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his views were not according to the ford the fullest confutation of the above documents, even at the time dark perplexities and unsound poof their publication, that we do not sitions of the “ Necessary Erudi- . need the supposition of his subse- tion.” But to these we shall have quent improvement in opinion, to occasion to refer in our next Num. substantiate our present disclaimer ber, to which we are now obliged on his behalf. That his views did in to postpone further remarks, in some measure clear up on such in- reference to Dr. Laurence's pubtricate subjects as those of justifi- lication, as well as to those parts cation, free-will, faith, and good of Mr. Todd's work, which bear works, is not at all improbable. on the same dark and mysterious We know St. Austio published his subject of predestination, noble book of Retractions, as his
(To be continued.) last and most remarkable testimony to posterity, of his gradual improvement and noble ingenuous- 1. Reflections concerning the Erness of mind. And but for the pediency of a Council of the very remarkable coincidence be- Church of England and the tween the death of King Henry the
Church of Rome, being holden Eighth, and the immediate publica
with a View to accommodate Rem tion of the new Homilies, we should
ligious Differences, and to prothink it possible that Cranmer
mote the Unity of Religion in
the Bond of Peace, 80. By might have reformed in some of his own views of justification and faith,
SAMUEL Wix, A, M. F. R. and which he took so much pains to
A.S. London: Rivington. 1819. explain to others.
As the case now stands, we only wish to reite. 2. English Reformation and Parate and enforce our opinion
pal Schism; a Letter to the that the Necessary Erudition and
Right Hon. Lord Kenyon, on our present Homilies are as wide,
Mr. Wix's Plan of Union. By on the points they treat of, as Po
the Bishop of St. David's. pery and Protestantism: and we
London: Rivington, and Hatchmost fully believe that as no Papist
ard. 1819. pp. 03 who knew wbat he was about, 3. Strictures on a Pamphlet, enwould dissent from the abstract
Reflections, &c.” By positions of the former work on
The Rev. H.C. OʻDONNOGHUE,
A. M. London: Rivington. those points; so no Protestant who thoroughly understood the grounds
1819. pp. 44. of his own Protestantism, but would 4. A Letter to the Bishop of St. see that the positions of the latter
David's, occasioned by his Lordwere offered in distinct and express
ship's Misconceptions and Miscontradiction of the former. We representations of a Pamphlet vacate much of our ground of
entitled, “ Reflections, &c." By proof and illustration on this sub.
SAMUEL Wix, A, M., F. R. and ject, by passing over the subse
A.S. London: Rivington. 1819. quent references of Mr. Todd, to the “ Reformatio Legum Ecclesi. In a recent Number of this Work, asticarum,” the “Catechismus Bre
we expressed the reluctance with vis" of King Edward VI., and Jew- wbich we enter upon the review of el's “ Apologia Ecclesiæ Anglica- controversial publications. We are næ;" together with his appendix of desirous, on any accounts, to extracts from the “ Confessio Au- walk in any field rather than ibat gustava," the “ Confessio Saxo- of controversy. Whenever we vica," and our Liturgy; all of wbich, seem to act inconsistently will severally and together, exhibit the this avowal, we must be understood True Protestant doctrine, and af- to do it contrary to our inclina
tions, and purely from a regard to of piety and peace; yet, when we the importance of the case, or the consider the vast importance of the attention which it may bave pub- question, we cannot entirely lay licly excited. It will be obvious 10 aside the fear, that Mr. Wix has every reader, that the duty of the advanced a proposition inproper Christian observer may frequently, in itself, or that he has supported in this respect, be at variance with it by arguments, which, as churchhis wishes. On such occasions, be men, we may not approve. We has but one course to pursue : aod speak here merely of the impresit will be his endeavour to pursue sion which would be made upon it in a Christian spirit, and with im- our minds in the first instance, by partiality to all men.
a knowledge of the facts above In an address to the Roman Ca- stated : and although we are pertholics, prefixed in the second suaded that the author had no edition of the “ Reflections," Mr. wish to elevate the Church of Wix informs us, that since tbe pub- Rome, and to injure the Church of lication of the first edition, he has England, yet we must candidly received “ both from the clergy state, that ihe perusal of his work, and laity of their church, kindnesses does not remove our apprehensions. which will be ever gratefully re- We consider ihe difference between membered." They seem to have the Church of Rome and the been much gratified by the spirit Church of England to be far wider and manner of the work, and to than he has represented it; and feel a veneration for Mr. Wix which are very much afraid that ihe mere they cannot be expected generally attempi to unite them would be to entertain for the zealous minis- productive of serious evil. ters of a Protestant church.
