unto the mount of Olives, Jesus sent two of his Chapter Verse disciples to the opposite village for an ass, and her colt; and in case they were questioned by the owner, he directs them to say—the Lord hath need of them, upon which he would let them go. They accordingly brought the ass and the colt, put their garments on them, and set him thereon, to ride, in a triumphant manner, into Jerusalem. “All this was done, that it might xxi. 4 “ be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophets, * saying, tell ye the daughters of Sion, behold

thy king cometh unto thee, meek and fitting upon an ass, and a colt the fole of an ass. Mark ch. xi, v. 2. says.- Jesus sent two of his disciples, saying-Go your way into the village over a'gainst you, and as soon as ye be entered into it, 'ye shall find a cold tied, whereon never man sat.

Verse 7, and they brought the colt to Jesus, and cast their garments on him: and he sat upon him.' Nothing is said, by Mark, of the ass, or the prophecy. Luke agrees with Mark; and says nothing of the ass, or prophecy. John tells us (ch. xii, v, 14 and 15) · And Jesus when he had found a young ass, sat thereon : as. it is written Fear not daughter of Sion: bęhold thy king cometh, fiting on an afs's colt.' This prophecy, I apprehend, is taken from Zecharia, ch. ix, v. 9. Mark, and Luke, not knowing how to mount Jesus on the ass and the colt, conformable to the prophecy, wisely omit the H 3


Chapter Verre first and last. John, in this dilemma, takes

another method; he mounts him upon a young afs, and prunes the prophecy to an afs's colt.

During this procession, the multitudes cried xxi. Hosanna to the Son of David : blessed is he that

cometh in the name of the Lord ; Hosanna in the highest. Mark and Luke vary this exclaniation. According to the former, it was—'Ho'fanna, blessed is he that cometh in the name of

the Lord; blessed be the kingdom of our father « David, that cometh in the name of the Lord : • Hosanna in the highest.' According to the latter, it was~ Blessed be the King that cometh ' in the name of the Lord : peace in Heaven,

and glory in the higheft. Luke informs us, that the Pharisees who were among the multitude, hearing this, said to Jesus—Master, rebuke thy disciples : to which he made this remarkable reply-—' I tell you, that if these should ' hold their peace, the stones would immediately cry o out. Matthew varies this circumstance. After

reciting, the acts of Jesus in the temple, he tells 15 us “The chief priests and scribes seeing these acts,

* and hearing the children crying in the temple

• Hosanna to the Son of David. they, in dif16 pleasure, said to him-Hearest thou what these

say? to which he replied Yea; have ye never read, “Out of the mouths of babes and fuck

lings, thou hast perfected praise.' And he left them. In vain do we apply to Mark or John for a reconciliation of these differences, they are Chapter Verse filent upon the subject. We may suppose the questions were put by, and the answers given to, different people : but how Matthew and John, who certainly were present, should be less in- . formed than Luke, who probably was not, is not so easily accounted for. We will now resume Matthew's history~' And when he was come xxi. In

a recon

into Jerusalem, all the city was moved, say

ingWho is this?' And the multitude said. “ This is Jesus the prophet, of Nazareth of Ga• lilee.' Comparing this account with Luke's, we find that among the multitude some viewed him as a prophet, others as a king. In either case, if this was made as a triumphant entry, it certainly was the strangest that had ever been ex 'hibited. “And Jesus went into the temple of • God, and cast out all them that sold and bought

in the temple, and overthrew the tables of the 6 money-changers, and the seats of them that ? fold doves. And said unto them-It is writ

ten, my house shall be called the house of

prayer, but ye have made it a den of thieves.' After healing the blind and the lame who came to him in the temple, he lefų them, and went

out of the city into Bethany, and lodged there.', St. Mark, c. xi. v, 11. says—And Jesus enter.. ed into Jerusalem, and into the temple : and . when he had looked round about upon all " things, and now the even tide was come he

H 4



'went out into Bethany with the twelve.' He records the cleansing of the temple to have been executed, not upon this day, agreeable to Mato thew and Luke, but upon the day following, and after the affair of the fig tree. John afsigns a much earlier time to this transaction, recites it in different terms, and with additional matter. He says the marriage at Cana was three days after the baptism of Jesus : from thence he went to. Capernaum, where he continued not many days,

and the Jew's passover was at hand. Ch. ii. 'v. 13. And Jesus went up to Jerusalem : and

found in the temple those that sold oxen and • sheep, and doves, and the changers of money ' fitting. And when he had made a scourge of

finall cords, he drove them all out of the tem. ple, and the sheep, and the oxen; and poured

out the changers' money, and overthrew the <tables : and said unto them that fold doves

(females I apprehend) take these things hence, • make not my father's houfe an house of mer

chandise. A fofter phrase, and fitter for female ears than that recorded by the other evangelists—a den of thieves. Here John says, the disciples remembered that it was written- The ' zeal of thine house hath eaten me up.' This was the complaint of David, Psalm lxix, v.9. wherein it was applicable here, is beyond my conception. St. John there informs us that the Jews feeing this transaction, said to Jefus— What fign

! sheweft


F fhewest thou unto us, seeing that thou dost Chapter Verse

these things and received for answer - De. < ftroy this temple, and in three days I will raise

it up.' (We shall find this declaration brought, in the form of an accusation, against him*, by, as it is there called, a false witness.) " Then

faid the Jews, forty and fix years was this tem• ple in building, and wilt thou rear it; up in o three days ?' It doth not appear that he ex, plained this matter, either to the Jews or to his disciples ; it is almost evident that he did not, This cleansing of the temple was executed a few days after his baptism, according to St. John : but according to the other three, many months after : and yet John's time of the entry into Jerufalem, corresponds with theirs, at least we have no reason to think the contrary, St. Luke only, records a circumstance that happened previous to the said entry—' And when he was come near, ? he beheld the city, and wept over it. Saying, ! If thou hadft known, even thou, at least in

this thy day; the things which belong unta thy peace ! but how are they hid from thine

eyes.' Here he foretells and describes the de. struction of Jerusalem and its inhabitants, in very plain terms. We will now proceed with Matthew's history, in which he tells us, that Jesus, after cleansing the temple, &c. retired to Betha- xxi. 17

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