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Swedenborg has written a very long book had the imprudence to publish his first on the Pleasures of Conjugal Love, a theme book; he haunts his publisher's daily, which no poet has yet employed. And in the expectation of reading a review of this is a pleasure common to both worlds. his speculations in theology; he is as Many pleasures have not the least smack fidgety and abstracted as a young lover, of a celestial dura. Such are the plea- and I dare say repeats to himself, “ the sures of getting in debt, and getting out course of authorship nerer did run of it, the last being the greatest of all ter- smooth.” It is a pleasure in itself to see restrial delights, because it rids one of that the old white-headed youngster, with a frightful monster--a dun. The pleasures pair of magnifying glasses on his nose, of eating, drinking, sleeping, smoking, searching the papers in his publisher's and fighting, we will only name-they office in quest of a notice of his book. are for the Sancho Panzas and Bobadils Poor old boy! It would have been happy of the world, for members of Congress for him, if he had never learned the real and Jobbers. The pleasures of dress, value of a newspaper puff. One morning which the ladies experience in a high de- be walked into his publisher's countinggree, are purely terrestrial. It is melan- room with a step as elastic as youth ; his choly to reflect, that these charming be- eyes sparkled through their glasses, and ings, who give so much pleasure them- his white hair glistened like burnished selves, must be deprived of this pleasure silver; a vernal joy beamed from his in the next world, where one pair of pur- whole body. “ I have got an excellent ple wings must last them forever. The notice,” he exclaimed, pulling a newspa. pleasure of getting money is also purely per from his pocket. And what sur. of this world, but the pleasure of getting prises me is that so discriminating a critic rid of it is half paradisaical--particularly should have read my book so early. I if it be given away; for to give, is to must find him out. But hear what he imitate the Giver of all things. The says :- This is a remarkable production, pleasure of lending is at best a Wall and we predict for it å rapid sale and a street pleasure, which must depend for wide popularity. The profound thought, its intensity, very much, on the kind of extensive learning, and original style of security taken. The pleasure of reading the author, will place him among the and writing, and of seeing yourself in most remarkable men of the age. No print for the first time, are purely terres- library can be considered complete with. Trial ; so is the pleasure of being criticised out it. Complimentary, isn't it?" said and misquoted, and misunderstood; of the gratified author. scandal ; of hearing and telling news; of “You may well say so," coldly replied collecting books, pictures, shells, coins, the publisher, “I wrote it myself.” autographs, everything but taxes; the “You wrote it?" exclaimed the author, pleasure of meeting a friend in a duel, and staring wildly at his publisher,” and are shooting him; of dancing; and the plea- those your real views?” sure of singing, which is also celestial. “ To tell you the truth, my dear friend, No pleasure is more earthly than that of I have not read a word of your book," being cheated, which we have good au said the publisher; “ but I have no doabt thority for believing is quite equal to the it deserves all I have said about it." pleasure of cheating, which must account The venerable young author was for the great number of cheats in the dreadfully shocked; but he cut out the world. Cheating, like charity, is twice notice, nevertheless, and put it away careblessed. A pain can never be a pleasure, fully in his pocket-book to be used in the but a pleasure may become a pain, as event of his book going to a second edithere may be pleasure in writing dull es tion. Poor mortals who expect pleasure says, or there would not be so many from such painted bladders as newspaper written, but there can never be any puffs, meet with a good many disagreeapleasure in reading them. The pleasure ble shocks. A young artist who ex. of appearing in print is like that of falling hibited his first picture in the National in love, it can never be repeated. It is a Academy not many years since, after rainbow which gilds the mists of life but working himself into a fever and spend. once; but it may occur at the close as ing two or three sleepless nights because well as at the beginning of day. Con- it was not hung in the line, at last took nected with this is the pleasure of being refuge for consolation in the newspapers, puffed, which an angel might envy. We where he searched with aching eyes know a young author of sixty-five ripe every morning for a notice. There years, who, at that thoughtless age, has seemed to be a conspiracy among the

