334. INFLECTIONS. These are the rising Proverbs. 1. As you sow, you shall reap. and falling slides of the voice, terminating 2. Betray no trust, and divulge no secret. 3. Chide on a higher, or lower pitch, than that on not severely, nor punish nastily. 4. Despise none, which it commenced; being continuous from and despair of none. 5. Envy cannot see; ignothe radical, or opening fullness of voice, to

rance cannot judge. 6. Gossiping and lying, gethe vanish, or terminating point; and not nerally go hand in hand. 7. He, who swears, discrete, as the seven notes are. In the in- distrusts his own word. 8. It is not easy to love tonations, the voice steps up or down, by those, whom we do not esteem. 9. Labor brings discrete degrees; but in the inflections, it pleasure ; idlenesspain. 10. Many a true word

is spoken in jest. 11. He who serves—is not free. glides up or down, by continuous degrees. 12. First come, first served. 13. When gold speaks, The piano, organ, &c., give discrete degrees; all tongues are silent. the harp, violin, &c., continuous degrees.

Anecdote. Don't know him. Lord Nel335. The following sentences may be read, son, when a boy, being on a visit to his aunt's, with either the falling, or the rising inflec-went one day a hunting, and wandered so tion; and the pupil should determine, from far, that he did not return, till long after dark. the sense, &c., the object of the question. 1. Is The lady, who was much alarmed by his abnot good reading and speaking a very rare sence, scolded him severely; and among other attainment ? 2. How are we to recover from things said; I wonder Fear did not drive you the effects of the fall? 3. Are we natually home. Fear,” replied the lad, “I don't inclined to evil or good? 4. Is it possible for know him." man to save himself? 5. Who is entitled to

Progress of Society. Whoever has at. the more honor, Columbus, or Washington ? tentively meditated-on the progress of the 6. Which is the more useful member in so- human race, cannot fail to discern, that there ciety, the farmer, or the mechanic? 7. Ought is now a spirit of inquiry amongst men, there to be any restrictions to emigration which nothing can stop, or even materially 8. Will any one, who knows his own heart, control. Reproach and obloquy, threats and trust himself?

persecution, will be in vain. They may im336. The inflections - - may, perhaps, be bitter opposition and engender violence, but better understood, by contrasting them with they cannot abate the keenness of research. the monotone ; which is nearly one continued There is a silent march of thought, which no sound, without elevation, or depression, and power can arrest, and which, it is not difficult may be represented by a straight horizontal to foresee, will be marked by important events. line, thus ;

In the use of the Mankind were never before in the situation in inflections, the voice departs from the mono- which they now stand. The press has been tone, and its radical, in a continued elevation operating upon them for several centuries, or depression, two, three, five, or eight notes, with an influence scarcely perceptible at its according to the intensity of the affirmation, commencement, but by daily becoming more interrogation, command, petition, or nega- palpable, and acquiring accelerated force, it tion; which are the five distinctive attributes is rousing the intellect of nations; and happy of the vital parts of speech.

will it be for them, if there be no rash inter337. SOME OF MAN'S CHARACTERISTICS. ference with the natural progress of knowHis position is naturally upright; he has free iedge; and if by a judicious and gradual use of both hands: bence, he is called the adaptation of their institutions to the inevitonly two-handed animal: the prominence of able changes of opinion, they are saved from his chin, and the uniform length of his teeth, those convulsions, which the pride, prejudices are peculiar: he is, physically, defenceless, and obstinacy of a few may occasion to the having neither weapons of attack nor of de- | whole. fence: his facial angle is greater than that

Varieties. 1. A good wife — is like a of any other animal; being from 70° to 90°: snail. Why? Because she keeps in her own he has generally the largest brains: he is the house : a good wife is not like a snail. Why? only animal that sleeps on his back: the only Because she does not carry her all on her one that laughs and weeps ; the only one back: a good wife is like a town clock. that has an articulate language, expressive Why? Because she keeps good time: a of ideas : and he is the only one endued with good wife is not like a town clock. Why? reason and moral sense, and a capacity for Pecause she does not speak so loud, that all religion ; the only being capable of serving the town can hear her: a good wife is like an God intelligibly.

echo. Why? Because she speaks when spoThy soul-was like a star—and dwelt apart;

ken to: a good wife is not like an echo. Why? Thou hadst a voice-whose sound was like the sea,

Because she does not tell--all she hears. Pure-as the naked heavens, majestic, free.

