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their plans.

him to more respectable society. SEDULOUS and Dives were edu.

There are indeed some leaden cated at the same school ; they ensouls which merely serve the pur-tered the University together, and pose of keeping the body in a state received its honors at the same of vegetation ; moles incapable of time. SEPULOUS had his patria sight, whose opake heads never ad-mony in his education, and entered mit an idea; but such are indeed rare. the world with no other means of The common class of mankind have subsistence than what was to be de: sense enough to understand, and rived from the industrious improveability to pursue, those professions, ment of acquired advantages. Die which society requires ; and while ves inherited a large estate by the Industry is their tutelary saint to death of a near relation, and took whom they address their morning possession of it on the day he beorisons and their evening prayers, came twenty-one years old. After they need anticipate no failure of leaving the University, for form sake

he entered the office of a CounselEvery man is indebted to socie- lor, and was in proper time called ty: He owes to it the usefulness to the Bar. Relying, however on of his talents or the produce of his the durability of a large estate, he labor. Born not for himself alone, considered his professional conbut as one of a great community, cerns too tedious to engage atten-, which exists by a reciprocity of ben- tion, and bringing too little emolus efits, it is his duty, as it ought to ment to be an object of regards be his pleasure; to contribute his His clients were neglected, his ofproportion to the common stock. fice became deserted, and his time The idlers, fruges' consumere nati, was more generally spent in the are like weeds which choak the pro- lounging room

of a Coffee-house, ductions of a protable soit. They than in the Library or at the Bar. hang a dead weight upon others, in Unaddicted however to any licenthe same manner that time hangs tious or dissipated pleasures, he was upon them, and serve very little merely a harmless Idler, without purpose except to increase the num-consequence, a being in whom nober of those who live on the indus-body. felt concern, who lived merely try of others. The Chinese, it is for himself, without doing either said, carry into practise the com- good or harm in society, otherwise mand of St. Paul. Their popula- than by example. tion is so numerous that without the SEDUlous had a sound mind calabor of every individual, a sufficien- pable of reflection, and what was cy would not be produced for year- yet better, habits of industrious atly consumption. Every man there-tention, which led him to prefer his fore, who is idie, is considered as a compting-house engagements to the tax oa some other more industrious, most alluring parties of pleasure. and is punished for his remissness He had articled himself to a Meras certainly as if he had committed chant, and after gaining a proper a theft of the necessaries of life ; knowledge of commerciak affairs, for altho' he might not be under the commenced business on his own necessity of attending to laborious account. His industry gave himn pursuits, yet some one else loses the means of punctuality, and puncby his leisure, to whom the occupa- tuality afforded him an extensive tion of the former would have given credit. Cautious and attentive his the means of subsistence. :

enterprizes were planned with dis,

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cretion and executed with judg-, fails to extenuate. We do not mean ment. *Acquiring by these means to attach to LOVER's Vows in partisufficient to equip a vessel, he em- cular the general censure we have barked on a commercial speculation, applied to German plays; but we and after several years absence; was mean to assert that, admitting it to rewarded for his industry and per- be more free from faults than any severance with a handsome indepen- other production of Kolezbue, it is cy. In the by path of the capital yet essentially repugnant in charache accidentally met one day his ter and sentiment to the genuine classmate Dives, in the garb of tendency of pure and unsophisticatpoverty and distress. The contrast ed English comedy. For what is was striking. Dives at first neg- the foundation, and what the relected his regular business, and idle- sult of this play? riess at length so corroded his mind Without making particular referas to render every occupation labo- ence to the introduction of the loves rious. He became inattentive to of "AMELIA and ANHALT, which his pecuniary concerns ; his Banker serve only to destroy the unity of failed, other property belonging action ; (retarding the progress of to him was dissipated, and the rava- the main incident, and having no ges of a fire lately consumed all that connection with it) let us examine remained. Without the means of the principles admitted by the conreplacing what he lost , unacquaint-duct and conclusion of this drama. ed with the busy concourse of the Agatha Fribourg is deluded under world and those habits which lead a promise of marriage by Baron Wela to respectability and opulence, he denhain ; who leaves her with a boy, become a mere wandering mendi- the unfortunate issue of their il fac cant, relying only on the kindness ted connection. Here we have an of his friends and the occasional admission that females are easily gratuities of charity.

E. deluded ;. and under a promise of

marriage, Agatha's peace of mind

is not only destroyed, but she is left FOR THE EMERALD.

a prey to the frowns of penury and THE ORDEAL......No. 2. the gripings of disease. Now, what

follows, as the consequences of this Respicere exemplar vitæ morumque jubebo. seduction ?. Frederic, the offspring Lovers' Vows, ( Kotzebue ) AND THE of this attatchment, becomes a sol.

