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divided between the inhabitants of the city of Philadelphia and the government of Pennsylvania, in the same manner as herein directed with respect to that of the inhabitants of Boston and the government of Massachusetts. It is

my

defire that this institution should take place, and begin to operate within one year after my decease; for which purpose due notice should be publicly given, previous to the expiration of that year, that those for whose benefit this e{tablishment is intended, may make their respective applications: and I hereby direct my executors, the survivors and survivor of them, within six months after my decease, to pay over the said fum of two thousand pounds sterling to such persons as shall be duly appointed by the select men of Boston, and the corporation of Philadelphia, to receive and take charge of their respective sums of one thousand pounds each for the purposes aforesaid. Considering the accidents to which all human affairs and projects are subject in such a length of time, I have perhaps too much flattered myself with a vain fancy, that these dispositions, if carried into execution, will be continued without interruption, and have the effects proposed; I hope, however, that, if the inhabitants of the two cities should not think fit to undertake the execution, they will at least accept the offer of these donations, as marks of my good will, token of my gratitude, and testimony my

desire to be useful to them even after my departure. I wish, indeed, that they may both undertake to endeavour the execution of my project, because I think, that, though un

of

foreseen difficulties may arise, expedients will be found to remove them, and the scheme be found practicable. If one of them accepts the money with the conditions, and the other refufes, my will then is, that both sums be given to the inhabitants of the city accepting; the whole to bę applied to the same purposes, and under the same regulations directed for the separate parts; and if both refuse, the money remains of course in the mass of my estate, and it is to be disposed of therewith, according to my will made the seventeenth day of July, 1788.

My fine crab-tree walking-stick, with a gold head curiously wrought in the form of the cap of Liberty, I give to my friend, and the friend of mankind, General Washington. If it were a fceptre, he has merited it, and would become it.

END OF VOL. I.

ESSA Y S,

HUMOUROUS, MORAL, AND

LITERARY, &c.

19

ON EARLY MARRIAGES.

TO JOHN ALLEYNE, ESQ.

DEAR JACK,

You defire, you say, my impartial thoughts

TO

on the subject of an early marriage, by way of answer to the numberless objections that have been made by numerous persons to your own. You may remember, when

you

consulted me on the occasion, that I thought youth on both sides to be no objection. Indecd, from the marriages that have fallen under my observation, I am rather inclined to think, that early ones stand the best chance of happiness. The temper and habits of the young are not yet become so stiff and uncomplying as when more advanced in life; they form more easily to each other, and hence many occasions of disgust are removed. And if youth has less of that prudence which is necesfary to manage a family, yet the parents and elder friends of young married persons are generally at hand to offer their advice, which amply fupplies that defect; and, by early marriage, youih is sooner formed to regular and useful lile; and possibly some of those accidents or

conne&tions, that might have injured the constie tution, or reputation, or both, are thereby happily prevented. Particular circumstances of particular perlons, may possibly sometimes make it prudent to delay entering into that state; but in general, when nature has rendered our bodies fit for it, the presumption is in nature's favour, that she has not judged amiís in making us defire it, Late marriages are often attended, too, with this further inconvenience, that there is not the fame chance that the parents shall live to see their offspring educated. “ Late children," says the Spanish proverb, “ are early orphans.” A melancholy reflection to those whose case it may be! With us in America marriages are generally in the morning of life; our children are therefore educated and settled in the world by noon; and thus, our business being done, we have an afternoon and evening of cheerful leisure to ourselves, such as our friend at present enjoys. By these early marriages we are blessed with more children ; and from the mode among us, founded by nature, of every mother suckling and nursing her own child, more of them are raised. Thence the swift progress of population among us, unparalleled in Europe. Infine, I am glad you are mrraied and congratulate you most cordially upon it. You are now in the way of becoining a useful citizen; and you have escaped the unnatural ftate of celibacy for life--the fate of many here, who never intended it, but who.

ing too long postponed the change of their dition, find, at length, that it is ioo late to ink of it, and to live all their lives in a ftuation

that greatly lessens a man's value. An odd volume of a set of books bears not the value of its proportion to the set; what think you of the odd half of a pair of scissars ? it can't well cut any thing; itmay possibly serve to scrape a trencher.

Pray make my compliments and best wilhes. acceptable to your bride. I am old and heavy, or I should ere this have presented them in perfon. I shall make but small use of the old man's privilege, that of giving advice to younger friends. Treat your wife always with respect; it will procure respect to you, not only from her, but from all that observe it. Never use a lighting expression to her, even in jest ; for slights in jeit, after frequent bandyings, are apt to end in anger earnest. Be studious in your profession, and you will be learned. Be industrious and frugal, and you

will be rich. Be sober and temperate, and you will be healthy. Be in general virtuous, and you will be happy. At least, you will, by such conduct, stand the best chance for such conse? quences. I pray God to bless you both! being ever your affectionate friend,

B. FRANKLIN.

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ON THE DEATH OF HIS BROTHER,

MR. JOHN FRANKLIN.

TO MISS HUBBARD.

I corpore with you. We have lot a molt

7

dear and valuable relation. But it is the will of God and nature, that these mortal bodies be laid

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