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coffin, about two yards and an half by, probably the bridge over the Ilis long, dug up a little East from the re
from Oxford, with an inscription, mains of the tower of the nunnery
Qui meat hue oret, fignum falutis adoret, church, containing many bones, and Urque tibi detur venian, Rosamunda, precetur, the teeth very firm and good, seeming to have been the bones of some iady, not addressed to Rosamund as a faint, as some abbess, or nun. Mr. Vernon, in some have falsely imagined, but to im. his Oxonium Poema, believed them plore the intercession of travellers to the those of Rosamund; which, though it Saviour of the world, to procure pare furnished some pretty imagination to the don for her transgression. poet, is not confiftcnt with historical ve. If by any thing here said your corresity. Mr. H. doubted if there was any spondent Phosphorus, LVI. 486, LVII., churchyard here, though the spot where 676, may be induced to fulál his prothis coffin was found is so called; but mise to you, some benefit may arise to he inclines to suppose it rather the fire our national antiquities, in which you of the church and its cloisters and the have a common interest with chapterhouse, and it may be the area
R. G. between H and K in the plate. Many other stone coffins have been found in
Nov. 1. it; and it is commonly faid that Rofa- MEN of attentive observation and
In digging a navigation canal, Weft that the great mass of the Commons of of the river, within these few years, England have lost their siMPLICITY several stone coffins have been found of character, which was all that remain. without the circuit of the present walls ed to keep alive and defend principles to the East, probably about the site of of religion and morality in their minds. the old church : some had bones, and it is no difficult matter to affign the reaall were destroyed except one in the son of this loss; and it may not be in Museum of Mr. Fletcher, at Oxford, the power of all the associations in fupon the lid of which is, if I mistake not, port of religion and virtue to make it a cross and a falchion; but of this I up. fi'he rapid extension of knowledge, hope fome of your correspondents there falsely so called, is the great source of will send you a drawing.
this corruption. Far be it from me to Mr. Hearne ** calls the chapel I have with to enslave the minds of my counbeen describing " a small room, on the trymen in the fetters of ignorance and floor of which lay two stone coffins, and superstition ; but there is a fort of knowon the wall just above them were writ- ledge worse than ignorance; and when ten the verses, in Latin and English, fyftems and sentiments are propagated which are commonly handed about in that debauch and corrupt the mind, it memory of Rosamund. It is reported were better to keep the mind within the that one of these coffins was that in humble circle of its own original ideas, which Rosamund herself was laid, and however imperfect or mistaken.7 the other that which was prepared for Sunday schools, catacherical lectures, her keeper.” But this he juftly looked and the most impreslive addresses from on as no more than vulgar fiction, and the pulpit, may keep parents and chile ascribed the two coffins to two nuns or dren from idleness a short time, or two other persons. Mr. Grose was awaken reflexion for the moment; but thewn in this chapel "a large stone cof- such temporary refraint and sudden fin, pretended to be that from which conviction are not likely to maintain a Rosamund's bones were taken: it seem- permanent effect. ed to be contrived for two bodies, have sThe firft corruption of ruftia fimpliing been divided in the middle by a city was the increased communication ridge of stone running from head to with the capital, and the influx of mo. foot.” It was gone and forgotten 1791. dern manners. When my Lord, and I send you his drawing which he gave the Esquire, and the Rector, left off me of this fingular instance of a double keeping Christmas at the old manfion, coffin, and which I hope you will en the country felt the want of antient hograve of the original fize. [See Plate Il.] spitality and affability; the fick poor
I shall conclude this paper with a man lof the foftering hand of his richer word on the cross, said by Leland to neighbour or master, and the friendly have been erected on the bridge hard advice of the worthy justice, or pious pasa Appendix to Leland's Itin. II. 134.
But when they brought down a
fuite who imported the fashions, incul. are shocked with the frequency of our cated the charms, and praised the se. executions ? ductions of London, an insensible change I have now before me three trials for was wrought in the farmers' fons, and murder in the county of Lincoln, 1769, _communicated to the whole parish. 8788, and 1791, where the crime, tho'
The tenants' daughters aspired at a fully proved, was to the last pertinacia London life, and, in pursuit of plea ously denied by the criminals. I do not fure and vanity, fell into the snare say such denials have not happened be laid for their virtue and integrity) In fore; but scarcely in the short space of the absence of the landlord only the loss thirty years, and in the same county. of his company and goud influence was But the same want of principle which felt; but in his prodigality and dissipa- hurries the upper ranks into the pretion was involved the interest and pro- Yence of their Creator and Judge by'five sperity of his tenantry. Rack-rented · icide, makes the lower ranks alike careand ruined, they lost the comfortable less how they meet him from the hands prospect of providing for their families. of the executioner. In vain do philo. The Pharo-table and the rapacious ftew. sophers obviate the crime, as the coroard concurred to aggravate their distress, ner's jury the ignominy, by charging it and drained the vitals of an exhausted on lunacy. Let us beware how we estate. To darken the prospect fill more, make such an apology for guilt, which the residence of the good old landlord will supersede the necessity of human is itself pulled down, the materials sold judicature, and lead us to think the Al. to pay off modern incumbrances, and mighty Sovereign of the Universe “al. the parish left without a head.