Mr. Wix's proposition is expressTo the Bishop of St. David's and ed by himself, after some general Mr. O'Donoghue, the publication observations, in the following appears in a very different light: terms. they controvert inany of its positions, and disapprove altogether of
“ It appears, therefore, to be most de
sirable that a general council or assemthe plan proposed in it. The infe- bly of Christians of the visible church, rence which most Protestants would should be called together, in which asat first sight, and without examina- sembly all the leading articles of differtion, deduce from these facts, is epce might be candidly considered, dis. undoubtedly this: that however passionately compared with early opilaudable the intention of Mr. Wix, nion and uncorraped tradition, and and however warm his attachment mutual concessions made. to the Church of England, there is
“ With this view, it is thought that something in his argument better the Church of England, she being the suited to please a Roman Catholic great reformed church in A postolic sucthan a Protestant churchman. We of Rome, a meeting, to consider, with
cession, should propose to the Church have no reason to think that the all possible affection and forbearance, spirit of Cbristian charity is more whether some plan might not be devised clearly understood, or its injunc- to accommodate their religious differtions more faithfully obeyed by ences.
The Church of Rome might, the adberents of the pope, than by perhaps, relax in what the Church of the members of our own commu- England considers her fundamental er. nion; and altbough we would by rors, and the Church of England might no means affirm that a measure, which
incline a little more than she does to
some of the favourite opinions or pracis thus in some sense applauded tices of the Romish Chorch, which are by the Roman Catholics, and thus not unscriptural.” pp. 11–13. condemned by dignitaries and ministers of our Protestant church, is The council, then, is to be conRecessarily hostile to the interests vened upon the principle of mutual CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 217. H
concession, “ to consider wbether
On the doctrine of transubstanany justifiable compromise can be tiation, for instance, he speaks of made between the parties who are the ambiguity of our Saviour's unhappily at variance." (Reflec. p. words, “This is my body;" of the xvii).*'“'You," namely Roman Ca- mysterious way in which the real tholics, “ (take not alarm at the presence of Christ is associated word)—you must make concessions will the elements; and of the opias, in matlers of indifference, Pro- nions entertained by some learned testants ought, and as those of the
men among ourselves, that in the Church of England certainly would administration of the Eucharist a make to you.” (p. xxxiii). The uti- solemu sacrifice is offered. And lity of the proposal, therefore, “Who shall say,” he demands, must turn very much upon this precise point at wbich our faith should point, whether ihere exists in reali- stop,in our humble adorations at the iy, and in the opinion of both par. altar? Here each individual, according ties, such an approximation of doc. to the spirit of our tolerant church, must trines and usages, that each is be left to judge for bimself; and the likely to concede what the other Roman Catholic seems, in some degree, may be expected to demand, Mr. warranted in the language with which Wix thinks that the experiment is he adverts to the consecrated elements, at least worth the trial; and endea- by the words of our Saviour, &c.” Ref.
pp. 15-19. vours to prove, by a reference to various authorities, that the Church ly strong, in favour of the real presence,
“ Language very nearly, if not equalof Rome is not chargeable with is used by the Church of England, and many of the tenets which Protest- by her most learned and pious members, ants usually ascribe to it: that, as is used by the Church of Rome: and, in a word, the members of tbat as has been observed, individuals of church have been “ greatly mis- equal ability and piety come to very represented and cruelly calumni- different conclusions respecting the ated.”
