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363. INFLECTIONS. Although there are Proverbs. 1. It is much easier to defend the given rules, for making these inflections, or innocent, than the guilty. 2. Let the press and slides of the voice, either up or down, yet speech, be free; no good government has anything it should be borne in mind, that every sen

to fear from paper shot, or airy words. 3. Three tence, which has been read with the upward things are necessary to make an able man,-naslide, can, under other circumstances, be read ture, study, and practice. 4. Cultivate a spirit of

love toward all. 6. Always distinguish between correctly with the downward slide: the sense governs everything here, as in emphasis. and causes. 6. God-is best khown and honored,

apparent truths, and real truths; between effects Ex. 1. Are you going to tow'n? 2. Are you when his word and works are best understood and going to town? 3. Why did you speak to appreciated. 7. Industry—is essential to useful her? 4. Why did you speak to her? 5. Do ness, and happiness. 8. Every one ought to do you hear me? 6. Do you heùr me? In the something. 9. Nothing is stationary; and the hufirst example, we have a simple, direct ques. man family—the least of all. 10. Mankind are tion; in the second, the same form of words, tending to a better condition, or to actual extinction. but so spoken, as if one said, I wish to know, 11. Trade-knows neither friends nor kindred. positively, whether you go to town ; 80 of the 12. Physicians-rarely take medicine. rest. Thus you see, the sense, the object, the Wisdom of our Ancestors. If the intention determines the manner.

“wisdom of our ancestors"-had not taught 364. 1. Some poets may be compared to them to recognize newly discovered truths, others; but Milton and Shakspeare are in- and to discard those errors, to which ignorcomparable. 2. He, who considers himself ance had given birth, we should not have wise, while his wisdom does not teach him to been indehted to them for the improvements, acknowledge the Lord, is in the profoundest which, however well they may have served ignorance. 3. We see the effects of many their purpose for a time, are destined to be things, the causes of but few; experience, superseded by still more important discovertherefore, is a surer guide than imagination, ies. In the year 1615, a Florentine had the and inquiry than conjecture. 4. It is the in- presumption and audacity to assert, contrary dispensable duty, and the inalienable right, to the prevailing opinions of the learned, of every rational being, to prove all things, “the great, the good, and the wise among and hold fast that which is good.

men," and contrary to the conclusions of all Get but the truth-once uttered, and 'tis like preceding ages,“that the earth revolved round. A star, new-born, that drops into its place, the sun;" and, although he was threatened And which, once circling its placid round, with death for his heresy, Galileo was right. Not all the tumult of the earth-can shake. Varteties. 1. What is the image of God,

365. The nearer your delivery agrees with and what the likeness of God, into which man the freedom and ease of common discourse, was created? 2. What grace is more valu. (if you keep up the dignity and life of your able, than humility? 3. Is hereditary desubject, and preserve propriety of expression,) pravity an actual sin, or a calamity? 4. Was the more just, natural and agreeable it will not the genius of Ar-chim-i-des the parent of be. Study nature; avoid affectation, and the mechanical arts? 5.. Did not the first never use art, if you have not the art to con- single pair of mankind--possess the type of cealit: for, whatever does not appear natural, all the distinct races of men,—their innate is neither agreeable nor persuasive.

tendency and genius, which has, or will, reAnecdote. A brutal teacher, whipped a appear in their offspring? 6. What is the a little boy, for pressing the hand of a little meaning of the command to Moses,“ See that girl, who sat next to him at school. After thou make all things after the pattern, which which, he asked the child, “Why he squeezed I have shown thee in the Mount.?7. If we the girl's hand ?” “Because,” said the little are hardened under affliction, does it not infellow," it looked so pretty, I could not help dicate a very bad state of mind? 8. Are it.” What punishment did the teacher de miracles--violations of the laws of Nature? serve?

9. Does not the state and character of parents Here rests his head--upon the lap of earth,

-affect their offspring ? 10. What is the

conclusion of the whole matter? Fear God, A youth-to fortune, and to fame-unknown: Fair Science-frown'd not on his humble birth,

and keep his commandments.

