Oldalképek
PDF
ePub

théâtre avant de voir sur le théâtre politique | be one of the first objects of their sanguinary le Tartufe de Prohité.'"

vengeance. I must say that every facility Lord Normanby gives a full account of the was civilly given for our passage through this great invasion of the Assembly by the mob dense crowd, though the lobbies were inconin May, which heralded the insurrection of veniently narrow. In passing through the June, when even Ledru-Rollin failed of mak- organized mob in the Southern court of the

Assembly, I heard orders given for the occuing any impression. It is a strange scene, pation of the house by the main body of and a strange people where such proceedings Barbès' band, with the intimation that too could be permitted or even thought of. much time had already been lost, that they

"Ledru-Rollin now mounted the tribune, must finish at once. This occupation was and at last obtained silence. For a few immediately effected without opposition ; the minutes it seemed as if he would have suc- President pulled out of his chair, the Assemceeded in maintaining his influence and turn- bly declared to be dissolved, and a Provisional ing the incident to his own personal advan- Government proclaimed.” tage. He expressed the same feelings with There are many anecdotes or observations regard to Poland as theirs, but added, how indicative of the strange things and strange could any deliberative assembly take it into persons of that memorable year. One of the consideration unless they were allowed free-earliest and most curious was the rise in the dom of discussion. The moment LedruRollin uttered these words, a man in the value of a sovereign before the Republic was crowd shouted forth, “And the 24th of Feb- well established. The date is February 29. ruary—what was that which made you what "The daily supplies of a large capital, like you are?' and in the height of the storm he London or Paris, are generally so beautifully had thus raised, Ledru-Rollin, shrugging his and wonderfully balanced, that each day shoulders, descended from the tribune. Just leaves but a small surplus beyond the regu.ar then, a working-man, sitting astride on the consumption. The barricades had completely partition on one side of our tribune, called impeded the free circulation towards the outout to a comrade, likewise mounted on the skirts; and the frightful reports of the state opposite partition, saying that he had assisted of anarchy in the town deterred all those who in the construction of the new building; that usually supplied the city with provisions from he was sure it never was intended to sustain attempting to reach its centre. My own such an immense extra weight as crowded cook made a most doleful report of his prosall round it; and he thought they had better pects for the morrow, as he announced the come down and leave it to others, ' qui ont larder to be completely empty. We were l'affaire à arranger.'. This naturally alarmed also told there was no flour in the town, ana the ladies sitting in the front seat; who that the bakers had ceased to distribute asked, with some anxiety, whether they could bread. Lamartine's timely exertions, therenot now make their escape? The young fore, in causing the barricades to be removed, leader who had before been so useful in his saved us from dangers quite as serious, though interposition offered to go before, if we liked, of a less ostensible description than massacre. and make a way and escort us through the “ There is nothing that has surprised me mob. We therefore started, our protector more in the wonderful changes of the last leading the way, there being besides my few days than the utter destruction of all friend Sir Henry Ellis and the ladies men- conventional value attached to articles of tioned above. I in vain endeavored to per- luxury or display. Pictures, statues, plate, suade Madame de Montalembert and her jewels, shawls, furs, laces, all one is accusfriend to accompany us: she gratefully but tomed to consider property, become, as usefirmly declined to leave the building till all less lumber. Ladies anxious to realize a was over. It had been an interesting episode small sum, in order to seek safety in flight, in this strange scene to watch the expressive have in vain endeavored to raise a pittance countenance of that distinguished lady, wan- upon the most costly jewels. What signified dering from the threatening gestures of the it that they were rich and rare,' when no wild men who by turns thronged the tribune one would or could buy them ? to the quiet corner where her husband sat un- “The scarcity of money at once became so moved; knowing as I did, that if these des- great that a sovereign passed for three or peradoes acquired even a temporary triumph four and thirty francs.” which gave them occasion to select thcir victims, M. de Montalembert, both from the

The following is not a bad “mot"; bringpowerful daring of his fearless character and ing equality to a practical test. from the widespread distinction with which his “In the morning, before I went down to talents had invested his name, was likely to the Assembly, walking to the Affaires Etran