meaning of that language....... From
the spirit of those instructions which Among the errors commonly objected against the Church of Rome dulge a reasonable hope, that a dispas
are given on authority, may we not inare, the supremacy of the pope, sionate conference with Roman Catho. the infallibility of the church, the lics might, even on this fondamental refusal of the cup to the laity, error of transubstantiation, lead to mutransubstantiation, the adoration of tual concession and unity of sentiment, the host, the worship of images, so far, at least, as is necessary to the the doctrine of purgatory and of purpose desired, between them and
other members of the visible church? » masses, prayers in an unknown
Refl. p. 20. tongue, the constrained celibacy of the clergy, and the exorcism of
On the invocation of saints and baptism". According to the com- angels, we are reminded, that these mon belief of Protestants, these prayers are understood by the Ro. notions and practices are so direct- mish Church, to be addressed to ly opposed to the holy Scriptures, them merely as intercessors for and are of such importance in good on our behalf, to God and themselves, that no compromise our Saviour: and it is suggested can ever be effected,
as a point for consideration, Upon some of these points, Mr. “ Whether some compromise, satisWix enlarges at considerable length, factory to both parties, and consistent to shew that they admit of inter- with the spirit of the holy Scriptures, pretations which take away greatly could not be made, on the principle of from their malignity; and ihat they the prayers which occur in many old interpose no insurmountable ob- rituals, addressed to God, that the stacle to the proposed convocation. prayers of the Virgin Mary and the
saints be available to ns." Refl. p. 27. * Bishop of St, David's Letter, p. 27. “ There are other practices," he records of the Church. Of that preface the authorized records of that
adds, “ of the Church of Rome, which, the Council of Trent, and by the profeso however erroneous they are supposed sion of faith, on oath, which is containto be, have been greatly misrepresent. ed in the twelve unapostolical articles of ed, and referred to principles which the Pope Pius's Creed. For the same reaRoman Catholic himself does not ac- son, the judgment of the Church of knowledge. Thus, the praying before á England, on the doctrines and usages of crucifix has beeu uncaodidly represent the Roman Church, must be collected, ed as idolatrously praying to a crucifix. not from popular feelings, or the chaThe frequent signing with the sign of ritable sentiments aud wishes of indivithe cross, the use of consecrated water, dual members of our church, but from the bowing at the altar, all these have the Articles, Homilies, and Canons of been deuominated superstitious, and
the Church of England; from the presometimes worse; whereas, they are, in ambles to our constitutional statutes; reality, ceremonies harmless in them. and from that learned, venerated, and selves, or which may be either benefi- authorized organ of our church, Bishop cial, or otherwise, as they are used pro. Jewell, in his . Apologia Ecclesiæ Anperly, or as they are abused.” Refl. pp. glicanæ,' and his celebrated · Chal27, 28.
lenge,' and his defences of each.” Bp.
of St. David's, pp. 9, 10. Apother point to which Mr. Wix adverts, is that of the church This, then, is the ultimate test service being in a language not
to which the subject must be understood by the common people. brought: and however strongly This, be observes, does not neces. Mr. Wix may lament the bitterness sarily imply a wish to keep the with which he conceives certain people in ignorance; a more kind Roman Catholic practices to have explanation might be found in the been " inveighed against during affection of the Roman Catholics the heat of the Reformation, when for the Latin language, as being in the members of the Church of a certain degree a Catholic lan. Rome and the Protestants were guage.
mutually_irritated against each “It should, moreover, be known that other,” (Refl. p. 28), we must still there are, for the accommodation of the contend for the rule laid down humbler classes in society, in addition above to the mass service and vespers in La
What then are the statements of tin, prayers in the Roman chapels in the Church of England ? England, in the vulgar language of the “ Transubstantiation,” says the country, and it should be considered Article, “cannot be proved by holy that the language in which the service writ, but is repugnant to the plain is performed, is a matter, not of faith, words of Scripture, overthroweth but of discipline, which might be adapt; the nature of a sacrament, and bath ed to public feeling and edification.” Refl. p. 33.
given occasion to many superstiIt cannot be doubted, that some
* We have seen a tract entitled,
“ The Sentiments of the Church of Engmost respectable and learned Protestants might be mentioned, who of Queen Elizabeth's Bible, 1584, &c.”
land, as prefixed to the New Testament bave on these points expressed sen- These are undoubtedly the sentiments timents very similar to those of the of the distinguished person who wrote author of the “ Reflections.” But them: but whether they are the senti. in arguments, which involve the ments of the Church of England, must views and character of a church, depend upon their agreement with the the most conclusive appeal is, to
the Church of England knows nothing. church itself.
