« ElőzőTovább »
and they look confidently to the friends awakened to the importance of the of Christianity for such cordial and undertaking. zealous aid, as may enable them to give the fullest effect to their endeavours.
ORDINATION FOR THE
COLONIES. They trust that, from the pions and the Wealthy, they shall find that liberal as- A very useful and long wanted act was sistance which sach extensive measures passed last session (July 2, 1819), to will require; and that, while they are admit persons into holy orders speengaged io the anxious defence of all cially for the colonies. The Archbishop that is sacred and dear to Christians, of Canterbary, the Archbishop of York, their exertions will not be allowed to or the Bishop of London, for the time la nguish, for want of due co-operation being, or any bishop specially autho. and support.
rised and empowered by them, may adThe undermentioned tracts, already mit to holy orders, any person whom he on the Soeiety's catalogue, have been shall, upon examination, deem duly reduced in price, as follows:
qualified, specially for the purpose of Leslie's short Method with the Deists,3d. taking upon himself the cure of souls, Leslie's Truth of Christianity, 3d. or officiating in any spiritual capacity Bishop Porteus's Evidences, bound, 6d. in bis Majesty's colonies, or foreign Ditto, half-boond, 4d.
possessions, and residing therein. A Bishop Horne’sLetter to Adam Smith, 18. declaration of such purpose, and a Bishop Watson's Apology for the Bis written engagement to perform it, be. ble, 60.
ing deposited in the hands of the arch, Bishop Gibsot's Pastoral Letters on In- bishop, or bishop, shall be held to be a fidelity, 3d. each, or together, 6d.
sufficient title. It shall be distinctly Lord Lyttleton's Observations on the stated in the letters of ordination, of Conversion of St. Paul, 4d.
every person so admitted
to holy Bishop Sherlock's Trial of the Wit. orders, that he has been ordained for Desses, od.
the core of souls in his Majesty's foThe Society have also opened a shop, reign possessions. No person so ad. No. 31, Fleet-street, for the sale of mitted into boly orders, for the purtheir publications; and in addition to pose of officiating in bis Majesty's fothe tracts above specified, have already reign possessions, shall be capable of prepared and printed a number of new being admitted to any ecclesiastical ones, particolarly adapted to the pre- promotion or dignity, iu Great Britain sent crisis. The titles of these are as or Ireland, or of acting as curate therein,
without the previous consent in writing Hear both Sides. Witnesses for and of the bishop of the diocese; por withagainst the Bible.
out the farther consent of the Arch Scripture, the Guide of Life.
bishop, or Bishop of Loudon, by wbom, Reasons for Retaining Christianity. or by whose autliority, such person shall The Blind Guide: Thomas Paine ig. have been originally ordained, or of norant of the Bible.
his successor. No such consent shall The Unbeliever Convinced.
be given, unless the party shall first Two Dialogues between an Unbeliever produce a testimony of his good be
and a Believer, in two tracts. haviour during the time of his residence The Abandoned and the Penitent Blas- abroad, from the bishop in whose dio
pleiner; or, the Death-beds of cese he may have officiated, or in case
Voltaire and Lord Rochester. there be vo bishop, from the governor The Society have also entered into of the colony, or from his Majesty's correspondence with their Diocesan Secretary of State for the Colonial Deand District Committees, soliciting the partment. co-operation of all, and of those, more In future, no person who shall have Especially, in districts which have been beeu admitted into holy orders by the most infected with the poison of infi- Bishops of Quebec, Nova Scotia, or delity. Many District Committees lave Calcutta, or by any other bishop or already beld public meetings, and called archbishop than those of England or the attention of their respective neigh. Ireland, shall be capable of officiating bourhoods to the claims of the present in any church or chapel of England or crisis upon their exertions and liberality; Ireland, without special permission from and a very general attention has been the archbishop of the province in which
he proposes to officiate, or of holding appreciate the advantages afforded to any ecclesiastical preferment in Eng. them by instruction, how great sacrifices land or Irelaud, or of acting as curate they are willing to make to obtain this therein, without the consent and appro- object, and how strong is the obligatiou bation of the archbishop of the pro- upon all who feel interested in promotvince, and the bishop of the diocese. ing the salvation of their fellow.men,
to unfold to the astonished view of the SOCIETY FOR THE PROPAGA.
poor deaf and dumb, a knowledge nf TION OF THE GOSPEL.
