No. 22.

Boston, Saturday, September 27, 1806.




ORIGINAL PAPERS. the greatestlemty, wlien we discuss

his introduction of supernatural agency, with an intention of rc dring thought real. But yet there is no

doubt sufficient reason to ameliorate THE WANDERER,

the censure,if not to applaud the act, No. XLVII.

even on the ground here assumed.

The credeavors of Shakespeare as of all other-writers was to please the age in which he lived;

and in the opinion of his contempoWe have already endeavored to raries the reality of witchcraft was suggest some reasons why Shake- universally admitted. And, indeed, speare should be excused for intro- even in this enlightened age, it does ducing ghosts into his dramas, deriv- not appear to be entirely eradicated ed from the essential and advantage- from belief. It is not extraordinary oys use he made of them; the fucili-ftherefore, that a pact should seize ty and indeed impossibility of omita on a subject of popular interest and ting them entirely; and the state of engraft on it the story of a play. If public opinion, which greatly favor- we consider his means, the ignoed them. We are now to consider, as rance of his age, and wonderful we proposed, the degree of blame employment he gives to these perwhich this poet may deserve in sonages, we shall be ready to vindi. consequence of making witches and cate him against the most rigid critother supernatural agents the chief icism. If the laws of writing were instruments in forwarding some of unknown, he conld not be required his stories; and thereby attaching to govern himself by them. Ii the to them a degree of reality not con- reality of witchcraft were universistent with present sentiments or sally bclievell, Shakespeare, at the established evidence. In making worst, did no more than apply that our estimate of Shakespeare, above belief to luis own advantage: all otlier writers, we should grant Another reason which probably him every indulgence to wlrich his induced our author to use the machgenius and penetration, united with inery of the witches was to complihis texceptionable merit can enti- ment King James, 1. ty coincitle him. There is no doubt we dence of opinion. This superstisubmit to various sentiments and tious prince it is well known wrote expressions coming from him, a book on the subject entitled, which in any other author would monologie. ' Besides, althongh it is excite disgust and prevent a patient impossible that any beings like hearing. And we claim for him iwitches could really have possessce

supernatural gifts, there is no doubt seology, and agreement with peof the existence of those persons pular tradition ; and in short, such who pretended to such powers. a consistency of character throughWitches then, in one sense, might out, that few persons would consent truly 'm; said to exist; which is a to renounce Macbeth for the few infurther vindication of Shakespeare. consistences and improbabilities as

The difference between an epic cribed to it. When we consider and a dramatic poem consists chief- the audiences, for whom Shakesly in the style of the relation. One peare had to write ; possessed of being composed of persons whose minds satisfied only with the luxactions and sentiments spring im- urious wonders of fiction, we shall mediaiely from themselves; and the think his offences to maturer knowl. other, of persons whose actions are edge, deserve commendation intold by the poet. Yet, altho' Tasso stead of cerisure. VERITAS, has made use of magic, it has been no obstruction to his fame; on the

The Wanderer has inserted the contrary it has rather increased it.

above, from a wish to promote useBut after all, it may be made a

ful discussion, and will be happy to question whether Shakespeare ever

receive future communications from

the intended to inculcate the reality of

same hand. witchcrast, any more than the professed magic which he gives to Pros/ero in the Tempest. In Mac From the Literary Miscellany. beth it is true he portrays a prince who believes the truth of the witches' CHARACTER OF WASHINGTON. predictions; and the predictions The readers of the Miscellany will not themselves are in some degree real be displeased with the following conized. So in Prospero, we see the cise character of the man, whose influence of his magic, successful.

name they rerere. Should the sub. There is no doubt that a character

ject be considered hackneyed, let it

be recollected, that it ought never to like Macbeth, might be drawn as if die, and that few compositions in the influenced by the decisions of the style of a “character” of this great witches, perhaps merely as another and good man have ever been pubcompliment to King James; but lished. this is no reason that the author WASHINGTON was a perfect exshould believe them. Banquo in ample, his character has no paralthe same play, says:

lel. Modern names are diminished The earth has bubbles as the water before him, and antiquity is rivalled. hath

A general, statesman, magistrate, And these are of them.”

and citizen, his duties were arduous May we

not safely think that and manifold, and he sustained them Shakespeare thought them bubbles without effort. also ?

