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number require it. The whole congre- descent, and a drag-chain does not algation then kneeling down, a doxology ways answer the purpose on these rough
and the service covcluded, by roads, the way of the Hottentots is to pronouncing the blessing: after which tack down a hill. To a traveller not the newly-baptized come to the mission. accustomed to it, it appears rather danaries into the vestry, and are exhorted gerons to be driving among the heath, to faithfulness and constancy in the per- high bushes, mole-hills, and ants' nests, formance of their baptismal vow. They where in England there would be a cerare likewise taught to know and pro- tainty of oversetting, especially in turnnounce the names given to them. Their ing so suddenly as these people do. But gratitude and compunction of heart, on they guide fourteen or sixteen oxen with these solemn occasions, are generally the greatest skill; and the length of the expressed more by tears than words.” waggons, yielding to the unevenness of
the road, keeps them upright, notwithThe author having finished, for standing the violent jolting experienced
by the travellers.” p. 68. the present, his business at Groepekloof, determined to proceed His description of the first apwithout delay to Gnadenthal, the proach to Gnadenthal must, especiearliest of the missionary estab- ally if the reader could turn his eye Jishments in these quarters; and, at ihe same moinent to the pleasing to this end, made the best of bis sketch which is designed to illusway to Cape Town. We were trate it, delight every humane mind. happy to peruse the following ob
“ Gnadenthal lies about an English servations.
mile from the ford; and as we drew “ I spent the afternoon with the Re
nearer, the number of those wbo came verend Mr. Hesse, who shewed me the
to meet us, every moment increased.
The entrance into the village is throngh church and premises belonging to the Lutheran congregation in this place. dwellings of the missionaries appear
lanes enclosed by hedge-rows, and the It is but of late years, that the Dutch would permit the Lutherans to have an
under a grove planted by the first three establishment at the Cape. The spirit nel, some time after their arrival
brethren, Marsveld, Schwinn, and Kueh
1792. of toleration, introduced with the English government, has now set them quite with which this place is spoken of by
“ Little do I now wouder at the rapture at liberty; and it redounds much to their travellers, who, after traversing a dreary, honour, that, though a small congrega uncultivated country, without a tree to tion, and not rich, they have made a
screen them from the scorching rays of most comfortable provision for their minister, and spared no expense in erect.
the sun, find themselves transported into ing a handsome church and parsonage
a situation, by nature the most barren honse.
and wild, but now rendered fruitful and Mr. Hesse's garden is filled with a great variety of singular plants; and energy of a few plain, pious, sen
inviting, by the persevering diligence trees, and shrubs, the produce both of this and other southern regions.” pp. hither, not seeking their own profit, but
sible, and judicious men, who came 52, 53.
that of the most despised of nations; The author's account of his jour- and while they directed their own and ney 10 Gnadenthal is very enter
their hearers' hearts to the dwellings of taining, and our young readers, at
bliss and glory above, taught them those least, will thank us for the few sen
things, which have made even their tences in which he describes the earthly dwelling comparatively a kind mode of travelling.
of paradise, and changed filth and mi
sery into comfort and peace. “ If we were impatient to reach the “ TI missionaries and their wives reend of onr jonrney, our oxen seemed ceived us with the greatest kindness and more so, for on being again yoked to the hospitality, while a fresh company of waggon, the Hottentots could hardly Hottentots, standing under some venerkeep them from going off in a wild gal. able and wide-spreading oaks, which lop. They almost ran over the boys overshadow the court, welcomed us by who led the foremost. As the shaft-oxen singing a hymn, and by every token of cannot keep a waggon back on a steep affectionate regard. We joined with
our whole hearts in their thanksgivings cheon. Very little time is spent at their to God our Preserver, for the number. meals. Between twelve and one, they less favours received at His hands dine; drink tea or coffee at two; sup throughout the whole of our travels by between six and seven, and go to the land and sea.” p. 59.