When Summer's heats-the verdure sear, And Melancholy-mark'd him for her own.

Through yonder shady grove I tread, Large was his bounty, and his soul sincere ;

Or throw me listless-down to hear Heaven-did a recompense-as largely send.

The winds-make music over head; He gave to mis'ry all he had a lear; [friend. A thousand flowers--are blooming round,

He gain'd from heav'n ('twas all he wish’d)—a The “wilding beegoes droning by, No farther seek his merits to disclose,

And springs gush out-with lulling sound, Or draw his frailties from their dread abode,

And painted warblers—linger nigh; "There, they, alike, in trembling hope repose)

Yet one thing-wants the dreamer thereThe bosom of his father, and his God.

A kindred soul--the scene to share.

THE EPITAPH.

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365. WAVES, OR CIRCUMFLEXES OF THE Maxims. 1. The love of sensual pleasure, 18 VOICE: of these, there are two; which are temporary madness. 2. Sacrifice-can be made called the rising circumflex [v] and the fall- on bad principles; obedience-only on good ones. ing circumflex [^]: they are formed by the 3. Great cry and little wool ; applies to those who and the', and are generally connected with promise much, but practice little. 4. Do what you

5. the accented vowels of the emphatic words. think is right, whatever others may think. Doubt, pity, contrast, grief, supposition, Learn to disregard alike, the praise and the cencomparison, iruny, implication, sneering,

sure of bad men. 6. Covet that popularity that railery, scorn, reproach, and contempt, are

follows ; not that which must be run after. 7.

What sculpture is to a block of marble, education expressed by them. Be sure and get the right is to the human mind. 8. He, who is unwilling feeling and thought, and you will find no 10 amend, has the devil on his side. 9. Extensire, difficulty in expressing them properly, if you various reading, without reflection, tends to the in. have mastered the voice.

jury of the mind. 10. Proverbs bear age, and arc 366. Exs. of the rising v. 1. I may go full of various instruction. to town to-morrow, though I cannot go to Anecdote. John Randolph's Mother. The dày. 2. The sun sets in the west, not in late John Randolph, some years before his the east. 3. He lives in London, not in death, wrote to a friend as follows: “I used New York. 4. The desire of praise-pro- to be called a Frenchman, because I took the duces excellent effects, in men of sěnse. 5. French side in politics ; and though that was He is more a kndve, than a fool. 6. I see unjust, yet the truth is, I should have been thou hast learn’d to răil, if thou hast learned a French atheist, if it had not been for one renothing else. 7. Better to do well lăte, than collection, and that was—the memory of the něver. 8. A pretty fellow you are, to be time, when my departed mother used to súre! 9. In some countries-povertyis take my little hands in hers, and cause me, considered a misfortune ; in ôthersa crime. on my knees, to say, 'Our Father who art in 10. The young--are slaves to nôvelty; the heaven.?öldto cůstom.

School Teachers. It is important, that 367. PROMISCUous EXAMPLES. 1. A just teachers of youth, should not only be respected, appreciation of our dutiesis worth any sa but respectable persons. They, who are incrifice, that its attainments may cost. 2. trusted with the responsible office of developDearly do we sometimes pay for our wis- ing the mind, and directing the affections of dom, but never too dearly. 3. Is not the life the young, ought to be worthy of sharing in of animals dissipated at death? 4. The an- all the social enjoyments of the most refined cients-had the art of singing, before that of society; and they ought never to be excluded writing; and their laws and histories were from such participation. Yet it is scandalsung, before they were written. 5. This heav- ously true, in some parts of our country, that enly Benefactor claimsnot the homage of teachers, however worthy, are excluded from our lips, but of our hearts; and who can the houses of the very parents, who send doubt that he is entitled to the homage of our their children to their schools. This is not hearts? 6. If we have no regard to our own only contrary to all republican principles, character, we ought to have some regard to but is in direct opposition to the dictates of the character of others. 7. Tell your invad- common sense. Wherever such a state of ers this; and tell them, too, we seek no things exists, the people are but half civilized, change; and least of all —- such change as whatever pretensions wealth, and other cirthey would bring us.

