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of willing laboúr over that which is There is a divine law, unwritten upforced and compulsive. Then, to fum on parchments, but graven deep in the up all in one word, it will be seen how heait of man by the hand that'framed much freemen are in every sense, and in him, which, prior and paramount to all respects, more useful; valuable, and every act of royal and senatorial authoworthy members of society, than flaves. rity, no human dispensations can suf

Towards the midd:e of the fifteenth pend or affect: Huic Irge non abrogari century this accursed traffick began. In jus eft, neque in bậc aliquid derogari fothe interval of time, Africa has been teftnec per Senatum aut per Populum robbed of sixty millions of inhabitants. bac lege solvi pojumus. Calculation might be lost, in pursuing If the faish of Parliament were reit as a cause of depopulation through ally comınitted upon this occasion, we the vast maze of all its baneful confe- will venture to affert, that it would be quences and effects. Could we only infinitely “more honoured in the breach compute the numbers which it bas a&tu: than the observance." Prior rights are ally and visibly swept from the face of in question ; fuperior claims interfere ; the earth, the account would fartle and they demand, they command, the aboconfound us. Have hurricanes and lition of a traffick in which all rigtit is earthquakes, have pestilence and far annihilated, and the most facred claims mine, produced such a bill of mortality? are despised; a traffick, which directly Were the eftinate, (I speak only of our militates against the spirit of our Conown, and thudder to think how princi- ftitut"»n ; against every moral, and every pal a share,) were the mournful efi- Christian virtue; against every amiable mate jaid before the eyes of Parlia- affection, and generous sentiment, which ment! Juftitiam quam cognovit Asia can adorn or dignify the human mind. experiatur Africa. Doubtless, her injuries cry at least as loud. Unacquaint Mr. URBAN, London, Aug. 14.

THE turious of the gold which Nature has families, and the decline of them, placed beneath their feet, her fimpler are subjects worthy the pea of a wellchildren tremble for the privation of informed Hiftorian. By such studies, treasures more precious than gold, or the and such contemplative biography, libegems of Delhi, -liberty, home, family, rally conducted, we may initruct youth, and friends. These are the property and delight advanced age; and, while we whose violation they complain of; such urge on the cautious and the indolent, by is the wealth, and such are the jaghires, a laudable zeal, for acts of ambition and of which they claim the undiflurbed virtue, we check the warm and the impoffeflion; and these what multitudes peruous from wild chimerical projects of have already exchanged for toil and fa romance. That men of science, of fortigue, for stripes and chains ; for a la- tune, and of genius, Could so often end cerated body, and a bleeding mind ; for their lives in misery, and wear out theic . all that severe complication of physical vital thread in the precincts of a prison, and moral suffering, which has brought is a 1ad, but too common, case; for, them to a deplorable and untimely end, says a celebraicd author, in his admired often accelerated, horrid to relate, by Life of Savage, “ Volumes have been the hand of suicide!

written only to enumerate the miseries of Could, alas! the perfons concerned the Learned, and relate their unhappy be rouled to a sense of serious reflexion! lives, and untimely deaths." could they open their eyes upon the in The Lovers of Antiquity will not be famy of their profellion, and shut their forry to know, that, by accidentally ears upon the fophisins of an artificial meeting with an auctioneer's hand-bill, conscience ! could they eradıcate from on the fourth and last day's sale of a their minds every illiberal prejudice and tradesman's effects in the Strand, where the fordid principle, and be sensible late Francis Brerewood, Esq. had lodged How much 't would 'vail them, in their

near fifteen years ago, aod, from narrow

circumstances, had left his property beplace, To graft the love of human race ! hind him, many writings, of thi, and of

the lait century, were preserved from the labours of your Society might be destruction. His chest had been three abridged, and the interpusition of the days fold, and delivered to a broker, the Legislature be unnecessary.

purchaser of it, as waste-paper, trom GENT. MAG, Auguft, 1791.


