily acquired as bad ones; with the great advantage of being the only true way to

And sun and moon-most sweetly shine prosperity and happiness.

Upon the ocean's level brine :

There's beauty in the deep. Anecdote. Conciseness. Louis XIV.who loved a concise style, one day met a priest on

There's music-in the deep :

It is not in the surf's rough roar, the round, whom he asked hastily—“Whence

Nor in the whispering, shelly shorecome you? where are you going? what do

Theyare but earthly sounds, that tell you want?The other immediately replied,

How little-of the sea-nymph's shell, “From Bruges,—To Paris,--A Benefice.

That sends its loud, clear note abroad, “ You shall have it,” replied the king.

Or winds its softness through the flood, Servile doubt

Echoes through groves-with coral gay, Argues an impotence of mind, that says,

And dies, on spongy banks, away: We fear because we dare not meet misfortune.

There's music in the deep!

446. OUR FIELD. The orator's field is the Maxims. 1. Poverty of mind is often conuniverse of mind and matter, and his sub-cealed under the garb of splendor. 2. Vice—is injects, all that is known of God and man. famous, even in a prince; and virtue, honorable, Study the principles of things, and never even in a peasant. 3. Prefer loss—to unjust gain, rest satisfied with the results and applications and solid sense-to wit

. 4. He, that would be All distinguished speakers, whether they ever well spoken of himself, must speak well of others. paid any systematic attention to the prin- be mended. 6. A sound mind is not to be shaken

5. If every one would mend himself, we should all ciples of elocution or not, in their most suc- with popular applause. 7. The best way to see cessful efforts, conform to them; and their divine light, is to put out our own 8. Some imperfections are the results of deviations blame themselves for the purpose of being praised. from these principles. Think correctly-ra- 9. Nothing needs a trick, but a trick ; sincerity ther than finely ; sound conclusions are much loathes one. 10. As virtue has its own reward, so better than beautiful conceptions. Be useful, | vice has its own punishmeni. rather than showy; and speak to the pur What is Worth? The spirit of the age pose, or not speak at all. Persons become

says,—“Worth - means wealth ; and wiseminent, by the force of mind—the power DON—the art of getting it.” To be rich is of thinking comprehensively, deeply, closely, considered, by most persons—a merit; to be usefully. Rest more on the thought, feeling, poor, an offence. By this false standard, it is and expression, than on the style ; for lan- not so important to be wise and good, as to guage is like the atmosphere-a medium of be rich in worldly wealth; thus it is, every vision, intended not to be seen itself, but to thing, as well as every person, has its price, make other objects seen; the more transpar- and may be bought or sold; and thus-do ent however, the better.

we coin our hearts into gold, and exchange Hast thou, in feverish, and unquiet sleep,

our soulsfor earthly gain. Hence, it is said, Dreamt-th't some merciless DEMON of the air, “a man is worth so much ;'-i. e. worth just Rais'd thee aloft,--and held thee by the hair, as much as his property or money, amount Over the brow-of a down-looking steep,

to, and no more. Thus, wealth, worth, or Gaping, below, into a CHASM-so deep,

gain, is not applied to science, to knowledge, Th't, by the utmost straining of thine eye, Thou canst no resting place descry;

virtue, or happiness; but to pecuniary acNot e'en a bush-to save thee, shouldst thou sweep and everything else were dross. Thus the

quisition; as if nothing but gold were gain, Adown the black descent; that then, the hand Suddenly parted thee, and left thee there,

body-is Dives, clothed in purple and fine Holding—but by finger-tips, the bare

linen, and faring sumptuously every day; And jagged ridge above, that seems as sand,

while the mind—is Lazarus, lying in rags at To crumble 'neath thy touch ?-If so, I deem

the gate, and fed with the crumbs, that fall Th't thou hast had rather an ugly dream.

