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From The Correspondence of The Atheneum. written much in detail, speaks of “those two
terrible shocks," and of the innumerable Naples, Jan. 4th.
minor shocks which have continued from the The phenomena which preceded and have 16th of December up to the present timefollowed the disastrous earthquake which has the letter being written on the 29th of Destruck such a panic throughout this kingdom, cember. "A few minutes before the first have a remarkable and a separate interest shock,” adds the writer, “.a hissing sound from that of the afflicting details of the suf- was heard in the river, as if vast masses of fering occasioned by it, as many things oc- stones were being brought down by a torcurred to show that before the event there rent. It is to be noted, too, that all the dogs was great subterraneous agitation going on in the neighborhood howled immediately beSimilar indications of existing agitation now fore the first awful shock. From the evencontinually manifest themselves. That Ve- ing of the 16th, we have been in the counsuvilis has been in a state of chronic erup- try dragging on life, without sleeping, in the tion for nearly two years, and the wells at midst of consternation ind alarm. My poor Resina for the last few months nearly dried babe, all dressed, sleeps in its cradle, whilst up, I have already noted; that the kingdom we watch round a fire in the court-yard, ready has been in this interval, in various parts, to fly on the moment, should it be the will alarmed by minor shocks of earthquake, may of God to send us other stray shocks. not be so generally known, but such is the Were such a misfortune to happen, the Vallo fact, and to those signs of impending dan- and the entire district would be destroyed, ger the Official Journal of the 30th of De so ruined already are our houses. All the cember adds the following: “The Syndic of population here are under tents and in the Salandro (one of the communes which has
open country. I cannot express to you the suffered much from the recent scourge) re- grief which I feel at the disasters which I witports that for nearly a month at about two ness, and which appear to multiply from day miles distance from the town a gas has been to day. Our lives are now more precarious observed to issue from a watercourse—the than ever. Yet Vallo was comparatively untemperature of it was about that of the sun. touched. Let us visit some of the ruined A few days since, too, from another similar places at the centre of the disaster ;—and I fosse, the same kind of gas issued. These will speak in the words of a gentleman who exhalations were observed only in the morn- has just returned : “I found the country ing, however ; during the rest of the day seamed with fissures, which had at first been they were not perceptible. On the 22nd of wide, but which gradually closed. The December, they ceased altogether, and there ground was heaving during the whole time was an expectation that hot mineral springs of my visit to Polla. Once a beautifully sitwould burst forth from that spot.” The Of- uated township, with 7,000 souls, it is now ficial Journal of the 2nd of January relates half in ruins, and the survivors were sitting another remarkable fact. In the territory or walking about, telling us of their misery, of Bella, about two miles from the town, the and lamenting more that there were no earthquake on the night of the 16th of De- hands to take out the dead or rescue the lircember levelled the neighboring hills, rolled ing. Two country people were groping the earth over and over, and formed deep amongst the stones of a building ; one found valleys. Half-an-hour before the shock, a
a body, and throwing a stone towards the light as that of the moon was seen to horer face called the attention of the other. That over the whole country, and a fetid exhala- perhaps is some relation of yours,' but the tion like sulphur was perceived. On the body was not recognized. I tried to get morning following the shocks, which were food at a trattoria, the only house standing, accompanied by loud rumblings, a large at the corner of a street ; but the proprietor, piece of land, full 600 moggia, (a moggia is who was by our side, repulsed me, and resomething less than an acre) and at about fused to go in, saying that the moon had just the same distance from the town, was found entered the quarter, and we should have anencircled by a trench of from ten to twenty other earthquake. In most of these places, palms in depth, and the same in width. A as in Naples, the deep, heavy rumbling letter from Vallo, now lying before me, and which preceded and accompanied the earth
quake have been much dwelt on.” On the that some great change is pending, there is night of the 26th of December, the little but too much reason for supposing. town of Sasso, near Castelabbate, consisting I have not dwelt so much as I might have of one long street, was separated in two by done on the incidents of the earthquake,– the sudden opening of a fissure through its on the effect of the panic on the public entire length, each side remaining separated health,--the illnesses and the deaths which from the other by a considerable interval have ensued, --nor on the painful scenes which and so it stands. On the 28th and 29th of are described by every one flying from the December, both in Sala and Potenza, strong place. Some were heard to groan beneath shocks were felt, followed by many others of the ruins several days after the disaster, and a less intense character, and these still con- there was no prompt assistance for their tinue. The consequences will be that even rescue ; for the inhabitants had either filed in those houses which were only cracked will fear, or were so enfeebled by hunger and give way, and those which were feeble will despair, that they could make but inadequate be reduced to ruins.
