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322. EMPHASIS. On every page may be Proverbs. 1. The foreknowledge of an apfound nearly all the principles of elocution; proaching evil, is a benefit of no small magnitude and in aiming at a compliance with the rules 2. We may get a world of false love, for a little given, great care must be taken to avoid a honesty. 3. The love of mankind-may be good stiff, and formal mode of reading and speak- while it lasts ; but the love of God—is everlasting. ing. We must never become enslaved to 4. Too many condemn the just, and not a fero thought alone, which rules with a rod of iron: justify the wicked. 5. Some people's threats-are but yield to feeling, when it is to predomi- larger than their hearts. 6. Discreet stages-make nate : in a perfect blending of feeling, thought short journeys. 7. Imitate the good, but avoid the and action, there is all the freedom and grace- evil
, by imitation. 9. Prize a good character above
evil. 8. Rather do good, without a pattern, than fulness of nature; provided they are in harmony with nature. It is better to be natural, benefactors of their race. 11. Plain dealing is u
any other good. 10. Well qualified teachers--are than mechanically correct. Every thought jewel. 12. Perfect love-casteth out fear. and feeling has its peculiar tone of voice, by which it is to be expressed, and which is ex
Science. Science, the partisan of no counactly suited to the degree of internal feeling: try, but the beneficent patroness of all, has in the proper use of these tones, most of the liberally opened a temple, where all may life, spirit, beauty, and effect of delivery con
meet. She never inquires about the country, sists. Hence, emphasis, or expression, is al
or sect, of those who seek admission; she most infinite in variety; yet none should be never allots a higher, or a lower place, from discouraged; because we cannot do every exaggerated national claims, or unfounded thing, is no reason why we should not try to national antipathies. Her influence on the do something.
mind, like that of the sun on the chilled 323. MISCELLANEOUS. 1. In your con- cultivation and farther improvement. The
earth, has long been preparing it for higher versation, be cautious what you speak, to philosopher of one country should not see an whom you speak, how you speak, when you enemy in the philosopher of another ; he speak; and what you speak, speak wisely, should take his seat in the temple of science, and truly. 2. A fool's heart—is in his tongue; and ask not who sits beside him. but a wise man's tonguemis in his heart. 3. Few things-engage the attention-and af
Varieties. 1. Is not the innocence of fections of men-more than a handsome ad- flowers enough to make wicked persons blush dress, and a graceful conversation. 4. For —to behold it? 2. Are there not as many one-great genius, who has written a little beautiful flowers in the oiher world, as there book, we have a thousand—little geniuses, are in this ? 3. Those are the best diversions, who have written great books. 5. Words that relieve the mind, and exercise the body, are but air ; and both—are capable of much with the least expense of time and money. condensation. 6. Nature-seldom inspires 4. Give us knowledge of our own, and we a strong desire for any object, without fur- will persevere. 5. Let us call tyrants—TYnishing the ability-to attain it. 7. 411—is RANTS: and maintain, that FREEDOM comes not gold—that glitters. 8. If I were an only, by the grace of God. AMERICAN-as I am an Englishman, while Truth-needs no champion; in the infinite deep a foreign troopwas landed in my country, Ofeverlasting Soul—her strength abides: I never-would lay down my arms; no,—(5) From Nature's heart—her mighty pulses leap,never! (4) never! (2) never! 9. The price Through Nature's veins, herstrength, undying, tides. of LIBERTY--is eternal vigilance. 10. The Peace-is more strong than war; and gentleness, true disciples of Nature, are regardless who When force were vain, makes conquests o'er the conducts them, provided she be the leader ;
And love lives on, and hath a power to bless, (wave; for Nature, like truth-is immutable.
When they, who loved, are hidden—by the grave. There is a tide—in the affairs of men,
'Tis not a century—since they, Which, taken at the flood,---leads on to FORTUNE ;
The red men, traversed here, Omitted, all the voyage of their life
And o'er these pleasant hills and vales, Is bound in shallows—and in miseries :
Pursued the bounding deer ; On such a full sea-are we-now afloat,
Here, too, that eloquence was poured And we must take the current, when it serves,
Around the council light, Or lose our ventures.