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whom they were redeemed. Among the want of: whom, by an untimely death, this collection are many articles, some of it pleased God to deprive the world of, bewhich, probably, may be deemed worthy fore he had finished, or at least before he of the public eye, as well as the origi- had taken order for preservation of, fuch nals of others that have received the learned labours of his, as, if they were pubpublic admiration in Mr. Urban's Mif- lished abroad, Mould make the world becellany more than fifty years ago. Such holding to Chester, the nurse of such a faas in vol. VII. p. 760, Verses to Charles ther which begot such a fon.” Lord Baltimore, written in Gunpowder Th: second ton of Robert Brerewood Forest in Maryland; vol. XIV. p. 46, last-mentioned was Edward, the tamous Winter; vol. XVI. p. 157, Spring; ib. fcholar, ot Brazen note College in Ox. p. 265. Summer : by Thomas Brere. ford, who was afterwards chosen the first wood, Esq. elder and only brother of the Profflor of Aftronomy in Gresham Colabove, who died in 1748.

lege, Londun, the ruthor of leveral learn. Thomas, the father of these two bro- ed works *, some of which were publishthers, the younger of whom, Francis, cd by his nephew Sir Robert atertis dedied ten years ago, at the age of eighty- cease, which happened on the 4th of Notwo, was the grandson, by a second mar veinber, 1613, bv a fever, in his 48th siage, of Sir Robert Brerewood, Knight, year. Edward Brerewood is mentioned who was chosen Recorder of his native in high encomnium by Dr. Fuiler , in city, Chester, 15 Car. 1. 1639; and in his “Worthies of England;" where his 1643 was created one of the Judges of name is fpeit Brierwood. the Common Pleas,

An elder brother of Edward was The ancestors of this family were ci- John I, the father of Sir Robert, who, tizens of Chester, and for some time had as Sir Peter Leicester g tells us, was Sheheld large poffeflions there. They had riff of that city, though his name aprepeatedly filled the offices of Mayor, Aldermen, and Sheriff's of this city ; * The following books, written by him, wherein Robert Brerewood, the grand

are taken from Ward's “ Professors of Grefather of Sir Robert, died in the year tham College,” fol 1740, 74, 75. 1600, in his third Mayoralty. He is de

1. De Ponderibus et Preliis Veterum Numnominated Wet-glover*. The following morum, eorumque cum Recentioribus Col. very excellent character is given of him latione, Lib. 1. Londini, 1614, 4to. by William Webb, in Daniel King's Languages and Religions through the chief

2. Enquiries touching the Diversities of Vale-Royal of England, or County Pa. Parts of the World. Lond. 1614, 23, 35, latine of Chester, folio, 1656, Part II. 410; 1647, &c. 8vo. P. 43 :

3. Elementa Logicæ, in Gratiam ftudiofæ “ Upon the South side of the chancel of this Juventutis in Academia Oxonienfi. Lond. church (the Abbie of St. Werburgh's in Cher- 1614, 15, &c. 8vo. ter) ftandeth a fair chappel. At the upper

4. Tractatus quidam Logici de Prædicabiend of this chappell lycth the body of a late libus, et Prædicamentis. Oxon. 4to, 1628; famous citizen, Robert Brerewood, Alder- 1638, &c. 8vo. man, and thrice Maior of this city ; of whom 5. Tractatus duo : quorum primus est de I find no other monument there, save onely Meteoris, secundus de Oculo. Oxon. 1631, his coat, crest, and streamer, advanced over 38, Svo. him, the words whereof are, Labore, Pru.

6. A Treatise of the Sabbath, 1611. Oxf. dentiâ, Equilate, which were well fitted to 1631, 4to. bim, in whom those virtues were all emi 7. Mr. Byfield's Answer, with Mr. Brere. nent. And I suppose that I can here lay a wood's Repiy. Oxford, 1631, 4to. foundation for as lasting a monument of him

8. A second Treatise of the Sabbath; or, as can be made of mettall or stone to make an explication of the Fourth Commandment. it more knowen, that he was the happy fa. Oxford, 1632, 4to. ther of a well-known son, that learned Ed. 9. Commentarii in Erbica Ariftotelis. Oxward Brerewood of Oxford, whose furpaf- on. 1640, 4to. fing progreffe in the studies of all manner of 10. A Declaration of the Patriarchal Golearning, the University doth yet, and for vernment of the Antient Church. Oxford, ever will, ring loud of; and Gresham Col. 1614, 4to.; Lond. 1647; Bremen, 1701, &vo. ledge in London, where he was Mathemati. + Folio, London, 1662- Chester, 190. sal Reader, will to the world's end bewail I Not tlie son of Robert, as is repree

sented by A. Wood, Athenæ Oxon vol. I. * Some Antiquities touching Chester, by Ś Some Antiquities touching Chester, by Sir Peter Leicester, Bart. London, 1672, p. Sir Peter Leicester, bart. London, 1672, p.




