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I.

ENGLISH SCENES.

If she saw through the narrow casement

The lights on the hearthstone burn,

And her brethren there and her sisters
WINCHESTER,

Waiting their sire's return?
ON AN OLD FONT IN THE WARDEN'S GARDEN. Down the long nave falleth the measure
Sigh not nor deem that stone profaned,

That sooth'd thy childhood's rest,
Whose lip hath held in olden day

And the mother is singing vespers The hallow'd waters, where the stained

Who bore thee on her breast, Wash'd earth's first taint away.

And the fire is bright on the altar, Still dearly love that sculptured shrine,

And the worshippers are there

Wilt thou stand alone on the threshold, Where lavish genius loved to bring

Out in the evening air ? Her curious work, her rare design

-Dublin University Magazine. C.F. A
To God in offering.
The clustering arch, the storied pane

THE PASS OF DEATH.
Still proudly prize--but let no thought
Sin to the fairer, statelier fano

It was a narrow pass,
That His own hand has wrought.

Watered with human tears,

For Death had kept the outer gato Nor deem that broken font misplaced

Almost six thousand years. Within this graceful garden ground;

And the ceaseless tread of a world's feet Flowers such as chisel never traced

Was ever in my earsAre here to clasp it round.

Thronging, jostling, hurrying by, Here through the quiet summer nights,

As if they were only born to die. Long silent nights without a cloud,

A stately king drew near, It lieth : in the sweet starlight,

This narrow pass to tread, Wrapt like a silver shroud.

Around him huny a gorgeous robe, Here, incense sweet at morn and even

And a crown was on his head ; From countless censers riseth up,

But Death, with a look of withering scorn, and pure bright dewdrops fresh from Heaven Arrested him and said, Fall in its broken cup.

'In humbler dress must the king draw near, Still through its guardian plane trees tall

For the crown and the purple are useless here.” The fretted window fairly shows,

Next came a man of wealth, And on the turf the chapel wall

And his eye was proud and bold, A stately shadow throws.

And he bore in his hand a lengthy scroll, Still when the stream's wild bubble dies,

Telling of sums untold ; A deep sweet chant is on the air,

But Death, who careth not for rank,

Careth as little for goldTeaching our hearts to harmonize

“Here that scroll I cannot allow, The holy and the fair.

For the gold of the richest is powerless now.The hoary tower, the shadowy tree,

Another followed fast,
The stream, the flowers entwining gay,

And a book was in his hand,
Genius, and love, and piety,
Old strength and fair decay.

Filled with the flashes of burning thought,

That are known in many a land ; Here met and mingled-all His own

But the child of genius quailed to hear
Who nature framed, who guided art,

Death's pitiless command-
Inspired the hand that traced the stone, “Here that book cannot enter with thee,
And stain'd the lily's heart.

For the bright flash of genius is nothing to me.” Marble and flower to him look ap;

Next came a maiden fair, His presence hallows shrine and sod;

With that eye so deeply bright, Deem not they desecrate the cup

That stirs within you strange sweet care,
Who leave it here with God.

Should you meet on a summer night;
But Deatli, ere the gentle maid passed through,

Snatched away its light-
ON SEEING A LADY LATELY PERVERTED TO

Bcauty is power in the world,” he saitlt, POMANISM STAND OUTSIDE THE CATHEDRAL

“But what can it do in the Pass of Death ?" DURING EVENING SERVICE.

A youth of sickly mien Dost thou stand at thy mother's threshold,

Followed in thoughtful mood, And wilt not enter in,

Whose heart was filled with love to God Though her sweet voice patiently swelleth

And the early brotherhood ; Over the city's din ?

Death felt he could not quench the heart Could a wandering child thus linger

That lived for others' goodOutside the latticed pane,

'I own,” cried he, “the power of love, If she heard her own mother singing,

I must let it pass to the realms above ! Within, her cradle strain ?

- Scottish Guardian.

II.

66

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1. Memorials, Scientific and Literary, of Andrew
Crosse, the Electrician,

British Quarterly Review, 129 2. Perils of Certain English Prisoners, and their

Treasure in Women, Children, Silver and
Jewels,

Dickens' Household Words,
1. Island of Silver-Store,

143 2. The Prison in the Woods,

158 3. The Rafts on the River,

178 3. Life and Times of Sir Peter Carew,

Gentleman's Magazine, 187 POETRY.—On an Old Font, 191. On Seeing a Lady Outside the Cathedral, 191. The Pass of Death, 191.

SHORT ARTICLES. -Verbal and written Guaranty, 142. Tender in Payment, 142. Civil Liability of Drunkards, 142. Plants belong to the Ground, 142. When a Woman is Engaged her Property passes to her future Husband ! 142. [Suppose she marries somebody else—how then?] Society for the Amelioration of French Wit, 142. [How would it do to have a Society for promoting Common Sense ?] Atlantic Cable, 186. Poisoning by Lead, 186. A new kind of Diamond, 190. The Atlantic Monthly, 190.