from the tables of Time and Sense. 447. VOCAL Music. In vocal music, there

Varieties. 1. Instead of dividing manis a union of music and language-the lan- kind into the wise and foolish, the good and guage of affection and thought; which in- wicked, would it not be better to divide them cludes the whole man. Poetry and music into more or less wise and foolish, more or are sister arts; their relationship being one less good or wicked? 2. It was a proof of of heaven - like intimacy. The essence of low origin, among the ancient Romans, to poetry consists in fine perceptions, and vivid make mistakes in pronouncing words ; for it expressions, of that subtle and mysterious indicated that one had not been instructed by analogy, that exists between the physical and a nursury maid: what is the inference ? moral world; and it derives its power from That those maids were well educated; parthe correspondence of natural things with ticularly, in the pronunciation of the Latin spiritual. Its effect is to elevate the thoughts language, and were treated by families as and affections toward a higher state of ex- favorites. How many nursery maids of our istence.

day enjoy such a reputation, and exert such Anecdote. A powerful Stimulous. When an influence ? Indeed, how many mothers Lord Erskine made his debut, at the bar, his occupy such a pre-eminence? Let wisdom agitation almost overcame him, and he was

and affection answer,

and furnish the remedy. just about to sit down. “At that moment,"

3. The purest and best of precepts and ex. said he, “I thought I felt my little children amples should be exhibited to our youth, in tugging at my gown, and the idea roused me

the development of their minds, and ti e forto an exertion, of which I did not think my

mation of their characters. self capable."

The seas—are quiet, when the winds are o'er;

So, calm are we, when passions-are no more;
'Tis not enough-your counsel still be true;

For then, we know how vain it was to boast
Blunt truths more mischief than nice falsehoods do.

of fleeting things, so certain to be lost.
Men must be taught- as if you taught them not,

Clouds of affliction from our younger eyes,
And things unknown—propos'd as things forgot.

Conceal that emptiness, that age descries ;
Without good-breeding, truth is disapprov'd;

The soul's dark cottage, batter'd and decay'd,
That, oply, makes superior sense-belov'd.

Lets in new light, through chinks, that time has made.


448. TAE HUMAN VOICE. Among all | Maxims. 1. Blind men must not undertake to the wonderful varieties of artificial instru- judge of colors. 2. Gamesters and race-horses nev. ments, which discourse excellent music, er last long. 3. Forgiveness and smiles are the where shall we find one that can be compared best revenge. 4. They, are not our best friends, to the human voice? And where can we

who praise us to our faces. 5. An honest man's find an instrument comparable to the human word is as good as his bond. 6. Never fish for mind ? upon whose stops the real musician, praise ; it is not worth the bait. 7. None but a the poet, and the orator, sometimes lays his good man can become a perfect orator. 8. Culti

vate a love of truth, and cleave to it with all your hands, and avails himself of the entire com

heart. 9. Female delicacy is the best preservative pass of its magnificent capacities ! Oh! the of female honor. 10. Idleness is the refuge of length, the breadth, the height, and the depth weak minds, and the holliday of fools. of music and eloquence! They are high as

The Trine in Man. There are three heaven, deep as hell, and broad as the uni- things of which human beings consist, the verse.

soul, the mind and the body; the inmost is

the soul, the mediate is the mind, and the The lunatic, the lover, and the poet, Are, of IMAGINATION—all compact :

ultimate the body: the first is that which reOne-sees more devils—than vast hell can hold; ceives life from Him, who is life itself; the That-is the MADMAN: the LOVER, all as frantic, second, is the sphere of the activities of that Sees Helen's heauty-in'a brow of Egypt:

life ; and the third, is the medium through The POET's eye, in a fine frenzy rolling, (HEAVEN; which those activities are manifested: but it Doth glance from HEAVEN—to earth, from earth—to should be remembered, that there is, as the And, as IMAGINATIONbodies forth

apostle says, “ a natural body, and there is The forms of things unknown, the poet's pen, a spiritual body." Forms them to shapes, and gives 10 airy nothing,

Varieties. 1. Nature-makes no emenA local habitation, and a name.