Guiding the policy of the cabinet But whatever may have been the with his intellectual, and wielding belief of the great poet, there is such the sword of battle with his physical a charın in his management of the strength, he confounded the arts, wierd sisters; such wildness in their and defeated the arms of his enethoughts and language; such ju- mies. He commanded the hearts dicious adaptation of their scene his soldiers and the resources of of enchantment to the deeds trans- his countrymen ; and his wishes 2cted; such peculiar felicity of phra-' were iminediately followed by their

exercions, His firmness was so un- religious attention, and his shining daunted, his submission to congress talents in public were equamed only so meekly authoritative, bis decis- by his pliilosophy in domestic life. ion so moderately determined, and In Washington there was an aghis exploits so prudently harrassing, gregate of excellence, rather than that, in every vicissitude of war, his any glaring peculiarity. Without friends were overruled, and his foes those flashings of genius, which overborne by his pre-eminence.-serve only to dazzle the understandRising far above common concep-ing, the steady light of his intellect tion, bis actions were heroic, his concentrated its rays to guide the virtucs sublime. No disliculty progress of America to liberty, and reached him, that he did not sur-to fame. He was one of those few mount, and no passion assailed him, characters, which are formed by that he did not overcome. Malig. God for conducting great events. nity has accused him of cruelty and An epoch in history will accompany indifference, but his tears on the the life of Washington. A varlike death of Andre, and the effusion of nation humbled by the struggles of his country's gratitude have com- a peaceful one, a government erectpletely controlled the poison of the ed by social compact, and a people imputation.

ilourishing under the mild influence No ignoble desires for arbitrary of those institutions, which they sway were produced by his univer- themseives had consolidated; these sal popularity, for his magnanimity are the grand concomitants, with was more exalted, than his courage.

which the name of Washington will The vile; who believed him capable be adorned for the imitation of pos. of treachery, were mortified, and the terity,

TRIBUTE Veak, who mistrusted human fortiidile, were astonished at his noble Jesignation of power.

BIOGRAPICAL AND LITERARY xori. As the absence of the law of gráritation would involve our systein in original chaos, so at the retirement of Washington the union assumed the aspect of convulsive dissolution.

MR. JAMES BEATTIe was born in He appearce again, and order re- the year 1735. His father was a smal sumed hier operation. Opposition farmer in the county of Kincarline, in was silencer at the mention of his the north of Scotland ; one of wat kame, anda bellion retired to her

class of mul,who, from the peculiar

i circumstances or their local situation in den. So cóntrolling was his influ- renting a few acres of lanc, are rather 01:00, that party breathed only to ex- destined to be comfortable than rich, pire, So patriotic were his motives, and whose ambition is gratified, it) that there existed no enty, however from the produce of their sail, il:cy and malignant, that ever disputed his

able to rear a family in an humble but integrity, and no corruption, how

reputable condition.

It is matter of regret that so few ever hardened, that did not tremble particulars can be con concerning at his frown. The powers of his the infancy and childhood of such is authority seemed his natural habill. are destined, in future lite, io become ments, yet liis obedience, as a citi distinguished by their genius and i:

telectual attainments. Then a chic 2en, was a pattern for emulation. is Lom, 110 person can jerezive vietii. The relative duties he observed with cr lie shall be a wise man or a fool He