church at eight, when the whole conGnadenthal is about 120 miles to gregation meet for evening worship. the east of Cape Town. The first Every day, however, has its regular
meetings for one or other division of settlement in ibis place was made the congregation, for instruction in the by a Moravian of the name of Christian doctrines. The schools are Schmidt, in 1737, who, after endur- held in the forenoon for the boys, and ing many hardships, and labouring in the afternoon for the girls.” with some partial success, both in ci- Those who are acquainted with vilizing and Christianizing the Hot- Mr.Latrobe's musical compositions, tentots, in his neighbourhood, came or collections, will understand the back to Europe for fresh powers, interest with which he penned the and was prevented by the Dutch following passage. government from returning to the Cape, In 1792 however, fresh
“ To-day I heard with much pleasure
a party of men and women, employed permission was given to the Voited
as day-labourers in the missionaries' Brethren to send out missionaries, garden, both before and after their meal, of which they gladly availed them which they enjoyed in the shade of the selves; and three of their mission. grove, most melodiously singing a verse aries landed and immediately sought by way of a grace. One of the women out the dwelling of George Schmidt. sung a correct second, and very sweetly The following account is given of performed that figure in music, called their proceedings.
Retardation, from which I judge that
dissonants are pot the invention of art, “ In 1792, when the three missiona.
but the production of nature. Nothing ries, Henry Marsveld, Daniel Schwinn), would be more easy than to form a and John Christian Kuehnel, came hither, chorus of the most delightful voices, in they found an old woman, Helena, bap- four parts, from among this smoothtized by Brother Schmidt, still alive, throated nation.” pp. 68, 69. who delivered to them the New Testament he had given her. But few veg.
The following account of the intiges of his dwelling remained. The ternal regulations of the mission, place was a perfect wilderness : at pre. will be interesting to all who may sent thirteen hundred Hottentots inha- be occupied in promoting the probit the village. The name Guadenthal gress of religion at home or abroad. was given to it by the Dutch Governor
“ Before I proceed in my narrative, Jansen." p. 61.
it may be proper to give an account of They found also a wide-spread- some of the internal regulations of the ing pear-tree planted by their first missionary settlements of the United missionary; and it served the Bre- Brethren, which are the same in every thren, in 1792, for a school and a country. The Gospel is preached to all church.
heathen, to whom the missionaries can The author gives us, in page 66, gain access; and every one is invited to a brief journal of a missionary day be reconciled to God, throngh the atone.
ment made by Jesus Christ. Besides at Gnadenthal.
the public testimony of the Gospel, the “ We rose at the first sound of the missionaries are diligently employed in bell, which rings at half-past five. At visiting and conversing with the heathat time the family meet in the dining then in their dwellings. If any come room, read the texts of Scripture ap. to the missionaries for further instruc. pointed for the day, sing some verses tion, giving in their names, they are generally out of hymns connected with called New People, and special atten. their contents, or any other morning. tion is paid to them. If their subsehymn, and then take a dish of coffee; quient conduct proves their sincerity, but what they call breakfast is not ready and they desire to be initiated into the till eight o'clock, and is more like a lun. Christian church by holy baptism, they CHRIST. OBSERV, No, 220,
are considered as candidates for bap- * Am I really and bodily in Gnadenthal? tism, and, after previous instruction, but,' Am I yet ou earth ?"" p. 75. and a convenient time of probation, baptized. In admitting them to the No man concerned for the welholy communion, they are first per fare of souls, will dispute the truth mitted to be once present as spectators, or value of the following sentences. and called Candidates for the Commu. pion; and, after some time, become “ In the evening, the liturgy, or communicants. Each of these divisions hymn, treating of our Saviour's sufferhas separate meetings, in which they ings, appointed in our church for Friday are instructed in all things relating to a evening's worship, was sung in a spirit godly life and walk. Separate meetings of humble thankfulness for our redempare also held with other divisions of the tion. This is the grand subject, which congregation; with the children, the has proved the means of couversion, cisingle men, the single women, the mar. vilization, aud happiness in time and ried people, the widowers, and widows, eternity, to believers of every tribe and in which the admonitions and precepts nation. May it be and remain our congiven in the holy Scriptures for each stant theme, in spite of either a deriding state of life are inculcated. Every world, or the vain conceits and specious member of the congregation is expected arguments of such as pretend to supeto come, at stated seasons, to converse rior insight, and think that they have with the missionaries; the men with a found something higher and more effec. missionary, and the women with his tual!” p. 81. wife; by which a more perfect knowledge of the individuals is gained, and
We have, soon after this, a very an opportunity atforded to each, to interesting, account of a journey request and receive special advice. of the author's to Groenekloof; of From among the most approved of the which we regret that we have not people of both sexes, assistants are space sufficient to transcribe the appointed in large congregations, who details. On the 10th of February visit the sick, make reports to the mis- he arrived once more at that setsionaries, and help to maintain order.
tlement. Our readers may wish, Others are employed as chapel servants, who take their turn in attendance." however, to know how the halla
animal Hottentots, as they have been called, received him.