QUAKER......Wednesday, Oct. 15., dier, and returning home on fur. It has ofien been considered a lough to obtain the certiñcate of his maxim in dramatic writing that ev. birth, he finds his mother houselessj. ery play should be written for some by the way-side almost perishing express moral purpose, or should for want Being unable materially at least be so constructed as in the to relieve her distressing condition, conduct or catastrophe, to have a he resolves to procure means by moral tendency. The introduction begging on the high-way. He of German plays on the English meets Baron Wildenhain and restage is a direct infringement of this quests money of him, and the small principle ; inasmuch as their sto- sum which he receives not being ries are generally founded on some sufficient, he deliberately draws his crime committed, which for the good sword and demands more. It must of society ought never to be forgiven, be observed that, this circumstance but which the catastrophe seldom does not take place until after much

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time has elapsed, on the stage. Had sider an absolutely essential dress, Frederick attempted robbery from or expect excommunication in dethe impulse excited by his mother's viating from it.-Mr. Poe must distress, he had possibly been justi- learn to elevate his voice and dignified; but a deliberate commission fy his gestures. They are oftenof crime constitutes guilt.' And times laughable when he wishes to why draw his sword on one who had be serious ; and generally are tame granted him money; why not on one when he strives to be energetic who had refused him? But to re- Mrs. Poe, performed the scene with turn to the more immediate pun-Anhalt, where sherlivulges her affecishment of the séduction. As to tion, in an accurate, chaste and atthe distribution of temporal bless-tractive manner. USHER in the Baings, KOTZEBUE, makes the inno-ron, wanted character: that is, a dis cent wretched ; and the guilty pros- tinguishing feature by which Baron perous. He plunges AGATHA into wildenhain should be known at the depths of want, servitude and once. But his style this evening misery ; while he continues Baron would « suit any other fiart as well Wildenhain in all his possessions, as this," Sir Philip Blanford or Sir and ultimately makes him happy. Hubert Stanley. Nevertheless he The pride of the Baron too, has no was on the whole quite respectable.“ punishment : but it should seem as Mr. Dykes appeared as a new perif every crime was whîtened, and former“: new, because his style of every stain eradicated from his char- acting has entirely changed ; and acter the moment he consents to ad- we may truly say for the better.*. mit Agatha to his reluctant favor. It We pass the rest of the performis an idea founded in just reason, ance, as not entitled to further obthat no writer should present vicious servation. persons in a pleasing shape, there

“ CURE FOR

THE HEART ACHE," by giving false attractions to im

( Morton) and LA FORET NOIR. morality and turpitude ; on the con

Friday, October 17. trary he should bestow his utmost pains on virtuous characters. KOT..

The chief objections advanced ZEBUE in the person of the Baron against the plays of Morton are their. presents us with a inan in whom tendency to broad farce, and the good and evil are so mingled, as to want of consistency in their characleave us in doubt whether to hate ters. Thus the two Rapids, in the or love him. His vices, however play under consideration, are glarabstracted from his character, would ingly caricatured ; and Old Rapid, justly excite detestation.

who in the beginning is despised As to the consistency of charac- and laughed at, on a sudden beters, no particular objection need be comes a moralist, and utters the sen-. adduced'; it would too greatly exstiments of a philosopher. send our limits. In this point, the But notwithstanding this general play is open to reprehension. censure, Morton always interests us

The performances were in no with the delicacy of his sentiment, degree so excellent as to deserve, exhilarates us with the excentricity nor so contemptible as to require a of his humor, and satisfies us with critical analysis. · The costume of his truth and nature, Anhalt was inappropriate, both as We intend to offer a retrospect of to shape and richness. A plain coat the new performers as soon as we can and wig a German pastor would con-' have formed a judgment.

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THE EMERALD.

Mr. Usher in Sir Hubert Stanley hand of a friend to extricate lier was dignified and impressive ; Mr. from her peril-Her heart is good. Dickenson, in Old Rapid, made the And who can blame her for her conmost of his abilities. Mr. Fox sur- duct to Sir Wm. Dorrillon, under prised us with his volubility and the name of Mandred. She knew perpetual motion, and sometimes him not as a father but as an overwith pathos ; yet we cannot sub- bearing censurer of her pleasures, scribe to the opinion, that he was not as a friendly instructor, but as the real Young Rapid.

a rigid monitor. Sir William DorJesse Oatland, by Mrs. Poe, had rillon is a captious man, who prea sweet and able representative ; and sumes to expect every excellence Mrs, Usher looked Ellen Vortex ad- from his daughter, while he has never mirably. But we cannot afford Mrs. thought of the dangers to which his Shaw much praise for her persona- negligence had exposed her. His tion of Mrs. Vortex; excepting in idea of reforniing her under a ficthe scenes of disappointed triumph, titious name is by no means reasonwhere she evinced sone truth of able, his changing coats with a concoloring

temptible fellow like Bronzely, is. This play went off with more de- derogatory to his character, not only served eclat than any other since the as no end was obtained by it, but as season opened; though there was his voluntarily suffering the subseno absolutely correct deliniation of quent disgrace, was not demanded character, throughout the whole by common honesty or common porange of its personages.

liteness. “ If an author," says Mr.

