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influence the actions of even the evidence of his motives and prinmost holy of men. They suit our ciples being unrenewed. It is, in organization, and are mercifully al- fact, a proof of the contrary; and lowed to our imperfections. A re- it may furnish consolation to the ligious labourer, who works dili. Christian, when justly dejected by gently to support his family froin the mixed nature of his best mothose affectionate instincts which tives, to remember, that the natural God has implanted in our nature, mind is never influenced by true would evidence a scrupulous rather faith and love towards God and than a well-informed conscience, in Christ, so that where the better concluding that his religion was motive truly reigns, though too necessarily vain, because, in his often with divided power, there is toilsome avocations, the highest proof of a radical change of chaprinciple of action was not ever racier, and a pledge of the final present to his mind. It is true perfection ihat awaits him in the that this proneness to act from se- world to come. condary motives, rather than from Neither ought he, in examining the immediate impulse of love to into his motives, to try himself by God, ought to inspire that habitual extreme tests; or to place himself, humility and self-abasement which in imagination, under difficulties are inseparable from the Christian which God has not seen fit to lay character: but it ought not to be con- upon him in reality. “ What a strued into a necessary proof of the self-deceiver am I!” said a penitent total absence of higher principles and cottager : " for surely if I had the affections. The full and undivided love of God in my heart, I could prevalence of those motives which gladly wrestle with the martyr for influence angelic beings, would, his stake.” The piety of the feeling probably, untit us for this scene was enviable ; but the inference of probation. Their full develop- was unscriptural; for had God ment would constitute that perfec- seen fil to send the trial, he could tion which would qualify their pos- have given motives and principles sessor for a better world.
The adequate to sustain it. natural air we breathe has the Among the iuferences which the Jarger part of a deleterious quality, Christian will derive from the prein order to adapt it for the use of ceding considerations, a principal our, frail bodies, wbich could not one will be the necessity of habitual long support the stimulus of undi- prayer for the rectification of his Juted oxygen. Perhaps something motives. As the index on the similar, if we may so speak, is dial plate cannot point correctly if wisely permitted in the moral world, the interior mechanism be de'The holiest Christian is still a hu- ranged, so the conduct can be conmau being surrounded with infirmi- sistent only while the heart is under ties; and while he continues in the the influence of holy principles. body must remain exposed 10 a To keep this moral mechanisin in inixiure of evil in his best resolu- just order, requires the daily astions and most sacred actions. Like sistance of an unseen Hand. HapSt. Paul, he will discover two ad- pily we have a complete staodard verse principles constantly ope- of motives in the sacred volume. rating in his bosom, and will have At the foot of the Cross every deseason to exclaim, to the last hour vout affection and right principle of his mortal existence, “ Oh! loves to strike deep its sacred roots. wretched man that I am, who shall lo ibat hallowed soil the virtues of deliver me from this body of death?” the Christian character flourish in Yet ibis very circumstance, while it their fullest vigour and shed around keeps him penitent aud humble, their most fragrant influences. ouglit not to be consirued into an Thither should we constantly re
pair, thai our faith and love, our in her destined course towards those hope and joy, our zeal and disin- realms of purity, how little would terestedness may advance towards they feel disposed to lavish their higher degrees of maturity. At the eulogies upon a few acts of virtue altar of our Redeemer's sacrifice or kindness contaminated by such .we should light the torch which is innumerable imperfections!” No10 cast a divine radiance around thing, in fact, so much humbles the our path, and to guide us in peace Christian, when under the influence and security to our eternal abode. of right feelings, as human applause;
Adolber lesson which the Chris- because the very extravagance of the Tian should learn from these reflec- commendation leads him silently to tions is the duty of being cautious contrast it with the estimate which in arraigning the motives of others. an Omniscient Being, who could “Who art thou that judgest an- analyze all his motives, must form other mau's servant ? to his own of bis actions. Whatever men may master he standeth or falleth.” Think of us, in the sight of God Actively employed in correcting "every mouth must be stopped." himself, the faiibful disciple of The penitent can find ao refuge Christ will have little inclination when he thinks of the imperfection or leisure to scrutinize the faults or of his motives, except where he finds failings of others; and, from a consci- it when oppressed with the conscious ousness of the anomalies of his own demerit of his actions--in the bosom heart, will learn to bear with a more of a merciful Redeemer, “ who can gentle hand on many exceptionable be touched with the feeling of our points in the conduct of his fel- infirmities, having been tempted in low-Christians; who like him, per- all points like as we are, though haps, are secretly struggling with without sin."