the wonderful way of salvation through The amount of the collections and Jesus Christ.“ contributions, received in consequence Duriug the past year the pupils have of the King's Letter, was, on the 4th of been distributed into five classes, under November, 41,722 I. 155. 6d. A bene- their respective teachers. The in fnction of 600 1. bas beco since received structors, by a constant familiar inter- ,*!! from the University of Oxford. No re- course with them, and, still more, by'. turns had theu been received from the means of the daily lectures on the lativ diocese of St. David's. It is supposed guage of signs, which have been given that there are many parishes in the by their ingenions and experienced other dioceses, which have not yet made associate, Mr. Clerc, have made suclu their collections, The sums already attainments in the acquisition of the received from the dioceses of England principles of this science, that they and Wales, are as follows:
hope very soon to become masters of Litchfield and Coventry, 23191.; Nor their profession, and thus to secure its wich, 2890 1. ; Exeter, 12201. ; London, advantages, beyond the danger of loss. 6673 I.; Lincoln, 39101.; Bristol, 1305 l.; Their efforts have still been, and will Winchester, 2466 l.; St. Asaph, 336 l.; continue to be, directed to the improves Worcester, 10381.; Chichester, 778).; ment of the pupils in written language. Ely, 560 l. ; Rochester, 9741; Bath and Four different modes of communication Wells, 10831; Salisbury, 1647 1; Oxo are employed in conducting the busi. ford (including 500 1. from the Univer- ness of instruction. The first, on which sity), 11001; Hereford, 492 1.; York all the rest are founded, and without 3471 1.; Gloucester, 1280 I.; Canter. which every attempt to teach the deat bory, 17961; Carlisle, 277 1.; Peter and dumb would be ulterly vain and fruila Lorough, 1587 l. ; Bangor, 245 l.; Ches- less, is the natural language of signs, oriter, 24151.; Durham, 8191.; Llandaff, ginally employed by the deaf and dumbi, 1881. To which may be added, an- in all their interconrse with their friends nual subscriptions, 317 1.; donations, and each other, siogularly adapted to 0921.
their necessities, and so significant and
copious in its various expressions, that CONNECTICUT ASYLUM FOR
it furnishes them with a medium of THE DEAF AND DUMB'.
conversation nn all common topics the Within two weeks after the opening very moment that they meet, althongh, of this Asylum, about two years since, before entire strangers to each other; the number of its pupils amounted to and it is even used by tliemselves, in it twelve. During the last year it has vast variety of instances, to denote the increased to fifty, trom eleven different invisible operations of their minds, and States in the Union.-" This affords,” emotions of their hearts. observe the Directors, “incontestable The secoud mode of communication, evidence, (especially when it is con. is the same natural language of signs, sidered that it has been impossible to divested of certain pecnliarities of diafurnish any pupils with charitable aid, lect, which have grown ont of the va. excepting a few, for wliose support the rious circumstances of life under which Legislature of Connecticnt had made different individuals have been placed, provision); how highly their friends reduced to one general standard, and
methodized and enlarged by the ad. • The name stands thus in the last mirable genins of the Abbé de l'Epée Report, but has bren recently changed and the still more ingenious improve. by the General Assembly of Connec. ments of his venerable successor, the ticni, to that of "The American Asy- Abbe Sicard, so as 10 accommodate it lumat Hartford, for the Education of to the structure and idions of written the Deaf and Dub.''
language, and thus to render it la it
self a perspicuous, complete, and co- In his account of James Mitchell, a boy pions medium of thought, bearing a born blind and deaf, published in the close affinity to the Chinese language Transactions of the Royal Society of of hieroglyphical symbols. It differs Edinburgh, Part First of Vol. VII, from the Chinese language, only, or page 39, he says, But Sicard's aim principally, in this respect, that the was of a different, and of a higher latter forms its symbols with the pencil, nature; not to astonish the vulgar by while the other pourtrays them by the sudden conversion of a dumb child gesture, the attitudes of the body, and into a speaking antoniaton; but by the variations of the countenance. affording scope to those means which
The third mode of communication, Nature herself has provided for the is by means of the manual alphabet, by gradual evolution of our intellectual which the different letters of the Eo- powers, to convert his pupil into a glish language are distinctly formed by rational and moral being.'-And again, One land. This enables the deaf and page 46. 'I have been led to insist, at dumb, after they have been taught the some length, on the philosophical merits meaning and use of words, to converse of Sicard's plan of instruction for the with their friends, with all the preci- dumb, not only because his fundamental sion and accuracy of written language, principles admit of an obvious appliand with four times the rapidity with cation (mutatis mutandis) to the case which ideas can be expressed bywriting. of Mitchell; hut because his book does A person of common apderstanding can not seem to have attracted so much very soon learn this alphabet; and it notice in this country as might have affords to all who will bestow the tri- been expected, among those who have Aling pains which are necessary to ac- devoted themselves to the same proqnire it, a ready, easy, sure, and ex- fession. Of this no stronger proof can peditious mode of conversing on all be produced, than the stress which has subjects with the deaf and dumb. been laid, by most of our teachers, on