Our Reformers, whatever might be the
private opinions of some of them, on " The character of the Church of certain disputed points, framed the ArRome is to be estimated, not by the ha- ticles with a view to include all pious bits and temper and professions of the Christians, without exacting a full and English Roman Catholics of the present precise conformity to their own parti. day; but hy the decrees and canons of cular tenets.
tions." A more serious charge can this want of love and charity, but scarcely be brought against any the ignorance hereof !
Let us doctrine than this; that it over- therefore so travail to understand throweth the nature of a sacra- the Lord's Supper, that we be no ment ; and all apologetic explana- cause of the decay of God's wortions of ibe doctrine are distinctly ship, of no idolatry, of no dumb in opposition to the Article.
massing, of no hate and malice; And what says the Communion 80 may we the boldlier bave acService ?
cess thither to our comfort. “ Who made there by bimself “ Neither veed we to think that once offered a full, perfect, and such exact knowledge is required sufficient sacrifice, oblation, and of every man, that he be able to satisfaction, for the sins of the discuss all high points in the decwhole world ; and did institute, trine thereof: but thus much we and in his holy Gospel command must be sure to hold, that in the us to continue, a perpetual memory supper of the Lord, there is no of that, his precious death, until vain ceremony, no bare sign, no his coming again.”
untrue figure of a thing absent. The Homilies are still more ex. But, as the Scripture saith, the plicit.
table of the Lord; the bread and “ But, before all other things, cup of the Lord; the memory of this we must be sure of, especially, Christ,” &c. &c. that this supper be in such wise " This is to stick fast to Christ's done and ministered, as our Lord promise, made in his institution; and Saviour did, and commanded to make Christ thine own; and to to be done; as his holy Apostles apply his merits unto thyself. used it, and the good fathers in Herein thou needest no 'other man's the primitive church frequented it. help, no other sacrifice or oblation, For, as that worthy man, St. Am. no sacrificing priest, no mass, no brose, saith, he is unworthy of the means established by man's invenLord, that otherwise doih cele- tion.” (Homily concerning the Sabrate that mystery, than it was de. crament. Part i.) livered by him,' neither can be Again, Art. XXII. “The Romisk be devout, that otherwise doth doctrine concerning purgatory, parpresume, than it was given by the dons, worshipping, and adoration, author. We must then take heed, as well of images as of reliques, lest, of the memory, it be made a and also invocation of saints is a sacrifice, &c."
fond thing, vainly invented, and “ Ought not we then, by the grounded upon no warranty of monition of the Wise Man, by the Scripture, but rather repugnant to wisdoin of God, by the fearful ex. the word of God." ample of the Corinthians, to take It is true that the words of this advised heed that we thrust not Article do not distinctly pronounce ourselves to this table with rude the worshipping of images, and the and unreverent ignorance, the smart invocation of saints, to be antiwhereof Christ's church hath rued christian or idolatrous; and the and lamented these many days and statements of Mr. Wix, who mainyears ? For what hath been the tains that the Church of Rome is cause of the ruin of God's religion, by no dieans anti-christian or idolabut the ignorance bereof? What trous, may therefore seem uot to hath been the cause of this gross be utterly' at variance with the opiidolatry, but the ignorance hereof?nion of our church. But, if we What hath been the cause of this turn to the Homilies, we shall see mummish massing, but the ignorance that the opposition is no less marked hereof? Yea, what hath been, and in this than in the former instance, what is at this day the cause of The sort of argument by which the