Ye maidens fair-consider well, So didst thou trarel-on life's common way,

And look both shrewd, and sly, In cheerful godliness; and yet-thy heart

Ere rev'rend lips, make good the knot, The lowliest duties-on herself did lay.

Your teethwill ne'er untie



338. INFLECTIONS. An anecdote may Proverbs. 1. The remedy is often worse serve to present this important branch of our than the disease. 2. To him that wills, ways are subject, in a light easy to be understood by seldom wanting. 3. A well-balanced mind-will all. An elderly gentleman asked the author, resist the pressure of adversity. 4. Be always on if he thought it possible for him to learn to your guard, against the advices of the wicked, sing? He was answered in the affirmative, when you come in contact with them. 5. Blessed provided he loved music, and was anxious to is he, that readeth, and understandeth what he learn. His voice was quite flexible, and va

readeth. 6. Take it for granted, there can be no ried, in conversation, and he used all the excellence, without labor. 7. The rich man is often

a stranger to the quiet and content of the poor man. notes of the scale, except two. It was 8. Beware of gathering scorpions, for this, or the thought, upon the spur of the moment, to future world. 9. There is no general rule, withget the old man a little angry, (and after-out exceptions. 10. Every light—is not the sun. wards beg his pardon,) in order to induce 11. Never be angry-at what you cannot help. him to slide his voice through the octave: the effort was successful; and with much feeling, which was directed by the Judge, to bring in

Anecdote. Use of Falsehood. A jury, he again asked, “Do you say sir, that (1) can learn to sing ? an old man like me.?sion and plea, returned a verdict of “ Not

a certain prisoner guilty, on his own confescarrying his voice from the first to the eighth Guilty ;” and offered, as a reason, that they note, on 1, sing, and me. Just then a friend knew the fellow to be so gr came in, to whom he observed, with incred- did not believe him.

a liar, they ulous surprise, mingled with a little contempt, "He says I can learn to sing :” and Talent. One man, perhaps, proves miserhis voice fell from the eighth to the first note, able in the study of the law, who might have on I.

flourished in that of physic, or divinity; an339. No one can read the following sen-other-runs his head against the pulpit, who tence of ors, even in the common manner, might have been serviceable to his country at without any regard to inflections, and not the plough; and a third-proves a very dull give the word before or, the rising inflection, and heavy philosopher, who possibly would and the one after it, the falling inflection; have made a good mechanic, and have done and the reader's ear must be the judge. well enough at the useful philosophy of the Good, or bad ; true, or false; right, or wrong; spade or anvil. this, or that ; boy, or girl; man, or woman; Varieties in the Uses of Inflections. 1. male, or female; land, or water ; over, or Is genuine repentance founded in love, or under; above, or below ; before, or behind ; fear? 2. Can we intentionally offend a perwithin, or without ; old, or young; strength, son, whom we truly love? 3. Have not angelor weakness; fine, or coarse; one, or two ; ic, as well as satanic beings, once been men, you, or I; well, or ill; kind, or unkind; and women, on some of the countless earths black, or white; red, or green ; rough, or in the universe.? 4. Has any one actual sin, smoothe ; hard, or soft ; straight, or crook- till he violates the known will of God, and ed; long, or short ; round, or square ; fat, wilfully sins against his own conscience ? or lean ; swift, or slow; up, or down. If 5. How can the Red man be forgotten, while the reader does not satisfy himself the first so many of the states, territories, mountime, let him practice on these phrases till he tains, rivers and lakes, bear their names? 6. does.