The fourth mode of communication, the power of articulation, which can is by means of writing. This is babit rarely, if ever, repay, to a person born gally employed in the school-rooms; and deaf, the time and pains necessary for by it the pupils are tanght the correct
the acquisition. This error was, no orthography of our language, to cor- doubt, owing, in the first instance, to respond by letters with their frievds, a very natural, though very gross misand to derive from books the vast trea. take, which confounds the gift of speech so res of knowledge which they coutain. with the gift of reason; but I believe it
Articulation is not taught. “It would has been prolonged and contirmed in require,” observe the Directors, "more England, not a little, by the common time than the present occasion furnishes, union of this branch of trade with the to state the reasons which have induced more lucrative one, of professing to the Principal of the Asylum, and his cure organical impediments. To teach associates, not to waste their labour and the dumb to speak, besides, (although, that of their pupils upon this compara. in fact, eutitled to rank only a little tively useless branch of the education higher than the art of training starlings of the deaf and dumb. In no case is and parrots), will always appear to the it the source of any original knowledge multitude a far more wonderful feat of to the mind of the pupil. In few cases ingenuity, than to unfold silently the does it succeed so as to answer any latent capacities of the understanding; valuable end. But its real valne may an effect which is not, like the other, well be estimated from the opinions of palpable to sense, and of wbich but a one of the most distinguished pbiloso- few are able either to ascertain the exphers of the age, who, for many years, istence, or to appreciate the value. It resided in Edinburgh, where Mr. is not surprising, therefore, that even Braidwood, perhaps the most accom- those teachers who are perfectly aware plished teacher of articulation to the of the truth of what I have now stated, deaf and dumb which the world ever should persevere in the difficult, but saw, lived and kept his school, The comparatively useless attempt, of immere mention of the name of Dugald parting to their pupils that species of Stewart, is sufficient to give force to accomplishment which is to furnish the any sentiments which so profound an only scale upon which the success of observer of the buman mind may have their labours is ever likely to be mea. expressed on this interesting subject. sured by the public.
CarisT, OBSERV. No. 117. K
Abandoning, then, the comparatively munication to Heaven, and the intenseuseless attempt to teach their pupils arti- ness with which they observe the peticulation, the instructors in the Asylum tions which he offers np, can doubt for lave laboured, and with great success, a moment, that all of them think the to convey important intellectual and re- duty in which they are engaged a very ligious knowledge to their minds by serious one, that most of them under. means of the four modes of communica- stand its true import, and that many of tion which have been already mentioned. them actually worship the Father of
Interesting, however, as are these their spirits in spirit and in truth." particulars, they wonld not have in- A large proportion of the whole numtitled the present article to a place un- ber of pupils, not excepting the very der the head of Religious Intelligence : youngest, have been observed, secretly But, observe the Directors, “ The ori offering up by signs and gestures, their ginal design of this institution is to make broken and imperfect, though sincere, it the "the gate to heaven' for those requests to their Father who is in heapoor lambs of the flock who have hi- ven. “ Does God understand signs?” therto been wandering in the paths of is a question which they have more ignorance, like sheep witliont a shep- than once put to their guardians; and an herd.” Accordingly, as fast as their answer in the affirmative has brightened opening understandings have been ca. their faces with the liveliest expressions pable of receiving the simple doctrines of gratitude and hope and joy. of the Gospel, they have been unfolded One of their number, after a year of 10 their view. Most of the important patient waiting and deliberation, durfacts recorded in the Sacred Oracles ing which she often solicited the privihave been communicated to them, and lege of complying with the injunction the interesting truths of Revelation ad. of her Saviour, to commemorate his dressed to their consciences and urged sacrifice and death, has publicly proupon their acceptance. During the fessed herself to be his disciple, and, in past year, both in the school and in the the estimation of her Christian acquaintfamily, those who have had the care of ance, has continued to walk worthy of their government and instruction, have so high a privilege. witnessed occasional seasons of serious- It is the earnest prayer of the Direcness among them.
