and in this last story I fear he has rather over · done it, in telling us that Jesus said to the pe

nitent malefactor-To day thou shalt be with me in Paradise. This promise, if made at all, was made upon the Friday. Now St. John in his 20th chapter tells us that when Mary Magdalene, after the resurrection, advanced to salute Jesus, he said to her- Touch me not, for I am yot yet ascended to my Father. This was upon the Sunday following; and that being the case, what becomes of the promise? or at least of its accomplishment ? St. John though he has omitted, in his account of the crucifixion, the interesting particulars aforesaid ; has inserted some particulars, omitted by the others, but in which he himself was interested, viz.-Now there stood by S the cross of Jesus, his mother, and his mother's ? fifter, Mary the wife of Cleophas, and Mary ' Magdalene, when Jesus therefore saw his mo• ther, and the disciple standing by, whom he • loved, (St. John) he saith unto his mother, ! Woman, behold thy Son. If these and the following words were not accompanied with particular movements of the head; he must mean himself. “Then faith he to the disciple, Behold ! thy mother. We must however suppose they were so accompanied, as John tells-- From that ? hour that disciple took her unto his own home.' Whether her husband was living or dead at that time, we have no account. I am inclined to


think he was dead; for the reasons given page 45; and thereto adding the impropriety of this disposal had Joseph been alive.

We will now examine the inscription, wrote by Pilate, and fixed upon the cross above the head of Jesus, viz.





Jews, according to - - MATTHEW. THE KING OF THE JEWS,


THE JEWS, - .. - JOHN.

Luke and John tell us that this inscription was wrote in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin. Matthew wrote in Hebrew : the other three in Greek; but neither of them understood Latin. The translation from Matthew might therefore differ from those of the other three ; but how is it that the last three differ from each other ? St. John, who seems to be the only one present, and is the only one who informs us that the inscription was wrote by Pilate; gives us this additional anecdote" Then said the chief priests of the Jews (after • having read the inscription) to Pilate : Write

not the king of the Jews, but that he said, 1 !'am king of the Jews.' Pilate answered, What ! I have written, I have written.' There is, I think, little doubt that Pilate's motive in this, was to mortify the Jews for their obstinate per


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feverance in obtaining the death of Jesus, con- Chapter Verle
trary to the governor's wishes, and regardless of
his request. We will now proceed to the cir-
cumstances which happened at the death of Jesus,
in which we shall find Matthew and Mark so per-
fectly agreeing, and their arrangement so very
like ; that we may be tempted to suspect one

copied from the other. Luke and John differ,
ITÉ not only from them, but from each other. We
RI will first take Matthew's account Now from xxvii. 45
E 'the fixth hour, there was darkness over all the

land until the ninth hour. (Mark fays-over Ni the whole land. Luke fays-mover all the earth. ' John says nothing about the darkness or earth

quake.) And about the ninth hour, Jesus, 'cried with a loud voice saying-Eli, Eli, lama

Sabackthani? that is to say—My God, my
God, why haft thou forsaken me? Some of

them that stood there, when they heard that, 'faid, This man calleth for Elias. And straightway one of them ran, and took a sponge, and

filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and 'gave him to drink. The rest said, Let be, let

us see whether Elias will come to save him. * Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud

voice, yielded up the ghost. And behold the
vail of the temple was rent in twain from the

top to the bottom. Thus far Mark's account Ef seems a transcript of Matthew's, varying nothing

in matter, and very little in form. And here it

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is necessary to consider the import of Jesus's last words— My God, my God : why hast thou for• saken me?' This, according to our conceptions, plainly indicates a disappointment: he did not expect to be in these circumstances, or he expected to be better supported under them. He

cried again with a loud voice.' A second proof of his human weakness. The subterfuge of our school-men--that he felt like a man, but died like a God: is merely pomp of words: that he felt like á man, is evident by the records of Matthew, Mark, and Luke : but that he died like a God, is disproved by two of them. Here we must abandon the Godhead of Jesus, or give up the evidence of two evangelifts Matthew and Mark, Luke says not a word of this exclamation; nor does John; who was present, and who says of himself upon this occasion, ch. xix. v. 35, “And he

that saw it bare record, and his record is true :

and he knoweth that he faith true, that ye "might believe. Let us now examine the evi. dence of these two. The first says (ch. xxiii. v. 44). And it was about the sixth hour, and there ' was darkness over all the earth until the ninth

hour. And the sun was darkened. (Luke only, "mentions the sun.) And the vail of the temple was rent in the midst; and when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said-(not the discon

tented exclamation recorded by Matthew and • Mark: but submissively and resignedly-Fa.

ther, 'ther, into thy hands I commend my spirit.' Luke adds-And having said thus he gave up ' the ghost.' St. John's record differs from them all. After reciting the disposal Jesus made of his mother, which I have already noticed, he goes on (ch. xix. v. 28.)— After this Jesus knowing

that all things were now accomplished, that the 'scripture might be fulfilled, faith, I thirst.

Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar : and

they filled a sponge with vinegar, and put it • upon hysop, and put it to his mouth. (This

was a humane custom, administered upon these 'occasions under an idea that it deadened the

pain; or rather—that it rendered the sufferer

less sensible of it.) When Jesus therefore had • received the vinegar, he said, It is finished.

And he bowed his head and gave up the ghost.' Here we have not one loud cry: and the last speech is totally unlike the others :. but we must observe, that it implies a calm resignation; and in that respect, unites with Luke against Matthew and Mark. It is observable also (though the matter, compared with the laft, is but of little consequence) how much they differ in the compoßtion, time, and circumstances, relative to the beverage. Matthew says- They gave him vinegar to drink, S mingled with gall : and when he had tasted

thereof, he would not drink.' This seems to be unasked and previous to his being fastened to the cross. Mark says-' And they gave him to


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