ferred upon him ; which he declined to accept. He was, however, generally styled Sir Robert, but not in his hearing : he used to say that no tradesman, however wealthy, should encourage such empty praises. If a letter was directed Robert Raikes, Esq., it was offensive to him; he would only acknowledge Mr. Robert Raikes as his proper address.

About the year 1805, Mr. Raikes was attacked with the severe complaint, which affected his brain, but he recovered, and was then advised by his friend to relinquish business; he did so, and a successor being found in Mr. David Walker, it was agreed that a joint annuity should be settled upon himself and Mrs. R., from the proceeds of the Gloucester Journal, nearly the oldest provincial newspaper in the kingdom: Mrs. Raikes (a sister of General Trigge) who survived her husband, continued to receive the annuity for several years-nearly up to the time of Mr. Walker's demise. The eldest son of Mr. Raikes is at the present time vicar of Ruardean.

But I must not forget the Rev. Richard Raikes, his brother—the benevolent physician and divine—a sound scholar, and the most humble of men—reminding me of the lines of Pope, with a little variation :

“ Is any sick ? the pious priest relieves,

Prescribes, attends--the medicine makes and gives.” This worthy man literally went about doing good; he might have attained high church preferment, through the means of powerful friends, but his wishes were bounded by some office in the church of St. David, (I believe treasurership) and the little curacy of Maisemore, near Gloucester. He was the tutor of the pious Bishop Ryder. The last time I saw him was in the year 1818, at a missionary meeting held in Gloucester: he was very feeble, and it was a pleasing spectacle to see Bishop Ryder, the chairman, leading his old instructor to a seat by his side.

Upon my master giving up business, I remained with Mr. Walker about two years, and then removed to the great metropolis. Here I had once more the pleasure of seeing Mr. Raikes at Spilsbury's printing office, Snowhill ; he was then, as I thought, shortly about to leave the scene of his earthly labours for the “undiscovered country,” and this idea proved to be correct.

Here I must stop. My object in the foregoing statement is to pay a tribute of gratitude to a worthy character, who has long since gone to his account, but whose labors in the cause of education will be appreciated by generations yet unborn. He lived to see the day when his example was followed in almost every town in the kingdom ; and died with the pleasing satisfaction of having been the means of conferring benefits on his native country, and which now extend even to foreign lands.

I am, Sir, your most obedient servant, Chepstow, Sept. 29th, 1845.

J. C.


This would be a most useful exercise on Sundays in the afternoon, especially in the summer months. It would edify grown persons as well as children ; it would keep them from being idle and disorderly; and I do not doubt but your churches would be well filled, and your people as well entertained as at the morning sermon. If you should at the same time take occasion to explain the doctrines and principles of Protestantism, and of the Established Church, it may be of grea tuse to prevent apostacies, and perhaps to make converts of those who may have the curiosity to be your hearers, whether Protestant dissenters, or papists.-Bishop Hort's Charge at kilmore, 1729.



At the annual meeting of the Ripon Diocesan Societies, held at the Music Hall, in Leeds, the Right Hon. the Earl of Harewood in the chair; present, the Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Ripon, the President of the Societies; Sir John Henry Lowther, Bart., M.P.; W. Beckett, Esq., M.P.; Andrew Lawson, Esq., M.P. &c., &c.; the Rev. W. Sinclair read the fourth Annual Report of the Board of Education :

The report stated that the "amount of annual subscriptions is only £517; a sum utterly disproportioned to the wealth of the diocese, and to the crying wants which this society was intended to relieve. It would scarcely be possible, in conjunction at least with other objects, out of so limited a sum, to attempt to supply the deficiency which still exists in the quantum of education given in the diocese, to make grants for the building of schools or schoolmasters' houses, and still less to make annual grants in aid of their support. But the committee, under the direction of the bishop, have set themselves effectually to improve the quality of the instruction given, by meeting that great want which has paralysed all former efforts to alleviate the educational destitution of the country. The committee determined, under the direction of the bishop of the diocese, to lay the foundation of an amended system broad and deep; and to meet the difficulty, not by any crude and hasty attempts, but by gradually training up a competent body of teachers thoroughly instructed for their work, and at the same time to place facilities within the reach of those who were then engaged in tuition, for acquiring a scientific knowledge of their profession. For this purpose the board, in conjunction with the York Board of Education, established at York an excellent training institution both for masters and mistresses, which worked so well, and was found to be so efficient an instrument in preparing young persons for the honorable office of teachers, that before the last annual meeting of the board, it was resolved by the joint committee of management to take measures for erecting a new building commensurate with the wants of the two dioceses, with the further intention of converting the present building into a training school for mistresses. Plans were accordingly provided for new buildings to accommodate fifty pupils, at a cost, including, the site, of £8500. They were approved in the first instance by the joint committee of management, and subsequently by the general committee of the Ripon Diocesan Board of Education : and having received the sanction of the committee of the Privy Council, a grant has been made of £4550, leaving about £4000 to be raised between the two dioceses.