is reared up as a common undistin- riod from which he was destined to be guished individual of the species, whc. a poet. ther he possess or possess not from na Anecdotes of children are always tute that peculiar aptitude and fitness agreeable ; but those little stories which of temperament which constitute ge describe the character of children who mins. After a few years, he begins to possess the rudiments of genius, wouk show to what class lie belongs; if to the be still more interesting. Few of these former, the latent energies of his na. are ever known. But when the science ture begin to work, the hidden germs of minci shall be more closely studied, of talent are gradually unfolded, the when mankind in general shall be con. blossoms fourish in primeval beauty, vincce that it is necessary, in this study, and, under auspicious circumstances, to attend to the transactions of the nur. the future fruit may be expected. From sery, as well as those of the field ; to this period, in the progress of genius, watch the operations of growing intel. more or less attention is generally di- lect, as well as those of its maturer rected to observe its peculiarities, and vigour ; we may then expect a gratifimark its future derelopement.

cation and enlargement of curious know. Those symptoms, which have been ledge, which at present can only be prementioned as characteristic of talent, dicted. are only the effects of numerous combi It is probable that Beattie, in delin. rations of causes, which, under the in- eating the character of Edwin, in the fluence of the original temperament, Minstre, drew it from his own, in earhave produced them. These combina- ly youth. This cliaracter is more or tions of causes, however, have altoge. less common to every boy of poetical ther escaped notice, and have no other genius; and we mny therefore suppose, wise been known to exist, but by the that the childhood of our young poed effects they are perceived to have pro- would be often spent in solitary contem. duced. These are observed and ad- plation, and in ruminating among those mired, without reflecting upon the man objects of grandeur and rural beauty ner in which they have come to exist, which formed the delight of the young without having accurately marked those Minstrel. physical, moral, and local circumstan

"But why should this childish feats display? ces, which have, in conjunction, occa. Concourse, and noise, and toil, he crer Bed ; sioned thcir display. But there is the

Nor card to mingle in the clamorous fray.

Of squabbling imps; but to the forest spéd, greatest probability, that upon these

Orsoan'd at large the lonely mountain's head; circunstances, in early infancy, modifi

Or, where the maze of some bewilder'd stream ed by the natural organization, senius

To deep untrodden groves his footsteps led,

There would he wander wild, till Phobus'beam, and talent of every kind depend : There shot from the western cliff, releas'd the wears team. fore, na precise knowledge of its origin, “La! where the stripling, rape in wonder, roves its growth, and natural history, can be

Beneath the precipice, p'erhun, with pine;

Alld sees, on higl, amidst th' encircling groves, acquired, without the most assiduous From cliff to cliff the fuaming torrent shine; and continued attention to those rari.

While waters, woods, and winds, ia concert join,

And echo swells the chorus to the kics: ous and intermingled circumstances, Would Edwin his inajustic scene resign from the moment of human existence, ano no; be better knows great Nature's charms to

For aught the huntsman's puny craft supplies! until their effects begin to be displayed.

prize. These remarks are, perhaps, more “ And oft he trac'd the uplands, to surrey, applicable to those who have distin. When o'er the sky advanc'd the kindling dawn, guished themselves in the fine arts,

The crimson cloud, blue main, and mountain than to any other class of literary men, And lake, din gleaming on the smoky lawn ; and in particular to poets.

Far to the west the long, long vale withdrawn,

Where twilight loves to linger for a while; We have no means of becoming ac. And now he faintly kens the bounding fawn, quainted with the dispositions and in

And villager abroad at carly toil, cidents which marked the childhood of But lo! the sun appears! and heav'n, earth, ocean,

smile. Beattie ; but were they all enumerated, “ And oft the craggy clif he lov'd to climb, and were it possible that we could be. When ail in mist the world below was lost.

W'bat dreadful pleasure there to stand sublime, hold him in every scene from the cradle

Like shipwreck'd mariner on desert coast, to the school, it might then be possible, And view th' enormous waste of vapour cost perlaps, to catch the circumstance

In billows, length’ning to thi'horizon round,

Now scoop'd iu gulfs, with mountains now emwhich first strongly impressed his bossid, youthful fancy with devotion to the

And hear the voice of mirth and song rebound, libes, and to ascertain the lucky pe.