dations ; she labors for all: her's is not mo. 449. CICERO AND DEMOSTHENES. An saic work. 2. The more there is prosaic iu orator, addressing himself more to the pas- orators, poets and artists, the less are they sions, naturally has much passionate ardor ; natural; the less do they resemble the copiwhilst another, possessing an elevation of ous streams of the fountain. 3. The more style and majestic gravity, is never cold, there is of progression, the more there is of though he has not the same vehemence: truth, and nature; and the more extensive, in this respect do these great orators differ. general, durable, and noble is the effect : Demosthenes-abounds in concise sublimity; thus is formed the least plant, and the most Cicero,-in diffuseness : the former, on ac- exalted man. 4. Nature is everywhere simcount of his destroying, and consuming ev- ilar to herself; she never acts arbitrarily, erything by his violence, rapidity, strength, never contrary to her laws: the same wisand vehemence, may be compared to a hurri- dom and power produce all varieties, agreeacane, or thunderbolt : the latter, to a wide ble to one law, one will. Either all things extended conflagration, spreading in every are subject to the law of order, or nothing is. direction, with a great, constant, and irre- Home! how that blessed word—thrills the ear' sistible flame.

In it-what recollections blend! Anecdote. Envy and Jealousy. Colonel It tells of childhood's scenes so dear, Thornton, of the British army, could not bear

And speaks-of many a cherished friend. to hear the Americans praised. When he

0! through the world, where'er we roam, was at Charleston, S. C., some ladies were

Though souls be pure—and lips be kind, eulogising Washington ; to which he replied, The heart—with fondness-turns to home, with a scornful air, “I should be very glad to Still turns to those--it left behind. get a sight of your Col. Washington ; I have The bird, that soars to yonder skies, heard much talk about him, but have never Though nigh to heaven, still seems unblessed; seen him.“Had you looked behind you, at It leaves them, and with rapture flies the battle of Cowpens,” rejoined one of the Downward-to its own much-loved nest. ladies, “ you might easily have enjoyed that Though beauteous scenes—may meet its view pleasure."

And breezes blow-from balmy groves,
With illustration ample, yet profound, and with unfaltering zeal

With wing untired--and bosom true,
He spake from a warm heart, and made even cold hearts feel;
This-is eloquence'tis the intense,

It turns—to that dear spot it loves.
Impassioned fervor-of a mind, deep fraught

When heaven--shall bid this soul depart, With native energy, when soul, and sense

This form-return to kindred earth,
Burst forth, embodied in the burning thought ;

May the last throb, which swells my heart
When look, emotion, tone, and all combine;
When the whole man-is eloquent with mind;

Heave, where it started into birth.
A form that comes not to the call or quest,

And should affection-shed one tear;
But from the gifted soul, and the deep feeling breast.

Should friendship-linger round my lomb;
The farmers patient care-and toil The tribute will be doubly dear,
Are oftener, wanting-than the soil,

When given by those of home, sweet home.

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450. POETRY-may be written in rhyme, Maxims. 1. It is better to do and not promor blank verse. Rhyme is the correspond- ise, than to promise and not perform. 2. A benefit ence of sounds, in the ending of two (or is a common tie between the giver and receiver. more) successive or alternate words or sylla. 3. The consciousness of well doing is an ample rebles of two or more lines, forming a couplet ward. 4. As benevolence is the most sociable of or triplet: see the various examples given. all virtues, so it is the most extensive. 5. Do not Rythmus, in the poetic art, means the rela- postpone until tomorrow, what ought to be done tive duration of the time occupied in pro- to-day. 6. Without a friend, the world is but a nouncing the syllables ; in the art of music wilderness. 7. The more we know our hearts, the it signifies the relative duration of the sound, less shall we be disposed to trust in ourselves. 8. that enters into the musical composition: Obedience is better than sacrifice, and is inseperasee measures of speech and song.

bly wedded to happiness. 9. We should not run Lo! the poor Indian,-whose untutored mind, out of the path of duty, lest we run into the path Sees God in clouds, or hears him in the wind : of danger. 10. He doeth much, that doeth a thing His soul proud SCIENCE-never taught to stray

well. Far as the solar walk, or milky way;

Anecdote. Moro, duke of Milan, having Yet, simple nature to his hope has given, displayed before the foreign embassadors his Behind the cloud-topp'd hill, an humble heaven ;- magnificence and his riches, which excelled Some safer world-in depth of wood embraced, those of every other prince, said to them: Some happier island—in the watery waste;