That made the sturdy warrior bold, Anecdote. One thing at a time. The
And ready for the fight! famous pensioner of Holland, who was the
And oft they came-exulting back, greatest genius of his time, and a famous pol
The husband, sire and son,
To vaunt before their savage shrines, itician, on being asked, how he could trans
The ill-their hands had done! act such a variety of business, without con
Yet, of their mortal weal or woe, fusion, replied, that he never did but one
No trace is left to-day; thing at a time.
For, like the foam upon the wave,
They all have passed away!
324. SHOUTING, or High and Loud-im Proverbs. 1. A bitter jest—is the poison of plying force of utterance. "The last words of friendship. 2. Be ever vigilant, but never suspiMarmion afford excellent means, when me- cious. 3. Cheerfulness—is perfectly consistent morized, for the student to try the compass of with true piety. 4. Demonstration is the best his voice upwards, as well as its power on mode of instruction. 5. Entertain not sin, lest you high pitches. It is not often that these high like its company. 6. Finesse—is unworthy of a and almost screaming notes are required in liberal mind. 7. Good counsel—is above all price. public speaking: yet, there are times, espe- 8. Hearts—may agree, tho' heads-differ. 9. Idlo cially in the open air, when they may be in ness—is the parent of want, shame, and misery. troduced with great effect. And it is always 10. Learn to live, as you would wish to die. 11. well to have an inexhaustible capital of voice, Content—is the highest bliss. 12. Vex not yourself, as of money ; indeed, there is no danger of when ill spoken of. having too much of either, provided we make
Force of Habit. Habit-hath so vast a a proper use of them. In giving the word of prevalence over the human mind, that there command, on occasions of fire, erecting build- is scarcely any thing too strange, or too ings, on the field of battle, martial exercise, strong, to be asserted of it. The story of &c., power and compass of voice are very the miser, who, from long accustoming to desirable.
cheat others, came at last to cheat himself, 325. 1. “The war, that for a space did and with great delight and triumph picked fail, Now, trebly thundering, swellid the his own pocket of a guinea, to convey to his gale, And (10) “ Stanley!" (6) was the cry; hoard, is not impossible or improbable. In Å light on Marmion's visage spread, and like manner it fares with the practisers of fired his glazing eye : With dying hand, deceit, who, from having long deceived åbove his head, he shook the fragment of their acquaintance, gain at last a power of his blade, and shouted (8) * VICTORY!" deceiving themselves, and acquire that very (9) CHARGE! CHESTER, (10) CHARGE! ON, opinion, however false, of their own abili
: (11) STANLEY-(12) ON!" (3) Were the lies, excellences, and virtues, into which last words of Marmion. 2. (6) LIBERTY: they have for years, perhaps, endeavored to (8) FREEDOM! (5) TYRANNT is dead! betray their neighbors. (6) Run (7) HENCE! PROCLAIM it about the
Varieties. 1. Eternity, (wrote a deaf STREETS! 3. The combat deepens: (4) and dumb boy,) is the lifetime of the Deity. "ON! ye Brave! Who rush-0 (6) GLO; 2. No evil can be successfully combatted, or RY,-—or the (3) grave; (9) WAVE-MUNIch! removed, but from the opposite good, from a all thy (10) BANNERS wave! (8) And charge desire for it, and an attachment to it; i. e. with all thy (3) CHIVALRY.”
