regulations the practice is highly sive upon the subject. I could laudable. I add these qualifying have wished that Quærens had been terms for reasons which will be obe more explicit upon the nature of vious to every person who has had the alleged curtailments made in occasion to observe the evil tenden- the service at the ordination to cies of the human beart, and to which he alludes; though, even if witness the obliquity and deterio- they were unauthorized, which, perration which are too apt to occur baps, on further inspection, it would in the best designs.

appear they were not, the circumThere are, however, two or three stance would not afford a sufficient points on which Quærens appears plea for a private clergymnan adoptto labour under some misapprehen- ing a similar practice. The injunesion. He seems, in the first place, tion of Queen Elizabeth, prefixed to take it for granted, that it is to the Second Book of Homilies, nearly immaterial, as respects ec- which Quærens mentions as a sancclesiastical law and usage, whether tion for changing the appointed the attendants on this extra ser. lesson, is wholly superseded by the vice are convened in the church or Act of Uniformity. If your corelsewhere. I believe the law, respondent thiok otherwise, let him strictly interpreted, is against him, take counsel's opinion* at Doctors' and that the church or chapel is Commons, as many persons have the only place legally recognized done before him on this very quesfor such purposes. But the nalure tion. of the case has, in pumerous in- I am far from wishing to oppose stances, carried its own apology the object of your correspondent's with it; and very few prelates, I paper; but it is always most conimagine, would wish to interfere ducive to public benefit to place with a prudent clergyman for as- subjects of this kind in their true sembling twenty or thirty of his light. I bave myself both experiparishioners, for the purpose of fa- enced as an auditor, and witnessed iniliar instruction and exhortation, as a pastor, the beneficial tendency in the course of the week, where of the practice in question, in my the church is too distant to be own and other country parishes : reasonably accessible, or under and it were much to be wished other eircumstances of urgency, that some of the objections which Indeed, I have reason 10 believe at present exist upon the subject that many of our prelates have not were removed.

RESPONDENS. only sanctioned but applauded the diligence of those of their clergy * Strype, whose authority will not who have thus sought out the poor easily be controverted, says on this very of their flock, and have endeavoured subject: “Before this reformation of to allure them to the fold of their recommended to the discretion of the

the lessons(Archbishop Parker's), it was Saviour. Io preparing them for ministers to change the chapters for confirmation, and instructing them some others more proper. For so it is previously to the reception of the in the Admonition to the ecclesiastical

Ministers, set before the Second Book holy eucharist, the practice bas of Homilies..... But when the aboveoften been found as beneficial as it mentioned commissioners had altered is pastoral and primitive.

the lessons, and made a new calendar But Quærens asks whether, when and tables, directing the chapters to be this expository lecture is conducted read, this liberty was no longer indulged to

every private minister.in the church, it is allowable to

I only wish to set Quærens right as to abridge the usual service. Here, I the matter of fact; for I fully concur think, no churchman can avoid de with him that it might possibly, on some ciding in the negative. The Act

of occasions, be desirable to change a les

son, at least in the case of the Apocry. Uniformity, and the whole spirit of phal ones, which it were, perhaps, well our laws and ritual, are quite deci- it we were rid of altogether.

and power, and capable of giving Tothe Editor of the Christian Observer.

protection. AMONG the difficulties which pre- « 3. That it was a maritime na. sent themselves in the application tion-sending ambassadors by sea of unfulfilled prophecy to contem- in vessels of bulrushes;' a figure porary or future events, may be for light ships, not burdened with mentioned the great uncertainty commerce, but light for dispatch ; attending such conjectures. I call carrying merely the tidings of gladthem conjectures, since, however ness: and that the ambassadors sent probable they may appear, they are in them were messengers of peace. not among the tbings revealed for When I expressed some doubt as to our guidance, and can only be in- the character of these ambassadors, ferred by a variety of remote de- we referred to the old Arabic transductions. In proof of this remark, lation of Isaiah, which happened permit me to present your readers to be at band; where the word for with two modern interpretations of ambassadors is rendered prophets the celebrated prophecy in the 10th or preachers. chapter of Isaiah. The first is one ** 4. That the issue of this emwhich is very frequently referred to bassy would be the restoration of in ibis country.