Cumberland, probably with eye to Wives AS THEY WERE & MAIDS as this very play, “ cannot reform a THEY ARE ( Mrs.Inchbald) and Paul dissipated lady without a spunging and VIRGINIA......Monday, Oct. 20.

house to read his lectures in, I am. This play, written by Mrs. Inch- sorry for his dearth of fancy and, bald, is liable to considerable objec-lament his want of taste.” What tion, both in design and tendency; must that father be who could sufin design, för its object is not attain- fer his daughter to be taken to pried; and in tendency, for no pur- son before his face, as was Miss, pose is answered, nor no-moral pro- Dorrillon in the present piece? duced by the catastrophe. If Lady This play has some agreeable diPriory is offered as a model by alogue ; but we cannot think it dewhich wives of the present day serves a station in the ranks of legitought to be formed, we trust no imate comedy. As to the perform-friend to the sex will consider it by ance we shall refrain from much, any means perfect. She does not abservation. But Mr. Dickenson on love her husband; but obeys him the stage and the Prompter off, were through dread; he is the master obliged continually to renew the and she the servant. The example very imperfect memories of almost which such a character affords is every performer. We should really forbidding rather than attractive:

consider it adviseable to have the Neither is Miss Dorrillon a pro- prompt-book open upon the stage, per contrast to Lady Prory; be that the actors might read, and then, cause, though she is immersed in repeat their parts; as it is now, they the vortex of dissipation, she has graciously favor us with a double never had a kind counsellor to lessen exhibition, the Prompter's and their the force of its influence ; nor the own,

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Selected for the Emerald. But the austerities he prescrib [It is wonderful indeed, but certainly made them gradually disappear, true, that there have been those who and, disgusted

at this desertion, he, seemed to derive their chief happiness from bodily pain, from wretch- shut up his school. edness and misery. The stoic en Diogenes now made his appears deavored to destroy the nature of his ance in this city. He had been bana Derves, and become alike insensible ished from Sinope, his native counto the warmth of the passion, and the corporeal sensations of nature. In try, with his father, accused of dia catholic countries orders of men exist minishing the coin. After a long 'whose lives are dedicated to sorrow ; resistance, Antisthenes imparted to whose greatest amusement is daily to him his principles, and Diogenes pretake a shovel full of dirt from their sently gave them a greater extent. graves. . In the contemplation of such Antisthenes sought to correct, the characters, it is difficult to say whether commiseration or contempt is the passions, Diogenes to destroy then, predominant sentiment. We should The wise man, to become happy, pity the folly that so dreadfully mili- should, according to him, render tates with reason, but could scarcely himself independent of fortune, of wish to relieve the sufferer from his

mankind, and of himself : , of forvoluntary punishment. The following picture of the great origintune, by braving alike her favours nals of insensibility, drawn by the mas- and caprices ; of men, by divesting terly pencil of the Abbe Barthelemi, himself of prejudices, and despising will remind the classical reader of customs, and even laws, when not the truth of our remarks, and exhi. conformable to his understanding; Bits the unpleasing appearance which human nature presents, when an af- of himself, by labouring to fortify fectation of singularity distopts its his body against the rigour of the features.-Em. Ed's-]

seasons, and his mind against the ABOUT the time that Plato open- allurements of pleasure. He somes ed his school at the academy, re- times says : “ I am poor, a vagasumed Apollodorus, Antisthenes, bond, without country, without asy, another disciple of Socrates, estab-lum, and compelled to live as I can lished one likewise, on an eminence from one day to another ; but I opsituated on the opposite side of the pose courage to fortune, nature to city. This philosopher laboured, laws, and reason to the passions.' during his youth, to make an exter- From these principles, which in nal display of the most rigid virtue; their respective consequences may and Socrates, penetrating his inten- lead men to the summit of perfec: tions, one day said to him: Antis- tion, or plunge thein in every spe. thenes, I see your vanity through cies of disorder, results, a contempt the rents in your garments His for riches, honors, glory, the dis. master had taught him that happi- uinction of ranks, the decorum of ness consists in virtue : and he society, the arts and sciences, and made virtue consist in a contempt all the comforts and embellishments of riches and enjoyments; and, to of life. The man, created in the enforce his maxims, appeared in imagination of Diogenes, and whom public, with a staff, and wallet over he sometimes, goes in search of his shoulders, like one of those un- with a lanthorn; that being, foreign happy mendicants who expose their to every surrounding oject, and in wretchedness to passengers. The accessible to every thing that gratisingularity of this sightprocured him fies the senses, who styles himself a disciples, who remained attached to citizen of the world, though he him for some time by his eloquence. Claims not that relation to his, na

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