Dr. JOHNSON'S Letter to the Earl of



MY LORD, I HAVE been lately informed, by the proprietors of the World,

that two papers, in which my Dictionary is recommended to the publick, were written by your Lordship. To be so distinguished is an honour which, being very little accustomed to favours from the great, I know not well how to receive, or in what terms to acknowledge

When, upon some flight encouragement, I first visited your Lordship, I was overpowered, like the rest of mankind, by the enchantment of your address, and could not forbear to wish, that I might boast myself le vainqueur du vainqueur de la terre ; that I might obtain that regard for which I saw the world contending. But I found my attendance fo little encouraged, that neither pride, nor modesty, would suffer me to continue it. When I had once addressed your Lordship in public, I had exhausted all the art of pleasing, which a retired and uncourtly scholar can possess. I had done all that I'could; and no man is well pleated to have his all neglected, be it ever so little.

Seven years, my Lord, have now passed since I waited in your outward room, or was repulsed from your door; during which time I have been pushing on my work through difficulties, of which it is useless to complain; and have brought it at last to the verge of publication, without one act of affittance, one word of encouragement, or one smile of favour. Such treatment I did not expect, for I never had a patron before.

The Shepherd in Virgil grew acquainted with Love, and found him a native of the rocks.

Is not a patron, my Lord, one who looks with unconcern on a man struggling for life in the water, and, when he has reached ground, encumbers him with help? The notice which you have been pleased to take of my labours, had it been early, had been kind; but it has been delayed till I am indifferent, and cannot enjoy it; till I am solitary, and cannot impart it; till I am known, and do not want it. I hope it is no very cynical asperity not to confess obligations where no benefit has been received; or to be unwilling that the publick thould consider me as owing that to a patron, which Providence has enabled me to do for inyfelf.

Having carried on my work thus far with so little obligation to any favourer of learning, I shall not be disappointed, though I should conclude it, if less be possible, with less; for I have been long wakened from that dream of hope; in which I once boasted myself with so much exultation.

Your Lordship's most humble
and moit obedient servant,


Lloyd's Evening
St. James'sChron.
Whitehall Even.

London Chron.
London Evening.

L. Packet-Star Englith Chron.

Evening Mail Middlesex Journ. Courier de Lond. Daily Advertiser Public Advertiser Gazetteer, Ledger

Morning Chron. Morning Herald Woodfall's Diary World— Argos Bell's Oracle

rimes-M. Post 13 Weekly Papers Bath 2, Bristo! Birmingham 2

Bury St Edmund's CAMBRIDGE Canterbury 2 Chelmsford

Cumberland Derby, Excter Gloucefter Hereford, Hull Irwich IRELAND Leeds 2 LEICESTER Lewes Liverpool 3 Maieftone Manchetter Newcastle ; Northamston Norwich 2 Nottingham OXFORD Reading Salisbury SCOTLAND Sherheld 2 Sherborne 2 Shrewibury Stamford Winchester Worcester YORK 3




Meteorolog. Diaries for June and July, 1791 594 Specimen of a Barometrical Diary in Norfolk 617
A Traveller's just Character of Mr. HowARD 595 Mrs. Maciulay L Lunar fides-Huntingdon 6:5
Malvern Wells-Coins found near Croydon ibid. Town Garden-- N.Hiftory-Rats and Mice 619