The following the people scattered and peeled passage from Dr. Buchanan's ser- to the Lord of Hosts in Zion :' and mon before the Church Missionary that, at the period when this should Society, will place it is a clear take place, there would be a shaklight:

ing of the nations; for it is said, in “This prophecy,” remarks that the third verse, that God would pious and learned divine, “which lift up his ensign on the mountains, had been considered by some of the that all might see; and blow his learned in this country, and first, I trumpet, that all the inhabitants of believe, by the late Bishop Horsley, the earth might hear.' as referring to these times, I pro- When I endeavoured to shew posed to the Jews in the East; that all these characters centered in who, after some deliberation, gave GREAT BRITAIN, and that she was me the following explanation :- actually sending forth messengers

" That the prophecy in this at this time to all nations, the Jews chapter relates to the restoration were alarmed at their own interpreof the Jews to their own country. tation." That ibe nation here addressed, by Several other authors have ina kind compellation, 'O thou land,' sisted upon this application of the was to send a message to the Jewish passage to Great Britain ; and people, and this was to be a mes- among

others, Mr. Custance, in his sage of kindness.

Popular Survey of the Reforma“ Inquiry was then made con- tion." cerning the character and descrip- But what say our transatlantic tion of the nation which was to friends ? Will they willingly yield send a message of kindness to the so high an honour to Great Bri. Jewish people. The Jews stated tain ! -In reply, I would refer to these four particulars of its descrip- an ingenious pamphlet, some time tion:

since published at Albany, in Anne"1. That the place of the nation rica, and very little, if at all, known was beyond the rivers of Cush; that in this country. The work is enis, to the west of the Nile ; for the titled, Isaiah's Message to the prophet was on the east of the Nile American Nation. A new transwhen he delivered his prophecy. lation of Isaiah, chap. xviii, with

“ 2. That it was a land 'sha- Notes critical and explanatory; a dowing with wings;' which signifies remarkable Prophecy respecting the that it should be of great extent Restoration of ihe Jews, aided by the American Nation. By J.M'Donald, either literal or metaphorical. PerA. M."

sons and places, are frequently reThe following syllabus of con- presented in Scripture by some of tents will shew the nature of Mr. their appropriate qualities. PhaM‘Donald's argument:

roah, in allusion to the crocodile of “ 1. God calls aloud on the Ame. his Nile is called the Dragon of the rican nation : her situation and na- River. The princes of Moab, are tional characteristics described called Bulls of Bashan, on account sheltered under the out - spread of the distinguished breed of cattle wings of her own eagle - placed that were reared in that noble disbeyond the rivers of Cush, at that trict. Alexander of Macedon, from time the western boundary of Jewish bis nerve in exertion, from his cageographical knowledge - sending price, and from the rapidity of his ambassadors by sea and in vessels motions, guided more by love of of reeds on the face of her own wa. fame than by thirst of blood, is ters. 2. A commission given to her stiled by Daniel, the He-Goat of gospel-messengers, represented as Macedonia. Our Saviour describes qualified and prepared to carry her the Roman armies, by Eagles, from message to the dispersed of Jacob: the figure of that bird which decohis description of this people – rated their marching legions, their scattered – plundered - subjected battles, and their camp. Rome, beto terror in the extreme - of mar- cause built on seven celebrated vellous expectation - in deep op- hills, is named the Beast with pression, whose country is in com- Seven Heads. Guided by these plete desolation. 3. A summons analogies we may fairly infer, that to all the inhabitants of the world, the country addressed will probably on seeing the standard unfurled, and be distinguished, by a bird with hearing the sound of the trumpet 10 wide spreading wings painted on her prepare and hasten to the baitle of national standards, or by the feaGod. 4. Jehovah's private message tures of the country, which in the to the prophet, stating the nature of vision met the prophet's eye and his providential dispensation till the awakened his poetic imagination. time of the battle. 5. A prophetic “Near the close of the eighteenth vision of the battle under the simi- century, a nation emerged on the litude of the destruction of a vine- eastern shore of the American conyard on the very cve of vintage. 6. tinent, that chose an eagle with exA view of the field of battle, with panded wings for her national enthe armies and their principal lead- sign. The Persian Conqueror and er, abandoned unburied, to birds the Roman Republic, adopted the and beasts of prey. 7. The Ame- same bird to distinguish their resrican nation, uniting with the friends pective standards. But their eagles of Christ of all nations, in present- represented that winged bird in ing the Jews wonderfully changed, hostile attitude, and eager for the as an oblation to God of the first prey. The American eagle, withfruits of men, iu Mount Sion,” out one unfriendly feature, extends