S. W. their sinful propensities, and are like him lamenting that they remain so long unsubdued.
Habitual humility has been al- Totke Editor of the Christian Observer. ready mentioned as resulting from Our Lord says, Matt. vi. 7, “ But this conscious feeling of the imper- when ye pray, use pot vain repetifection of our best motives. The lions, as the beathen do; for they Christian will turn the very ali. think that they shall be heard for went on which pride and self-suffi- their much speakiug.” ciency delight to feed into a salu- The following extract, translated tary medicine to correct their influ. from the Chinese, shews in a strikence. As a consciousness of the ing manner the justness of the fundamental spirituality of his re- charge here brought against the novated molives, will support him Gentile nations. amidst frowns and misrepresenta. “ A Canon delivered by Fuh... tions; so a constant sense of their [A prayer or charın to be repeatremaining imperfection will abase ed) for the exterminating of all him in ihe midst of Battery and misfortunes, and for the attaining smiles. He is ready to exclaim, of life in the pure land, To-lo.ne; "Oh, if men knew all, how litile (to be repeated three times.) would they apply ibis inflated Jan. “Nan mo-o me-to-po.yay, to-taguage to so wayward and inconsis- këa 10 yay, 10-te.yay-la, o-me-lelent a being! If, while all is fair on the 100 po-k'wan, o-me-le-to, seeh-tansurface, and the vessel seems steadily po-kwan. (-me-le-lo, kwan-keanto glede over the sea of life towards lau-le, o-me-le-la, kwan-kea lanthe tranquil shores of eteruity, they te, këa-me-ne, këa këa ua, chëhcould see iliat uuder current which to-këa le, po-po-ho.” 30 strongly sets the contrary way, This prayer, or whatever it may and imperceptibly keeps her back be called, remarks the Indo-Chi. CHRIST. OBSERV, No. 217.
nese Gleaner from whom I have lise ; but also from the motive and copied it, is perfectly unintelligi- view of the individuals in using ble to every Chinese ; not one out them-namely, “ that they think of a hundred even of the priests of they shall be heard,” or derive Fuh, wbo daily use it in the tem- vast benefit, “ for their much ples, understanding the meaning. speaking." It is evident from what It contains the bare sounds of In- is above-mentioned, that they exdian words, expressed iu Chinese pect not only present gooil, but characters. These, however, are also future bappiness, for the sole supposed 10 possess a wystical and njerit which is supposed to be most wonderful efficacy, for the re- attached to their repetitions. This moval of all evil. The editor of will be still farther evident from the book from which it is taken, the subjoined extract, taken out of adds
the same work. The book con“ This prayer is for the use of tains a number of plates, reprethose who are travelling 10 life. senting various forms of Fúli, sit. The god O-nie-10 [a nane of Fúh), ting on a lotus flower. Eacli forin rests on the top of the heads of is surrounded by six dolled lines, those who repeat this, in order to springing from the lulus at the save them from all their enemies; bollom, which alter the shape of a to render ibem safe and comfort. pear, terminates in a point at the able in life; and 10 conser upon jop. To the last plate the followthem any mode of future exist- ing note is appended. ence, which they may, at the hour “ On the riglit are vine plates, of death, desire. When a person representing the lotus. The 5048 has repeated it iweuty times ten dots which ihieir ciicliog lines conthousand times, then the intelli- tain, are intended for the purpose gence of Poo-te begins 10 bud with- of being marked with a red pencil, in: when he has repeated it thirty -one dot for every thousand or times ten thousand times over, he is bundred repetitions of the name at nu distance from a personal vi- of Fúl. Alier a long time, when siou of Ilie face of the god 0-me-lo. The whole is filled up, they are to In llic dynasty of Tsiw, while Yuen, be again gune over with some viher the celebrated teacher of Loo-shan, kind of inb. At the time of death, was in the act of repeating this the plates, thus tilled ufi, are to be prayer, there came to bim a divine burned 10 asies, that they may persou from the