“ The diocese of York has already fulfilled its part of the engagement, by raising a fund, which will not only cover its share of the above expense, but also provide against unforeseen contingencies. Our own diocesan sent forth an appeal to the members of the church in the diocese in the month of July of this year, and upwards of £2000 has in consequence been contributed. As it is considered that the sum necessary to be raised by this diocese, in order to complete the work, is at least £2500, the board hope that those members of the church who have not yet contributed to the fund will at once come forward, and enable them to discharge the obligation which, in the name of the diocese, they have contracted.

" The board are happy to state that the principal continues to report very favourably of the prosperity and efficiency of the institution. It is the opinion of the principal, and that of the board generally, that the efforts made by it

during the last four years, to raise the character, and improve both the position and the attainments of the masters, have proved very successful. During that time the standard of the schoolmaster, both in point of learning, character, and prospects, has been considerably raised; and in many instances the parochial schoolmaster is gradually assuming that important position which he ought to occupy between the minister and his poor parishioners.

“ The expenses incident to the training institution, and the support of thirtyfive exhibitioners, do, no doubt, swallow up almost all the funds at the disposal of the board; but they have not been inattentive to other objects of pressing importance. They have obtained from the National Society the services of Mr. Holland as an organizing master; and from the experience of past years, the board earnestly recommend clergymen and school-managers, whose schools are in a low state of order and discipline, to avail themselves, as they may without expense, of this most excellent means of putting indifferent schools into a state of efficiency.

“ The board also recommend the local boards to take immediate steps for endeavouring to bring commercial and other schools into union with the board, on the conditions agreed to by the National Society. The Leeds District Board held a meeting on the subject in the month of August, and have received ten national schools into union, and have had several of them inspected. A report on the state of education in each district of the diocese, carefully prepared by the local board to lay before the general committee, would be a very valuable document; for then not only would the extent and actual condition of our educational apparatus be known, but a vast stimulus would be given to put it into an efficient state.”


The following memorial has been recently laid before the Hebdo

madal Board in the University of Oxford :“ Considerable efforts have lately been made in this country for the diffusion of civil and spiritual knowledge, whether at home or abroad. Schools have been instituted for the lower and middle classes, churches built and endowed, missionary societies established, further schools founded, as at Marlborough and Fleetwood, for the sons of poor clergy and others ; and again, associations for the provision of additional ministers. But between these schools on the one hand, and on the other the ministry which requires to be augmented, there is a chasm which needs to be filled. Our universities take up education where our schools leave it, yet no one can say that they have been strengthened or extended, whether for clergy or laity, in proportion to the growing population of the country, its increasing empire, or deepening responsibilities.

“We are anxious to suggest, that the link which we find thus missing in the chain of improvement should be supplied by rendering academical education accessible to the sons of parents whose incomes are too narrow for the scale of expenditure at present prevailing among the junior members of the University of Oxford, and that this should be done through the addition of new departments to existing colleges, or if necessary, by the foundation of new collegiate bodies. We have learned, on what we consider unquestionable information, that in such institutions, if the furniture were provided by the college, and public meals alone were permitted, to the entire exclusion of private entertainments in the rooms of the students, the annual college payments, for board, lodging, and tuition, might be reduced to £60 at most, and that, frugality were enforced as the condition of membership, the students' entire expenditure might be brought within the compass of £80 yearly.

“ If such a plan of improvement be entertained by the authorities of Oxford, the details of its execution would remain to be considered. On these we do not venture to enter, but desire to record our readiness, whenever the matter may proceed further, to aid, by our personal exertions or pecuniary contributions, in the promotion of a design which the exigencies of the country so clearly seem to require.

Sandon, Ashley, R. Grosvenor, W. E. Gladstone, T. D. Acland, Ph. Pusey,
T. H. S. Sotheron, Westminster, Carnarvon, T. D. Acland, Bart., W.
Bramstone, Lincoln, Sidney Herbert, Canning, Mahon, W. B. Baring,

J. Nicholl (Judge Advocate), W. J. James, S. R. Glynne, J. E. Denison,
Wilson Patten, R. Vernon Smith, S. Wilberforce, R. Jelf, W. W. Hale,
W. Heathcote, Edward Berens, J. Wooley, Hon. Horace Powys, W.
Herbert, Dean of Manchester, G. Moberly, A. C. Tait.”



The essays

The Norrisian Prize at Cambridge.The subject for the present year is, “ If they hear not Moses and the Prophets, neither will they be persuaded though one rose from the dead.” are to be sent in on or before the 10th day preceding the Sunday in Passionweek, 1846, to one of the three stewards of Mr. Norris' institution, who are the Provost of the college, the Master of Trinity College, the Master of Caius College; with each essay must be sent a sealed letter, containing the name of the author. Each candidate must be above 20 years of age, and under 30, at the time appointed for adjudging the prize ; he must be, or have been, a student of this university; and must produce a certificate, under the hand of the Norrisian Professor, that he has attended 20 of the divinity lectures in the course of some one year. That essay to which the prize shall be adjudged, must be published by the author within two months from the time of his receiving the medal and books. Any opinion advanced in the essay of a candidate for this prize, contrary (in the estimation of the appointed judges) to those articles of the Church of England which relate to our Saviour's divinity, and the personality of the Holy Spirit, is to disqualify such candidate.