I will not intrude on your pages her wings for the protection of her with many extracts, to illustrate the own nation, and offers a shelter for mode in which Mr. M‘Donald at the persecuted of all the nations of tempts to substantiate the various the earth. Armed on one side with points of this resemblance. A few the branch of peace extended, and lines from his exposition of the first on the other with the weapons of verse may suffice.

her aborigines, she is prepared for Land of the overshadowing defence, and not aggression. Hapwings.] This is evidently design- py nation, didst thou understand ed, to point out a country, distin- the language of this emblem, and guished by the appendage of wings, didst thou follow its instruction !"


In speaking of "the land beyond Again : The nation addressed the rivers of Ethiopia,"or Cush, Mr. MUST be America. The proof which M'Donald thus continues to apply it furnishes for the truth of prophecy the prophecy :

is new and beautiful. The prescience "On passing these rivers, (the of God, in events and circumstances waters of Ile Nile,) the most exten- the most minute and apparently the sive and frightful desart in the most fortuitous, ought to appal the world commences, and continues heart of the most obstinate infidel, without intermission for nearly and dispose him to yield to evi- . three thousand miles, till it reaches depce so clear ;--it ought to conthe shores of the Atlantic. In that firm the coufidence and faith of immense ocean of sand, no civilized every pious believer !" nation, no commercial streams, ever My object in adducing these did, or can exist. Beyond this, in two opposing interpretations, is 10 the same direction then, this wing: assist in moderating the too confied nation must be sought. Guided dent toue which many expositors by the prospective view of the pro- of prophecy are apt to assume, by phet, we pass the wide Atlautic shewing bow widely men of piety

On reaching its western and learning may differ in their intershore, a new and then unknown pretations according to their pecuworld is discovered! From each liar circunstances and prejudices. side of a parrow isthmus, resem- I believe, that among the designs of bliog a neck, two vast continents God in unexplained prophecy, one strelcb, 10 the frozen regions of may be to teach us humility and the south and the north. They re- diffidence. There is, however, a semble the wings of a bird. Ridges benefit of some importance inciof central mountains, covered with dentally arisivg from the mistakes lofty forests, like variegated plum- and contracted views of expositors; age, extend almost to their extre- namely, that they sometimes tend, mities. In front, and almost con- as in ihe present instance, to exnected with the continent, the cite Christians to greater exertion, West-India islands, decked in all from an idea, even though a mistheir tropic-colours, like the de- taken one, that their particular sect corated head of a bird, project and or party,or country, is to become the meet the eye. Sheltered under the prominent instrument of effecting Dorthern, and most expansive wing the designs of God. In the preof this gigantic bird, the American sent case, it is satisfactory to find, Nation bursts on the view, bearing that, whoever is to be the instruon her standard, ber eagle, emblem ment, all parties are agreed as to of the profile of her hemispbere, the great features of the predicand of the genius of her government. tion; namely, that the Jews are

