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to the penalty provided in the sixth section of this chapter, in case the passengers are put on short allowance of water or provisions.
Sec. 12. And be it further enacted, That the captain or master of any ship or vessel arriving in the United States, or any of the Territories thereof, from any foreign place whatever, at the same time that he delivers a manifest of the cargo, and if there be no cargo, then at the time of making report or entry of the ship or vessel, pursuant to law, shall also deliver and report to the collector of the district in which such ship or vessel shall arrive, a list or manifest of all the passengers taken on board of the said ship or vessel at any foreign port or place; in which list or manifest it shall be the duty of the said master to designate, particularly, the age, sex, and occupation of the said passengers, respectively, the part of the vessel occupied by each during the voyage, the country to which they severally belong, and that of which it is their intention to become inhabitants; and shall further set forth whether any, and what number have died on the voyage; which list or mani. fest shall be sworn to by the said master, in the same manner as directed by law in relation to the manifest of the cargo, and the refusal or neglect of the master aforesaid to comply with the provisions of this section, or any part thereof, shall incur the same penalties, disabilities, and forfeitures as are provided for a refusal or neglect to report and deliver a manifest of the cargo aforesaid.
Sec. 13. And be it further enacted, That each and every collector of the customs, to whom such manifest or list of passengers as aforesaid shall be delivered, shall quarter-yearly return copies thereof to the Secretary of State of the United States, by whom statements of the same shall be laid before Congress at each and every session.
SEC. 14. And be it further enacted, That in case there shall have occurred on board any ship or vessel arriving at any port or place within the United States or its Territories, any death or deaths among the passengers, (other than cabin passengers,) the master or captain or owner or consignee of such ship or vessel, shall within twenty-four hours after the time within which the report and list or manifest of passengers mentioned in section twelve of this act, is required to be delivered to the collector of the customs, pay to the said collector the sum of ten dollars for each and every passenger above the age of eight years who shall have died on the voyage by natural disease ; and the said collector shall pay the money thus received at such times and in such manner as the Secretary of the Treasury by general rules shall direct, to any board or commission appointed by and acting under the authority of the state within which the report where such ship or vessel arrived is situated, for the care and protection of sick, indigent or destitute emigrants, to be applied to the objects of their appointment, and if there be more than one board or commission who shall claim such payment, the Secretary of the Treasury, for the time being, shall determine which is entitled to receive the same, and his decision in the premises shall be final and without appeal. Provided, That the payment shall in no case be awarded or made to any board or commission or association formed for the protection or advancement of any particular class of immigrants or emigrants of any particular nation or creed, and if the master, captain, owner or consignee of any ship or vessel, refuse or neglect to pay to the collector the sum and sums of money required, and within the time prescribed by this section, he or they shall severally forfeit and pay the sum of fifty dollars in addition to such sum of ten dollars for each and every passenger upon whose death the same has become payable, to be recovered by the United States in any Circuit or District Court of the United States where such vessel may arrive, or such master, captain, owner or consignee may reside; and when recovered, the said money shall be disposed of in the same manner as is directed with respect to the sum and sums required to be paid to the collector of customs.
Sec. 15. And be it further enacted, That the amount of the several penalties imposed by the foregoing provisions regulating the carriage of passengers in merchant vessels, shall be liens on the vessel or vessels violating those provisions, and such vessel or vessels shall be libelled therefor in any circuit or district court of the United States where such vessel or vessels shall arrive.
Sec. 16. And be it further enacted, That all and every vessel or vessels which shall or may be employed by the American Colonization Society, or the Colonization Society of any State to transport, and which shall actually transport, from any port or ports of the United States to any colony or colonies on the west coast of Africa, colored emigrants to reside there, shall be, and the same are hereby, subjected to the operation of the foregoing provisions regulating the carriage of passengers in merchant vessels.
Sec. 17. And be it further enacted, That the collector of customs shall examine each emigrant ship or vessel on its arrival at his port, and ascertain and report to the Secretary of the Treasury at the time of sailing, the length of the voyage, the ventilation, the number of passengers, their space on board, their food, the native country of the emigrants, the number of deaths, the age and sex of those who died during the voyage; together with his opinion of the cause of the mortality, if any on board, and if none, what precautionary measures, arrangements, or habits, are supposed to have had any, and what, agency in causing the exemption.
Sec. 18. And be it further enacted, That this act shall take effect, with respect to vessels sailing from ports in the United States, on the eastern side of the continent, within thirty days from the time of its approval : and with respect to vessels sailing from ports in the United States on the western side of the continent, and from ports in Europe, within sixty days from the time of its approval; and with respect to vessels sailing from ports in other parts of the world, within six months from the time of its approval.
And it is hereby made the duty of the Secretary of State to give notice in the ports of Europe and elsewhere, of this act, in such manner as he shall deem proper.