[graphic]
[graphic]

6

[graphic]
[graphic]
[ocr errors]

gères along the Boulevards, I found myself | friendship; when it was understood that the behind three blouses evidently belonging to great orator had determined not to separato the Ateliers Nationaux on their way to the from Ledru-Rollin, the Ambassador remonntttroupement at the Bastille, to which they strated. “I told him he would thereby

One ing to the other two, ' Ils se donnent vingt- entirely lose the position he held as the cinq francs par jour. Ils nous donnent trente champion of order; he agreed with me that bous, et ils appellent ça égalité,'—alluding such would be the immediate effect, but said probably to the salary fixed for the Repré- that he should recover every thing again in sentants du Peuple, and the wages given at three weeks.” Something of what it may the Ateliers Nationaux to the people them- be harsh to term jealousy, though jealousy is selves.”

the nearest approach to the meaning, might Although the plan of the work necessarily precipitate the setting up of the Republic. deprives it of the form of unity, yet there is Louis Philippe and Guizot were so distrusted, much of the spirit of un'ty in its pages. The the King was so obviously unequal to the reader who goes through the whole will have occasion, that to save him was beyond hua distinct idea of the origin and progress of man power. It might be the same as rethe revolution till Louis Napoleon's election garded the Regency of the Duchess of Oras President, as well as of the causes of its leans, the dynasty had become so odious origin and its failure. This, shortly expressed through the King. If the chance depended was selfishness. Louis Philippe, Guizot, upon Lamartine, it was lost by the appearLamartine the representative of the Tricolor, ance of a rival in the tribune. This is from Ledru-Rollin of the Red flag, and nearly all the account of the struggle in the Assembly. the lesser ministers or agents of the Provi

“Graceful, dignified, and interesting as sional Government, nay even Cavaignac him

was at that moment the deportment of the self, sacrificed their cause and their own objects Duchess of Orleans, she did nothing, because by pursuing with a too glaring eagerness, and no one suggested to her what to do; and she too obvious a disregard of right, their own wanted one quality, which alone at such a purposes. Of course this selfishnese varied crisis would have appealed successfully to the in degree and in delicacy of appearance. It national sympathies—she was not a Frenchwas strongest and most personal perhaps ident, has been represented to me by persons

The conduct of M. Sauzet, as Presin Louis Philippe, and most brazen among of all parties by the expressive word. pitoythe Red Republicans ; weakest in Lamar- able': he appears to have entirely lost his tine and Cavaignac; while in the last two it head.' M. Dupin failed in producing his took the form of ambition combined with usual effect from the tribune; had he been seal for principles.. In Cavaignac, the fault in the fauteuil instead of M. Sauzet, the reundoubtedly visible was an excess of politi- sult might have been different. General Oucal fanaticism, and a yielding weakness to dinot, the son of the Marshal lately dead, the clique that surrounded him, permitting dier-like presence of mind seemed for a time

was the only person who by his frank, solwhat under other circumstances he would to render the triumph of the Regency possihave disdained. A greater alloy mingled ble. At this moment my informant apwith the character of Lamartine-as per- proached M. Lamartine, who sat in his usual sonal jealousy, and extraordinary ranity. bench, the lower of the extreme right of the His conduct in submitting to much that was Chamber, with his face buried in his hands, more than questionable on the part of his and whispered in his ear, Now is your

time to fulfil your intention and confirm the red colleagues, before the meeting of the

Regency.' Scarcely raising his head or reNational Assembly, may be ascribed to the moving his hands, he replied, Je ne parlerai necessity of his position, which was too un- pas tant que cette femme (the Duchess] y certain in point of strength to enable him to restera.' And my informant saw at once act independently. His subsequent union there was nothing to be expected from him, with Ledru-Rollin, that destroyed him with and that the most to be hoped was that he the country, is mainly to be ascribed to van: M. Marie, a very respectable barrister, in

would not himself suggest the Republic. ity. He seemed to fancy that he could large practice, but of no great personal throw off the nation like a dog and whistle weight, and very advanced in his political it back again at pleasure. Lord Normanby opinions, then proposed a Provisional Govand Lamartine were on terms of personal ernment; which was supported by M. Cré

woman.