till the mind is perfectly willing to relinquish 926. CONSTITUTIONAL Law, in its ex- the evil. 3. A man's ruling love-governs tended sense,
includes the study of the con- him ; because, what he loves, he continues stitutions, or fundamental laws of the vari- 10 will. 4. Sweet harmonist, and beautiful ous Nations: i.e. the structure, and mechan- as sweet, and young as beautiful, and soft as ism of their government, and the appoint- young, and gay as soft, and innocent as gay, ments, powers, and duties of their officers. 5. Had Cæsar genius? he was an orator? The United States Constitutional Law, may Had Cæsar judgment ? he was a politician! be considered under five different heads; Had Cæsar valor ? he was a conqueror ! viz: Legislative Power, Executive Power, Had Cæsar feeling ? he was a friend! 6. Judicial Power, State Rights Restrictions, Music is one of the sweetest flowers of the and United States Statutes and Treaties. intellectual garden; and, in relation to its The Legislative power is vested in a Con: power—to exhibit the passions, it may be gress, consisting of a Senate and House of called-ihe universal language of nature. Representatives, elected by the people, or 7. Whatever the immediate cause may be, their State Legislatures; the Executive pow. the effect is so far good, as men cease to do er,
in a President, who holds his office four evil, they learn to do well. years; the Judicial power, in a Supreme Court, which consists of one Chief Justice, A perilous life, and sad—as life may be, and eight Associate Justices, and in such Hath the lone fisher—on the lonely sea ; inferior courts, as Congress may ordain, or in the wild waters laboring, far from home, establish. State rights and restrictions-are For some poor pittance, e'er compelled to roam! powers not delegated by the Constitution to the United States, nor prohibited by it to the Fero friends to cheer him—in his dangerous life, States, but reserved to the States, respect. Companion of the sea and silent air
And none to aid him in the stormy strife. ively, or to the people. Anecdote. Patience
. A youth, who was The lonely fisher thus must ever fare; a pupil of Zeno, on his return home, was ask- Without the comfort, hope with scarce a friend, ed by his father, “what he had learned ?" He looks through life, and only sees—its end! The lad replied, "that will appear hereaf. “ Thou art, O God! the life and light ter.” On this, the father, being enraged, beat Of all this wondrous world we see; his son; who, bearing it patiently, and with Its glow by day, its smile by night, out complaining, said, This have I learn. Are but reflections-caught from thee! ed, to endure a parent's anger."
Where'er we turn, thy glories shine,
And all things bright and fair--are thine."
327. SPEAKING THE GAUNTLET. We Proverbs. 1. Soft hands, and soft brains-have all heard of the practice, that prevails generally go together. 2. Let time be the judge, among some tribes of Indians, called “run- and common sense the jury. 3. Cherish an arning the gauntlet;" when a company ar- dent love of nature and of art. 4. The region range themselves in two rows, a few yards beyond the grave, is not a solitary one. 5. Each apart, and their prisoner is obliged to run night--is the past day's funeral: and each mornbetween them; when each throws his hatchet its resurrection. 6. Better be exalted by humility, at him; and if he passes through without than brought low by exaltation. 7. Tight-lacing-being killed, he is permitted to live. In the is a gradual suicide, and tends to enkindle imimportant exercise, here recommended, each pure desires. 8. Good manners--are always bemember of the class, after making some coming. 9. The candid man has nothing to conproficiency, memorizes and recites, a strong ceal; he speaks nothing but truth. 10. Plato and powerful sentence, and the others try to said—read much; but read not many books. 11. put out, or break down, the one that is Marry in haste; repent at leisure. 12. If you will speaking, by all sorts of remarks, sounds, not keep, you cannot have. 13. Prune off useless looks, and actions; tho' without touching
branches. him: and the gauntlet speaker, girds up the loins of his mind, and endeavors to keep the
Government. It is time that men should fountain of feeling higher than the streams:
learn to tolerate nothing ancient, that reason and so long, he is safe; but alas for him, does not respect, and to shrink from no novthat shrinks into himself, and yields to his elty, to which reason may conduct. It is
time that the human powers, so long occuopponents.