The Family Mansion of Wynne of Oscathian 596 Mr.Hare':Opinion on wedenborg's Character 620
Dr. Pau.STLEx on the Brmingham Riots ibid. A Medical Topography—“Sent to Coventıy" 622
Answer to Dr. Priestley's Letter on the Riots 598 A Prophecy of Efuras—The Society of Arts 623
Mr. Ruffel's Account of Birmingham Meeting 599 The early Appenance of Birds enquired after 624
Remarks on the bite Riots at Birmingham 6co Primilive bipoops n' Strikers-!1ora Poulince" 625
Some remarkable Scriptural Phrases explained 601 Remarks on the preient Situation of Francel 626
Shakspeare's WainscotChair and Mulberry-tree 632 011 Black Beetles, and how to be destroyed 627
TheOriginality of Milton's Portraita-certaineko Evans Old Ballads! The Hogan of Houghton 628
Query on the different Effects of Lightning 605 Description of Lifbon-Morian Mifceluy 629
Character of Bishop Robert Ferrar vindicated ib. Queries to Menof Letters, and Men of Faihion 631
Concise Account of Widworthy in Devonshire 608 Di Johnson and Mrs Knowles-The Quakers 63:
Portrait of Bp. Robert Hornse of Winchester ou Sir James Foulis, Bart.-Miscellaneous Remarksie.
Description of the Jubilee celebrated at Rome ib. Proceedings in present Setion of Parliament 633
True idea of the Theory of Tides still wanting ibs REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS 641–659
Five Sepulchres hewn out of a solid Rock ib.Index INDICATORIUS—Queries answered 659
The Measure and Particulars of a f.imous O.sk it SELECT POETRY', antient and modern 660-664
Some new Particulars of the Welih lodians 613 For. Atfairs, Domeit. Occurrences, &c. 665-6-7
Dr. James Grainger-Rowe Moresi Dionysius 614 Marriages, Deaths, Preferment', &c. 6-8-68;
Relief granted to Roman Catholicks explained 6:51D..ly Variation in the Pri es of the St c.s
Embellished with Two Picturesque Views of MALVERN WELLS; a l'ortrait of Dr. HORNE,
Bishop of WINCHESTEK; a fine Nonument, by Bacon, at WIDWORTH1y, in

Devonshire; a JUBILEE MEDAL; Coins; and other CURIOSITIES.


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Printed for D. HENRY by JOHN NICHOLS, Red Lion Paliage, Fleet-ftreet;

where Letters to the Editor are desired to be addressed, Pos T-PAID.


Wind. Barom. Therm State of Weather in June 179.7.

IS calm


62 white veil over blue sky 2 S calm

70 62 a licle white upon the blue (doors, 3 o'clock, 120 3 S calm

70 63 clear blue sky, flight shower, fultry. Therm. out of 4 E gentle

661 66 a Jeal of white upon the blue, rain at night 5 NW calm

69 64 Jovercast, clears up, hot fun 6 W calm

76 65 blue sky, a few darkish clouds towards the South W calm

80 65 clear sky, white clouds towards the South, rain at 8 NE gentle 80 63 lovercast, fine day