cunstances afford them. 368. We must avoid a mechanical variety, Varieties. 1. Enter on the performance and adopt a natural one: this may be seen in of your duties, with willing hearts, and children, when relating anything that comes

never seek to avnid them. 2. The heart-is from themselves; then, their intonations, woman's world; it is thereher ambition melody, and variety, are perfectly natural, strives for the mastery. 3. The object of recand true to the object in view: let us go and reation is to soften and refine, not to render sit at their feet and learn, and not be offend- ferocious ; as is the case with amusements ed. Let us turn our eye and ear, to TRUTH that brutalize. 4. Is capital punishment and NATURE; for they will guide their vota- right ? 5. Who has done the more injury~ ries right. Give us the soul of elocution and Mahomet, or Constantine? 6. Is tobacco music, and that will aid in forming the body. neccssary? 7. Why is the figure of a viper CONFIDENCE, NOT TO BE PLACED IN MAN.

-used to express ingratitude? 8. Is it right O momentary grace of mortal men,

to go to war-on any occasion ? 9. What is Which we more hunt for-than the grace of God! the usual quantity of bloodin a common Who builds his hope—in air of your fair looks, sized body? About twenty-five or thirty Lives like a drunken sailor-on a mast; pounds. 10. Is it not singular that Pope's Ready, with every nod, to tumble down translations should be very profuse, and his Into the fatal bowels--of the deep.

original compositions very concise.?

369. Exs. of the falling 1. Who Maxims. 1. A wounded reputation is seldom cares for yoû? 2. He is your friend, is he? cured. 2. Conciliatory manners always com3. Yoû tell me so, you? 4. If I were mand esteem. 3. Never deride any one's infirmito do so, what would yộu say? 5. It is ties. 4. Detraction—is a sin against justice. 5. not prúdence, when I trust my secrets to a Modesty-has more charms than beauty. 6. No man who cannot keep his ôwn. 6. You fear should deter us from doing good. 7. Pin not are a very wîse man, strông, brâve, pêaceable

. your faith to another one's sleeve. 8. Reckless 7. If you had told me so, perhaps, I should youth–makes rueful age. 9. The example of the

good is visible philosophy. 10. Truth-never fears have believed you. 8. Sir, you are a fôôl, rigid examination. 11. Sickness is felt, but not and I feâr you will remain so.

health. 370. MANNER. What we mean, does

Reason. As the field of true science en. not so much depend on what we say, as how we say it; not so much on our words, as on larges, as thought becomes more free, an inour manner of speaking them: accordingly, and searching ; a voice louder and still loud

quiry upon all subjects becomes more bold in elocution, great attention must necessarily er comes up from the honest and thinking be given to this, as expressive of what our words do not always indicate : thus, na- in religion, as well as in every thing else ;

men in Christendom, calling for rationality ture—fixes the outward expression of every calling for such principles of biblical interintention and sentiment. Art only adds ease and grucefulness to the promptings of pretation, as shall show the scriptures to nature: as nature has ordained, that man Every ray of truth, which has been sent

be indeed, and in truth, the WORD OF GOD. shall walk on his feet, and not on his hands, from heaven--to enlighten and bless manart-teaches him to walk gracefully. 371. COMBINATION OF THE Waves. 1: by patient struggling and persevering con

kind, has gained admittance into the world But you forsooth, are very wise men, deeply test: learned in the truth ; , wěak, contěmpti

Varieties. 1. The words of Seneca, the ble, měan persons; but you, strông, gallant. virtuous Pagan, put to the blush-many a 2. Mere hîrelings, and tîme-servers—are al

pagan christian. 2. When Socrates was inways opposed to (5) improvements, and (6) formed, that the judges had sentenced him originality: so are tyrantsto liberty, and to death, he replied, “And hath not Nature spúblicanism. 3. Wisdom alone is truly passed the same sentence on them?” 4. fair ; vice, only appears so. 4. How like

There is more eloquence, in the tone of voice, a fawning publican he looks! 5. How in the looks, and in the gestures of a speakgrêên you are, and fresh in this old world! 6. Whât! can so young a thorn begin to er, than in the choice of his words. prick? 7. Môneyis your suit ? What Dear Patience-too, is born of woe,