pied by subordinate objects and inferior arts, But this,-and ills severer—he sustains;
should mark the commencement of a new As gold—the fire, and, as unhurt remains :
era in history, by giving birth to the art of When most reviled, altho' he feels the smart, It wakes—to NOBLER deeds—the wounded heart. civil happiness of man. It is time, that le
improving government, and increasing the The noble mind-unconscious of a fault, gislators, instead of that narrow and dasNo fortune's frown-can bend, or smiles-exalt: tardly coasting, which never ventures to Like the firm rock-that in mid-ocean-braves
lose sight of usage and precedent, should, The war of whirlwinds, and the dash of waves : guided by the polarity of reason, hazard a Or, like a tower-he lifts his head on high bolder navigation, and discover, in unex. And fortune's arrows—far below him fly. plored regions, the treasure of public feli
328. MOUTHING. Some — think that city. words are rendered more distinct, to large Varieties. 1. Did not Mr. Pitt, by the assemblies, by dwelling longer on the sylla, force of his eloquence, raise himself to be bles; others, that it adds to the pomp and the prime minister of England ? 2. A rich solemnity of public declamation, in which man's son-generally begins—where his they think every thing must be different father left off; and ends-where his father from private discourse. This is one of the began-pennyless. 3. A proneness to talk vices of the stage, and is called theatrical, of persons, instead of things, indicates a in opposition to what is natural. By “trip- narrow, and superficial mind. pingly on the tongue,” Shakspeare probably The world—may scorn me, if they choose; I care means—the bounding of the voice from ac
But little for their scoffings: I may sink cent to accent; trippingly along from word for moments ; but I rise again, nor shrink to word, without resting on syllables by the From doing-what the faithful heart inspires : way. And, by “mouthing," dwelling on I will not flatter, fawn, nor crouch, nor wink syllables, that have no accent, and ought therefore to be pronounced as quickly as is At what high mounted wealth, or power desires; consistent with a proper enunciation. Avoid I have a LOFTIER aim—to which my soul aspires. an artificial air, and hold, as it were, the
Be humble-learn thyself to scan; mirror up to nature. See the difference in Know-PRIDE-was never made for man. the following, by pronouncing them with 6. Where there is emulation—there will be the accent, extending thro’ the whole word, vanity; and where there is vanity, there in a drawling tone, and then, giving them will be folly. 7. Each man has his proper properly: con-jec-ture, en-croach-ment, hap- standard to fight under, and his peculiar duty pi-ness, grat-i-tude, for-tu-nate-ly; which to perform: one tribe's office is not that is very far from true solemnity, which is in of another: neither is the inheritance the the spirit; not alone in the manner.
Anecdote. A student in college-carried I wander-by the mountain's side, a manuscript poem, of his own composition, Whose peaks-reflect the parting day, to his tutor, for his inspection. The tutor, Or stoop—to view the river glide after looking it over, inquired the author's In silvery ripples-on its way. reason, for beginning every line with a capi.
The turf is green, the sky is blue,
The drooping foliage-to his nest;
A kindred soul, the scene to share.
329. REVISION. Before entering on a con-| Proverbs. 1. Pride—is the greatest enemy sideration of the Inflections, and other higher to reason ; and discretion-the great opposite of modifications of voice, the pupil is again ear- pride. 2. The wise-shape their apparel to the nestly solicited-to review all the principles, body; the proud-shape their body to their appathat have been brought forward; especially rel. 3. A sound and vigorous mind, in a healthy all that relates to Accent, Pauses, Emphasis, body, is an invaluable possession. 4. Experience and the alphabet of music, or the eight notes; is the mother of the arts. 5. He, is never tired of and, in this revision, be careful not to con- listening, who wishes to gain knowledge. 6. Betfound one principle with another; as stress ter consider for a day, than repent for a year. 7. with quantity, high sounds with loud ones, parent of independence. 8. Use no tobacco, if you
Economy—is the foundation of liberality, and the and low ones with feeble. Remember, that would be decent, clean, and healthy. 9. The path stress is a quick blow, or ick-tus of the voice; of literature is more difficult, than that which leads quantity-length of sound; high sounds-on, to fortune. 10. That which is well done, is twice or above the sixth note; loud ones—halloo done. 11. Of a little--take a little. 12. A hasty ing ; low sounds-on, or below the third note; man-never wants woe. feeble ones, softly, as from weakness. Prac
Providence, If a man lets his hand lie tice the examples, till you make them fit you, in the ice, it is highly probable Providence and produce on yourselves and others, the de- will ordain it to be frozen ; or if he holds it sired effects.