Sec. 19. And be it further enacted, That from and after the time that this act shall take effect with respect to any vessels, then in respect to such vessels, the act of second March, eighteen hundred and nineteen, entitled “An act regulating passenger ships and vessels,” the act of twenty-second February, eighteen hundred and forty-seven, entitled “An act to regulate the carriage of passengers, in merchant vessels,” the act of second March, eighteen hundred and forty-seven, entitled “An act to amend an act entitled "An act to regulate the carriage of passengers in merchant vessels,' and to determine the time when said act shall take effect,” the act of thirtyfirst January, eighteen hundred and forty-eight, entitled “ An act exempting vessels employed by the American Colonization Society in transporting colored emigrants from the United States to the coast of Africa from the provisions of the acts of the twenty-second February and second of March, eighteen hundred and forty-seven, regulating the carriage of passengers in merchant vessels,” the act of seventeenth May, eighteen hundred and fortyeight, entitled “ An act to provide for the ventilation of passenger vessels, and for other purposes,” and the act of third March, eighteen hundred and forty-nine, entitled “An act to extend the provisions of all laws now in force relating to the carriage of passengers in merchant vessels, and the regulation thereof,” are hereby repealed. But nothing in this act contained shall in any wise obstruct or prevent the prosecution, recovery, distribution, or remission of any fines, penalties, or forfeitures which may have been incurred, in respect to any vessels, prior to the day this act goes into effect, in respect to such vessels, under the laws hereby repealed, for which purpose the said laws shall continue in force.
But the Secretary of the Treasury may, in his discretion, and upon such conditions as he shall think proper, discontinue any such prosecutions, or remit or modify such penalties.
Approved March 3, 1855.
Vessels belonging to the following nations admitted into the ports of the
.Pr. Treaty, April 5, 1824, October 6, 1832.
Pr. Treaty, July 24, 1827.
Belgium....... ...Pr. President's Proc'n, March 31, 1846.
12, 1848. .
Vessels belonging to the following nations, with whom we have reciprocal treaties, on the footing of “the most favored nation,” are at present admitted into the ports of the United States, on the same terms as American vessels, with the produce or manufactures of their own, or any other country: Chili................Pr. Treaty, May 16, 1832. Colombia......... ...Pr. Treaty, Oct. 3, 1834. Muscat ...... .Pr. Treaty, Sept. 21, 1833. Ottoman Porte... ..Pr. Treaty, May 7, 1830. Mexico.
.Pr. 17th Article-Treaty, 1848. Peru, Bolivia.........Pr. Treaty, July 19, 1852. Great Britain and her possessions-
From and after the 1st January, 1850, British vessels will be admitted
into the ports of the United States, on the same terms as American vessels, with the produce and manufactures of her own, or any other country, under the following instructions from the Treasury Department of the United States.
Treasury Department, Oct. 15, 1849. In consequence of questions submitted by merchants and others, asking, in consideration of the recent alteration of the British Navigation Laws, on what footing the commercial relations between the United States and Great Britain will be placed, on and after the 1st day of January next—the day on which the recent act of the British Parliament goes into operation-the Department deems it expedient, at this time, to issue the following general instructions for the information of the officers of the customs and others interested :
First. In consequence of the alterations of the British Navigation Laws, above referred to, British vessels, from British or other foreign ports, will, (under our existing laws,) after the first of January next, be allowed to enter in our ports with cargoes of the growth, manufacture or production of any part of the world.
Second. Such vessels and their cargoes will be admitted, from and after the date before mentioned, on the same terms, as to duties, imposts and charges, as vessels of the United States and their cargoes.
W. M. MEREDITH, Secretary of the Treasury.
RECIPROCAL TREATIES FOR DIRECT TRADE ONLY. Vessels belonging to the following nations admitted into the ports of the United States, on the same terms as American vessels, only when laden with the produce and manufactures of the country to which the vessel belongs, viz : Rome, Kingdom of the Pope..Pr. President's Proclamation of June 7th
1827.-Secretary's Letter, March 3, 1852. Two Sicilies...........Pr. Treaty, Dec. 1, 1845, and Proc. July 24, 1846. Portugal and Colonies Pr. Treaty, April 23d, 1841, not subject to tonnage
I duty from any country. Netherlands --------- Pr. Treaty, Jan. 19, 1839. Act of Jan. 7, 1824, Q1.
The vessels of Netherlands may import any goods from her ports in Europe on equal terms with American vessels, but when from her colonies, or other countries, are subject to discrimi.
nating duty.-Indirect trade allowed pr. Treaty, Feb. 26, 1853. France...............Pr. Treaty, June 24, 1822. Tonnage duty 94 cents
per ton, in both countries-consuls to certify to the origin of
Martinique.---.--. are admitted on equal terms as to duty
Miquelon.-.-.-.-..) April 20, 1847. Vessels belonging to the nations above enumerated, may import the produce and manufactures of other countries, subject to the payment of discriminating duty; and (except Portugal) to the payment of tonnage duty.
NO RECIPROCAL TREATIES. Vessels belonging to the following nations are subject to tonnage duty and discriminating duty on their cargoes as foreign vessels, whether laden with the produce or manufactures of their own or any other country : China......... Hayti.
:>$1 per ton, and 10 per cent. additional duty. Argentine Republic Uraguay. Spain....---.--..No tonnage duty-10 per cent. additional duty.t–Law
* Privileges extended to vessels in ballast, per act July 13, 1832.—Same privileges extended to French vessels, from Cayenne, French Guiana, per act June, 1, 1842.
t By Circular instructions from the Treasury Department, 5 cents per ton is chargeable on Spanish vessels from Spanish ports in Europe.-Circular of Dec. 31, 1847.