Patience, that opens the gate should I săy to you? Should I not say,

Wherethrough the soul of man must goHath a dog môney? Is it possiblea cũr

Up to each nobler state. can lend three thousand důcats? 7. They tell ús to be moderate; but thêy, THEY

High natures-must be thunder-scarred,

With many a searing wrong. are to revel in profüsion ! Miscellaneous. 1. Can one phenome

Law, that shocks equity, is reason's murder. non of mind be presented, without being

I would not waste my spring of youth, connected with another? if so,-how.? 2.

In idle dalliance; I would plant rich seeds, Reputation-often effects that, which did not

To blossom in my manhood, and bear fruit,

When I am old. belong to one's character. Make a childbelieve that he is considered aimable, by his

Full many a gem-of purest ray serene, friends, and he will generally become so. 3.

The dark unfathomed caves of ocean bear, Affection—is the continuous principle of love,

Full many a flow'r is born to blush unseen,

And waste its sweetness on the desert air. -which is spiritual heat ; and hence the very vital principle of man. 4. Must not

Beautiful cloud ! with folds so soft and fair, the first possible idea--of any individual,

Swimming—in the pure-quiet air !

Thy fleeces, bathed in sunlight, while below, have been the product of the relation--be

Thy shadow-o'er the vale moves slow : tween two states of the mind, in reference to

Where, 'midst their labor, pause the reaper train, external objects ?

As cool it comes

along the grain. Anecdote. Danger of Bad Campany.

Beautiful cloud! I would I were with thee St. Austin compares the danger of bad com

In thy calm way-o'er land and sea : panyto a nail driven into a post; which,

To resi-on thy unrolling skirts, and look after the first, and second stroke, may be On Earthas on an open book ; drawn out with little difficulty ; but being On streams, that tie her realms, with silver bands, once driven up to the head, the pincers can And the long ways, that seam her lands; take no hold to draw it out ; which can be And hear her humming cities, and the sound done only by the destruction of the wood. Of the great ocean-breaking round

RATION.

372. Remember, that Nature abhors mo Maxims. 1. A faithful friend--is a strong notony, or sameness of sound, as much as defence. 2. Avoid that which you blame in others. she does a vacuum. Hence, give variety in 3. By doing nothing, we learn to do ill. 4. Conemphasis, inflections, and waves, if they often fession of a fault, makes half amends for it. 5. occur.

1. (3) Happy, (5) hăppy, (6) håp- Dependence and obedience, necessarily belong to Py páir! none but the' (2) brave! (6) youth. 6. Every art—is best taught by example. nóne but the (5) brave ; none (8) but the 7. Great designs require great consideration. 8. brave deserve the făir! 2. (6) What a piece Never sport with pain, or poverty. 10. Put no

Misfortune is a touchstone of friendship. 9. of workis man! how noble in (5) rea

faith in tale-bearers. so! how infinite in (6) FACULTIES! in (4) form, and (5) moving, how express and

Anecdote. Point of Law. Blackstone, (6) admirable ? in áction, how like an an- speaking of the right of a wife to douer, asgel! in apprehěnsion, (4) how like a God! serts, that if land abide in the husband a sin3. My JUDGMENT-approves this measure,

gle moment, the wife shall be endowed thereand my whole heart-is in it: all that i of; and he adds, that the doctrine was ex. have ; (4) all that I am; and all that I tended very far, by a jury in Wales, where HOPE, in this life, I am now ready here to time ; but the son was supposed to survive

the father and son were hanged at the same stake upon it; and I leave off as I began; the father, by appearing to struggle the longth't (4) sink or swim ; (5) live or die ;

er; whereby he became seized of an estate survive or (6) PERISA,- I am for the DECLA

It is my living sentiment, and (2) by survivorship; in consequence of which by the blessing of God, it shall be my dying Seizure

, his wife-obtained a verdict for her sentiment: (5) Independence — (6) nów

Riches and Talent. Nothing is more and Independence (9) FOREVER!