Since decision of character can be acquired 340. READING. The purposes of reading by discipline, what is the best method to acare three: the acquisition of knowledge, as- quire it? The firm resolve-to obtain that sisting the memory in treasuring it up, and knowledge, necessary for a choice, and then the communication of it to others : hence, to do what we know to be right, at any, and we see the necessity of reading aloud. The every peril. 7. What places are better adapancient Greeks never read in public, but reci- ted than theatres, in their present degradated from memory ; of course, if we wish to tion, to teach the theory and practice of fashsucceed as they did, we must follow in their ionable iniquity? 8. What is a more faithfootsteps. How much better it would be, if ful, or pleasant friend, than a good book? clergymen would memorize those portions When you mournfully rivet--your tear-laden eyes, of the Bible, which they wish to read in That have seen the last sunset of hope---pass away, public! But it may be said, that the task

On some bright orb, that seems, through the still sapphire sky,

In beauty and splendor, to roll on its way: would be a severe one: true, but how much

Oh remember, this earth, if beheld from afar, more effect might be produced on themselves

Would seem wrapt in a halo-as clear and as bright and others : and then to have a large part, or As the pure silver radiance-enshrining yon star, the whole, of that blessed book, stored up in Where your spirit—is eagerly soaring to-night. the mind, for use here and hereafter !

And at this very moment, perhaps, some poor heart,

That is aching and breaking in that distant sphero, The business that we love, we raise betime. Gazes down on this dark world, and longs to depart And go to~-with delight.

From its owon dismal home, to a brighter one here.

341. THE RISING INFLECTION ('). This Proverbs. 1. Good manners are sure to proindicates that the voice glides upward con cure respect. 2. Self-conceit makes opinion obsti

4. tinuously, on the more important words. Ex. nate. 3. Knowledge is the mind's treasure. Do you say that I can learn to sing? Are Make the best of a bad bargain. 5. Never speak you going to town to-day? Is he a good to deceive, nor listen to betray. 6. Passion-is ever mán? Do you love and practice the truth? the enemy of truth. 7. Prefer loss, to unjust gain; Is it your desire to become useful? Do you

and solid sense, to wit. 8. Quit not certainty for wish to become a good reader, speaker, and hope. 9. Rejoice in the truth, and maintain it. 10.

Seek not after the failings of others. 11. Mightsinger? Is there not a difference between does not make right. 12. Divinity-cannot be dewords, thoughts, and feelings?

fined. 13. Deride not the unfortunate. 342. THREE MODES OF EXISTENCE. May

Philosophy. Philosophy, so far from dewe not appropriately contemplate our bodies, serving contempt, is the glory of human naand our minds, as consisting of three degrees, ture. Man approaches, by contemplation, to each having its own legitimate sphére? Is what we conceive of celestial purity and exnot each like a three story house, with three cellence. Without the aid of philosophy, the successive suits of apartments, which may be

mass of mankind, all over the terraqueous called—the lower, the middle and the upper? globe, would have sunk in slavery and superAre there not three vital degrees of the body, stition, — the natural consequences of gross the abdominal, the thoracic, and the enceph'- ignorance. Men, at the very bottom of so alic? And does not the mind consist of as ciety, have been enabled, by the natural many degrees, called scientific, rational and

talents they possessed, seconded by favorable affectuous ? or, natural, spiritual and heav - opportunities, to reach the highest improveenly? Is there not in us, as it were, a ladder ments in philosophy; and have thus lifted reaching from earth to heaven? Shall we not ascend, and descend upon it, and thus up a torch in the valley, which has exposed

the weakness and deformity of the castle on take a view of both the worlds in which we the mountain, from which the oppressors sallivé? But will not the material part soon lied, in the night of darkness, and spread die, and the soul—live forever? Then does desolation with impunity. Despots: the not wisdom say, attend to each, according to meanest, the basest, the most brutal and igo its importance? Are we not wonderfully norant of the human race, who would have made? Doth our soul know it right well'? trampled on the rights and happiness of men And will we praise our Redeemer, by doing unresisted, if philosophy had not opened the his will'?