Flocks, herds, and waterfalls, along thuc hoar pçe



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"In truth, he was a strange and wasward wight, through life. 'Immediately after Mr.
Pond of each gentle, and each dreadful scene; Beattie's marriage, it is probable that
In darkness, and in storm le found delight;
Nor less, than when on ocean-wave serene

his intention was to continue the pro"The sonthern sun dirrus'd his dazzlug slene. fession of teaching, to endeavor to sucEven sad vicissitude amuz'd his soul, And if a sigh would sometimes intervene,

ceed luis father-in-law in the grammarAnd down his cheek a tear of pity roll,

school of Aberdeen, and to devote tlie A sigh, a tear, so sweet, he wish'd not to control.” rest of his life to this laborious occupa

After young Beattie had finished his tion, But 2 more brilliant literary education at the country school, he was character awaited him, and he was des. sent to the College of New Aberdeen. Lined, though still to continue a teacher, His father, it is probable, was induced yet to instruct in a more dignified to bestow upon his son an university sphere. education, from some hopes of pation

Notwithstanding the severe duties age from the Earl of Errol. The abili- which must be daily performed by a ties of the young grammarian might schoolmaster, and the tendency which likewise induce his father to hope, that, going daily through the same irksome by the possession of learning;' his son task must have in freezing the flow of might be enabled to procure a livehood, the imagination, Mr. Beattie continued either as a schoolmaster or a clergy- to be still smitten with the love of song: man, without that degree of bodily la- poetry was the darling pursuit of his bor which he himself had undergone.

heart, and it insinuated deeper and In the interval of the College ses- deeper into his affections. sions, we find young Beattie employed

He now thought of committing some in teaching a school at Alloa, in Clack- of his productions to the world, and in inanapshire ; an occupation common to 1760 he published a rolume of original almost every literary character in Scot-pocms and translations. In 1765 apland, who has risen from the lower peared another poem of his, entitled ranks of life. In this situation, and in "The Judgment of Paris." He was others similar to it, ue increased his then about twenty-five years of age ; acquaintance with the principles of his poctical talent was not yet fully congrammar, and acquired that accurate cocted; and though these specimens clašysical knowledge for which he was possessed a considerable degree of afterwards so eminently distinguished. poetical merit, and were well received,

His preclilection for the muses was yet the author lias since repented of : 'likely to be onlinnced from this resi- / appearing as a poet so early before the

dence. There is no talent more aided public, and bas omitted the greater by local situation than poetical funcy; number of them in a late edition of his and the beautiful win iings of the river poems. Forth, with the amenity of its contig

(To be continced.) ons fields, would not fail to decpen impressions which had formerly taken place, to recal and strengthen associates which other scenes had created,

EOLIAN ISLANDERS. and to awaken all the delicate sensibil.

The natives of these islands are ities of the heart on which poctry is founded.

not wanting in natural abilities, but Mr. Beattie afterwards taught in the cultivation of thein. The Lischool in his native county of kincar parese are in general of a prompt dine ; and some time afier, he became and lively wit, ready to learn, of aassistant to the master of the grammar- cute penetrativi), and extremely de

school of Aberdeen. In this situation, sirous of obtaining knowledge. "an intimacy commenced betwist the 2$sistant and the daughter of the school.

The seat of the court of King Eomaster, which soon ripened into a mu- lus is contested in the Eolian isles, sual affection, and in the end occasion as the birth place of Homer is in ed their marriage. Certain incidens, Greece. He is claimed by each of and in particular the important event of the islands; but the people of Lipari inarriage, have often no little influence in modifying the views, and determin. are fully persuaded that tleioyal reing the subsequent conduct, of a person sidence of this petiy sovereign #28


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