common than to see station and riches-pre373. EFFECT. What is the use of reading, ferred to talent and goodness ; and yet few speaking, and singing, if the proper effect is things are more absurd. The peculiar supenot produced? If the singing in our church riority of talent and goodness-over station choirs, and the reading and speaking in the and riches, may be seen from hence ;-that desk and pulpit, were what they ought to the influence of the former--will always be be, and what they may be, the house of God the greatest, in that government, which is would be more thronged than theatres ever the purest; while that of the latterwill alhave been. Oh! when will the best of truths ways be the greatest in the government be delivered in the best of manners? May that is the most corrupt : so that from the the stars of elocution and music, be more preponderance of the one, we may infer the numerous than the stars of heaven!

soundness and vigor of the commonwealth; Because I cannot flatter, and speak fair, but from the other, its dotage and degeneracy. Smile in man's face, smooth, deceive and

Varieties. 1. Indolence and indecision, Deck with French words, and apish courtesy,

tho' not vices in themselves, generally preI must be held-a răncorous ênemy. Cannot a plain man live, and think no harm,

pare the way for much sin and misery. 2.

If the mind be properly cultivated, it will
But thus his simple truth-must be abused,
By silken, sly, insinuating Jacks !

produce a storehouse of precious fruits ; but

if neglected, it will be overrun with noxious Tho' plunged in ills, and exercised in care,

weeds and poisonous plants. 3. A kind Yet, never let the noble mind despair:

benefactor—makes one happy-as soon as he
When prest by dangers, and beset by foes,
Heaven its timely succour doth interpose, [grief,) can, and as much as he can. 4. The only
And, (when our virtue sinks, o'erwhelmed with sure basis of every government, is in the of-
By unforeseen expedients—brings relief.

fection of a people, rendered contented, and If there's a sin—more deeply black than others,

happy, by the justness and mildness, with Distinguished from the list of common crimes,

which they are ruled. 5. As moisture is reAnd legion--in itself, and doubly dear

quired to the formation of every seed, so natuTo the dark prince of hell--it is hypocrisy.

ral truth-to the formation of first principles.

They whom
Ye gentle gales, beneath my body blow,
And softly lay me-on the waves below.

Nature's works can charm, with God himself

Hold converse! grow familiar, day by day, Wisdom-took up her harp, and stood in place

With His conceptions, act upon His plan,
Of frequent concourse-stood in every gate,

And form to His-the relish of their souls.
By every way, and walked in every street,
And, lifting up her voice, proclaimed : Be wise,

present acts, tho' slightly we pass them by, Ye fools ! be of an understanding heart.

Are so much seed-sown for Eternity. Forsake the wicked : come not near his house :

The devil can cite scripture for his purpose

An evil soul, producing holy wttness, Pass by: make haste: depart, and turn away.

Is like a villain with a smiling cheek; Me follow-me, whose ways are pleasantness,

A goodly apple, rotten at the heart; Whose paths are peace, whose end is perfect joy. O, what a goodly cutside-falsehood hath!

coy,

Our

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374. As the principles of elocution are Proverbs. 1. Forbearance — is requisite in few and simple, and as practice alone makes youth, in middle age, and in old age. 2. Peculiarperfect, there are all kinds of examples pro- ities—are easily acquired; but it is very difficult to vided for those, who are determined to de- eradicate them. 3. Good principles are of no use velop their minds through their bodies, and to us, unless we are governed by them. 4. Cobecome all that God and nature intended quetry—is the vice of a small mind. 5. Pure metthem to be. As the ear is most intimately als--shine brighter, the more they are rubbed. 6. connected with the affections—the motive Pride-lives on very costly food, -its keeper's power of the intellect, it is absolutely neces- happiness. 7. Extremes — are generally hurtful; sary that the student should exercise aloud, for they often expose us to damage, or render us that the voice and ear, as well as the thoughts ridiculous. 8. In the days of affluence, always and feelings, may be cultivated in harmony think of poverty. 9. Never let want come upon and correspondence. If, then, he finds the you, and make you remember the days of plenty. task severe, let him persevere, and never io. No one can become a good reader or speaker, mind it.

