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20 THE


was swallowed up in the multiplied forms and rituals of monkish idola. try. But the rectification of these evils, has produced others of more

terrible aspect. The people, redeemTHE WANDERER,

ud from the shes of religious No. XXXVII.

ceremonials, made the first use of their liberty to vander into the boundless wilderness of philosophic speculation; to loosen the restraints

on their passions, ani to resign the The deference which is paid to sceptre of reason to the dominion of public opinion by mankind in gen- faucy. Many wrong notions ofthings eral, is forcible in its operation and entertained by the worle, liave from universal in its extent. Few per- time to time been exposed, and sonis are so far removed from the though century has followed contiiaffairs of social life as utterly to disa ry in the search for truth and the regard it; and those few are con- detection of error, vre now can only sidered' rebels in the moral state, discern some feeble glimmerings of whom it is the duty of the commu- light, which are just sufficient to nity at large, if not to punish, at conduct us through the gloom, and least to avoid. Yet notwithstanding to render visible the darkness of this universal submission to the de- our course. cisions of the world, nothing is The absurdities of opinion though Thore common than the errors in often proved and derided, seldur which such decisions are involved, weaken its force; for from whatand the absurdities with which they ever cause it: may arise, whether abound. Cicero says, “that time founded in truth and justice, or vice effaces the fictions of opinion and and orror, its influence in the world confirms the determinations of na- is not only "universally felt, but tyre ;” and sometimes indeed pop- universally acknowledged.” Even ular abuses are rectified in succeed- a decided, individual opinion, has pot ing ages, though the chance is great, that control over the actions of the that in prescribing the remedy for person who entertains:ite that any one disease, the constitution may be decision would have, if sanctioned weakened for the easy admission of by the practice of mankind; though

Thus, at one period the the one should be preposterous, and French Roman-Catholics governed the other should be consistent with the state, in consequence of the pre- reason. i . Failing superstition of all ranks to The causes which bestow such avour them; and religious truth efficacy, and conser such power.on VOL. 1.]



the opinion of the world, it is per- general acknowledgement of suhaps both useless to seek, and hard perior wisdom, is as surprising to to find.

It is difficult to trace the reflect upon as it is common to obcomposition of complex ideas back serve. But the enchantments of to their original formation. opinion are sometimes so delusive,

Those sentiments which have the that those who are thought to be greatest weight of authority in the wise, are discovered to be foolish; world, generally arise from the and those, whose retiring modesty strongest passions drawn into con- excites opinions to the prejudice of stant operation. By the strongest their understandings, in after ages passions are not meant those which will be found to have possessed that are most violent, but those which knowledge, which should insure reare most lasting. Pride, in this spect, without that cringing, which sense, is one of the strongest sensa

obtains it. tions, of which the mind is suscepti Power has charms too enticing ble. It is the most impartial pas- to be resisted by the ambitious; sion, because no one is free from it; and opinion contributes to the deit is never vehement, for vehemence lusion. The crimes of politics, the is transient, and pride is one of the sacrifice of principle for the object inost constant sentiments in the hu- to be gained; the meanness of flatman breast; and is ever at hand to tery, the corruptions of intrigue, aid the force of opinion. Pride, and the exertions of talents, may united to selfishness, originates most sometimes raise a man to the eminof the opinions which circulate in ence he aspires after ; but the scepthe world, and notwithstanding their tre of empire will too often change perversion of sense, if once they get to a serpent in his hand. mounted on the "sightless couriers" Riches have an influence in the of credulous ignorance, they are world, which is in part well founddiffused with the suddenness of ed; for without competency, life light, though reason should rise in would be búrthensome, and desire rebellion, and virtue exert all her become tasteless. But that opinion energies to oppose them.

which allows no satisfaction but in Those objects of pursuit, which accumulating; no delights but in have the sanction of opinion as the retaining wealth, is not only absurd most to be desired, will be found on in theory, but vicious in practice. reflection, oftentimes to be replete The miser, in his fears and cares with misery, disappointment, and for his wealth, finds a perfect counvice. If science spreads her trea- terpoise for all the enjoyments of sures upon the summit of her hill, possession. Every wind blows desthe struggles of her votaries to obtruction ; and every approaching tain a share of them, involve them step foretells the happening of eril. in mazes of inextricable disputes, No joy brightens his face, worn or excite in the unsuccessful the with perpetual toil, and prematurely bitterest asperities of envy. That surrowed by the anxieties of avarice. persons, whose object should be the The charms of beauty, soon fade; promotion of knowledge, should but opinion authorises their supresuffer the clouds of jealousy and dis-macy. Voluptuousness, frequentcontent to overcast the serenity of fly usurps the place of modesty; and intellectual gratification, for the debauchery preys upon the frame; vain expectation of obtaining the admiration however, conducts the

frail one, by attentions and flattery, | Custom imperiously exacts the publicaup the sideof the mountain of de- tion of these annual orations. Nor is it light, and then suddenly leaves her justice to former orators to say, it is to fall into the deep of incurable