"On a slight inspection of a com- to be converted to the faith of mun map of America, without much Christ, and to become part of the aid from fancy, the resemblance universal fold under one Shepherd. will appear. But when God drew

S.P.H. the landscape, with all its features, • It is, however, but justice to add, and in all the glowing tints of light that Mr. M'Donald allows us a share and shade, and presented it to the with bis own country in the conversion vivid imagination of the sacred poet, of the Jews, for he says: “But Amemust be pol bave re-echoed, Land rica shall not be alone in this arduous, of the overshadowing wings! Can in this honourable employment. Every we, on listening to the description ful to their Lord, shall send their sons,

nation, whose churches continue faithand comparing it with America, and employ their substance in this heawithold exclaiming, It is the pic. ven-planned expedition. Britain and ture of our own country, painted Denmark have already united in this by our own God'!"

laudable enterprize." CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 219. Y


To the Editor of the Christian Observer. Literary Intelligence most humYOURSELF, and many of your

bly presented to his Holiness, readers, will be interested in the

on the 23d Dec. 1819, by Anlate discoveries at Rome. You

gelo Mai, his private Chaplain,

and first Librarian at the Va. will recollect, that for the sake of

ticap. saving the expense of parchment, the monks erased the writing of

“ Having kissed the sacred foot, many of the MSS. of the Classics, of informing your holiness, that, in

I have the honour and the pleasure and substituted their own compo- the prosecution of my investigations sitions, missals, legends, &c. In one monastery, that of St. Columba

in the library of the Vatican, (over no, in the town of Bobbio, on the which, by your sovereign goodness, Trebia, perhaps in others, [but the

I preside), I have been encouraged jater instances lave all been found by great success. in the MSS. of that one monastery), found some of the first-rate Latin

« In iwo MSS. I have recently They seem to have effaced, rather classics. In the first of these MSS. than to have erased, the original I have discovered the lost books of writing; and when that writing was but faintly visible, and did not in- Cicero de Republica, written in terfere with their purpose, they in- magnificent uncial leiters of the terlined the spaces with their new

best age, in 300 pages, each of two compositions. Angelo Mai

, the The titles of this poble work, and

columns, and all happily legible, keeper of the Ambrosian Library, of the several books, appear in the at Milan, recovered, under these circumstances, in that collection, margin; and the name of Cicero, as many of the Mss, which he has the author, is perfectly legible. since published: and his success (Other productions, of a later age induced the pope to invite him to

are written on this parchment, be. Rome, where be now calls himself tween the lines of the Ciceronian prelato domestico to his holiness, MS, which, for the sake of keeping prelato domestico to bis holiness, the writing of its new possessors and primo custode of the Vatican Library. The first and hitherto

more distinct from the remains of greatest fruits of his appointment the old, was inverted ; and which have been, nearly in their entirety,

was also, for the convenience of tbe the books of the lost work of Cicero nal parchment being larger than

same parties, curtailed; the origide Republica, in a MS. of 300

was required for the new work, perhaps, the richest literary disco and being, therefore, cut off, and very of the last two centuries. One applied to some other purpose.) MS. had been known to exist in mains ; that is, as much as can be

Nevertheless, a great part reEngland, but was destroyed by fire at Canterbury. No portion of this contained in this one great MS. had

" A great addition to politics, to session of the world, except a few morals, to jurisprudence, to hisfragments preserved as quotations tory, 10 antiquity, and to the stores in Saint Augustine, Lactantius, and of pure Latinity, may be expected, a few others; and the aggregate of from the publication of this imporall obese scattered portions did not Cicero, which I shall inmediately

tant and higbly finished work of amount to more than eight pages in Ernesti's edition. I avnex a trans- put in the press, and which will be lation of the letter of Angelo Mai

in a state wortby to appear before

your holiness, sovereign and proT. Y. S. tector of the Roman slates,

to the pope.

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