west, holding in bis pass into the oilier world, as a lesa band a briglit silver throne. He iimony in favour of him who used addressed Yuen thus: 'Celebrated theur. Depending on the merit of teacher, thy days are ended : as- this virtue, lie goes to live in the cend this seat, and be carried to pure landi." youder segion of exquisite delighis.' The same work lappily illusThe people round about all beard irales. Prov. SXV. 3, “ The leaven the sound of harmonious nusic in for hieight, the earth for depil, and the firmanent; and a marvellous the lica i of beings is miscarchable," fragrance, which ceased not for by the following extract froin the several days, diffused all Mingsin - paoul - lëen, said to be round.”
taken from the Shou-king. In the passage u bich ibis quo- “ The tislı dwell in the bottom tation is intended to illustrate, of the waters, aud the eagles in the our Lord, remarks the Indo-Chi- sides of heaven. The one though nese Gleaner, condemns the re- high, may be reached by the arrow; petitions of the heathen, bot and ile other thoughi deep, may inerely from their uiter fruitless- be angled : but the beart of man, pess in producing any salutary im- at ouly a cubit's distance, cannot pressions on the heari, or reform of bekuowo: heaven can be spanned,
earth can be fathomed; but the cathedra, that a clergyman's time is beart of man cannot be measured." not always mispent when he is stu
E. . dying the proportions of architec
ture, and the divisious of the mo
noclord. For I assert, in conTo the Editor of the Christian Observer. tempt and defiance of all the In reading your Review of Mr. whining cant of Paritanism, that Horne's “ Introduction," the fol- there is no branch of abstruise lowing remarks of Bisliop Horsley, science or polite literature, which on the literary pursuits of a cler. may not be useful, which may not gymai, forcibly occurred 10 mybe even necessary, for the illustramind. They are to be found in tion of some part or another of the one of liis parliamentary speeches, book which it is our duty to exdelivered before the House of pound. And as to the intercourse Lords on a bill respecting the with the world, I hold that none clergy.
can be qualified to instruct the “li is a inafler of the very first im- world wibout it: he who is to portance, to abstract the clergyman teach men their duty practically, from those occupations which would must know human nature genedegrade his character in the eyes of rally, and the peculiar manners of the laily. It is certainly the spirit his conntry and his times." of all the ancient institutions, that Should these remarks elicit from a clergyınan should be a clergy- some pious and judicious correman, and nothing else. My loris, spondent, a temperale discussion far be it from me to join my voice of a subject of great practical imto the despicable caut of Puritan- portance, both to the clergy and ism *; as if it were the duty of a their flocks, their insertion will clergyman to withdraw himself en- not bave been useless. Bisliop tirely from the commerce and so- Horsley's own splendid atlainciety of the world, and that every ments in biblical literature, prove moment of his time is sinfully em- how bigbly he valued such stuployed, which is not given up to dies; and we cannot suppose that meditation and prayer, and studies lie wished to see the clergy devotstrictly theological. My lords, ing their minds to ordinary literathere is no branch of learning iliat ture to the injury, but only as far misbecomes a clergyman: lie that as conducive 10 the benefit, of their would noderstand the Bible in sich professional character. The quesa manner as lie ought to understand iion is, to what extent can a Chrisit who is 10 expounil it, should be lian, and especially a minister, deeply skilled as the writer of a have intercourse with the world, greal part of it was, in all the and with secular studies for the learning of the Egyptians.' I have purpose of being more useful, with not scrupled to tell the clergy, ex out compromising that spirituality
of mind which it is our duty as dis*This expression may appear to many ciples of Christ to maintaini? persous objectionable; but doubtless