A custom more honored in the breach,

Than in the observance." disease, by the dizziness of the intoxication

The object of this mode of celebrating

this great anniversary is not to set an Perhaps it would be fruitless, to Apollo in the pulpit to flash upon the endeavor to oppose the general cir- audience the mere brilliancy of wit, nor culation of opinion, by obstinate a Minerva to give them the precept departure from its dogmas ; noth- and example of eloquence ; but a man

of good sense and sound judgement to ing weaker, than the rock, can re- barangue them on the “ feelings, mari. sist the force of the current. So- ners, and principles” that gave birth to cieties may effect something; but the proud prerogative of such a celethe labours of individuals will be in bration. With substantial men, sub. rain. Yet, I cannot but view that man rhetoric and embellishments of oratory

stance is the principal, & refinements of with respect who having burst asun-are considered as mere casual incidents. der the fetters of adamant, by which If a gentleman have marked his produc. opinion chains his followers, exerted tion with just discrimination and correct his force against him, and, in the force of thought, little ought it conwords of an American poet,

cern him, whether it would stand the

test of critical scrutiny ;' whether it " Shook opinion from his marble throne, would pass, like Daniel, through the And independent brao'd the world alone.fames unhurt. To be the object of re.

spectable criticism is no trivial compli. HORATIO.

ment. Zoilus hurled a javelin in spite at the aerial castles of Homer, and the

best production of ADDISON was not For the Emerald.

impregnable to the criticism of BLAIR.

After such able literary engineers hare ORIGINAL CRITICISM. failed in the attempt to erect muni

ments of style, in which no breach could MR. CHANNING'S ORATION. be effected, surely it ought to be no

reason against raising another rampart, To a copy of the Oration, delivered that it may tempt similar, successfulexon the 4th of July, immemorial usage ertions. We think the reasons suggestseems now to have given the public aed for not publishing at all would have title by prescription. That a profes- done better as an apology for the im. sional gentleman should question a pop- perfections of the publication itself. In ular right, sanctioned by such a con, giving this opinion, God forbid Mr. Ç. tinuity of enjoyment, and by uninter- should suspect us of the least tincture rupted possession, as far as possession of the spirit of partizans. For truth's can be predicated of the subject, is to sake let not the shrine of the classics

be us indeed matter of wonder. The au. polluted by the profanation of party. If; thor well knows the importance of a from literature and principle, we should harmony of precedents and the embar, ever sink into politics, he should soon rassment occasioned by the necessity find all that we say of him to be preju. of consulting the last case. Where the dice and presumption. law is not only settled, but well settled; The law of custom, we have said, 10 attempt should be made to shake it with respect to the submission of these “Stare decisis” should ever be the orations to the press is: well settled. governing maxim. To make a question They are delivered on a commanding

ocof expediency on such an occasion, and casion. The voice of a tow'n calls for & calculate wherber more would not be disquisition on politics.; on what gave. lost by obeying than transgressing the life and glory by one revolution, and law, is unprincipled and unmanly! may prevent death and disgrace from Correctness would aim at obedience, another. They are rather to be cona whatever be the gain of transgression. sidered discuşsions of principless than

decorations of rhetoric. If uniformly The examples of careless tautoingy published, they may be important funds were too frequent and glaring to be for future historians. That such a pro- overlooked by the slightest glance of duction should be withheld from the the intellectual optics. The disquisipress,' because the author, from any tion on the preamble to the statute of reason, however amiabie or otherwise hon tribute, stating that the money was to orable, had not been able to make it be appropriated "towardsa certain proof against criticism, or bad been object; and therefore implying that eren obliged to leave it extremely

, oljec still more eas to come, was undoubtedly xionable in point of style, is to sufior a just, but partook too much of the nicely temporary, individual disadvantage to of verbal criticism to be generally unoutweigh a permanent general good; is derstood on delivery. It would have in some measure to sacrifice the object core better as an argument of construcof the community in requesting an ora- tion in a court of law, than as a popular

tion to the personal feelings of the catchword on a political amiversary, :crator. But when we see a production Calling our annual celebrations of in

suppressed, which is not extremely ob- dependence "the SATURNALIA of jectionable in point of style, the argu- America,” was we think neither happy ment strengthens.

nor judicious. Not happy because few

present could be presumed to take the This the believe is the first instance allusion, Not juclicious, since the sain this town where thé orution has not turnalia were principally marked, as been in print. It is therefore we have may be made manifest from reference

been thus prolix. Repetition of wrong 1o HORACE, ADANS, or KENNET'I , sometimes constitutes right, and devia. för days in the Kolends of Jarury, - tion, in time, may become uniformity when masters' waited at their talle on - It is hoped this will be the only instance, slaves. But tło difference is, that we thé' Alpha and Omega, the first and have no slaves in New England. the last.