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critics not to notice his picture at all, and The artist sat down, and after waiting then there seemed to be a conspiracy to some time in silence, ventured to ask his crush him. He was nearly driven to admirer which of the old writers it was madness by their remarks. One found whose works had been brought to mind fault with his drawing, another with his by his humble attempt in art? subject, and another with his color; some “Which of them? why, the whole recommended him to quit painting, some of them,” replied the critic. to adopt landscape, and some to go to “ Then you had no particular meaning Italy. The last advice he thought very in the terms which you applied to my sensible, but very cruel, for his means picture ?” said the artist. were scarcely sufficient to enable him to « None in the world; but if they have remain at home. At last he took up a given you any offence I am very sorry weekly paper, and exclaimed, “ Eureka!" for it,” said the critic, he having forgot as his eyes greedily ran over a criticism in whether he had praised or abused Stipthese words : “ No. 59. A truly charming ple's picture. performance. The tone, color, composi There is not so much as a homeopathic tion and subject of this work, have af- dose of celestial aura in the pleasure of forded us unqualified pleasure. The being puffed. The pleasure of puffing is artist is an honor to his country ; let him infinitely greater, for that is akin to bepersevere in his profession with an eye nevolence, which is a celestial quality, upon the great names of Europe, and he It is one of the most refined degrees of will be sure of fame and fortune. The cheating; and cheating is a pleasure shadows are a little too opaque, and the which we all delight in. Some men at color is, perhaps, too raw, while the their outset in life, hesitate for a moment drawing is not as correct as it might be; and say, " to cheat or not'to cheat;" but but in other respects, especially a certain nobody hesitates about being cheated. cool warmth of the sky, the picture is 'Tis the common lot. Almost the only perfect. It reminds us forcibly of the true pleasure. The man who has never old masters.” “ And I, too, a been cheated has never been happy. Is painter !” exclaimed the happy Stipple, not this world all a fleeting show, ex. as he thrust the paper into his pocket, and pressly formed for cheating in? So eager hurried home to read the glorious notice are we to be cheated that we cheat ourto his mother and sister. It would not selves. The miser who picked his own be believed if we told the exact number pocket to add a guinea to his store, it has of times that the delighted artist read this been well observed, is a type of all men. criticism trying to discern the real mean. If we gave up cheating ourselves, more ing of the critic. What puzzled him most, than half the trades and professions was the comparison of the old masters. would be ruined. It is the habit of selfIt nearly brought on a fever trying to deception which causes us to be so easily guess which of the old masters was duped by others. The only person whose meant. At last he resolved to call upon motives we do not scrutinize, whose pro. the critic for an explanation, not doubt- fessions we do not doubt, is ourself. ing a hearty welcome from one who When we go to judgment nothing will entertained such exalted views of his astonish us more than a knowledge of genius.

ourselves; we shall be prepared for ev. The critic was a small lawyer to whom erybody's sins but our own. My neighthe publisher of the weekly paper had bor, who sees me but once a week, given a ticket to the exhibition on the knows that I am indolent, wasteful, and condition of his writing a spicy review proud; but all the while I think myself of the pictures, and having abused No. industrious, saving, and humble. As for 58, he praised No. 59 by way of contrast him his niggardliness, and hypocrisy are and to give an air of picturesqueness to the talk of the whole country ; but he his criticisms. The blushing artist having remarked the other day that his donations announced his name, Mr. Stipple, on en were bringing him to the poor-house. tering the critic's office was rather dashed We have already taken up too much at being met by a blank stare from that of the reader's time to afford space for all terrible personage.

the earthly pleasures that might be enu“ My name is Stipple,” he said again ; merated ; but we believe, in a reverent “I painted number 59 which you had the faith, that there are as many pleasures in kindness to notice.”

this life as in the next, if we had the “Oh, indeed!" said the critic,“ sit down sense to enjoy them. The blight upon Mr. Stipple."

the happiness of the world is sin, and sin VOL. III.NO. VI. 41

is ignorance. Wisdom and pleasure are other hands to-morrow. But Mr. Jones synonymous words in the Bible.

The and Mr. Brown expect to receive pleabody is unquestionably a clog to the sure from possessing things which would keenest perceptions of which the soul is afford none if they were not possessed. capable, but if it blunt the edge of our Swedenborg has not designated the pleasures, it does the same to our pains. nature of the four hundred and seventyWhen the preacher declared that all here eight pleasures experienced by the dwell. was vanity, he only meant all vain em. ers in the lower heaven, where that ployments. Love to God, charity, mercy, number are found, but there is one which pity, conjugal love, friendship, the sweets he mentions in another place, that ex. of industry, the delights of a pure life, actly resembles one of the grand plea. the innocent enjoyments of rural occupa sures of this lower world. It is the tions, the satisfaction of a right use of our delight of a parent's heart upon the entalents, the placidity of a quiet conscience, trance into life of the first-born. Is there are all earthly pleasures, they are not conception in this pleasure ? Is it of the vain, for we shall enjoy the same in earth, earthy? or is it not pure and ceHeaven, and the zest of their enjoyment lestial, free from all taint of selfishness will be heightened by the recollection of and sin ? Speaking of infants in heaven, their enjoyment here. But men will fre- Swedenborg says, when they entered, quently seek enjoyment in objects which the flowers above the entrance glittered they know will yield them none: they most joyfully." Will not all parents will do so, too, even while they caution whose little ones have been taken from others against the same conduct. Joseph them put faith in Swedenborg? But Andrews was justly astonished in ob- while those celestial flowers glittered serving that fashionable people thought with joy in heaven, what blackness and to gain the respect of their friends by anguish issued from the portals through filling their houses with costly furniture, which the innocents had passed hence

. while they laughed at their neighbors for We are not among the disciples of Swedoing the same thing. There is probably denborg, but it is not the smallest of our not a lady in Broadway who feels the pleasures to suffer the sweet delusion of slightest degree of respect, or veneration, faith in his revelation concerning the or love, or friendship, for the stock in State of Infants in Heaven: trade of any upholsterer between Union Square and Bowling Green, and yet there them by delightful and pleasant things,