in a few weeks, or a few months. 375. EXAMPLES. 1. The queen of Denmark, in reproving her son, Hamlet, on ac- Ledyard, that women, in all countries, are

Woman. I have always observed, says count of his conduct towards his step-father, civil, obliging, tender, and humane; that whom she married, shortly after the murder they are inclined to be gay and cheerful, timof the king, her husbund, says to him, “Ham-orous and modest, and that they do not, like let, you have your father much offended.” man, hesitate to perform a generous action. To which he replies, with a circumflex on Not haughty, arrogant, or supercilious, they you, Madam, (3) yôu — have my father are full of courtesy, and fond of society; more much offended.” He meant his own father: liable, in general, to err than man, but in she--his step-father; he would also intimate, general, also, more virtuous, and performing that she was accessory to his father's mur-whether civilized or savage, I never address

more good actions than he. To a woman, der; and his peculiar reply, was like daggers ed myself in the language of decency and in her soul. 2. In the following reply of friendship, without receiving a decent and Death to Satan, there is a frequent occurrence friendly answer. With man it has been often of circumflexes, mingled with contempt: otherwise. In wandering through the barren "And reckon'st thou thyself with spirits of plains of inhospitable Denmark; thro'.hon; hěaven, hell-doomed, and breath’st defiance est Sweden, and frozen Lapland, rude and hěre, and scorn, where I reign king and, churlish Finland, unprincipled Russia, and to enrage thee môre,—thy king, and lørd?” the wide-spread regions of the wandering The voice is circumflected on heaven, hell-Tartar; if hungry, dry, cold, wet, or sick, doomed, king and thy, nearly an octave.

the women-have ever been friendly to me

3. Come, show me what thoul't d); woul't (so worthy to be called benevolence,) their

and uniformly so; and to add to this virtue, weep? woul't fight? woul't fast? woult tear actions have been performed in so free and thyself? I'll do't. Dost thou come here to kind a manner, that if I were dry, I drank whine? to outface me, with leaping in her the sweetest draught, and if hungry, ate the grave ? be buried quick with her, and so will coarsest morsel, with a double relish. I'; and if thou prate of mountains, let them throw MILLIONS of acres on us, till our

Varieties. 1. When Baron, the actor, ground, singeing her pate against the burn- came from hearing one of Massillon's ser ing, zone, make Ossa-like a wart. Nay, mons, he said to one of his comrades of the an thoul't mouthe, I'll rant as well as thoil. stage; here is an orator; we are only ac. Anecdote. A clergyman, once traveling the sake of being clean; others, for the sake

2. Some people-wash themselves for in a stage-coach, was abruptly asked by one of the passengers, if any of the heathens

of appearing so.

3. Of all the pursuits, by would go to heaven. “Sir," answered the which property is acquired, none is prefera. clergyman, “I am not appointed judge of ble to agriculture, -none more productive, the world, and, consequently, cannot tell; and none more worthy of a gentleman. 4. but, if ever you get to heaven, you shall It is a maxim with unprincipled politicians, either find some of them there, or a good to destroy, where they cannot intimidate. reason why they are not there."

nor persuade. 5. Good humor, and mental Too High or too Low. In pulpit elo- charms, are as much superior to external quence, the grand difficulty is to give the beauty, as mind is superior to matter. 6. suhject all the dignity it so fully deserves, Be wise, be prudent, be discreet, and temwithout attaching any importance to our:

perate, in all things. selves. The christian minister cannot think Patriots have toiled, and in their country's cause too highly of his Master, or too liumbly of Bled nobly, and their deeds, as they deserve, himself. This is the secret art which capti. Receive proud recompense. We give in charge vates and improves an audience, and which Their names—to the sweet lyre. The historic muse, all who sče, will fancy they could imitate ; Proud of her treasure, marches with it—down while many who try, will not succeed, be- To latest times; and sculpture, in her turn, cause they are not influenced by proper mo Gives bond, in stone-and ever-during brass, tives, and do not use the right means. To guard them—and immortalize her trust.

M

tors.

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