The elaborate antitheses, introduired In attending its recent delivery by the orator, were generally fortunate, several passages struck the ear as im But this is a figrire that dazzles; and proper for adoption in a discourse on constant coryscation soon overpowers so dignified an occasion. The phrases the ere. The tight of lightning is too ** family connexion, "* " family pictures;" rapid for vision to follow; and the flash are well enough' all in the family, but of anithesis zig-zag's so instantly from will hardly answer for popular assem. one side to the other, that the mind's Blies. The people will not be treated eye contemplates it with pain. It flies on the same familiar terms with babes quicker than thought. When long Rt the fire side. To talk about " the continued, this figure is particularly mturmnurs of the woodland turtle" may objectionable. , With regret we must be gentle enough for the tender ditties add, it was here completely run down. uf TIBULLOS, bat comes with ill grace from the ore rotundo of a popular de

The principles of Mr. C. were corchuimer. The frequent allusions to "


rect throughout. The animadversions were sufficient to have brought for the ed and appropriate, however seemingly

on the non-importation act, were spiritgentleman from across the Alantic one discordant with those “feelings and of the blushing honors of the Lord Iligh Chancellor of England, a letter resolution with respect to the article,

principles," which by a non-importation patent'for the title, Counsellor Eco. The use of the first person in public that from individual delicacy these

tea, gave birth to a nation. We regret speaker is extremely disgustful. The should be lost to the public. The disgust is universal. Every one has ranity; but every one is conscious he style was in general puré, chaste, and has it without reason, and detests the should ever characterize these compo

correct; but it wanted that nerve, which sight of it in cthers.

sitions. It was better adapted to the One instance of mixed metaphor par- fu miliar intercourse of epistolary corticularly attracted attention, and we respondence, than the proud tones of a could not be told, “that the pillart of manly orator. It was indeed too teOberty would capire” without thinking plete with classic allusions and censura

pable for the pumber of different allu

sions to the same object. “The club clusive as the importunity of a beloved of Hercules" is not the talisman of the woman. When therefore the benevoorator, in how many various lights and lence and virtuous qualifications of a shades soever he may be pleased to wife are excited in the endearing avowield it. We have been tempted to cations of tenderness, care, attention, this desultory examination from memo- friendship, he must be a disgrace to hus

ry of a production, which exists only in species, and unworthy of participating ! nemory and manuscript, that some idea in these accomplishments, who should

may be formed by many, of what could refuse to be biassed to good actions, or have been heard only by few. We may conciliated to virtuous principles. I bave extenuated nothing, but have set grant it is truly deplorable that such down naught in malire. We may in power over men is frequently abused deed hare misquoted ; but as we can. by some women. Every Xantippe has not be convicted of this without produc. not a Socrates to draw lessons of paing the oration itself, we rest safe on tience from the impetuosity of a virago, this head. Should it be produced and and hence conjugal recrimination is of. its production strike this conviction, ten a cause of ridicule with the sons of still we sball be happy in having sacri. wit and levity, who are severe in railleficed ourselves to the gratification of ry on the married, and cqually unjust the public. Minerva may be the gen. in their sarcasms on wedlock.' Socrademan's household god and rather a tes, however, notwithstanding his ill scrupulous deity. Should this propitia. luck in marriage, was yet unprejudiced, tory offering prove to be accepted and for in a discourse concerning love, he find faror in the sight of this head of inforced his doctrines with such address the Penates, to the giving up the papers that every batchelor in bis audience is under his charge, the object gained reported to have formed the resolution would amply compensate the loss of of marrying, and every married man the victim. Mr. C. would certainly immediately went home to his wife. acquire reputation from submitting his Marriage is an institution formed for production to the press "with all its the most perfect delight. It awakens imperfections on its head.” It has ma: every sense and calls forth every virtue ; ny brilliant passages. These should it inspires cheerfulness, corrects im. not be forever unknown, because once modesty and improves jay. It doubles unbeard.

every pleasure, because participated, Boston, July 10, 1806.

it divides every affliction by voluntary sympathy. It holds up prudence to our observation, and recoinmends immorality to our contempt. It tells us

to plant sincerity, and promises satis. MARRIAGE.

faction for the fruit. By reflecting ou

the important relation we bear to child. MARRIAGE is the bond of society, ren and wife, we are induced to the and therefore the most in portant ob- practice of honor. By a consciousress ject of the politician's investigation of their interest and happiness in our Love, the most violent of passions, finds reputation, we are content with mediobere its reward ; and as that love only crity, abhorring the means of increas. can insure permanent peace and honour ing a fortune at the expence of our grod the human heart, which is controled by name, and their consequent degradavirtue, all men of sense look up to that tion. By the acquisition or perfecting condition as “the perpetual fountain of honorable sensations and ideas, oc, of domestic sweets."

casioned by our new appellations of Whoever considers the influence of husband and father, we are restrained the sex upon our manders, the irresist- \from the commission of crimes. ible force of the passion they inspire, If a man be not happy in his own will confess that the heart is capable of bouse, where shall he look for hapfi: being mended and the conduct reform- ness? It is the proper theatre of a ed by a connexion with an amiable wo- woman's glory, it is the just bounds of man. The way she points, will be im.Ja man's felicity. He may indeed, won. plicitly followed, for there is no judg. der in a fruitless search of extraordinaa ment so strong and no reason so con-ry bliss, but the sole of his foot lika



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