Shortly afterwards he was elected to a fellowship, and in the year 1799 he was raised to the mastership of the College, on the death of Dr. Lowther Yates. Dr. Proctor was a Prebendary of Norwich, and was in his 85th year at the time of his decease.

The Rev. Henry Phillpott, B.D., of this college, has been since elected Master in the room of the late Dr. Procter. Dr. Phillpott was senior Wrangler, second Smith's Prizeman, and a first-class Classic in the year 1829. The Cambridge Chronicle pays the following tribute to the memory of the late Master :-“ He was throughout life a steady adherent to those principles in Church and State which were professed by the friends of the late Mr. Pitt. As Master of the college he always manifested a vigilant regard for the well-ordering and prosperity of the society at large, as he ever studied the personal comfort of the individual members of it. In private life Dr. Procter was remarkable for urbanity of manners, and his hospitable disposition, whilst his readiness to do a kindness conciliated the regard of a large circle of friends, and occasions his death to be correspondingly regretted.”

Catharine Hall, Cambridge.—The Rev. Dr. Proctor, for 46 years Master of this college, died on the 10th Nov., universally regretted by the members of Catherine Hall, and the university generally, The Rev. Dr. was third Wrangler and second Smith's Prizeman in the year 1783.

Queen's College, Birmingham. — On Tuesday, Oct. 28th, Lord Lyttelton was installed Principal of Queen's College, in the room of Dr. Johnstone, who, from age and infirmities, recently resigned the situation. The formalities and other routine business of the institution were transacted at the college, after which the Professors, students, and officials repaired to the Town-hall, where a large com

pany of the principal inhabitants of Birmingham and the neighbourhood had assembled to witness the presentation of prizes to the students who had been successful competitors during the late examination. Among the company present were the noble Principal, the Earl of Dartmouth, the Bishop of Worcester, the Hon, and Rev. Grantham York, the Rev. Dr. Buckland, the Rev. Vaughan Thomas, Mr. C. S. Foster, the High Sheriff of Staffordshire, the Rural Dean, and the greater portion of the most eminent medical practitioners of Birmingham and its vicinity.

Lord Lyttelton, on taking the chair, observed, that perhaps he should do no more than could be reasonably expected of him, considering that that was the first time he had acted as chairman of one of their annual meetings, and considering also the comparative novelty and importance of the institution, if he conten. ted himself with making a few general remarks upon its present state and prospects. He was aware that he laboured under disadvantage in succeeding as Principal of the College a gentleman venerable in age and of high renown in physic. If the institution had been established for one important end which constituted its essential characteristic, he should have felt it to have been an act of presumption to succeed Dr. Johnstone in that place of honour; but it was because he (Lord Lyttelton) had a most vivid perception of the entire objects of the insti. tution, that he felt warranted in accepting the office he then had the honour to hold. He did not fear a contradiction when he asserted, that it was most erroneous to view the Queen's College of Birmingham as a mere medical institution. In a few words he would say, that such was a very inaccurate description of its objects. It was established for the general education of the pupil as a man, no less than for his professional instruction as a physician and a surgeon.

In every degree of life and position of society, it was important to keep in view the difference between the particular profession for which a student was educated, and the higher and more general education which he required as a man and a Christian. In the military, naval, and legal professions, the peculiar education of each was specified and defined, but unless the student was educated in the higher duties of Christian morality and religion, human science was unavailing.

What had been said and taught by the philosophers of ancient days was equally applicable to the present time—that we ought to be taught to live as becoming members of the great human family. If language such as this was addressed to the inhabitants of the olden days, how how much more imperatively did it apply to theni as Christians, in days when morality was but another word for religion ? The noble Lord, after some further remarks, observed, in what he said and intended to say, he should attempt to avoid points which were not admitted on all hands; and he was satisfied that in all the educational movements which of late years had taken place in this country, moral discipline and control had been considered essential to the success of every educational institution. His Lordship then referred to the particular dangers which surrounded the path of youthful medical students collected together in large towns without control, and exposed to the most injurious and contaminating associations. He then proceeded to show the great advantage which must result from institutions like Queen's College, established upon the collegiate plan, and affording every opportunity not only for the professional but the moral and Christian education of the pupils. (The above is but a meagre sketch of the noble Lord's address, which was listened to with great attention.)

Lord Dartmouth, in a highly eulogistic speech, proposed a vote of thanks to Dr. Johnstone, the late Principal, which was seconded by the Rev. R. Kennedy, and carried unanimously.

The Lord Bishop of Worcester, in presenting the successful students with the Warneford medal, said, one-third of the revenues of the diocese of Worcester had been appropriated to the spiritualimprovement of towns like Birmingham. He did not complain of this loss of income; he only regretted, that in consequence of the reduction of the income of the diocese, he was unable to contribute as liberally to scientific and charitable institutions as he could otherwise have wished.

Various other speeches were made, by Dr. Buckland and other gentlemen. We give that of the Rev. Vaughan Thomas entire :-

“Mr. Chairman, Mayor of Birmingham, -Dr. Buckland has done me the honour of referring to the old college relation under which I stood when he was my

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