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SEMPER

REFULGET.

No. 43.

Boston, Saturday, February 21, 1807.

ORIGINAL PAPERS.

FOR THE EMERALD

for greatness. There is a hardihood required to stand against the current of public opinion which is sometimes associated with the con

sciousness of determined integrity, THE WANDERER, and sometimes imitated by that dull No. 67,

and heavy in sensibility which knows not the force it opposes and has 110

end to answer by opposition. SomeECCENTRICITY.

times the inconvenience of a con

test with public sentiment is the TUIE MAN who will venture to de

necessary tax which a man pays for part from the comnion customs of his honesty, and is sometimes the society, who without regarding mere labor which he voluntarily aswhat other people esteem or even

sumes, to elevate himself into no. asking what they practice, will tice and attract popular attentionmake his own system the founda- In those matters howerer where tion of his actions and pursue the there is no good reason against prenovel forms of his own mind in his vailing customs, a strong argument intercourse with society, will draw exists in their favor, and he must the attention of the spectators, be destitute of every quality worthough he may not ensure their re- thy of praise, who seeks it by a conspect, and bring himself into no- temptuous disregard of common tice if not into esteem. Whatev. habits and general manners. There er is rare will be the subject of wonder, and whatever is bold will selves which become pf consequence

are some things indifferent in themattract the gaze of admiration, and by the authority of custom ; somesew stop to inquire whether the things might originally have been novelty be worthy their regard, or conducted one way as well as ariwhether the boldness be the proper other, but when custom hos deterexhibition of valor.

mined the manner, the original inCustom has so long and so uni- difference ceases. The intercourse versally been acknowledged as a of society, the forms of politeness, ruler, and its decrees been treated the dress and general deportment with so profound a reverence that are within the control of custom, the rebel from its government, and he who discovers the originalithe conspirator against its laws is ty of his mind by a departure from considered as an original and en- its decrecs shows more captious. terprizing character and draws ness than judgment, and though with him the admiration of vulgar perfuctly at liberty to act in whatminds who mistake eccentricity, ever manner he chooses, exercises

H

VOL. 11.

his liberty in this way at the ex- to the united voice of the commupense of his understanding: nity. The reformer of public mor

Yet there are men in society who als, or the censor of fashion and are never so well pleased as when prevailing sentiment must assume acting in direct opposition to gene- by virtue of the office he underral habits. That which is regular takes a mind beyond the common and uniform, which has been prac- standard, he must be known by a tised by their forefathers and will superior understanding or a better be followed by posterity, which ev- heart; steady in his purpose, the ery one besides is ready to assent to very original of the tenax proposibecause it is not of sufficient con- tum viri, of the poet, no obstacle sequence to alter, is the first ob- must diminish his zeal and no dilject on which they fix their oppo- ficulty be more than a momentary sition, and when by separating check to his enterprize—but the themselves from the mass of soci. eccentric man, whom we would ety they are known as eccentric hold up to contempt, has a cast of and singular characters, they feel character of very different model all the pride of self-importance and and as some people are said to asall the consequence which belongs supe the cloak of gravity 10 conto the discoverer of sone new and ceal the defects of the mind, so he grand public good.

decks himself with a singular and I never see one of these eccen- many coloureel plumage to draw tric geniuses, but I think naturc the gaze of the vulgar when he must have given some unfortunate cannot command the approbation of twist to his mind ; and as phi- the wise. Like the Indian, he mis. losophers tell us that all objects are takes; gaudy .colours and singular seen inverted by the eye, but that decorations for the chaste ornaments judgment corrects the mistake, I of a correct taste, should think that nature had for But while we censure that folly gotten to supply them with that which is always in opposition to necessary adjunct to the mind, and public sentiment we would not be that they are acting as if the world thought to encourage the depravity was really turned upside down. which meets with indiscriminate

The eccentric man is indeed a praise every action of the multivery ridiculous character. He takes tude. No wise man will submit much pains to little purpose and his sober judgment to decisions instead of acquiring the esteem of that are oftentimes affected by pashis associates, is always bringing sion and intemperance, nor can any himself into contempt and disgrace. prudent man so far extend his res. The individuals of society are plac- pect for the customs of his couned in a situation so dependent on try as to adopt all the thoughtless each other that it is very impolitic variety of fashions and the extravafor one to censure and affront the gencies to which it gives rise. rest by a practical assertion of his But the erratic and uncertain conown superior wisdom ;-by a refu- duct of eccentricity is in no way sal to join in orclinary pursuits or connected with the bold hostility to be governed by customary rules, public and general corruption which But this eccentric genius sets up his marks the character of a great and own plans in opposition to general honorable man. Far be it from us opinion, as if the unstudied sugges- in advocating a concurrence with tions of his own mind was superior the public will to sacrifice one mor.