eyes of the sufferers, shown them their own 343. On examining children, in an unper- power and dignity, and taught them to despise verted state, and all animals, it will invariably those giants of power, as they appeared thro' be found, that they use the lower muscles for the mists of ignorance, who ruled a vassal breathing, and producing sounds. Who is world with a mace of iron. Liberty—is the not aware that children will halloo, all day daughter of philosophy; and they who delong, without becoming hoarse, or exhausted.? test the offspring, do all that they can to vilify And how often it is the case, that parents wish and discountenance the mother. their children to call persons at a distance, be

1. What is humility, and ing aware that they have themselves lost the what are its effects? 2. Vice-stings us, power to speak as formerly. Now all that is even in our pleasures ; but virtueconsoles necessary to be done, by such individuals, is to us, even in our pains. 3. Cowardsdie many retrace their steps to truth and nature. Re- times; the valiant-never taste of death but member, that examples, in this art especially,

4. True friendship is like sound are better than precepts : rules are to prevent health ; the value of it is seldom known till it faults, not to introduce beauties; therefore, is lost. 5. Young folks tell what they do; old become so familiar with them, that they may ones, what they have done; and fools, what govern your practice involuntarily.

they will do. 6. Men's evil manners live in Anecdote. Gold Pills. Dr. Goldsmith, brass; their virtues, we write in sand. 7. having been requested by a wife, to visit her The natural effects of (4) fidelity, (5) clemhusband, who was melancholy, called upon ency and (6) kindness, in governors, are the patient, and seeing that the cause was peace, good-will, order and esteem, on the part poverty, told him he would send him some of the governed. 8. Never make yourself pills, which he had no doubt would prove too little for the sphere of duty; but stretch, efficacious. He immediately went home, put and expand yourself to the compass of its obten guineas into a paper, and sent them to jects. 9. (4) Friends, (5) Romans, (6) counthe sick man: the remedy had the desired trymen—lend me your ears ; I come to bury effect.

Cesar, not to praise him. 10. All truths Suspicion-overturns-what confidence-builds ; are but forms of heavenly loves; and all falo And he,who dares but doubt when there's no ground, sities are the forms of infernal loves. is neither to himself, nor others-sound.

If you would excel in arts, excel in industry.



344. INFLECTIONS. One very encourag Proverbs. 1. The body contains the working ing feature of our interesting subject is, that tools of the mind; master your tools, or you will all our principles are drawn from nature, and be a bad workman. 2. Here, and there; or, this are therefore inherent in every one; the grand world, and the next, is a good subject for reflection. design is to develop our minds and bodies in 3. An artist lives everywhere. 4. The body - is accordance with these principles; which can

the image, or type, of the soul; and the soul is be done, not by silently reading the work, visible, only through it. 5. Never refuse a good

offer, in hopes of a better one; the first is certain; or thinking about its contents; but, by pa- the last is only hope. 6. A promiscuous and se tient, persevering practice : this, only, can perficial study of books, seldom yields much solid enable us to overcome our bad habits, and information. 7. Tho' ruin ensue, justice must bring our voices, words, and mind into har- not be infringed. 8. Those things become us best, mony, so that the externals may perfectly that appertain to our situation in life. 9. Proscorrespond to the internals.

perity-intoxicates and disturbs the mind: adversi345. 1. Is there aught, in éloquence-ty-subdues and ameliorates it. 10. The strongest that can warm the heart ? She draws her symptoms of wisdom in us, is being sensible of our fire from natural imagery: Is there aught follies. 11. A good man—is not an object of fear.