pears to have been omitted in the list of large sum of money in improving the those officers. Sir Robert Brerewood house, garden, and canals, which lie was twice married; first, to Anne dau. below the bed of the river Coln, from of Sir Randle Mainwaringe, of Over which they are separated only by a Pever, in that county, who died in 1630: bank. They purchased from the proprihis second lady was Katherine daughter etors of the adjoining mills leave for an of Sir Richard Lea, of Lea and Dern. opening to feed the canals from the main hall, in Cheshire, and left several chile river, at the expence of no less a sum dren by each of them. He died in 1654, than zool. In the extremity of the garat Chester, aged 67 years, and lies buried den, from the earth dug out in forming in St. Mary's church there. Lady B. * these canals, they made a mount, whose survived him thirty-seren years.

perpendicular height is about 18 feet ; at The large property of which Sir Ro. the basis of which is a leaden canifier, bert Brerewood died poffefsed, which was containing some coins of the time, with said to be not less than 8,000!. a year, the names of the family and friends who was secured by him in tail male, on the were present at the ceremony; and, beissue of both marriages. The latt heir ing young men of spirit and fashion, they by the first marriage died in 1748, without did much improve this old mansion to sufft riog any act to bar che entail; a fur- the taste of the times. Across the prinviving filter took potrettion of the pro. cipal canal they threw an arch, on which perty, to whom Fiancis Brere wood, it they built an elegant pavilion, which was would seem, was unknown. She took fitted-up with much expence of furniture, the most quick meihods to alienate the carving, and gilding, as a library. This property, regardless of the remondirances edifice did not long survive the old house, of her friends, or the will of her ancestor. hing quite cleared away fone years. The That Mr. Brerewood was neceffarily in- garden walls are builc of remarkably large volved in various fuits at law, in quest of brick, 15 inches by 71, made from a bed his right, is a fact well known, I believe, of clay found there at the time of digto many learned gentlemen of the latt, as ging and enlarging the canals, which the well as of the present age; and which gardener says, are deemed in measure may be seen from stated cases, answered equal to an acre of land. After this fain his favour by some of the firit names mily left Horton, the house, wanting rein this century, and now in my poflelo pair, was occupied by Mayhew, a gars fion. How bard is bis case ? Some dog. dener, for near forty years, who rented grel verses, I have somewhere seen, are the garden-grounds. not inappolite to his fate :

Six years ago the house was taken “ Nor Blackstone any pleasure brings ;

down, being in ruins; the site of it and His rights of persons and of things

the gardens is fix acres, let to Mr. Cox Would make us beggars were we kings."

for 221. Ios. per year.
Plate II. presents a West view of

The house did join, as may be seen by
Place-house, in Horton, near Colebrook, the plate, to the South side of the tower
Bucks. The manor of Horton did be. of Horton church.
long to the Scawens, who fold it fone

The church is an old building. From
time ago. Sir Thomas Scawen, kot. the Roman semicircular arch on the
Alderman of London, appears to be the front door, which is well preserved with
Jaft owner of it of that family. It

its waved or zigzag mouldings, we may is now in a widow lady of the name of

venture to pronounce this church to be Hickford, whole husband's father is said built in the twelfth century, if not bee to have kept an allembiy-room in Brew- fore, as, what we now call the early Nor. er street, Golden square, and to have

inan architecture, was totally disused af. purchased the manor of a Mr. Cook, of

ter the cime of Henry III. viz. 1250; Beaconsfield. This mansion was occu

when the Saracenic pointed arch, compied by Thomas Brerewood the elder, monly called the Gothic, prevailed. the beginning of this century; it appears

In a chapel on the North fide of this to have been built about the early part church, with a boarded floor which opens of Elizabeth's reign, and was mosted in the middle, is the family vault of the round. The Brerewoods laid out