Has a man, possessed of so much wealth Where slares, once more, their native land behold, and prosperity, anything to desire in this NO FIENDS torment-no CHRISTIANS thirst for gold. world ?" One thing only,” said one of

451. SKIPS AND SLIDES. By closely ob- them, “a nail to fix the wheel of fortune." serving the movements of the voice, when disgraced society, that of

swearing admits


Swearing. Of all the crimes, that ever under the perfect command of the

mind, you the least palliation. No possible benefit can will see that it changes its pitch, by leaps of be derived from it; and nothing but perverse, one or more notes, in passing from word to word, and sometimes from syllable to sylla.

ness and depravity of human nature, would ble, and also slides upwards and downwards; valence, that by many, it is mistaken for a

ever have suggested it; yet such is its prewhich skips and slides are almost infinitely fashionable acquirement, and considered, by diversified, expressing all the shades of tho't and feeling, and playing upon the minds of unreflecting persons, as indicative of energy the listeners, with a kind of supernatural

and decision of character. power, the whole range of tunes from grave those who are in the love, and under the in

Varieties. 1. Duty sounds sweetly, to to gay, from gentle to severe. of mind and matter are full of music and fluence of truth and goodness: its path does

not lead thro’ thorny places, and over cheer. oratory.

less wastes ; but winds pleasantly, amid Even age itself—is cheered with music;

green meadows and shady groves. 2. A new It wakes a glad remembrance of our youth, truth is, to some, as impossible of discovery, Calls back past joys, and warms us into transports. as the new world was to the faithless cotem.

Nature—is the glass-reflecting God, poraries of Columbus; they do not believe in As, by the sea-reflected is the sun,

such a thing; and more than this, they will Too glorious to be gazed on-in his sphere. not believe in it: yet they will sit in judg. The night

ment on those who do believe in such a con. Hath been to me-a more familiar face

traband article, and condemn them without Than that of man; and, in her starry shade

mercy. Of dim, and solitary loveliness,

The thoughts are strange that crowd into my brain, I learned the language-of another world.

While I look upward to thee. It would seem Parting—they seemed to tread upon the air,

As if God--pour'd thee from his “hollow hand,” Twin roses, by the zephyr blown apart,

And hung his bow upon thine awful front; Only to meet again--more close, and share

And spoke, in that loud voice, which seem'd to him The inward fragrance-of each other's heart. Who dwelt in Patmos—for his Saviour's sake,

Nothing -- is made out of Nothing. "The sound of many waters ;" and had bade Good, in his “Book of Nature,” contends, that Thy flood—to chronicle the ages back, there is no absurdity, in the supposition, of God And notch His centuries—in the eternal rocks. creating something-out of nothing; and he main Deep-calleth unto deep. And what are we, tains, that the proposition, conveying this idea, is That hear the question of that voice sublime? only relatively absurd, and not absolutely. But it |O! what are all the notes, that ever rung is absolutely absurd. When God said, “Let there From war's vain trumpet, by thy thundering side' be light, and there was light,” light cannot be said Yea, what is all the riot-man can make to have been created out of nothing, but from God In his short life, to thy unceasing roar! himself; not out of God, but by his Divine Will, And yet, bold babbler, what art thou—to Him through his Divine Truth. So, we may conceive, Who drown'd a world, and heaped the waters far that God, by his Will, made atmospheric matter, Above its loftiest mountains !--a light wave, and then created it in form.

That breaks, and whispers—of its Maker's might. Enough to live in tempest; die in port.

Say, what can Chloe want? she wants a heart.


452. OBSERVATIONS. No one can ever Maxims. 1. A people's education-is a nabecome a good reader, or speaker, by reading tion's best defence. 2. Let not the sun go down in a book; because what is thus acquired upon your wrath. 3. Who aims at excellence, is more from thought than from feeling i will be above mediocrity; and who aims at meand of course, has less of freedom in it; diocrity, will fall short of it. 4. Forbearance is and we are, from the necessity of the case, a doinestic jewel. 5. The affection of parents is more or less constrained and mechanical. I best shown to their children, by teaching them What we hear, enters more directly into the in which the heart has no share. 7. By taking