in the fire, to be burnt. Those who go to sea, 330. I came to the place of my birth, and Providence will sometimes permit to be said; "The friends of my youth-where are drowned; those, on the other hand, who ne
And echo answered, —“ Where?” | ver quit dry ground, Providence will hardly 2. When the Indians were solicited to emi- suffer to perish in the sea. It is therefore grate to the West, they replied; What! shall justly said, “Help yourself, and Heaven will
to the bones of our fathers-Arise! | help you.” The truth is, that God has helped and go with us into a foreign land? us from the beginning; the work of the The truly lovely
master is completed; and, so far as it was Are not the fair, who boast but of outward grace, intended to be so, perfect; it requires, thereThe nought, but beautiful of form and face ; fore, no further extraordinary aids and corThey—are the lovely-THEY, in whom unite, slight, rections from above; its further development Earth's fleeting charms—with virtue's HEAVENLY and improvement in this world is placed in Who, tho' they wither,-yet, with faded bloom our own hands. We may be good or bad, Bear their all of sweetness-to the tomb.
wise or foolish, not always perhaps in the Notes. 1. Such is the careless and ignorant manner in degree which we, as individuals, might which many have been permitted to come up, instead of being choose, were our wills perfectly free, but so brought up, that it will often be found necessary to use a variety of far as the state of the human race, immemeans to become divested of bad habits and their consequences. 2. Probably the lungs suffer more than any other part of the diately preceding us, has formed us to decide. body, by being cooped up in a small cavity. To enlarge the chest,
Varieties. 1. Is animal, or human magside-wise, practice the elevation of the elbows to a horizontal plane nearly level with the shoulders
, and commence gently tapping the netism, true? 2. When the spirit is deterbreast between the shoulders, the ends of the fingers of both hands mined, it can do almost anything; therefore, being nearly together; and then, during the exercise, strike back never yield to discouragement in doing, or from the sternum toward each shoulder, drawing the hands far.
getting, what is good and true. 3. What ther and farther apart, till the ends of the fingers reach the armpits, and even out on the arm, without depressing the elbows: temptation is greater than permitting young try it, and you will see and know.
persons, and especially young men, in this Anecdote. Flying To; not From. Some degenerate world, to handle much money,
4. Exhibit such an years ago, a person requested permission of the that is not their own. Bishop of Salisbury, in England, to fly from example in your dress, conversation, and the spire of his church. The good bishop, temper, as will be worthy of imitation. 5. with an anxious concern for the man's spiri- We often hear it said, “that people, and tual, as well as temporal safety, told him, he things, are changed." Is it not ourselves was very welcome to fly to the church; but that have changed? The heart-makes all he would encourage no one to fly from it. around, a mirror of itself.
REAL gloryChild of the sun! pursue thy rapturous flight,
Springs from the silent conquest of ourselves,
And, without that—the conqueror is nought, Mingling with her thou lou'st—in fields of light;
But the first slave. And, where the flowers of Paradise unfold,
7. Every word, spoken from affection, leaves Quaff fragrant nectar-from their cups of gold, There shall thy wings, rich as an evening sky,
an everlasting impression in the mind; every Expand-and shut-in silent ecstasy.
thought, spoken from affection, becomes a Yet, wert thou once a worm, a thing, that crept
living creation; and the same also, if not On the bare earth, then wrought a tomb, and slept; spoken,-if it be fully assented to by the mind. And such-is man; soon, from his cell of clay, When the stem dies, the leaf, that grew To burst a seraph-in the blaze of day.
Out of its heart, must perish too.