al virtue or one praise-worthy ac ascertained. We have here none tion. The multitude will often go of that family pride which derives astray, and hard and thankless as its support from ancestorial dignity, is the task, it is always the duty of The nobility we honour is personal an honest man to raise his arm virtue. The labors of an honoraagainst the error, and lift up his ble ancestry transmit very little revoice against the delusions of his spect to the descendant. Those countrymen.

who are contemporary with the ilThe mean and little sycophancy lustrious deceased find his memory which bows to every error of a delu- respected as far as it is known, and ded people, and assists in thickening those who follow anticipate but litthe darkness that blinds thens to tle advantage by rescuing it from the ray of truth, and that rain and the common lot of humanity. The conteinptible affectation which as- duty of the biographer is hence sents to no general forms, to no re- transferred from those who are able ceived opinions, but delights in ex- to perform it, to the general historia ploring new courses and following an, and the records which should its own patlı, are equal extremes exemplify the life and character of from the grand medium of propri- our great men in the council or the ety and equally unworthy the coun- field, are either lost by this kind of tenance of an honorable mind. neglect or curtailed in the account

E.

by the multiplicity of other subjects,

and the necessity of a general at-, BIOGRAPHY.

tention.

Under these impressions I send For the Emerald.

you the following short sketch

of a great character in our revoMESSRS, EDITORS,

lution, personally known to mary The pages of the Emerald can of your readers. It appeared soomu never be more usefully employed after his death. We have arrived. than in preserving the record of | at that distance from the revolution, tbose great and elevated characters, when time is exerting his prerogawhose worth entitles them to dwellin tive over the illustrious actors of the memory of posterity. To these that eventful history. Our stateshowever, the first place is due to the men and generals are rapidly falling patriots of our own country whose in the arms of death. The record integrity and talents have conspired of their virtues should be trusted to to erect the scattered strength of the more durable fabric than colonies into a free, sovereign and memory and tradition, and if facts independent republic. The biog- respecting them be preserved, the raphy of American worthies unfor- future PUUTARC# when he explores tunately may be compressed into a the archives of our country shall very narrow compass, not indeed find himself surrounded with the from the scantiness of materials, records of more than Grecian greatbut the want of laborers—" the harvest is indeed great but the laborers are few." There is a criminal want of attention to this department of our history, which may in future

ANTRONY WAYNE, major-general' times diminish from its splendor. in the army of the United States of But the cause is not difficult to be | America, was one of the illustrious foun.

some

ness.

W.

MEMOIR OP

MAJOR GE

CR

WAYNE

ders of the American Republic. He was defeated) his coolness and intit. was born in Chester county, Pennsylva- pidity, in the midst of a bloody scene, nia, in 1745. His grand-father bore a finally sustained his character above captain's commission, at the battle of censure, and alleled credit to the Amerithe Boyne, under king William, and can arms-In 1778, he shared in the was distinguished for his attachment honour of the victory over the Britisha to the principles of liberty. The gen- army at Monmonth. In the same year, eral's father was a respectable farmer, he distinguislied himself by a bold atand served for many years as a repre- tack upon a block-house, on the North sentative for the county of Chester, in River; it was rendered unsuccess ul, the general assembly of Pennsylvania, according to the account giren of it by before the revolution. His son succed- general Washington, in his letter to ed him, as representative for the coun- Congress, only by the intemperate valor ty, in 1773. In this eventful year, he of his troops.--In 1779, he distinguished began his career, as a patriot and friend himself by surprising and storming of the rights of man. He took an ac- Stoney Point. In effecting this business, tive part in all the measures of the as- he marched several miles through a sembly that year, which were opposed deep morass, in the middle of the night. to the claims of Great Britain ; and, in in the attack upon the fort, he was connection wi:h John Dickinson, Thos. struck down by a ball, which grazed bis Mifflin, Edward Biddle, Charles Thomp. head. It was expected that he was son, and a few other gentlemen, pre killed ; but he soon rose, so as to rest pared the way for the decided and use upon one knee : feeling his situation, ful part which Pennsylvania afterwards and believing his wound to be mortal, took in the American revolution.-In he cried out to one of his aids, “ carry the year 1775, he quitted the councils me forward, and let me die in the fort." of his country, for the field. He enter. When he entered it, he gave orders to ed the army of the United States, as a stop the effusion of blood by the sword, colonel. His name recruited a regi- and to make the garrison prisoners of ment in a few weeks, in his native coan. war. This humane command was the ty. In the close of this year, he ac more generous, as the garrison consis. companied general Thompson into Can- ted of some of the troops who had used ada : here he was soon led into action. the bayonet without mercy at the PaoIn the defeat of general Thompson, he li.-In the year 1781, he bore an active behaved with great bravery, and was part in the campaign, which reduced singularly useful in saving a large body ihe army of Lord Cornwallis to the of the army, by the judicious manner necessity of surrendering prisoners of in which he conducted their retreat, war. After this event, he was sent by after the seacral was inade prisoner. general Washington to conduct the war in this battle, the general, then colonel, in the state of Georgia. Here, his received a flesh-louni in his leg. In prudence, courage, and military skill, the campaign of 1776, he served under were amply tried : he contended, with general Gates, at Ticonderoga. Gen. equal success, with British soldiers, eral Gates esteemed him highly, not Indian savages, and American traitors. only for his courage, and other inilitary In a short time, he established peace talents, but for his knowledge as an en- and liberty, in that once distracted state. gineer. It was said of him, that his As a reward for his eminent services, eye was nearly equal to a measur:, in the legislature of Georgia presented juiging of heights and distances; a him with a valuable farm.-Upon the talent of incalculable consequence in an return of peace, he retired to prirate officer. At the close of this campaign, pursuits. In 1787, he subscribed, as a lic was created a brigadier-general-member of the Pennsylvania convention, He bore an active part in the campaign the instrument which declared the of 1777. He fouglit at Brandywine, and, present federal constitution of the for a long time retarded the progress United States to be part of the supreme of the British army, in crossing Chad's law of the land. - In the year 1792, he forl. He fought it Germantown, and accepted of the command of the Amer. at the Paoli, on Lancaster road : in the lican army to be employed against the last of these battles (where he bad a Indians, who, for several years, had separate command, and in which he carried on a successful and desolatilig