efforts. Some, too, were dug out alive after In Naples, too, the shocks continue pro-six, seven, and eight days of burial. Others ducing vibrations of the doors and windows; were found, it is to have eaten portions and in one instance, I have heard ringing of of their own arms. The sufferings, too, of the bells. The common report is, that since those who were saved, exceeded perhaps the 16th of December we have had eighty- those of persons who were killed. One four shocks in the capital. It is not at all man describes himself as waking with the improbable if every vibration is counted as violence of the shock, and finding first the one, and if the great subterraneous agitation head of his bed rising as high as might have which is now going on, be taken into ac- been the ceiling, and then the foot of the count. Every one looks really with anxiety bed. Another says,—"I huddled my family to Vesuvius, and prays, not from curiosity together under the doorway of a room, and only, for an eruption. The indications of so watched, during the night, the walls and desirable a result seem to be on the increase. timbers of the floors falling around me.” A person who resides at Resina says, that on Another, a Swiss, just escaped from his the night of the 29th, from 10 P.M. to 5 A.M. house, on turning round to look for his of the 30th ult., the whole town was in a daughters, saw them being buried under the state of continual vibration. Every three ruins of his falling dwelling. Four places minutes a sound was heard as of a person have been almost entirely swallowed up. attempting to wrench the doors and windows More than one hundred townships and enout of their places followed by a quiver. virons have been either reduced to ruins, or The next morning the mountain was ob- more or less injured. Some English gentleserved to vomit forth much smoke and a men who have just returned from the scene cloud of ashes. Friends, too, who reside at of disaster give the following interesting Capo di Marte, near the city, speak of the though harrowing details :-“ Before arrivdeep thunders which they hear from the ing at Pertosa, we found the houses on either mountain in the stillness of the night. The side of the road thrown to the ground; the same phenomena are observed at Torre del landlord of a tavern now abandoned told us Greco. I must also advert to the manifest that he had the good fortune to escape with lowness of the sea, which seems to-day to his wife, but that his child and servant had have receded from the land. I noticed this been both killed. He himself bore the fact in my last letter, and tried to explain it marks of a heavy blow on his face. The as consequent upon the neap tides; but the population of this place was about 3,000, same thing continues; and unless it has been and 143 bodies only had been dug out on occasioned by the long continuation of a land the 1st of January; whilst 200 more were wind, the conclusion is inevitable that there known to be missing. The whole town was has been an upheaving of soil. It would be destroyed, with the exception of six houses, rash, however, to come speedily to so im- which were in a falling state. Between portant a decision. How this state of things Pertosa and Polla the strength and caprice will terminate, it is impossible to say; but of the earthquake were made manifest in a remarkable way. Crossing a deep ravine, / terraneous thunders to roll. We immediwe found the road on the opposite side ately fled from the spot, but were nearly carried off
' 200 feet distant from its former overwhelmed as the wall of a bell-tower fell position: the mountain above it had been close upon our heels, and a leaning house, in cleft in two, revealing to a great depth the an inclining state, came down within 20 feet limestone caverns in the bowels of the earth. of us. The frightened people immediately
. The ground was seamed with fissures ; and formed a procession, and headed by the we could put our arms into them up to the priests, bearing the crucifix and an image of shoulders. Polla has a population of 7,000 the Madonna, lashed themselves with ropes persons :-1,000 had fallen victims, of whom as they walked. On leaving the town, we 567 had been dug up and buried ; the work rested on the wall of a bridge just outside, of disinterment was continuing slowly, but where some priests begged us to rise, saying the stench here and elsewhere, from the we were in danger, for the ground was conbodies, was insufferable. Three shocks of an tinually trembling. Whilst sitting there, we earthquake were felt on this day, January 1. felt the third shock, and required no other The first was very early in the morning; the hint." At the last moment, I add, from second about half-past 12. When we were official documents, that upwards of 30,000 standing on the ruins of a church, the ground are returned as dead, and 250,000 living in began to heave under our feet and the sub- the open air.
We have to announce another important ruary, 1522) that he had discovered only the addition to geographical knowledge from the shore of the Asiatic continent, not a new pen of a German.
Herr Mollhausen, the son world.”—Saturday Review. of a Prussian officer, is just about to publish, by subscription, a magnificent work, in which The interest which has been excited in this hč describes his journey from the Mississippi to country by the Eeutsche Theologie,f may lead the shores of the Pacific.* The cost of the book some persons to the study of a work on the will be about £2 10s., a large price for Germany; German Mystics of the fourteenth century, but if we may trust the promises of the pros- which is now appearing at Leipzig It is impectus, it will be a Prachtwerk of the first rank. possible as yet to form an opinion as to how far The prospectus contains a long and curiously it may be adapted for English readers, for only characteristic preface by Alexander von Hum- one volume has been published, and that conboldt, in which he speaks of the anthor in the tains merely the remains of Meister Eckhart, very highest terms. This preface, which is, we printed in old German, and without any hisneed hardly say, exceedingly interesting, con- torical clucidations. These the editor promtains a hint that Columbus had not improbably ises in another volume. He certainly piquies heard of the gold of California. We cannot our curiosity, for he speaks of Eckbart, as one resist the temptation of quoting one essentially of the deepest thinkers of all time, and quotes Humboldtian passage :
an old saying concerning him : "At the present day, when great projects for
“ Diz ist Meister Eckhart. connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans are
Dem Got nie niht verbare." occupying the attention of so many, it is pleas- His remains consist of sermons, treatises, sarant to think of the first small beginnings of our ings, and a series of theological and philosoknowledge of the Pacific, of what Columbus phical “ guesses at truth,” which are collected knew about it, when he lay upon his deathbed. together under the title Liber Positionum. The The great man, half forgotten by his contem- editor has employed eighteen years in hunting poraries, as I have shown elsewhere, died at out, amongst all the libraries of central Europe, Valladolid, on the 20th of May 1506, fully from Einsiedeln to Breslau and Berlin, these persuaded (as was also Amerigo Vespucci, up fragments of Eckhart. A very large portion of to his death, at Seville, on the 22nd of Feb-them has never appeared in print. - Saturday
* Prospect Tagebuch Einer Reise von Mississippi Review. nach den Küsten der Südsee von Balduin Möllhau
* Deutsche Mystiker des Vierzehnten Jahrhun Nebst einem Vorwort von Alexander von derts, herausgegeben von Franz Pfeiffer. Zweiter Humboldt, Leipzig ; Mendelssohn. London : Band. Leipzig: Göschen. London: Williams and Williams and Norgate. 1857.