331. EVERY emotion of the mind has its Proverbs. 1. A wise governor, would rather own external manifestation, so that no one preserve peace, than gain a victory. 2. It is emotion can be accommodated to another. sometimes a benefit, to grant favors, and at other Observe the native eloquence of a hungry times, to deny them. 3. An angry person is anchild, when asking for a piece of bread and gry with himself, when he returns to reason. 4. butter ; especially, the third or fourth time;
Wherever you are, conform to the usual cusand mark its emphasis, and tones: also the toms and manners of the country. 5. To encourage qualities of voice, with which it expresses its the unworthy, is to promote vice
. 6. Ingratitude
to the benevolent-generally ends in disgrace. 7 grief, anger, joy, &c. The manner of each Esteem virtue, tho’ in a foe: abhor rice, tho’ in a passion is entirely different ; nor does it ever friend. 8. The more one speaks of himself, the apply one for another ; indeed, children in less willing is he, to hear another talked abou?.. their own efforts, always make the proper 9. Nature-is always content with herself. 16. emphasis, inflections, and gestures ; and they Form your opinions of a person, by his questions, are graceful in all, when under the sole influ- rather than by his answers. 11. Say—can wisence of nature. Thus, from nature, unso- dom-e'er reside, with passion, envy, hate, or phistocated, may be derived the whole art of pride? 12. In a calm sea, every man is pilot. 13. speaking. The author is free to acknow-A good life-keeps off wrinkles. ledge, that he has learned more about true Debt. There is nothing--more to be eloquence, from children, and the Indians, dreaded, than debt : when a person, whose and his consequent practice, than from all principles are good, unhappily falls into this other sources.
situation, adieu to all peace and comfort. 332. CICERO—copied, and imitated, every The reflection imbitters every meal, and body; he was the very mocking-bird of el-drives from the eyelids refreshing sleep. It oquence, which is his greatest distinction, corrodes and cankers every cheerful idea; and glory: for who so various as he ; who so and, like a stern Cerberus, guards each avesweet, so powerful, so simply eloquent, or so nue to the heart, so that pleasure does not magnificently flowing, and each, and all, by approach. Happy! thrice happy ! are those, turns? His mind was a perfect pan-hurmon- who are blessed with an independent compeicon. Your original writer,-your original tence, and can confine their wants within the character, has no sympathies ; he is heart-bounds of that competence, be it what it may. bound, brain-bound and lip-bound; he is tru- To such alone, the bread of life is palatable ly an oddity; he is like no-body, and no-body and nourishing. Sweet is the morsel, that is is like him ; he reeds on self-adoration, or acquired by an honest industry, the produce the adulation of fools; who mistake the ora- of which is permanent, or that flows from a cles of pride and vanity, for the inspirations source which will not fail. A subsistence, of geniis.
that is precarious, or procured by an uncer333. There are some, even in this enlight- tain prospect of payment, carries neither ened age, who affect to despise the acquisi- wine nor oil with it. Let me, therefore, again tion of elocution, and other important and repeat, that the person, who is deeply involvuseful accomplishments; but such persons ed in debt, experiences, on earth, all the torare generally very awkward themselves, and tures, the poets describe to be the lot of the dislike the application and practice, that are wretched inhabitants of Tatarus. necessary to render them agreeable and im
Varieties. 1. Is not a want of purity, pressive speakers. It is an old adage—that the cause of the fickleness of mankind ? 2. many--despise that, which they do not pos- A man's character is like his shadow; sess, and
which they are too indolent to at- which sometimes follows, and at others, pretain. Remember the fox and the grapes.
cedes him; and which is occasionally longer, Anecdote. A colonel was once complaining, that from the ignorance, and inat- or shorter, than he is. 3. Admiration-sig
nifies the reception and acknowledgment of tention of the officers, he was obliged to do the whole duty of the regiment. Said he, “I am should have good roads, if all the sinners
a thing, in thought, and affection. 4. We my own captain, my own lieutenant, my own cornet, and"
were set to mend them. 5. The world is a “ Your own trumpeter," said a lady present.
hive, that affords both sweets, and poisons, NOW came still evening on, and twilight gray
with many empty combs. 6. All earthly enHad, in her sober livery, all things clad.
joyments are not what they appear; thereSilence-accompanied; for beast, and bird,
fore, we should discriminate ; for some are
sweet in hopes, but, in fruition, sour. 7. Or-
der-is the sweetest, most pacific, regular,
one, and the end is one: the final end is the
similitude of the beginning.
Self, alone, in nature-rooted fast,
Attends us first, and leaves us-last.