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LITTELL'S LIVING AGE.

WASHINGTON, 27 Dec., 1845. Of all the Periodical Journals devoted to literature and science which abound in Europe, and in this country, this has appeared to me the most useful. It contains indeed the exposition only of the current literature of the English Language; but this, by its immense extent and comprehension, includes a portraiture of the human mind, in the utmost expansion of the present age.

J. Q. ADAMS. This work is made up of the claborate and stitely essays of the Edinburgh, Quarterly, Westminster, North Brisish, British Quarterly, New Quarterly, London Quarterly, Christian Remembrancer, and other Reviews; and blackwood's noble criticisms on Poetry, bis keen political Commentaries, highly wrought Tales, and vivid descriptions of rural and mountain Scenery; and contributions to Literature, History and Common Life, by the sagacious Spectator, the sparkling Examiner, the judicious Atheneum,

the busy and industrious Literary Gazette, the learned and sedate Saturday Review, the studious and practical Economist, the kcen tory Press, the sober and respectable Christian Observer; these are internixed with the Military and Naval reminiscences of the United Service, and with the best articles of the Dublin University, New Monthly, Fraser's, Tait's, Ainsworth's, Hood's and Sporting Magazines, and of Chambers' admirable Journal, and Dickens' Household Words. We do not consider it beneath our dig. nity to borrow wit and wisdom from Punch; and, when we think it good enough, make use of the thunder of The Times. We shall increase our variety by importations from the continent of Europe, and from the new growth of the British colonies

Published every Saturday, by LITTELL, SON & COMPANY, Boston. Price 125 cents a number, or six dollars a year. Remittances for any period will be thankfully received and promptly attended to.

Wo will send the Living Age, postage free, to all subscribers within the United States, who remit in advance. directly to the office of publication, the sum of six dollars; thus placing our distant subscribers on the same footing as those nearer to us, and making the whole country our neighborhood.

Complete sets, bandsomoly bound, packed in neat boxes, and delivered in all the principal cities, free of expense of freight, are for sale at two dollars a volume.

ANY VOLUME may be had separately, at two dollars, bound, or a dollar and a half in numbers.

ANY NUMBER may be had for 121 cents; and it may be worth while for subscribers or purchasers to complete any broken volumes they may have, and thus greatly enhance their value.

LITTELL'S LIVING AGE.-No. 713.-23 JANUARY, 1858.

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From The Gentleman's Magazine. enough to convince him that the autobiograTHE AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF EDMUND pher was a man of considerable learning, of BOHUN.*

more than average talent, of clear underAMONG the thousand names that flit across standing, when not warped by his peculiar the brilliant but not unprejudiced pages of political opinions, of deeply religious convicLord Macaulay's History,t to be rescued for a tions, and animated through life by a conscimoment from the accumulated oblivion of long entious desire to do his duty to all men. The bygone generations, we meet with that of secret cause of his ill-success, we have little Edmund Bohun; a man whose evil fortune it doubt, was the austerity of his manners, his was, in the early days of Whig and Tory, to melancholic temperament, a tinge of pedanappear before the public, for a few brief try, and an unbending determination, carried months, in a public capacity of a most invid- to an unnecessary obstinacy perhaps to adious nature, that of Censor of the Press. If here to his own convictions, and neither to success in life is to be regarded as the sure fawn upon the favor of the great, nor to panand only test of ability—an hypothesis that der to the wayward impulses of the mob. - we are by no means prepared implicitly to Unfortunately, too, for himself, though in his adopt-Bohun, it must be admitted was any own peculiar way, he was a steadfast mainthing but a man of ability ; for, to amplify tainer of the "right divine of kings,” and the prefatory remarks of the learned Editor stoutly held to employ the language of the of the work about to be introduced to the noble historian, “ that pure monarchy, not reader's notice, disappointment upon disap- limited by any law or contract, was the form pointment followed him through life; year of government which had been divinely orafter year did he struggle for employment, dained; a doctrine the assertion of which, but without success; no sooner had he ob-—though in these days, when among Engtained public employment than he was com- lishmen it is pretty universally agreed that pelled to relinquish it with disgrace; and as kings, like other political institutions, are to the numerous political and miscellaneous made for men, and not men for kings, it is works that flowed from his ever-ready pen, all but exploded—did by no means of necesnot only did they bring him but little fame sity imply meanness of understanding, conin his lifetime, but, for the last century and a sidering the period at which he lived ; an era half, their doctrines have been wholly ex- at which the moral and intellectual percepploded or superseded, and the tomes them- tions of men of all parties," when influenced selves have been consigned to an unmolested by their political prejudices, were singularly repose

amid the dust and cobwebs of our obtuse. upper library shelves.

