Chapter Verre xxvi. 64 solemn adjurement ?) Jesus faith unto him, Thou

haft said? This is not an answer, but an equi: voque: and which we fhall find repeated again

and again on similar occasions. Mark says that Jesus answered plainly to the question, I am, But Luke and John agree with Matthew in the equivoque. Matthew proceeds— Neverthelefs I fay • unto you, hereafter shall ye fee the Son of Man

fitting on the right-hand of power and coming 65' in the clouds of Heaven. Then the high priest "rent his clothes saying, He hath spoken blaf

phemy : what further need, have we of witnes66 ses ? Behold, now ye have heard his blasphemy,

what think ye? They answered and said, He 69' is guilty of death. Then did they spit in his

"face, and buffetted him, and others (mote him 68' with the palmıs of their hands saying, Prophesy

unto us thou Christ, who is he that smote thee.' Mark records this examination nearly in the same words, except when the high priest asked him

Art thou the Christ, the Son of the Blessed ?' He answers plainly-I am. Luke (first recording Peter's denial) gives us the particulars of this examination, differing in the order and circumstances from the other two—. And the men that ' held Jesus mocked him and smote him, and

when they had blindfolded him, they struck him on the face, and asked him saying, Prophely who it is that Imote thee, and many other things blasphemously spake they against him.

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And as soon as it was day, the elders of the

people, and the chief priests, and the scribes • came together and led him into their council, 6 saying, Art thou the Christ? Tell us. And he • said unto them, If I tell you, you will not be

lieve, and if I also ask you, you will not answer me, nor let me go. Hereafter shall the Son of • Man fit on the right hand of the power of . God. Then said they all, Art thou then the

Son of God? And he said unto them, Ye say " that I am. This appears, as it does in Matthew, an equivoque, and yet they rejoin-What

need we any further witness ? for we ourselves I have heard of his own mouth. But this may. be a comment upon the preceding speech relative to the elevation of the Son of Man. We will now proceed to St. John's account of this examination, and which we shall find differs from the other three. Ch. xviii. v. 19.—Then the high

priest asked Jesus of his disciples, and of his

doctrine, Jesus answered him : I spake openly " to the world : I never taught in the synagogue, --and in the temple, whither the Jews always re« fort : and in secret have I said nothing. (What • were his explanations and particular instructions

to his disciples.) Why askest thou me? Ask " them which heard me what I have said unto

them; behold they know what I said. (The • high priest Caiaphas, we may suppose was a man of learning, and in course capable of de

L 2



Chapter Verse ciding upon the propriety or impropriety of the

« doctrine taught by Jesus. Like a wise man, he

wished to be informed by the teacher himself,

and not from hearsay : why he was referred to • the latter I know not : and it is plain, by what ' followed, that they were greatly displeased with

his reply.) And when he had thus spoken, " one of the officers which stood by, ftruck Jesus

with the palm of his hand, saying, Answerest

thou the high priest fo? Jesus answered him : • If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil, .but if well, why smitest thou me?' There was indeed no evil; but there appears to be great rudeness or want of respect to a man of rank who was questioning him officially. During this examination it was (according to St. John) that Peter denied Jesus: it was previous to it, according to Luke: and after it, according to Matthew and Mark: Luke says it was in the presence of Jesus; and we may suppose it was fo by John's account; but Matthew and Mark say otherwise. They differ likewise about the crowing of the cock, &c. as will be seen by comparing their records. Matthew, after informing us (in verse 58) that Peter followed him (Jesus) afar off unto the high prieit's palace, and went in and fat with the servants to see the end, and recording

the examination of Jesus : he, in verse 69, goes xxvi. 69 on with Peter's story~ Now Peter sat without

' in the palace, and a damsel came unto him fay

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Chapter Verse ing; Thou also wast with Jesus of Galilee. But xxvi. 70 • he denied before them all, saying, I know not

what thou sayest. And when he was gone out

into the porch, another maid faw him, and • faid unto them that were there ; This fellow

was also with Jesus of Nazareth. And again She denied with an oath, I do not know the man.

And after awhile came unto him they that stood " by, and said to Peter, Surely thou also art one ' of them, for thy speech bewrayeth thee. Then

began he to curse and to swear, saying, I know not the man. And immediately the cock crew. And Peter remembered the words of Jesus,

which said unto him, before the cock crow, " thou shalt deny me thrice. And he went out

and wept bitterly. We will now examine Mark's account of this ungracious business. He (after recording a circumstance relative to a naked young man, omitted by the others) says, ch. xiv. V. 54. 'And Peter followed him (Jesus) afar off,

even into the palace of the high priest : and he fat with the servants, and warmed himself at the fire. After reciting the examination of Jesus, he, in verse 66, goes on with Peter's story— And as Peter was beneath in the palace. (Beneath, seems to imply that Jesus was above.

Matthew says without in the palace: which ' seems to imply that Jesus was in an inner. • But it will appear by Luke's account, they were in the same room.) There cometh one of the


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'maids of the high priest. And when she faw ' Peter warming himself, she looked upon him,

and said, Thou also wast with Jesus of Naza6 reth. But he denied saying, I know not, nei

ther understand I what thou sayeft. (This was

not only a lie, but an improbable lie; it differs • from that in Matthew with respect to terms, but * in substance it is the same) And he went out

into the porch, and the cock crew. (St. Mat

thew says nothing of the crowing in this place.) ' And a maid saw him again, and began to say to

them that stood by, This is one of them. And ? he denied it again. (Here the oath mentioned

by Matthew is omitted.) And a little after, they that stood by, said again to Peter ; Surely

thou art one of them : for thou art a Galilean, "and thy speech agreeth thereto. But he began • to curse and to swear, saying, I know not this man of whom ye speak. And the second time the cock crew. And Peter called to mind the word that Jesus said unto him, before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice. And when he thought thereon, he wept.' Here we perceive a disagreement between Matthew and Mark, with respect to the times of crowing, and the prophecy relative thereto : yet each of them makes his fa&t correspond with bis prophecy. We will now examine Luke's account, he says, (ch. xxii.) And Peter followed afar off: and when they had kindled a fire in the midst of

? the

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