Chapter Verse xix 28 ceived this generous answer Verily I say unto

• you, that ye which have followed me in the re

generation; when the Son of Man shall fit on " the throne of his glory, ye also shall fit upon

twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of • Israel. This promise was repeated to the twelve, after it is said Judas had covenanted to betray him, vide Luke ch. 22, v. 28, 29 and 30. Are we to suppose that so noble an inheritance fell to the share of that uncharitable thief, as he is called by St. John, ch. 12, v. 6, and of whom Jesus said — Woe to that man by whom the Son of - Man is betrayed : good were it for that man ' if he had never been born.' Mark, ch. 14, V: 21. Neither Mark, Luke or John, mention the first promise, and the last is recorded by Luke only.

Jesus follows up the first with a more general al29 furance, viz. And every one that hath for' saken houses, or brethren, orifisters, or father,

or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for .' my name fake; shall receive an hundred fold, s and shall inherit everlasting life.' Mark's record says— There is no man that hath left "house, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or • mother, or wife, or children, or lands for 'my fake and the gospel's, but he shall re“ceive an hundred fold now in this time; houses,

and brethren, and sisters, and mothers, and • children and lands, with persecutions: and in the world to come eternal life.' Luke's record

. . says

says--There is no man that hath lest house, or Chapter Verfe

parents, or brethren, or wife, or children, for " the kingdom of God's sake, who shall not re

ceive manifold more in this present time, and in

the world to come life everlasting.' How, or when, or where this promise was fulfilled to them in this world; we are yet to learn. · Houses and lands probably they had none; and of parents, brothers, fifters, wives (especially as they were not allowed to divorce them) and children : it cannot be supposed they wished fo great an increase. Jesus concludes this promise with a kind of exception or falvo—. But many that are first, xix. 30 " shall be last; and the last shall be first.'. To illuftrate which, he states a fimile, the tendency of which I do not understand, nor do I think it properly stated— For the kingdom of Heaven xx s is like: unto a man that is an house-holder, ' which went out early in the morning to hire labourers into his vineyard, fome he hired the

first, fome the third, others the fixth and ninth "hours. And about the eleventh hour, he went

out (to the market-place) and found others 'standing idle, and saith unto them, why stand

ye here all day idle.? they say unto him--because ono man hath hired us. He faith unto them, go

ye also into the vineyard, and whatsoever is

right, that shall ye receive.' The same reward is given to those last, who had laboured but one hour, as to the first, who had laboured twelve ;

[blocks in formation]


Chapter Væle and when the latter complained of this partiality, XX. 15 they were answered. Is it not lawful for me to

do what I will with my own? Is thine eye evil, because I am good? This simile or parable (re

corded by Matthew only) is concluded with 16 So the last shall be first, and the first last: for

many be called, but few chosen. This parable seems to imply, that a man cannot come till he is called; and when he is called, he may not be chosen*. After this, Jesus going up to Jerusalem, informs the twelve, that he should be there betrayed, mocked, scourged, and crucified : and that upon the third day he would rise again. St. Luke upon this passage (ch. xviii, v. 34) has this remarkable addition And they understood none

of these things; and this saying was hid from them, neither knew they the things which were

spoken.' They were so prepoffeffed with an opinion, desire, and expectation of his obtaining the throne of his father David, and, as it is called, restoring again the kingdom to Israel, that notwithstanding this was the third, or fourth time he had foretold his deplorable end; they would not believe, or as it is softened, understand him. It must be confessed, their expectations were sufficiently warranted by the scriptures. All the prophets from Moses, fpoke of the promised Messiah, as of a king, and as such, he was ex

Vide page 110, for a further proof.


pected by the Jews in general. The angel Ga: Chapter Verse briel (according to St. Luke) said of him to his intended mother—The Lord God shall give him the throne of his father David, and he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever. The wise men (according to Matthew) at his birth alarmed Herod, the then king, by their enquiry-Where is he that is born king of the Jews? We will now pursue St. Matthew's history~" Then came xx. 20 "to him the mother of Zebedee's children, (why not the wife of Zebedee) with her sons (James and John) worshiping him, and desiring a certain thing of him : and he said unto her, what wilt thou ? She saith unto him, grant that these, my two sons, may fit, one on thy right hand, • and the other on the left, in thy kingdom.' Mark records this paffage (ch. x, v. 35, 36 and 37) thus And James and John the sons of • Zebedee, came unto him saying, master, we

would that thou shouldst do for us whatsoever "we should desire. And he said unto them, what

would ye that I should do for you? They said "unto hiin grant that we may sit, one on thy

right hand, and the other on thy left hand in thy glory. These two records differ materially. Luke, at this time, says nothing about it. And why was John silent upon this transaction, in which he was so principally concerned? It was a capital request, artfully made, but unsuccess. ful. St. Matthew proceeds to inform us that H 2


Chapter Verre Jesus told them, they knew not what they asked, xx. 23 adding—To fit on my right hand, and on my

• left, is not mine to give; but it shall be given

to them for whom it is prepared of my Father.' It appears something extraordinary that Jesus, who before this* had fo readily promised James and John, that in his kingdom, or when he set on the throne of his glory, each of them fhould sit on a throne, judging one of the tribes of Israel ; should now say—that to sit on his right hand or on his left, was not his to give. We

are told, that when the ten heard this they were 24 moved with indignation against the brethren. To

remove this indignation, or rather jealousy; Jefus tells them there should be no superiority a

mong them; that they should be humble to each 28 other ; that he hintself came not to be served, but

to serve, and to give his life a ransom for many. When Jesus and his disciples departed from Je

rico, two blind men, who were laid by the way 30 side, called him Lord, the fon of David, and

requested him to restore their fight: he did so; and they followed him. Mark mentions but one, and calls him Bartimeas, ch. x, v. 4. Luke, ch. xviii, v. 35, says—A certain blind man, sat by

the way-side begging. John does not mention xxi ; this cure or cures. And when they drew nigh

unto Jerusalem, and were come to Bethphagė


* Page 96.


« ElőzőTovább »