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ib. Works ; Magnetical Experi..
REV, OF-Todd' on the Reformers
Laurence's Authentic Documents Scotland
France ; Russia
Christian knowledge Society.... 486 The Queen
Bill for Education.............. 495 pinion in the Church
Heory VII.th's Last Will........ 513 Petition of Florentine Boy ib.
REY. OF.-H. M. Williams's Letters 521 Reaping Corn
Cellerier's Sermons et Prières..
ib. Relig. INTEL.—Bible Society Re-
ECCLESIASTICAL PREFERMENTS 568 Wilson (continued)
............. 586 Simeon's Horæ Homileticæ
587 Works; New Acts; Ships of
Ventilation of Churches ........ 593
Spain; Jesuits ; Cleopatra's Nee-
Dean Kenney on Pretended Re.
India-School-book Society; Bom-
bay Literary Society
Rel. INTEL.–Church Missionary So-
Greece-New South Shetland.... 628
RELIG. COM.—Memoir of Bishop
Exertions to counteract Infi.
On religions Enthusiasm and irre. London Society for the Conver.
sion of the Jews-Extracts from
Tenets of Hindu Religions Sects.. 807 Prayer.book and Homily Society
-Translations of Homilies, &c.;
LIT. INTEL.-Great Britain-New
and Homilies; Communications
Scotland; Secession Church 842 aries and Students; Missions in
Africa, the Mediterranean, Cal-
King's College, Windsor...... 848 Indians
ECCLESIASTICAL PREFERMENTS.... 854 Baptist Missionary Society-Ex.
hausted State of its Funds 907
bers for January and March - 857 INDEX to Essays, &c.
and District Committees; Bi.
For the Christian Observer. magnitude of his defects, while
the deliberate sinner tranquillizes CHRISTIAN MOTIVES,
his conscience with the reflection, books of practical divinity, that as such a degree of elevation justly reminded, that Christianity very little importance to attempt is a religion of motives; and the first stages of approximation, scarcely a sermon is preached, or the chief ditficulty appears to be, an essay written on the subject of not so much in laying down geneself-examination, without urgentral rules, as in providing for anoexhortations to make our motives malies and peculiarities; and conthe primary objects of scrutiny. triving that these shall be such as But, in endeavouring to reduce to include all those cases which those injunctions to practice, a
are intended to be excepted, withvariety of questions often arise, out covering others of a doubtful which cannot be provided for in description. To do this completea few cursory instructions. It re- ly must be impossible, as long as quires a deep acquaintance with the beart of one man is contrite
and the human heart, and a considerable that of another callous; one renderfacility in reducing a multiplicity ed honest and simple by the salutary of details to a few plain and operation of the Holy Spirit, the pointed principles, to euable an
oiher in its natural state of careinstructor, especially from the pul- lessness and insensibility. Yet 10 pil, to give to exhortations of this attempt the task is, doubtless, the kind sheir full effect. The meshes business of every Christian inof the moral net are often at structor, in order ihat he may not once too large and too small: the wound where he should leal, or lubricity of many who ouglit to heal where he should wound. be arrested, enables them to escape: Broad undefined assertions on the while some who were not intended subject of motives seldom benetit to be included, are intangled on either party : it is by pointing out account of their dread of danger. the real shades and distinctions Many a penitent has been unne- of character, that the formalist finds cessarily distressed by a discourse himself convicted, and the penitent which, forcible as it was, failed is released. Generalities are easily to burst ihe web of sophistry which avoided by those who wisho io a hardened transgressor had wound palliate or conceal their guilt; around his heart.
while they are often equally liable The doctrine of motives seems
to “make the heart of the righteous particularly liable to this double sad, whom God hath not made failure. To lower the standard, sad*." would neither be scriptural por • A somewhat similar remark may allowable ; yet, if a just standard be applied to vague and indefinite debe erected, the humble Christian scriptions of the
sinfulness of the human is apt to feel dejected from the heart. A decently moral auditor is
CHRIST, OBSERV. No. 217. B
(JAN. In every consideration of mo- not necessary, in the present retives, with a view to self-examina- marks, to enter into the origin and tion, it is necessary to inquire what progress of this great principle. ought to be (and io a considerable Doubtless, many advanced Chrisextent must be) the leading prin- tians bave so long “grown in grace, ciple, the master passion, if we and in the knowledge of their may so speak, of a renovated mind. Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ," We may reply in the words of the that the principle has become, as Apostle, " Whether ye eat or it were, a new instinct; a second drink, or whatever ye do, do all to nature often operating independthe glory of God." As the great ently of personal considerations, object proposed to himself by the and exerting itself without any Creator, in all his works, has ever immediate reference to benefits been the development of his own hoped for or conferred. Such, at glory, so the Christian should be in- least, is usually considered to be cited by a similar priuciple. This the nature of the love of angels anxiety for the glory of God, of to God; though, even in the case course, includes love to him. We of those heavenly beings themmay, therefore, justly say that as selves, a remembrance of mercies sell-love is the ruling principle of received is, probably, one great inthe natural mind, love to God gredient in this celestial compound. ought to be, and will be, that of the It is certainly so in the case of renewed. This primary incentive “the spirits of the just made peris applicable to every circum- fect;" for, in attributing praise to stance of life, and may be ramified the glorified Redeemer, they were into all the details of our moral, heard in the Apocalypse to exsocial, and religious, condition. It is claim, “ Thou art worthy; for more likely to be misled, thau convinced of the case, as to avoid rendering the by such statements. Contrasting him-. whole instruction ineffectual on the self with the hideous picture, withont alledged ground of its palpable inappossessing that Christian sensibility plicability. To describe the human which would lead him to discover the character as radically bad as it is, and original features of resemblance-fea- as it is represented in Scripture, and yet tures whicb, but for the restraining to preserve, even in the eyes of the grace of God, might have displayed culprit himself, an undeniable verisithemselves in the direst lineaments of militude, is a point which cannot be atthe full-sized image-he takes credit tained without much observation of the for all that he conceives himself to want secret windings of the heart, with a of the alledged standard of deformity, constant habit of self-scrutiny, and an instead of feeling a based at the actual attentive study of the sacred volume. turpitude of his acknowledged trans- Dr. Chalmers's sermons furnish many gressions. It is easy to conceive the admirable specimens of this useful recoil in a mind not open to religious talent. No man can speak more detruth, and not aware of the deeply cisively and strongly of the patural rooted evil of our fallen nature, at hear- character of the human heart, and of ing an anditory at large addressed, for the extent of our sin both original and example as the writer of this remem- actual; yet, with such a just discriminabers once to have done,) in the language tion of character, such a judicious disof St. Peter to Simon Magus. It is entanglement of motives, such a perperfectly true that the germ of every spicacious knowledge of the particular sin is in every lieart; but, where the points to be pressed, and such honest preventing grace of God, acting through skill and boldness in pressing them, the medium of a good education, moral that it is impossible for the most moral instruction, natural modesty of cha- man, with any shew of justice, to plead racter, and similar circnmstances, has guiltless to his charges, or to exempt not suffered the bad to expand and himself from the censure on the ground ripen into full-blown atrocities; such a of its being a mere exaggerated deregard should be paid to the actual facts clamation.