[ocr errors]

mieux, who farther suggested that it should / who are not content stupidly to acquiesce in consist of five members.

the extinction of liberty throughout Europe “ A popular leader, whose ministry had be- which followed upon the collapse of the mongun and ended within the passing hours of that day, then entered. M. Odilon Barrot archy of Louis Philippe. We are tired of had been detained elsewhere. Powerful as

being told that Constitutional Government his influence in his country had long been, in France failed because the French people and although the French people still felt to- are not fit for liberty. We want to know wards him the sentiment nearest respect why they are not fit for liberty. It is not till which they could retain for any one, yet, at that question is resolved that we are really this moment, his advent was inauspicious, answered. We put the analogy of England inasmuch as it brought into hostile action the master spirit of the moment. All the wholly out of the discussion, because it will witnesses of the scene, with whom I have be said that in France there were no tradispoken, concur in this, that M. Lamartine tions and no counterpoise. But the tradis had hitherto buried his face in his hands, as tions of Belgium were more recent than those if absorbed'in meditation as to the course he of France. Let those who attribute inherent should pursue ; but, as M. Odilon Barrot instability to Parliamentary Governments exslowly ascended the tribune, he threw back his head, gazed fisedly upon him, and his pound to us why the throne of Leopold stood whole attitude was that of defiance and

unshaken, while the despotisms of Europe

opposition. I am far from asserting that his toppled down at the fall of the monarchy of first feeling was, if the Regency is adopted, July. If the late King of the French had

there stands its counsellor and director; but fairly tried the experiment of Constitutional there is something in M. Odilon Barrot's de Government, and the result had been the portment, and a certain air of conscious in- revolution of 1848, we confess that we should tegrity blended with superior wisdom, which have been compelled to despair of the liberwas likely to be peculiarly irritating to M. Lamartine's susceptibility.'

ties of Europe. But it was not fairly triedBesides the unity of causation traceable in the machine was not honestly dealt by. The

whole of Louis Philippe's career was one the work, it well indicates the confusion, the barefaced corruption, and the manner in long violation of the principles to which he

owed his throne. He broke down the system which ready impudence could promote itself

of Government in France by just the same between February and June. We will take one instance—the story of who made M. Cré. vices which were fatal to our own monarchy.

He was a Charles without chivalry, just as mieux a Provisional Governor.

Guizot was a Strafford without courage. No “There was a seventh name appended, to the surprise of all—that of M. Crémieux ; down to the ouvrier in the streets, believed in

man in France, from the leading politicians how did that happen? The story current to-day is, that, amidst the deafening turmoil, the King's sincerity. Raised to the throne the names written down by Lamartine could by the popular will, the whole of his statenot be heard when read from the President's craft was directed to the end of governing chair by poor old Dupont de l'Eure. He without regard to public' opinion. So comtransferred the list to the person standing plete was his infatuation in the last days of next to him; who, having a weak voice was his power, that Lord Normandy tells us he equally inaudible. As it was important: no time should be lost, these names were then used the following language to the represengiven to M. Crémieux, who has the lungs of tatives of some of the smaller German Stentor; and he added his own name; Courts :-"Tell your masters not to mind which was, amidst all the confusion, adopted having popular assemblies, let them only with the others.

learn to manage them as I manage mine. "Some time after, in mentioning this an- See the noise they are making now. I shall ecdote to a friend of mine at that time in office, he said, “ 'Tis quite trųe, for I was the soon have them in hand again. They want man with the weak voice.'

me to get rid of Guizot; I will not do it.

Can I possibly give a stronger proof of my From The Saturday Review. power?” How the King “managed "his Why did the system of Constitutional Parliament is sufficiently known. The sysGovernment and Parliamentary institutions tem of public and private corruption by totally break down in France ? This is a which the Chambers were kept in hand » question of the profoundest interest to all was carried to an extent unheard of in mod

[graphic]
[graphic]
[graphic]
[ocr errors]
[graphic]
[ocr errors]

From The Atheneum.