Mr. Rix's work, privately printed as it is, Despite, however, of these seeming indi- and limited, therefore, in its circulation, we cations of incompetence, Lord Macaulay, it

presume, to a favored few, will go but little appears to us, has meted but scant justice in

way towards rescuing Edmund Bohun's his estimate of Bohun, as “ a man of some

name from either oblivion or disparagement; learning, mean understanding, and unpopular and for the same reason it will of necessity manners ;” for had he been at the pains of be but little known in the other capacity examining Mr. Rix's book somewhat less su- which it is laudably intended to fulfil--that of perficially-a work which he justly pronounces a contribution to the still incomplete topoto be " in the highest degree curious and m-graphy of Suffolk. As it has been our good teresting"-he might, we think, have found fortune to have a copy of this able work

* " The Diary and Autobiography of Edmund placed at our command, we are enabled to Bohun, Esq. With an Introductory Memoir, Notes, and illustrations, wy S. Wilton Rix." (Pri- say, after a careful perusal of its contents, vately printed at Beccles, by Read Crisp. 4to.) * Witness, for example, the shameful conduct

† History of England, vol. iv., sub annis 1692, of the “patriot” managers at Lord Statord's trial, 1693.

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VOL. XX. 13

in 1678.

DCCXIII.

LIVING AGE.

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that Lord Macaulay has by no means set too - It appropriately opens with an acknowlhigh an estimate upon it, and that much edgement of the beneficence of the Deity, of its information is of a very curious and “Who,” as the writer says, “ hath kept me recondite nature. We shall, therefore, do by His mercy and goodness, from many calour best, omitting all notice of its purely amities which I have deserved. To Him I heraldic and topographical information, to dedicate the remainder of my life.” gire our readers some insight into the nature We have not far to go before we meet of the work, by placing before them a selec- with strong proofs of the writer's melantion from the more prominent passages that cholic complexion. He in all probability bear reference to the life and fortunes of Ed- needed consolation rather than reprouf, and mund Bohun. First, however, we must find from a wife more particularly; who would room for a few preliminary words in refer- almost appear to have taken pleasure in agence to such particulars respecting him as gravating his sorrows :are not to be gathered from the Diary April 11, 1677. [Trans] My wife ad

Edmund Bohun was born at Ringsfield, monished me that I was hated by many gennear Beccles, in Suffolk, on the 12th of tlemen on account of my talkativeness, and March, 1645. In 1663 he was admitted a

because I speak at too great length. I cerFellow-Commoner at Queens' College, Cam- iainly, am conscious of being disliked, but

why I know not. I have never, unless exbridge, where he remained about three years, tremely provoked, uttered the slightest rebut left, in consequence of the prevalence of proach against any one; and no one have I the plague, without taking a degree. In injured. Yet I am beloved only by the 1669, he married Mary, daughter of William clergy and some other learned persons, with Brampton, of Pulham, in Norfolk, and in the whom I chiefly associate. What then is to following year went to reside on his ancestral be done? I must speak seldom, briefly, and estate, at Westhall in Suffolk. By this mar

only when requested ; must keep back many

things, be silent on many subjects, and not riage he had nine children, four of whom communicate my writings to any but my survived him—three sons and a daughter. nearest friends." In 1698 Bohun obtained, through what influ

In our next extract we find a singular ence is now unknown, the office of Chief Jus- combination of benevolence and eccentricity. tice of the colony of South Carolina, at a The gaol was probably that at Blithburgh, pittance of £60 per annum, in addition to in Suffolk; and the unfortunate clergyman certain fees. Hardly had he arrived, than he it has been suggested, may have been a son was involved in fresh troubles, owing partly, of John Hackett, bishop of Lichfield and to all appearance, to his own natural warmth

Coventry,– of temper. His vexations, however, were of but short duration ; for he was carried off by nearest gaol, to give bail for Mr. John Hac

May 16, 1677. [Trans.] I went to our fever, on the 5th of October, 1699, and was ket, a clergyman, long and wretchedly opburied at Charleston, a fact but recently as- pressed. While he was writing out the recertained. His wife, who remained behind cognizance, I, for the sake of cheering the in England, died in 1719. His lineal de- prisoners, visited them, and relaxed unto all scendants are now extinct.

kinds of jokes. They lifted up their hands The Diary, which is now in the possession and eyes, as though wondering, nay, asof Richard Bohun, Esq., of Beccles, occupies gaoler, that he might wheedle me out of

tounded, at my wit. The chief flatterer, the 114 pages, commencing with the year 1577.

my "The earlier portion of it is written in Latin ; Aattery greatly pleased me for a time; yet I

money, praised everything I said. This ibecause, as the writer says in his introductory bantered him very severely. The others I lines, “it is written for himself only, and not spared, før I would not pain the miserable. for others, and it is his particular desire As I returned I better considered what I had " that his servants shall not pry into it.” At done, and I now abhor my own folly. For I the end of a year it seems to have been kept but little suited to the refined nostrils of

am of a disposition by no means merry, and with less exactness than heretofore, and the such men."* and to that which rideri possit Latin is gradually abandoned up to 1684 ; [may give cause for laughter). Hence I after which year the Diary is wholly written

* “Minus nptus acutis Naribus horum homiin English.