FOR THE EMERALD

war upon the frontiers of the United ciety, in its exposure of the monstrous, States. In this situation, bis military deformity and venom of scandal, by clis. , genius broke forth with accumulated robing it of its seducing attire ; and lustre. He disciplined and created an in its pursuit of the inoralizing hypoarmy, and, by uniting in his system of crite through all his windings, circumtactics Indian stratagems with civilized venting his designs, saving innocence bravery, he led on bis troops to victory, or credulity from his machinations, and, over numerous and confederated tribes, finally devoting him to severe punish-and thereby gave peace in a single day ment. The characters are numerous, to the United States.--He died in a hut natural and distinct. The testy, but in the wilderness, remote from his affectionate husband in Sir Péter; the friends, that his coutryinen might enjoy susceptible yet extravagant, the gid. in safety, beneath domestic shades, dy, yet uncontaminated wife in La. and in cultivated society, the peaceable dy Teazle ; the frank old fashioned fruits of their labours. Traveller, who. friend and relation in Sir Oliver, the ever thou art, that shalt visit the shores canting and villanous lıypocrite in Jn. of the lake on which his body is inter- seph, and the warm-hearted, though red, stop and drop a tear, in behalf of extravagant profligate in Charles, are his country orer his grave. Plant near characters so exquisitely painted, so it a willow, which shall convey to it naturally connected, and so effectually the dew of heaven, and cut npon its contrasted by the artist, that the whole bark, in letters that shall grow with picture engrosses all our admiration, time, the name of Wayne, with the The inferior agents are complete char: precious epithets of Patriot, Hero and acters ; Mrs. Candour, Lady Sneer. Friend!

well, Sir Benjamin and Crabtree. In these persons the streams of calumny have ihcir rise in the same fountain, but vary in appearance and taste from

the difference in their beds. THE ORDEAL... 17. The screen scene in this play is prob.

ably wrought up more effectually (con.

sistent with probability) than any other Alexander the Great, ( Lee ) and Perouse. in the whole mass of English comedy, Friday Feb. 13.

The performance of this evening,

combined much excellence and many School for Scandal, (Sheridan) and defects ; excellence that has seldom

7kvo Strings to your Bonu. been surpassed, and defects no less ap. Monday Feb. 16.

parent, but much less extraordinary. The character of the School for Sir Peter Teazle by Mr. Bernard is Scandal is so well established that it one of his most judicious personations. would be needless to vindicate it among This evening his first scenes were not those who bave any pretensions to taste. remarkable for force or nicety of disa With others who, affecting to despise crimination ; but when the occasion de. the judgment of the critical, hazard manded peculiar efficacy to be given, remarks prejudicial to this comedy, it “then roused the lion," avl bis manshould be a sufficient counterbalance per of exposing Joseplı to Charles was to their opinion to be informed, that irresistibly comic. We could not but the School for Scandal has contributed regret the superindiction of extraneous more than any other production to ex- expressions into the text; as in the scene alt the name of Sheridan to the high with Joseph, the constant repetition of station in the sphere of literary gen- the word Foe, which, while it is not in. . ius which it has attained. The ce-troduced by the author, in our opinion, : lebrity of this name whether in the savours of vulgarity. We noticed too eloquence of the forum or in the sec!- several grammatical inaccuracies, as entary efforts of literary invention, is the connexion of the plural noun and supported by the wise and learned of pronoun with the singular termination all countries, unassisted either by in- of the verb. On the whole, the part terest or passion.

was admirably delineated; and if the Of this comedy, its tendency is high. execution sometimes wanted force, the ly conducive to the best interests of so- l apprchension w.96 renerally complete.

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