[ocr errors]

ern history. The only thing which this sa- upon his conduct mainly that depended the gacious monarch did not perceive, was that success or failure of the constitutional exthe very acts which gained him the represen- periment in France. How grievously he tatives lost him the people whom they repre- failed in his trust, history will pronounce. sented. It is true he possessed himself of the Free institutions broke down in France be body, but, in the process of snatching it, the cause they were committed in their infancy breath of life had gone out of it. It is true to the tutelage of an insincere and faintthat the Government and the person of the hearted Sovereign. France, like a fiery King were exposed to the assaults of a press horse, which has been first misused and then licentious beyond the bounds of freedom, and let loose by a rider at once tyrannical and that in the winter of 1847 the monarchy was timorous, flung its heels in the air, and exposed to the dangerous pressure of an un- rushed madly on with no rein to guide, and employed and famished population. But its own fears to distract and goad it to de these are just the perils against which free struction. How far the historians of coninstitutions supply a safeguard; and the stitutions and the doctrinaire of liberty, who King, by a long course of insincerity, had shared with the King the responsibility of rooted out of his Government all those pop- the events of 1848, contributed to that great ular elements which might have served as a catastrophe, is a question which we cannot safety-valve in the hour of public discontent. now discuss. When the storm descended, he had to meet it in all the nakedness of an absolute ruler,

OF Louis Napoleon Lord Normanby speaks without sympathy and without support. And he lacked the virtues of a despot as entirely blaming nothing, in the conduct of the Prince

.

in the most gingerly way, praising nothing, as he had shown himself dėstitute of the qualifications of a popular sovereign. As he With regard to King Louis-Philippe he is '

“ had not the honesty which is requisite for much more candid, abusing his obstinacy the position of the one, so he wanted the and blindness," with hearty goodwill and

with not a little malice for a noble lord who courage which is appropriate to the preten- has tasted of the King's salt. Touches candid sions of the other. After refreshing our recollection by a perusal of Lord Norman

as the following are frequent enough :by's Journal, we are as far as ever from un

“On his arrival in England, where he was

received with every demonstration of symderstanding why the King ran away from Paris. That, at the moment of his flight, who came out to meet him, by the levity of

pathy and respect, he rather astonished those his person was in no danger in the capital, his deportment. All who have ever been. is evident from the circumstances of his brought into social contact with His Majesty escape. It seemed to be in the hearts of are aware of a remarkable deficiency in his. the women of that family alone-amongst nature; he never had the slightest sentiment those, at least, who were present in the last of personal dignity, and upon this occasion days of February—that a spark of manliness history of this extraordinary man is that, in,

the most extraordinary circumstance in the remained. The exhibition of shameful and quitting the throne, he seemed to have losti comical terror of Mr. Smith at Boulogne, all feeling of identity or moral connection.. and the still more shameful panic by which with the individual who had ceased to occupy: the young Duchess of Montpensier was de- it. He seemed to consider the whole merely serted in the palace, and left to wander alone as a drama, in which he had ceased to play, amongst the raging mob of Paris

, are re- could separate himself completely from the

his accustomed part, and to believe that he corded in the pages of history, as if that no character he had formerly assumed, and dishumiliating incident might be wanting to cuss it with all the freedom of a by-stander." aggravate that merited disgrace.

The air of Florence seems favorable to If it should be thought that the tone of small scandal. Here is a second touch,, do these remarks is harsh, especially at a moment when a new and deplorable disaster propos of the Spanish marriages :has befallen this ill-fated race, it must be re- with great animation, but never once alluded

“ The King spoke to me for some time membered that it is impossible to discuss to the passing events. He adverted to our this subject at all without bringing under proposed diplomatic intercourse with Rome review the character of the King. It was I to the difficulty of receiving a priest. at. Sto

DCCXII. LIVING AGE. VOL. XX. 14

[graphic]
[graphic]