(night 9 SE calm

75 59 Slue sky, white veil 10 W Calm

55 61 overcast, small rain, wind, rain at night IL NE brisk

46 58 large white fleecy clouds Taded with black, rain 12 NNE moderate

50 54 wlute clouds upon blue sky, stormy (at night N brisk


52 white clouds, stormy, gentle rain at night 14 N moderate

551 52 white clouds tinged with black is N brisk

64 54 white clouds, rain at night 16 N brisk

45 52 rain, fair, bright day 17 NE brisk

48 58 Jovercast, fine, shower at night 18 N calm

471 58

overcait, small rain 19 NE calm

50 57 overcast, clears up, cold frosty air at night 20 NNE brilk

55 56 blue sky, white clouds, showers at night 21 W moderate

50 56 overcast, night showers, fine day 22 W brisk

59 55 blue sky, white and black clouds, rain at night 23 SW strong

591 36 blue sky, sun, gloomy afternoon [ternoon 24 S moderate

73 59 blue sky, white veil, fine morning, high wind af25 SSW brisk


61 overcast, small rain 26 SW brisk

60 63 blue sky, white and black clouds, fine day 27 S brisk

511 63 overcast, pleasant day Q8 s moderate

blue sky, grey clouds, fine day, small rain at night 29 SSE brisk

55 63

blue sky, white and grey clouds, raio at night 30 S moderate

33 68 clear blue sky, afterwards clouded, little rain 1. Yellow crowfoot in full bloom upon the pastures. Grass at a stand, for want of rain and dew's.4. Green peas in the market; new potatoes 1 d. per lb.--- 5. Fox-gloves in bloom.—7. A field of clover cutting for hay. Honey-fuckle in bloom.-8. The outward air cooled and refreshed by the rain of the preceding night. Sultry within doors.-11. The air extremely piercing and cold; a violent hail-storm at night.-13. The air ftill cold; the sea roars; black clouds in the West, and as if filled with snow. Several fields mown. Grass, both in the meadows and pastures, begins to burn.- 14. Ice upon the water. Much damage done by last night's froit amongst fruit, potatoes, &c.-15. Field-beans in bloom, and strongly scene the air. Apples drop off.-16. Busy housing hay. Wheat and barley in the ear. Cuckoofpit (cicadula) upon many plants.--- 17. Gathered strawberries, very poor and small, the leaves and items being shriveled up by the late storms.–20. Many people begun hay. barvest. Swallows and martins in abundance. Hau king over the new-mown grass, and fo low and near to the mowers as only, by great dexterity, ly quick turns, to avoid striking their persons. Qu.is it accident or instinct that directs the birds to seek their prey in these places? – Fall of rain this month, 6-10ths of an inch; evaporation, 4.2-1otlis. Height of Fahrenheit's Thermometer, Height of Fahrenheit's Thermometer. Barom. Weather

Barom Weather in. pts. in July 1;91.

in. pis in July 1791

6; 62

D. of
8 o'ti.


n o'ci. Night.

D. of
8 o'cl,


IT o'cl.

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July 12. lume, that he had left it as a mark of ***FTER living feventy, his regard. Now, Mr. Urban, though

years backwards I have been honoured with the corre

and forwards in Great fpondence of Princes, Prelates, and loine A Britain, the island which of the first and greatest men of my own

en gave me birth, I am, country, and of some other nations, I ** for reasons I will not fall consider those two presents and vie

trouble you with the de- firs from JOHN HOWARD the greatest tail of (having done that elsewhere), re honour I ever received FROM MAN; tired, to spend the very little which re. and therefore I send you two guineas, mains of a long life, to France, the to add my mite towards erecting the squabbles of a public nature being less monument to the memory of lo GOOD painful to me than those of private ones between man and man. The late Mr. The ingenious, learned, and virtuous Samuel Sharp told me, that he never Mr. Woodhull, of Thenford, in Northknew a man at the approach of death ampionshire, has done me the honour who had not some folace to offer to his to place those two books in his noble lio mind at that aweful moment; and I re- brary; for nothing but want of bread member to have read in the State Trials, could have induced me to sell them that a Colonel of some fortune, who was when I fold all my other goods and hanged for a wicked theft, laid at the chattels, and departed, never to retura, gallows, that his comfort was, that he

A TRAVELLER. had never in his whole life gone into a church without pulling of bis bail And Mr. URBAN, Brompion, June 6. one of Mr. Sharp's own parientes, a very I INCLOSE bewe drawings in Mala last hours, that he died under one re grave them, they are at your service fexion that afforded him infinite com. (fue pl. III. fig. 1, 2); and I will lend fort, that Mr. Sharp could not avoid you a little sketch of the way of life at asking him wba! it was? The dying that place, and a jeu-d'esprit which apa Quaker replied, he had furnished Wilo peared there lately. J. P. A liam (commonly called Duke of Cum Fig. 3 and 4 are two gold coins found berland) with an hundred and fifty lately in the neighbourhood of Croydun. thousand thovels, pickaxes, and instrumepes of that fort, to supply the ariny


July 2. under William's command in foreign paris: Some years ago Ifarw ate Conway, a confolation will be (if reflexion has not

as inat described in your last, p. 513, quite left me), that, after being prose. 10 inches from heel to toe, and ine tue cated, persecuted, and ill-treated, for 3 inches fquare, and made of red leather more than a moiety of my whole life, (Pl. III. ig. 6). They were intermixed by bad men, I shall have the consola. with other articles of female apparel of tion of knowing that John HOWARD the time, stays or boddices with fleeves, came twice to my house en perjonne, and cases of several high hats, a steel and, though a stranger to my person, cross-bow, two large yew bows, and an brought in his hand, at each of chole. old wooden bedstead of the time. The visirs, a volume of his “ State of Pri- house, in whose upper room these andia Sons,” &c.; and, as I unfortunately cles were preserved, though much of was out when he made me his fecond the furniture had been stolen, houd on visit, he wrore in the cover of that ro the North lide of the high street, be:



longed to the Wynnes of Oscathlan, Wynne, has the chevron and heads quar. and had been built in the reign of Eli- tering the lions rampant, and Wyant zabeth. It formed a small quadrangle, quartering the chevron and deurs de with a back-court, and the fide corre- lis; and a mural monument for John sponding with the entrance was ascend- Wynne, Esq. 1617, quarterly, 1. and 4. ed to by a double Aight of steps from Wynne; 2. the lions passant guardant ; the side to a terrace, continued on the 3. the chevron and fleurs de lis. Jeft. It was in 1770 let out to poor

As I do not recolleet to have met families. Most of the rooms had luce with any account of this house in print, coed cielings and walls. Over the the present is at your service. D.H. kirchen - chimney were the arms of England, and E. R. for Elizabeiba Re. To the INHABITANTS of the Town of gina: on the walls, D W Dorotby

BIRMINGHAM. Wynne D G W leopards' faces Mv late Townsmen and Neighbours, jeffant Aeurs de lis, single, and with a chevron RW. Eagles and a chevron years, in which you had uniform between three fleurs de lis, 1577. A experience of my peaceful behaviour, chevron between three Atags' heads ca. in my attention to the quiet studies of bost, owls, boars, griffins, lions, fags.. my profefsion, and those of philosophy, In an upper room, ER and arms of I was far from expecting the injuries England. Over the chimney, RW which I and my friends have lately re

ceived from you. But you have been

misled. By hearing the Diffenters, and eagles, chevron, and stags heads. Che- particularly the Unitarian Dillenters, vron and fleurs de lis, lion rampant. continually railed at as enemies to the Over another chimney, Wynne quarter- , present Government in Church and ing the chevron and Aeurs de lis. Over State, you have been led to confider any another, R G 1577. Quarterly, 1. a injury done to us as a meritorious thing; chevron between ihree eagles; 2. a che- and, not having been better informed, vron between three leopards' faces jessant the means were not attended to. When Acurs de lis; 3. a chevron between fleurs the objedt was right, you thought the de lis; 4. a chevron between three flags' means could not be wrong. By the disheads: also the chevron and eagles fin- courses of your teachers, and the exgle. Over the inner gate in the spandrils, clamations of your fuperiors in general, the crosi, date, Jbø Ers, &c. as in Pl. 'drinking confuhon and damnation to uś III. fg. s, RW OW for Richard (which is wellknown to have been and Doroby Wynne, or Gwynne. Over their frequent practice), your bigotry the outer gate the arms of England, has been excited to the highest pitch, fupported by the lion and griffin ; in the and nothing having been said to you to spandrils the eagles and chevron be. moderate your passions, but every thing tween the stays heads.

to infiame them : hence, without any The above quarterings are the arms confideration on your part, or on theirs, of Wynne on the altar-tomb of Robert, who ought to have known and taught on the South side of the altar in Con. you better - you were prepared for every way church, inscribed

species of outrage; thinking that, whata Robert

ever you could do to spite and injure us, Wynne es

was for the support of Government, and quier was

especially the Church. In deftroying us, buried

you have been led to think you did God the 30

and your country the most effential daie of

fer vice. November

Happily, the minds of Englishmen Ano. 1598.

have a horror of murder, and therefore And on another altar-tomb, contiguous, you did not, I hope, think of ibat Here lieth the body of Robert Wynne deby- though, by your clamorous demanding tie maior of Conway esq and sone of Tho of me at the Horel, it is probable chas, mas Wynne who died the 16th of gber 1664. at that time, some of you intended me On which last are also a lion rampant, some personal injury. But what is the quartering three bears. At the West value of life when every thing is done end, Wynne quartering three lions pal- to make it wretched : In many cases, Sant guardant; crest, an eagle displayed. there would be greater mercy ja diso Another alcar-tomb, for a female patching the inhabitants than in burn

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