Scawens; but, from its preseot decayed

and neglected state, we may infer that * See Doctor Edmund Mainwaringe's this family allo is no more. Letters, where he mentions Ladie Brerewood, In the centre of the chancel lies the Topogr. vol. S. p74.

mother of our immortal Milion, who


died in the 29th vear of the Poet. On a attachment to their Sovereign and his fa. blue Nah are these words, Heare lyeib mily, in the perion of their royal gueit, the body of Sara Milton wbo died 3rd of as well as iheir efteem and regard to His April 1637; and, on her right hand, a Royal Highness himself, their comrade worthy and much-esteemed clergyman of and fellow. Joldier ; and these teftimonies this parish in these words, Robert Nan. in the presence of the commanders and ney, 1734

officers of the squadrons of the principal From a drawing in my poffeffion, maritime, and the consuls of the commerI find the arms of Brerewood thus bla. cial, nations of Europe. zoned: Erinine, two pails vairé, O. and

A CONSTANT READER. Arg. on a chief, Az. a bezant between two garbs, Or. Creft, on a wreath, two sword. in faltire, Gules, pomels and hilts

Mr. URBAN, Gibraltar, May 30. Or, piercing a ducal coronet proper. IN N a corner of Europe so remote from Yours, &c.

C. P. England as this is, we cannot account

for the unfavourable representations Mr. URBAN, Gibraliar, June 3.

which are said to have been circulated PROMISED you an account of any

there respecting his Royal Highness I

Prince Edward; we, however, know thing remarkable that occurred here.

that thete calumnies can only find credit The very evening of my arrival in the Refinance man of war, in company with amongst those who are strangers to a

character which promises to be an ornathe Ulyfies, presented a scene, new not only in this parr of Europe, but rarely here, has been transcendently meriro

ment to the nation. His conduct, whilst seen even in the most populous cities; rious; and, were we to enquire what and I am very glad to have an opportu.

young man in Gibraltar has thewn bim: pity of transmitting you an accurate and

self io be the most rorrest, aitentive, and authentic description of the file given on that evening to His Royal Highness diligent, in the discharge of bis duiy, as

well as the most regular and temperate in Prince Edward, upon his being about to

his private hours, the aniwer must be depart hence for Canada.

The account

“ Prince Edward.” That he poflelles is drawn up, and the drawing made, by Capt. Fyers, of the Royal Engineers, an

equally the art of conciliating the atfece

tions of his brother-officers, with that of old and valuable friend of mine, well known to many of your friends in Eng- deserving their applause, was very conland for his services in America, and spicuoully manitilled by the splendid who was the projector of that part of the compliment thev paid him previous to his

They had a entertainment given in the ruinous bare departure for Canada. rack, which was fitted-up by him agree- greed, as a mark of their attachment to, able to his own elegant design, a copy of and respect for, His Royal Highness, to which I send you to be engraved (jee pl. give him a ball and tippur; tor the con

ducing of which each corps deputed an III.); and which thews him to be equal.

officer The Horel de l'Europe being ly adroit in the saloon of Apollo as in the

fixed on for the place, a temporary comfield of Mars *

munication was contrived between that The entertainment cost 1,800 dollars, or about 250l. fterling; and the expence which was sited. up wiń fingular ele

and the ruins of an adjacent barrack, of converting the ruinous barrack into a supper-rooin amounted to Soo dollars, or

gance for the fupper-room at the expence about 1121. ferling; both together make

of the fubfcribers (see plate III.). The

ball-room (of i:felf an extreme handsome ing an expence of only two guineas to

one, and which was betides decorated each officer : an offering made with the

with the colours of ten regiments,) was utmost alacrity upon this occafion, where

crowded with company a little after at once was to be thewn their respect and

cight o'clock.. It was remarkable, that * As the disposition of the niches and pi- the thips, destined to carry the Prince and laftres on the sides of the room were neceila

his regiment to Quebec, arrived, with a rily adapted to the doors and windows of the conliderable number of officers from Engruined walls, it was impoflible to attain uni land, on the very day appointed for this formity; and, as the general effect only was entertainment. The whole of the officers attended to, it is not calculated to pass the or- of the British navy and army here, thote deal of criticism as if the edifice had been of the Dutch and Portuguese quadrons, meant for permanence. W. FXERS. and all the ladies in the place (who ap


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