James' in full canonicals, told a story of the tion against insult being the apparent imposArchbishop of Narbonne, who, in the days of sibility that one so cherished could be found his enigration, had got over the difficulty by in such a piteous and deserted plight. I am going to George the Third in court-dress happy to say that for the present I am reaswith a sword. "I only allude to these trivial sured as to her safety: at seven o'clock this subjects of conversation because I found after- morning I received a visit from two ladies, wards that the King had been studying effect who arrived at an hour and in a manner calto the last, and that he had said to those to culated to avoid observation; one was officiwhom he spoke immediately afterwards, 'I ally attached to the person of one of the Prinam very well satisfied with Lord Normanby cesses, the other merely a devoted private to-night,' as if he had been speaking to me friend. They came to request me of the passing concerns of the moment, and and I hastened to do all they wished.” I had approved the course of his Govern

Here is a mystery! What do the stars ment."

cover? Was it the Duchess herself the Mar Almost the sole person who is spoken of quis was desired to save? Here follow more in these volumes with uniform chivalry is the adventures:young Duchess of Montpensier. Lord Nor

“At length we have further authentic inmanby gives some details of her escape from formation of the escape of the Duchesse de France, which are romantic enough for the Montpensier. Many of the details I have Spanish stage. Only fancy the girl-duchess heard from M. Lamartine himself

. It apbeing forgotten in the hurry of escape !-

pears that the Duchess, when provided with evening, that the Duchess of Montpensier aide-de-camp of her husband, for Eu, with “There was a general rēport yesterday ihe means of securing, as was thought, a safe

, was missing, having been forgotten in the the expectation of there meeting the Duke; precipitate flight of the rest of the Royal but, the projects of the rest of the royal family from the Tuileries. This was so far family having been modified by circumstances, confirmed to me, that a person told me soon after the departure of the King, he could they found no one at the Château, and, under

the additional escort of a young diplomatist hardly believe his eyes when he saw the

on leave in the neighborhood, M. Estanyoung Princess quite alone, wandering be- celin, H.R.H. started again for Abbeville. wildered on the outskirts of the crowd near Upon her arrival there, the mob assumed the palace. In answer to my very natural

a menacing aspect at the appearance of a question why he did not at once offer his assistance, this person replied, that his first post carriage, which they said contained the impulse was to do so, though he was perfect- celin in vain assured them that the lady was

Princes on their way to England. M. Estanly unknown to Her Royal Highness, but that his wife, and that he was returning to his in the then temper of the mob he did not like diplomatic duties. The crowd insisted upon the responsibility of attracting attention to opening the door of the carriage, and M. her, and he thought her best chance of safety Estancelin, in order to avoid that necessity, was in being not only unrecognized but un- desired to be driven to the house of a Resuspected. Considering the pains that had publican friend in that part of the town, and been taken to make that Château her home, confided to him the name of his companion, the sacrifices at which that object had been and this man had the brutality or the timidity attained, and the triumphant reception with which she had been so recently welcomed he was afraid, "might compromise him with

to refuse an asylum to one whose presence, there, it does appear strange that no one his friends. It was already quite dark, yet should have been found to make it his duty there seemed no other resource than that the to secure the retreat of one so young, so Princess, attended by the General, should gentle

, so helpless, and so beautiful, who had proceed on foot through the town, and await therefore, even upon strangers, such combined claims to protection, wherever a vestige of upon the road leading to Montreuil the ar

rival of the carriage with post-horses which chivalry is left in the world. At that very M. Estancelin was to seek when the suspimoment, that interesting and illustrious child, cions of the mob, who were still hovering only now just sixteen (and, if the courtly about the post-house, should have been announcements of the last few weeks are to diverted. Any one who remembers Abbe. be believed, bearing with her the future object ville in the old posting days cannot forget the of the combined hopes of Spain and France, interminable length of winding streets which and of the exaggerated apprehensions of intervene between the post and the Northern

England), was wandering about utterly alone, Gate. It appears that the town was as uni every moment in danger of becoming the known in detail to General Thierry as to his mark for popular fury, and her only protec- distinguished companion, and for hours they

1

[graphic]
[graphic]
[graphic]
« ElőzőTovább »