Let Thus also his statement with them then read the following pas. regard to the celebration of the sage. Lord's Supper :
« Soon after four in the morning, I
heard the sweet sound of Hottentot “ But to return to the celebration of voices, singing a hymn in the hall be. the Lord's Supper-The devotion and fore my chanıber-door. It reminded me, fervour, with which the Hottentots that this day was my birth-day, which present attended to the service, and re- had been mentioned to them by some ceived the sacred elements, were pecu
of the missionaries. I was struck and liarly striking to my mind. Their sing. affected by this mark of their regard : ing was melodious, but rather too soft. nor was their mode of expressing it I was told in apology, that not all of confined to a morning.song. They had them were acquainted with the hymns dressed out my chair, at the common sung by the minister who officiated. A table, with branches of oak and laurel; post-communion followed, for such as and Sister Schmidt's school-children, in had been necessarily prevented from order not to be bebind in their kind attending before, by family duties, offices, having begged their mistress watching, or other hindrances. I re- to mark on a large white muslin handtired to my room, rather overwhelmed kerchief, some English words expresby the feelings and reflections of my sive of their good will towards me, they mind, and with a heart filled with thank managed to embroider them with a fulness to God our Saviour, for such a species of creeper called cat's-thorn, manifestation of his power and grace, and fastened the muslin in front of a as I had just witnessed. It may appear table, covered with a white cloth, and like enthusiasm, but I asked no longer, decorated with festoons of cat's thorn,
and field-flowers. On the table stood of collecting precise information five large bouquets, in glasses. The from a distance, especially where whole arrangement did credit to their party motives come in to colour the taste, for Sister Schmidt had left it en
narrative. Different writers, foltirely to their own invention. This table I found placed in my room, on returning lowing the impulse of taste, infrom my morning's walk. The words terest, or political feeling, bave were; ' May success crown every ac
transmitted to us accounts of the tion.'
western world so widely different, " Recapitulating, within my own
or rather so obstinately repugnant heart, the undeserved inercies of God to each other, that blot out the my Saviour, experienced during the year names, and the reader would be past, I felt particularly grateful for the likely to attribute the various acfavour conferred upon me, to behold counts rather to two antipodal nawith my own eyes, and hear with my own tions than to the same country. It ears, what He has wrought in this distant is not the only mischief of this land for the accomplishment of his thoughts of peace towards the Gentile species of inaccuracy that indiviworld. To serve such a cause, shall, viduals are grossly misled in the by his enabling grace, be my heart's expectations with which they emdelight, during the remainder of my bark for the American continent. earthly pilgrimage." p. 101.
If certain “ patriots," spurning at The author next visited Cape the very embarrassing restraints of Town; and on the 21st we find law and civilization, have puffed bim again on his way to Gnaden- up their compatriots with false extbal, where be immediately began pectances, and lulled them into to prepare for his journey into the golden dreams, the vilifiers and interior.