what is good and true. 6. Feeble are the efforts affectuous part of the mind, than what we see, and becomes more readily a part of ourselves, revenge, a man is but even with his enemy; but i. e. becomes conjoined instead of being ad- needs not the aid of ornament; but is, when un

in passing it over-he is superior. 8. Loveliness joined: relatively, as the food which we eat, adorned, adorned the most. 9. No one ever did, digests and is appropriated, and a plaster nor ever can, do any one an injury, without dothat is merely stuck on the body. Thus, we ing a greater injury to himself. 10. It is better can see a philosophic reason why faith is not to know the truth, than to hnow it, and not said to come by hearing, and that we walk do it. by faith, and not by sight : i. e. from love, Pursuit of Knowledge. He, that enthat casts out the fear that hath torment; that larges his curiosity after the works of nature, fear which enslaves body and mind, instead demonstrably multiplies the inlets to happiof making both free.

ness; therefore, we should cherish ardor Ever distinguish substances-from sound ; in the pursuit of useful knowledge, and reThere is, in liberty, what gods approve; member, that a blighted spring makes a barAnd only men, like gods, have taste to share; ren year, and that the vernal flowers, howThere is, in liberty, what pride perverts, ever beautiful and gay, are only intended by To serve sedition, and perplex command. nature as preparatives to autumnal fruits. True liberty-leaves all things free, but guilt ; Varieties. 1. Business letters should alAnd fetters everything-but art, and virtue ; ways be written with great clearness and perFalse liberty-holds nothing bound, but power, spicuity : every paragraph should be so And lets loose-every tie, that strengthens law.

plain, that the dullest fellow cannot mistake Home-is man's ark, when trouble springs ; it, nor be obliged to read it twice, to under.

When gathering tempests-shade his morrow ; stand it. 2. Lawyers and their clients reAnd woman's love-the bird, that brings

mind one of two rows of persons at fire; His peace-branch--o'er a flood of sorrow. one-passing full buckets, the other return

453. CONQUERING-LOVE. To learn al- ing empty ones. 3. The bump of self-esteem most any art, or science, appears arduous, or is so prominent on some men's heads, that difficult, at first; but if we have a heart for they can't keep their hats on in a windy day. any work, it soon becomes comparatively 4. A crow will fly at the rate of 20 miles an easy. To make a common watch, or a watch hour; a hawk, 40; and an eagle 80. 5. worn in a ring; to sail over the vast ocean, The heaviest fetter, that ever weighed down &c., seems at first, almost impossible; yet the limbs of a captive, is as the robe of the they are constantly practiced. The grand gossamer, compared with the pledge of a secret of simplifying a science is analyzing man of honor. 6. An envious person, waxit; in beginning with what is easy, and pro- eth lean with the fatness of his neighbor. 7. ceeding to the combinations, difficult, most Nature-supplies the raw material, and edudifficult: by this method, miracles may be cation-is the manufacturer. wrought: the hill of science must be ascend. The dumb shall sing, the lame his crutch forego, ed step by step.

And leap, exulting, like the bounding roe. Conceptions. Would it not be well for Distrustful sense with modest caution speaks ; metaphysicians – – to distinguish between the It still looks home, and short excursions makes ; conception of abstract truth, and the conception But rattling nonsense in full volleys breaks. of past perception, by calling the latter—mental Come, gentle Spring, etherial mildness, come, perception, as contradistinguished from all other? | And, from the bosom of yon dropping cloud,

Anecdote. Rouge. A female, praising (While music wakes around,) vailed in a shower the beautiful color, used by the artist on her of shadowing roses, on the plains descend. miniature, was told by him, that he did not The man, that dares traduce, because he can, doubt she was a woman of good taste; for With safety to himself, is not a man. they both bought their rouge at the same shop. Slander-meets no regards from noble minds; True philosophy discerns

Only the base-believe what the base ut:er. A ray of heavenly light--gilding all forms

If I lose mine honor, I lose myself; Terrestrial,--in the vast, the minute,

Mine honor-is my life; both grow in one; The un ambiguous footsteps of a God,

Take honor from me-and my life is done. Who gives his lustre-to an insect's wing,

He was a man, take him for all in all, And wheels his throne, upon the rolling worlds. I shall not look upon his like again.

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