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• HISTORY

OF THE

PAST AND PRESENT STATE

OF THE

LABOURING POPULATION,

INCLUDING

THE PROGRESS OF AGRICULTURE, MANUFACTURES,

AND COMMERCE,

SHEWING THE EXTREMES OF OPULENCE AND DESTITUTION

AMONG THE OPERATIVE CLASSES.

WITH

PRACTICAL MEANS FOR THEIR EMPLOYMENT

AND FUTURE PROSPERITY.

66 THE KNOWLEDGE OF DISEASE IS HALF ITS CURE,

BY J. D. TUCKETT,

IN TWO VOLUMES.

VOL. I.

LONDON:

PRINTED FOR
LONGMAN, BROWN, GREEN AND LONGMANS,

AND

EDWARD NETTLETON, BookSELLER, PLYMOUTH.

1816.

492.

ENTERED AT STATIONERS HALL.

PLYMOUTH : PRINTED BY CHARLES TREEBY,

10, WHITE-CROSS-STREET.

PREFACE.

The original design of the present work is to endeavour to trace out the causes, as well as to apply a remedy for the plea of want of employment producing distress and vagrancy, which is alarmingly increasing, potwithstanding all the efforts of benevolence, in a variety of ways, to counteract the evil.

Political economy has, in some respects, become a new science, from the altered position of society, the system of commercial enterprise, with its alternate prosperity and stagnation producing fluctuation of employment, the increasing population being still a small portion in comparison with the rapid improvements in civilized life, which are daily extending in the various arts, sciences, agriculture, manufactures and commerce. Yet with all these inventions, and new markets for commercial enterprise, a large portion of the population are in a miserable state of destitution; and though this poverty is in a variety of cases produced by the improvidence of individuals, yet it must be apparent to an accurate observer, that pauperism and destitution, in many instances, are the

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