together such an one as ourselves." I li were well if the evil had stopped might add the recent instances of wilthere. The spirit of faction invaded ful murder, inspired by revenge, in the retirement of the rustick; he was men of education superior to the vulgar. duped to set his hand to remonftrances Another grand source of the corrup• againīt imaginary evils which he never tion of the ruftic mind, is the introduce heard of; he was wrought upon by a
tion of theatres into almost every marfancied independence of the human ket-town, either by authority of Par. * mind to think for himself, but really, liament, or in defance of it.) Men, under this specious delusion, became lay the advocates for this increasing the dupe of others, and only thought evil, must be amufed. Be it fo: but will them, without thinking at all. let not the amusement be a vehicle The ministers of that meek and pure of corruption of morals. Sports and religion, who should have inculcated pastimes have always obtained among fubmiffion and simplicity, inftilled into our peasantry, but they are of a diftheir religious services an equal inde- ferent and an innocent nature. The pendence both of God and the King, of Book of Sports raised the indignation of religion and good government. Con- the graver minds of the last century as teated and happy in the established reli- well as of the Puritans. It is enough gion of his country, the poor man was if the capital be the scene of theatrical seduced, by the example of his fuperi. dissipation, which was originally consors, to question and quarrel with it : re dered by our laws as an appendage to signed to his fate in the comfortable af. the Court, and a privilege of royalty, Turance of a happy immortality, he was but can now establish itself, in detiance persuaded to think that his soul was of law, in the smallest village within material, chat salvation was in his the limits of the Penny-poit, and al. power without divine alliltance, that most of the bills of mortality. When his Saviour had been a stalking horse amusements of every kind gain rapidly to the ministers of his Gospel for on the country, what but folly and ex1700 years. 7 Satisfied both with the travagance can follow it? 7 and when conftitution of his country and with his Lords and Esquires turn actors, what governors, he is now caught that his must be expected from their example ! country has no conftitution, and that he The mountebank and zany of former is self-governed. In thus unsettling ages were innocent empirics; those of the minds of our humbler fellow-citi- . the present are swindlers and pick pock. zens, can we wonder at the total want cts, and the destructive system of loite. of principle which multiplies criminals ries is multiplied by them into every to such a degree that receptacles can market-town. hardly keep pace with them, and we Stage.coaches and turnpike-roads,
however they may furnish a temporary rush to watering-places and every scene maintenance to a few of the lower class, of dissipation, and give to the aggrandiimport a return of vice and corruption, żations of cvery bathing creek the fruits that ill compensate the pittance earned of our farms and shops, which lould be by honest industry, and serve as a more divided between the care of the tenants ready conveyance of simple men and and manufacturers offspring and our women to ruin in a corrupted and de own. Thus reflexion must be buried in praved capital.
the din and hurry of pleasure, and The groupeing together of the poor every call of duty and affection facriin workhouses, houses of industry, and ficed to the transports of gaiety. houls of manufacture, may relieve their If I include the multiplication of priprelent wants, and exercise their talents vate banks among the sources of public for a time; but if it be considered how corruption, I thall perhaps be told, little of religion or morality is taught they are the only means of keeping there, and that it is an avowed maxim ready money in the country. They fawith one of our greatest manufacturers vour too much of that exceffive increase on the Trent to pay no regard to the of private credit, which ruins the unmorals of the poor children whom he wary, and adminifters to the avarice and employs, can it be to the advantage of prodigalicy of individuals. the rising generation to be pue by hun. It will be answered, there are laws of dreds under such tuition ? I could men suficient force to check the growing tion a tambour-worker who took a evils above defcanted on. But what are number of parish girls apprentices, and, laws uninforced by example? The after a short time, ran away, and left wretched father or master, who has enthem on the town; a sphere of life for couraged his children or fervants in bad which it is not a breach of charity to courses, may hang them all when ripe fuppose he had trained them. The in- for execution ; but are the miserable adequacy of the public provision for the culprits fo guilty as their seducer? It is poor to their virtue and happiness is but an old and an allowed adage, Si populus too apparent; and every contrivance or vult decipi, decipiatur. But what fort of plan that breaks up the community of an apology is it for perjury, venality, and ihe village, and the comforts of the rus- debauchery, that, for the sake of a shorttic fireside, debauches, enervates, and lived feat in the senate, men are solicitruins the mass of people. The free- ed and bribed to prostitute their honour, school ettablished soon after the Refore and consciences, and lives, and becoine mation, as a succedaneum to the mo the victims of ambition and intrigue! nafteries, is now neglected from the in If to this evil in Aucnce we add the fufficiency of the master's maintenance Cunchriftianizing of Chriftianity, that in the increased price of living, or su religion which the poor man embraces as perfeded by the infinity of private best adapted to his capacity and wants ; schools, which every ignorant ecclesias. if he is to be told that neither Chrift ric or idle layman is ready to set up. nor his Apostles meant what they said, Would you believe it, Mr. Urban, that or that they were not undersiood till the a parish of twenty miles in circuit at this 18th century; Jvhat has he left to ani. moment contains no less than styen mate his hopes, to reward his piety, to schools for boys and three for girls, invigorate his patience, and to crown besides the free-school and the petty his faith? But it is the finithing stroke schools where children are taught for of the whole mitchief. Deprived of the three-pence or a groat a week, and no fincere milk of the Word, the rustic, Sunday-school ? Taking the average who was bred up in the firm persuafon number of scholars in pretty constant that the Bible was adapted to his poor residence in these ten houtes of learning capacity, must be thunder-ftruck at at the moderate number of thiny, there hearing that nobody has rightly underis an influx of between three and four stood it till now. THis plain
broth being hundred persons, boys and girls, to thus poisoned, or rendered unpalatable, elbow the regular inhabitants out of their what wonder if he is driven to the frong feats at church or meeting, and to be drink which those, who fancy themtaught by every pretender to fcience less felves of full age in the knowledge of than what half of them, at least, would divinity, would force down his throat, learn at home from their parents, if they in a persuasion that they alone know would stay at home and take the paren- the TRUTH, and that the TRUTH must al charge upon them. But we must be spoken at all times? This truth,