13. in poétry -- to enliven the imagination? 12. Friendship—is stronger than kindred. Thire is the secret of her power. 2. Do Sin is sin, whether seen or not. you love to gaze at the (3) sún, the (4) moón,

Duelling. We read, in Swedish history, and the (6) plánets? This affection con, that Adolphus, king of Sweden, determining tains the science of ASTRONOMY, as the seed to suppress these false notions of honor, is-contains the future tree. Would a few pence~duty, on tea, for raising a revenue,

sued a severe edict against the practice. Two have ruined the fortunes of any of the Amer? gentlemen, however, generals in his service, icans ? No! but the payment of one penny, on a quarrel, agreed to solicit the king's peron the principle it was demànded, would mission, to decide their difference by the laws have made them-slàves.

of honor. The king consented, and said, he 346. Invalids—will find the principle, tended by a body of guards and the public

would be present at the combat. He was atand practice, here set forth, of great service to them, if they possess the strength, and the onset, he told these gentlemen, that they

executioner, and before they proceeded to have the resolution, to adopt them; and they must fight till one of them died. Then, turnwill often derive special aid by attempting to do something: for the mind, by a determina- ing to the executioner, he added, do you im. tion of the will, can be brought to act upon This had the intended effect ; the difference

mediately strike off the head of the survivor. the nervous system, in such a way, as to start between the two officers was adjusted, and the flow of the blood on its career of health,

no more challenges were heard of in the army and strength; and, ere they are aware of it,

of Gustavus Adolphus. they will be ready to mount up as with the

Varieties. 1. Oh! who can describe wo wings of an eagle, and leave all care, and trouble, and anxiety on the earth. Let them man's love, or woman's constancy. 2. Can try it, and they will see: persevere.

the immortality of the soul be proved from

the light of nature? 3. If the sculptor could Anecdote. The Cobbler. A cobbler, at Leyden, who used to attend the public dis- ble a good orator? 4. Can we be too zealous

put life into his works, would he not resemputations, held at the academy, was once in promoting a good cause? 5. Are miraasked if he understood Latin. “No,” replied cles the most convincing evidences of truth? the mechanic,“ but

I know who is wrong in 6. Is it not very hard to cherish unkind feelthe argument.” “ How ?” replied his friend. ings, and thoughts, without showing them in “Why, by seeing who is angry first.”

unkind words and actions ? 7. Are theatres Lift up thine eyes, afflicted soul !

-beneficial to mankind? 8. Ought any From earth-lift up thine eyes,

thing be received, without due examination ? Though dark—the evening shadows roll,

9. Do you wish to know the persons, against And daylight beauty-dies;

whom you have most reason to guard yourOne sun is set-a thousand more

self ? your looking-glass will reveal him to Their rounds of glory run,

you. 10. If a man is in earnest, would you Where science leads thee to explore

therefore call him a fanatic.
In every star-a sun.
Thus, when some long-loved comfort ends,

They are sleeping! Who are sleeping ?
And nature would despair,

Captives, in their gloomy cells;
Faith-to the heaven of heavens ascends,

Yet sweet dreams are o'er them creeping,
And meets ten thousand there;

With their many-colored speils.
First, faint and small, then, clear and bright, All they loveagain they clasp them;
They gladden all the gloom,

Feel again—their long-lost joys;
And stars, that seem but points of light,

But the hasté-with which they grasp them,
The rank of suns assume.

Every fairy form destroys.

347. THE FALLING INFLECTION () in Proverbs. 1. Speech-is the image of action. dicates that the voice glides downwards, 2. Superstition—is the spleen of the soul. 3. Suscontinuously, on the more important words pect a tale-bearer

, and trust him not. 4. Suspicion 1. “Where are you going?' 2. Of what-is the passion of true friendship. 5. Sweet are are you thinking? 3. Who sendeth the the slumbers of the virtuous. 6. Safe is he, who early and the latter rain ? 4. What things action. 8. Set not 100 high a value on your own

serves a good conscience. 7. Never do a mean are most proper for youth to learn ? Those abilities

. 9. Simple diet makes healthy children. that they are to practice

, when they enter 10. Sneer not at that you cannot Rival. 11. The upon the stage of action. 5. Be always sure best answer to a slander-is silence. 12. Vice—is you are right, then go ahead." 6. Begin'; infamous in every body. be bold, and venture to be wise : He who