“ What shall I do to tors and all engaged in the government be saved ?" is a question which, it is and instruction of the pupils, that the stated, has, in hundreds of instances, Asylum, while it is made the instrument been proposed by many of them in their of rendering the objects of its care own expressive language, with a look of more happy and useful in this life, may entreaty more earnest than words could also subserve the still more noble and describe. “And it is a fact,” continues exalted purpose, of disclosing to their the Report, " which should be very en- minds the simple and affecting truths of couraging to all the friends of evange. the Gospel, the humbling doctrine that lical truth, that the humbling doctrines we are all ruined and lost by sin, and of salvation alone through the blood of the consoling one, that both to ourselves Jesus Christ, and of sanctification alone and to these children of suffering, there through the influences of that Spirit is a way opened, through the sacrifice which He died to purchase, have been of our great High Priest, ample as the the very doctrines which have afforded merits of his death, and sure as the these children of misfortune consola- pledge of his promises, to that brighter tion, encouragement, and support. The world, where there is an eternal delivephraseology of their divinity continu- rance from sorrow andsuffering and sin. ally alludes to Jesus Christ. He seems to be the palpable object of faith upon BRITISH AND FOREIGN SCHOOL which their minds most easily fasten.”
SOCIETY Under the direction of the heads of the The last Report takes a summary view family, they attend to morning and of the progress of the British system of evening devotion. Their supplications education throughout the world. to their Father who is in heaven are In France, the great work still proexpressed by their teachers in their ceeds with uudiminished rapidity and own native language of sigos. “ No success; and all the reports received one,” it is added, " who witnesses the from that country agree in the assaralmost breathless attention with which ance, that its salutary effects are, in they encircle the organ of their com many places, already evinced. The
active zeal of the Society for Elemen- cording to the British system, and for tary Instructiou in Paris, aided in its the first of whichi, selections from the benevolent labours by meu of power holy Scriptures will supply the lessons: and iofinence, continues successfully the children will also receive instructo contend against the obstacles which tion in the most useful handicrafts and prejudice and selfishness oppose to the agricultural occupations; near the prin instruction of the lower classes. Up- cipal building, workshops of various wards of 1200 schools on the new system kinds are erected, and a large piece of were already bestowing incalculable ground has been allotted for a kitchen blessings upon the youth of France. garden. It is the noble founder's inThe system had been introduced into tention to make such regulations, that, a great number of schools connected in a short time, every village may have with the army; and the minister of war at least one man of skill and experience had signified his intention of extending in every trade, requisite for the improve. its benefits in the course of the presentment of rural and agricultural life. year, to all the corps without exception. A School Society had been establishThere is reason to hope, that all the ed at Florence, under the sanction of Protestant Churches in France will very the Grand Duke of Tuscany. When soon bave such schools attached to them. the important work is once successfully The Central Committee, established at begun, it promises to spread its benefi. Bourdeaux, is now engaged in printing cial effects over a great part of Italy. a new set of scripturul lessons, and aid. A school on the vew plan had been ing, by various means, the formation of established at Sartizano, in Piedmont, schools in the poorer and smaller con: at Naples; and one for 200 scholars at gregations in different parts of France. Bastia, in the island of Corsica.
The Society of Paris for Elementary The Committee bad prepared the way Instruction appointed a committee for for introducing the system into Malta foreign objects. Successful attempts by receiving Mr. Joseph Naudi, a native have been made in France to apply the of that island, into the training estasystem to the higher branches of in- blishment. The Committee had restraction. A new society has been ceived the assurance, that the highest formed for the purpose of further per- authorities in the island were likely to fecting those attempts.
second the zeal of several enlightened From Spain, the Committee had re- and active friends of humanity; and it ceived intelligence, that the school, was probable that a large school would founded in the preceding year at Ma. soon be established there. drid, under tbe superintendance of From New York, Mr. Picton commuCapt. Kearney, continues to flourish; nicates the intelligence, that in New and that measures had been taken to York and its immediate vicinity there extend the system throughout the kivg
were above 3600 children of both sexes dom, ander the sanction of the king. taught upon the British system, and
In Russia, the Committee had reason that there are schools on that system in to expect a rapid progress of the cause, every State, and in some a great nun. and their expectations had not been ber. He however laments, that, by indisappointed. His Imperial Majesty judicious alterations and supposed imhad taken active measures for a wider provements, it had, in many instances, diffasion of knowledge amongst the degenerated, and lost one of its great subjects of his extensive dominions. advantages-simplicity. To these spuThe excellent order of some regimental rious examples of the plan he ascribes schools, on the British system, formed much of the prejudice which still, in among the Russian contingent of the America as in other places, operates army of occupation in France, has been against its universal adoption. Mr. C. noticed on former occasions with due Picton is employed by the New York praise. The Committee had been in Committee, in superintending the schools formed, that the establishment of simi. throughout the whole of that State. Mrs. lar institutions was in progress in other Pictou had also taken the charge of a divisions of the Russian army. Count newly established school for 300 girls. Romanzoff had began to introduce Want of space prevents our giving sebools into his dominions, ia which, further extracts from this Report, or besides reading, writing, and arithme- from the very interesting foreign let. tie; which will be taught entirely ac- ters appended to it. KF For a variety of important Religious Intelligence, see our Appendix.