A very bungling adaptation of the words To convence nur extracts from the Diary of Horace 1, Sat. iii. 29, 30.

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learn how bitter and penetrating is the poi-must needs make their lives more easy. And son of flattery, breaking forth everywhere though I would not purchase my reliefe with and insinuating itself

, like something conta- doing the least knowen injury, yet I do gious, into the inmost recesses of the heart. sometimes too passionately desire to be eased For the future, by God's help, I will beware of my

burthen. of delusions of this kind.”

About Whitsuntide, 1684, his two princiAugust 20, 1678, he curtly but compunc- pal servants marrying, he determines to tiously says- (Trans.), “ I have been talk- place his estate at Westhall, with his two ing very much more than was becoming ; I youngest children, in the hands of his said must therefore be cautious for the future.” two servants, and to “ trie how he can live His wife's lecture no doubt recurs to his mind. one year in London :” In July, 1681, he begins his " Address to

“We had many reasons for this. First, the Freeman ar.d Freeholders of the Na- I had been extremely ill-used by my fellowtion," which he completes in three parts on justices, in the execution of my office; and the 15th of October following.

by one Captain Hall, three several times in July 12, 1683, he mentions his publick; and though I demanded justice mencement of “The Justice of the Peace, against him, yet I could get no redress; but

their unkindness daily encreased, so that the his Calling : a Moral Essay; ” which he

countrey became extreamly uneasy to me. brings to a conclusion on the 15th of August 2. I had then a faire prospect of getting following. This last work was published some preferment; the Archbishop of Canteranonymously, in 1684.

bury (Dr. Sancroft,] the Earl of Arlington, In 1684, owing partly to political events, then Lord Chamberlain of the household, partly to his increasing family and the small- and Sir Lcoline Jenkins, formerly Secretary ness of his means, troubles begin to gather having promised me their assistance to that

of State, beeing all three my friends, and thick upon him. Abandoning, in this in- end.° 3. We had lived 14 years at Westhall stanoe, his original Latin, he thus expresses with great difficulty and in great want, and himself in his self-communings :

had struggled hard with our debts and the “ April 4, 1684. God hath permitted my difficulties of the times; and perhaps we enemies to be encreased, and not wrought might, some way or other, mend our condithe delivery of the afflicted neither. I tions. However, we should have fewer seram hated, slandered, persecuted, for endeav- vants and cares, and perhaps as small exoring to help the widdow and the father- penses." less, the destitute and oppressed; and if, His intention, however, seems not to have after all, there be truth in the thing, I shall been carried out till after Michaelmas; when bear the blame of it. God knowes how severely I have admonished not to add sin to upon arriving in London, he finally settles in verely I have admonished not to add sin to cross-key-court, (now Cross-key-square,) in sin; but it is not possible to escape scandall in this case. I am in great difficulties Little Britain ; the very “place,” as Mr. Rix every way, and desirous to extricate myself, observes, " for a bookish man.” Tempora if I knew how. But to run with the rab- mutantur ;-how many Suffolk squires would ble, and condemn by the event, becomes me be content at this day with London lodgings not."

in Cross-key-court, Little Britain ? He evidently hints here at some dispute The close air, however, of this London between himself and his brother magistrates, court soon does its evil work. During the with many of whom he seems not to have first month, his wife has "a sharp fit of sickbeen on terms of cordiality. April 6, he ness, which makes her extreamly uneasy,” continues to a similar effect :

and no sooner is she recovered than his "My estate in the world, for some time, hath daughter and a kinswoman, whom he has been very uneasy, by reason of my debts, the “ brought up,” whatever that may mean, “fall number of my family and children, and the down of the small-pox.” Amid these misepoverty of my tenants. And being thus heav- ries, he writes a preface to Sir R. Filmer's ily oppressed, and much of this brought upon Patriarcha, and edits an amended edition of me by others, and my wife being less able to bear this want than I, I confess I have this once-celebrated work in advocacy of the often, in my heart, murmured against the right divine of kings.” Though unnoticed Divine Providence, and envied the happiness in the Diary, he had previously published" A of them who had better estates or more Defence of Sir Robert Filmer against Algerprofitable employments in the world ; which I non Sidney's Paper delivered to the Sheriffs

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