traducers of America have not been The object of this journey was less mischievous. It is with deep to fix upon a spot for the establish. regret that we perceive men of inment of a third missionary settle- telligence allowing themselves to ment; and most of tbe remaining speak of that continent as though part of the volume is occupied the soil were an universal swamp, with the journal of this expedition. and the people more detestable We should have been sincerely than the soil. Surely it is unhappy, if our space had allowed worthy of a great nation either to us, to follow the author, step by fancy faults where they do not exstep, through his interesting tour. ist, or to blazon them where they We apprehend that no account, do. America, doubtless, has some equally full, accurate, and impor- bad soil, and many vulgar, illiterate, tant, exists of the interior of the and money-getting inhabitants. Cape. Indeed, the works respect. But she has also soils and rivers, ing that country, which have been and valleys and coasts, capable of issued with such profusion, within raising her to a high rank among the last year, to satisfy the public the nations of the earth : she has curiosity, at a moment when such many citizens of fine talents and numbers of our population have distinguished virtue : she has a been meditating an expatriation in large sprinkling of religious feeling those quarters, have been of a very and moral virtue over her country: catchpenny kind. And we are dis- she bas drawn largely in her poliposed to think that to this work of tical institutions on the wisdom and Mr. Latrobe the emigrant must experience of her mother country : chiefly resort for such details as she has English blood in her veins, may send him a well furnished tra- English spirit in her character; and veller to his new home. Nor should we entertain a confident persuasion this property of the volume be un- that she will, under God, do much dervalued. The case of America eventually to promote the progress may teach us the extreme difficulty of freedom, the interests of commerce, and the illumination of the
tots living among the boors. Nothing savage hordes by which she is sur- was more encouraging and satisfactory rounded. But we must return from to us, than such remarks; nor is there a a digression into which we have more convincing proof of the benefit been led by a deep sense of the in
conferred upon this nation, by the introjustice often done to America, and necessity of obtaining more opportuni
duction of Christianity. It shows the an apprehension of the bad spirit ties for planting missions among them, towards our own country, which is in which Christian instruction and civi. sure to be cherished by this miscon- lization go hand in hand. duct, to proceed with our extracts “ In this part of the country, more from the tour before us. It is one of than about Gnadenthal and Groenethe valuable qualities of the author, kloof, one may bebold the state of degraas a traveller, that, although he disa dation into which the Hottentot nation covers, as far as we can judge, no
has sunk, the blame and shame of which
lie heavy with some of the former pos• disposition to throw too bright a colouring over the object before bim, robbed the aborigines of their paternal
sessors of this land, who, first having he sees every thing with a favour. inheritance, took advantage of their able eye, and throws a veil over tame and defenceless state, to thrust defects which it can answer no good them down into the most abject servi. purpose to discover and display. tude. In this they are, by some, far
We must pass over bis account of worse treated than purchased slaves, the mode of travelling in Africa; who are spared, because, if lamed or debut if our readers will be pleased to stroyed by excessive labour or cruel figure to themselves the author, with treatment, they cannot be replaced but Mr. Melville, surveyor to the go- yet superior considerations, which make
at an enormous expense. But there are vernment, Brother Schmidt and his
us desire the propagation of Christianity wife, &c.&c. with their two spanns among the heathen. They are summed of oxen and waggons, jumbled up up in that earnest prayer of every true and down in a most wild, dislocating, believer, that Christ may see of the and romantic country, week after travail of His soul and be satisfied.' week-now climbing a perpendi- Though the conversion of the hearts of cular hill, and now shooting into a
those to whom his servants preach the precipitous valley—listening to the Gospel, is their principal aim, yet it is only music of those woods and
most gratifying to perceive, that even glens, the howl of wolves, the roar
men of no religion acknowledge the
effects of the Gospel in the mind and of tygers, and the hissing of ser
manners of those who have received it penis-sleeping sometimes in tents, in faith.” p. 193. and sometimes in farm-houses sometimes welcomed by a kind Hot- Nor are tbose of the Hottentots, tentot, and sometimes“ snubbed" who have not, as yet, been brought by a cross Dutch farmer, but al. within the civilizing and Christianways good humoured, satisfied, and izing influence of a Moravian setgrateful--they will have a general tlement, insensible to the benefits picture of an expedition of which of such a situation. we can present them but a few details. Some, however, they shall sited the Hottentots and slaves belong.
“ Meanwhile, Brother Stein had vihave.
ing to Mr. Van Roy's farm, in their The next extract we shall make bondhoeks, or huts, and had much use. is very satisfactory as to the im- ful conversation with them. They had provement of the Hottentots under heard, that we were in search of a place the instruction of the missionaries. to build a settlement, and the Hottentots
declared, that they would all come and “ The Veldcornet expressed his ad- live in it, that they might hear the word miration of the appearance and beha- of God; and, had they known, last night, viour of our Hottentots, exhibiting, as that we were teachers from Gnadenthal, he said, such a contrast to that of the they would have come to our camp, and miserable and neglected race of Hotten. begged to be instructed. They bad ob