and Norgate. 1857.
A LAY OF LUCKNOW. Will come a ling'ring echo, too,
Of Scotland's “ Auld Lang Syne.” ASLEEP!-ainid the awful thunder
When the tempest flies
O'er the cloudy skies,
And from crag to crag the frantic thunders ride; The English woman's troubled rest
When the lightning stroko Is broken fitfully;
Has destroyed the oak, But hushed in motionless repose,
Safely down below ihe little violets hide. The head upon her knec,
In the strife appalling, A Scottish woman pillowed there,
When the proud are falling, Dreains of the far-off home,
Little men can rest, or watch unheeded by; Where hier old father from the plough
Blow, ye storms of Tate, At eventide will come.
On the rich and great, What sudden sound 'mid that wild roar
I'm but little Nobody–Nobody am I. The charmed vision breaks,
Pebbles on the shore As springing from her kindly couch,
Dread no billows' roar, The bighland woman wakes?
But the mighty ships, deep-laden in the hold, The Scottish ear-the Scottish heart
With a thousand men, 'Mid that stern din of war,
Steering home again, Hears the sbrill Highland bagpipe spcak- Founder oftentimes with all their men and gold. The slogan sound afar!
Feathers fall but slowly, “ We're saved ! I hear Macgregor's peal,
And the poor and lowly Aye foremost in the fray
Fall and are unhurt—while greatness falls to Oh, Highland hearts and hands are true;
die; We're saved this blessed day!
Kings may wake to weep, She stands amid the hero band
While their ploughimen sleep : Who wage the hopeless strife,
Who would be a Somebody?-Nobody am I. The harbinger of coming aid, Of rescued love and life.
“ Make me to go in the path of Thy commandThey listen !—but that distant sound
ments." - PSALM cxix. Reaches no Saxon ear;
WHEN from that path Thou hast appointed me, For them no Highland pibroch tells
I wander, hedge my way about, good Lord, That Scotland's aid is near.
So that, perforce, 1 must rolurn to Thee; Again the voice of war sends forth
Where snares and dangers be, Defiance stern and high ;
There plant Thine angel and avenging sword. Despairing, though undaunted still, Are England's chivalry.
When to Thy throne my imperfect prayers as
cend, Once more that cry: “ The Campbells come!
Dear Lord, consider well what I entreat; We're saved !.”—They pause again.
Judge my unwise complaint, and condescend O blessed Ueaven! she speaketh sooth!
To make it good; so winnowing chaff from They hear the bagpipe's strain.
wheat, High 'inid the roar of deadly strife
That only what is meet The Highland music swells;
For fruit again in answer shall descend. And of the God-sent aid at hand, The mountain slogan tells.
When 'twixt two paths I halt, nor know the
way, Down—as one man the leaguered force
0, leave not me to guess-Thyself decide ! Fall lowly on their knees, And tears, and prayers, and bursting sighs
Be Thy controlling hand my guide, my stay;
Suffer me not to stray,
Rather compel me closer to Thy side.
When blind and faint, against Thy strength I Of conquered foes—They hear it now!
fling The sound of “ Auld Lang Syne.”
Thus, my consummate weakness ; putting
trust Oh ! blessed be His holy name
In Thy sure Word, thus to Thy footstool cling; Who, in our direst necd,
Hearken, my God, my King! Can thus, th:rongh swarthy'myriads,
Regard my prayer, low breathed from out the Our faithful comrades lead.
dust. Yet even with the memory
- The Churchman.
Editu MAY Of mercy all divine,
CONTENTS OF NO. 719.- 6 MARCH, 1858.
1. Journal of Thomas Raikes, Esq.,
577 602 610 619 625 630 636
POETRY.—The Pipes at Lucknow, 609. Cool of the Morning, 609. Lord, what a change, 609. A Lay of Lucknow, 639. Little Nobody, 639. Make me to go, &c., 639.
SHORT ARTICLES.–Fanny Fern on Husbands, 629. History of Babylon and Assyria, 635. Illustrirte Monats-Hefte, 635. From the Mississippi to the Pacific, 638. German Mystics of the Fourteenth Century, 638.
LITTELL’S LIVING AGE.
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