CYMRO. the bishop, both here and in a following sentence, intends by it to allude only to real Paritanism, such as prevailed in the daus of Cromwell, and not to all serious
To the Editor of the Christian Observer. religion as sometimes unjastly desig- Much has been written at different nated by this title, amongst those who do not take the trouble to make a
times, io your miscellany, on the distinction between trne piety and hy beneficial effects which inight arise pocritical pretenees. A variety of ex
from our venerable prelates decellent passages in bis lordship’s charges voting as much time as they can would seem to lead to this conclusion. gaiu from their other numerous
and important engagements, to will doom us to a state of happi
. preaching in the churches and ness or misery, inconceivable and chapels of their dioceses. Their eternal ?" official sermons, if I may so speak, His loreiship next proceeds to are usually conversant with pro. shew in what way the privilege of fessional topics : it is in their oc- drawing nigh to God is to be encasional and parocbial sermons, joyed. 1hat we best perceive the bent and “ That spiritual intercourse and habit of their mind. I am happy communion with the Godhead, to introduce to your notice, if you which it is the aim of the present have not yet seen, a discourse de- discourse clearly to describe and livered, Oct. 31st, 1819, at the recommend, though it be allied to, Collegiate Church of Manchester, yet does it differ from, those more by the Right Reverend the Bishop solemu acts of public and private of Chester, on “ the necessity and adoration which are usually deadvantages of habitual intercourse signated by the term • Prayer.' with the Deity." There is not a Public prayer is the addressing word of controversy or politics in ourselves to the Deity, at stated tbe sermon. The benevolent Bi- times, and in a set form of words; shop justly observes, in his prefatory a duty, no doubt, tire most imnotice, that “it was his wish, and perative, and of the highest imhe thinks it to be the duty of the portance; and which ought by no ministers of the Gospel, not so one, and under no circumstances, much to advert to the passing to be negligently performed, much events of the day, as to illustrate Jess dispensed with. And for the and enforce those general dvetrines due discharge of this obligation, of Christianity which tend to appropriate times, and peculiar make men beiter Christians, and places, have been appointed and by consequence better subjects and set apart.
set apart. We thus afford a pubcitizens." I think your readers lic proof and example, that we will be gratified with ihe following endeavour to follow the precepts extracts. After speaking of the and practice of our Lord and his miseries and calamities to which disciples. By the same means also we are all subject in this scene we belp to keep up that sense of of probation, his lordship re- God and religion, that propriety marks:
of manners, and that good order, “If such be the true and proper which are sure to prevail most in light in which life, its events and those places where the Divine orcircumstances, should be viewed, dinances aod worship are most rethe just inference which flows from gularly and solemnly observed. this doctrine, is, Draw nigh unto “ Another mode of intercourse God, that God may draw nigh unto with God is by private prayer, on you. A precept more important, each returning morn and eve, either or more consolatory than this, is not when we assemble together with to be found within the whole com- our families, or when we retire to pass of the sacred writings. If this our chamber and are alone;-a duty world be a transient checquered this also of the greatest necessity scenie ; if the present existence be and use, and which, though the merely a preparation for another, observance of it has become more a journeying to our last home; frequent, both among the laity bui, if we still have it in our power and clergy, yet still is it by no to make God our friend, - with so generally practised as what abstractedness of mind, with were in all cases devoutly in be wbat an entire zeal and devotion wished for.- Bul that drawing nigh ought we to prepare ourselves to unto God, which we are about to weet that Almighty Judge, who consider, is distinct from, and in