Compassion. Compassion—is an emodefers this work, from day to day, Does on a tion, of which we ought never to be asham. river's brink expecting, stay, Till the whole ed. Graceful, particularly in youth, is the stream, that stopt him, shall be gone.—That tear of sympathy, and the heart, that melts runs, and runs, and ever will run on. 7. I at the tale of wo; we should not permit ease do not so much request, as demand your and indulgence to contract our affections, attention. 8. Seek the truth for its òwn and wrap us up in a selfish enjoyment. But sake, and out of love for it; and when found, the distresses of human life, of the solitary

we should accustom ourselves to think of embrace it, let it cut where it will; for it is all powerful, and must prevail


cottage, the dying parent, and the weeping

orphan. Nor ought we ever to sport with 348. Never begin, or end, two successive pain and distress, in any of our amusements, sentences on the same pitch: neither two or treat even the meanest insect with wanton lines in poetry; nor two members of a sen- cruelty. tence ; nor two words meaning different things; if you do, it will be monotonous: signify, and what the knowledge of good and

Varieties. 1. What does the tree of life The 34, 4th, or 5th note is the proper pitch evil, and what the eating from them? 2. for commencing to read or speak; the force What heaps of the ruins of a former world, must be determined by the occasion, the size of the room, the sense, &c. If we are in are piled up to form the substratum, and the middle of the pitches, we can rise or fall the Caucasian, or European race, so migra

surface, of the one we inhabit ? 3. Why is according to circumstances ; but if we begin too high, or too low, we shall be liable to tory and unsettled in its habits and propenLook at those of the audience at

sities, while the African race seems disa medium distance, and you will not greatly posed to stay at home, contented, and happy? err in pitch.

4. Where, in the brain, is the determina. 349. Mental Philosophy — treats of tion of the mind, when we think intensely? the faculties of the human mind; their laws Is it not where phrenologists locate causal. and actions, with a general reference to their ity?, 5. Why is the eye used to represent use and cultivation. It teaches, that the wisdom? 6. Who knoweth, (says Solomon,) two constituents of mind--are the will and the spirit of the beast, that goeth downward ?

the spirit of man, that goeth upward, and the UNDERSTANDING; the former is the re: 7. Why is a circle-used to represent eterceptacle of all our affections, good, or evil; the latter, of all our thoughts, true or false.

nity ? Phrenology-may be considered, to a certain extent, as the highway to the philosophy of

Vital spark-of heav'nly flame! mind; but it is not a sure guide, being found.

Quit, oh quit this mortal frame; ed on the philosophy of effects, instead of

Trembling, hoping, ling'ring, flying, that of causes; as is the case with all the

Oh, the pain, the bliss-of dying! sciences : hence, it cannot be depended on.

Cease, fond nature, cease thy strife, To judge righteously of the subject of mind,

And let me languish-into life. we must have the whole man; which in Hark! they whisper; angels say, volves phrenology, physiology, and psycholo. “Sister spirit, come away.gy: all of which must be seen in the light What is this-absorbs me quite; of TRUTH, natural, and spiritual.

Steals my senses, --shuts my sight, Anecdote. Rhymetry. When queen

Drowns my spirits,--draws my breath! Elizabeth visited the town of Falkenstene,

Tell me, my soul, can this-be death? the inhabitants employed their parish clerk

The world recedes ; it disappears! to versify their address: the mayor, on be.

Heav'n--opens on my eyes! my ears ing introduced, with great gravity mounted

With sounds seraphic ring :-a three legged stool, and commenced his

Lend, lend your wings! I mount! I fly' poetical declamation_thus:“O mighty

O grave! where—is thy victory? queen, Welcome to Falkenstene !'' Eliza. beth burst out in a loud roar of laughter;

O death! where--is ihy sting? and, without giving his worship time to re I hate to see

a shabby book, cover himself, she replied, “You great fool,

With half the leaves—torn out,
Get off that stool."

And used, as if its owner—thought
Keep company with the wise and good.

Twere made-to toss about.



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