“ How all things are insinuated into is hardly a lady in the same distance that which are suited to their genius, has been will not pride herself on the possession also shown to me, for it was given me to of a new

suit of curtains, or a set of rose see infants handsomely clothed, having wood chairs. The chairs and curtains around the breast garlands of flowers, rewill give pleasure to nobody, but the cost splendent with the most beautiful and of them might produce inconceivable hap- heavenly colors, and likewise around their piness if dispersed among the poor and tender arms. Once it was also given me needy.

to see infants with their tutoresses, toWe look at a fine house, a fine pic. gether with virgins, in a paradisaical garden

beautifully adorned, not so much with ture, or a fine park, and admire them; perhaps we inquire the name of the artist porticoes with paths conducting towards

trees as with laurel espaliers, and thus who produced them; but we never be the interior parts; the infants themselves stow a thought on their owner.

were then clothed in like manner, and wish to look at handsome furniture we

when they entered, the flowers above the can drop in at Boudoine’s or Meeks'. entrance glittered most joyfully. Hence Mrs. Johnson is not elevated a hair's it may be manifest what delights they breadth in our esteem for having the have, and also that by things pleasant and articles in her drawing-room, which we delightful they are introduced into the saw exposed in an auction-room last goods of innocence and charity, which week. What do we care whether Mr. goods are by those things continually inJones or Mr. Brown be the owner of a

sinuated into them from the Lord.” picture by Page, or of a statue by Powers ? If we believe in this, shall we not be All our love and admiration are bestowed more solicitous to get to Heaven that we upon the artists and their works, not may know, and converse with the tutorupon Mr. Jones and Mr. Brown, whom ess who has been charged with the we like or dislike without any regard to precious care of our little boy? their property, which may pass into

H. F.

lf we

1

THREE CHAPTERS ON THE HISTORY OF POLAND.

CHAPTER 11.*

Τ Η Ε

REVOLUTION.

1

The fate of Poland was anew decided the physical complexion of Poland beby the Congress of Vienna on the 3d of gan to improve. All things seemed to May, 1815. The duchy of Warsaw was verify the fable of the phenix rising formed into a kingdom to be united to the from its ashes. crown of Russia under a separate consti The emperor, whose liberal feelings tution and administration. Gallicia with were soon congealed on his return to the the salt mines of Wieliczka (Vie-lich- cold atmosphere of his native country, kah) sell into the hands of Austria, and was frightened at the flight the spirit of Posnania was to be retained by Prussia freedom took, and began immediately to under the title of the grand duchy of arrest it. He found fitting tools ZaionPosen. Lithuania and the southern pro- czek, (Zah-yon-chek,) a Polish veteran, vinces beyond the pale of the new king- now made viceroy, and in his imperial dom, were incorporated into the Russian brother, Constantine, who was appointempire without any distinction. Cracow ed Commander-in-chief of the Polish with its vicinity was made an indepen- army. The liberty of the press was the dent republic, to be under the protection first object of his persecution; and the of the courts of Russia, Prussia, and act of the 31st of July, 1819, put an end Austria. The sequel proved, as it might to it. His encroachment on a guaranhave been predicted, that the fate of the tied right soon extended to other matters, republic was like that of a lamb put in in spite of the opposition of the Diet. the care of three hungry wolves, the Swarms of spies were let loose upon the strongest getting the first and largest country; a state prison was opened at sbare.

Warsaw to receive patriots, which soon Alexander, the emperor of Russia, on had occupants: and the publicity of dehis becoming king of Poland, gave bates in the Diet was abolished. These, constitution, by which the freedom of however, were but presages of approach. conscience and of the press was guaran- ing atrocities which were enacted totied; it approached much also in other wards the end of Alexander's life,and respects to the constitution of the 3d of after the accession of Nicolas, the 25th May. The benefits of this constitution of December, 1825. We will introduce extended only to 4,000,000 of inhabit- here a few instances which will give at ants; but the king-emperor promised least a faint idea of the character of the they should be also enjoyed by the rest monsters concerned in these infernal of the provinces.

deeds. This new state of things revived the The Grand Duke, Constantine, did not Polish nation; the young emperor seem

confine himself to his military office, but ed so generous, so eager after the dis- meddled with everything in the governtinction which noble deeds confer, that ment; his will alone became law. One the Poles allowed themselves to cherish of the most opulent and respectable citihopes of seeing their country restored to zens of Warsaw, without being at all her rank amongst the nations of Europe. acquainted with his character, hired, Their literature look a new start; soci- through some of his people, as a servant eties of learned men were formed; the in his brewery, a Russian deserter. The system of education revised, and even offender was detected, but the brewer

her a

* Notwithstanding our usual care, some misprints have occurred in our first chapter ; we take this opportunity to correct them. Page 488, column II., $ ii, line 5 from the bottom of the paragraph, read Sarmata instead of Sarmatiathe former being the singular of Sarmatae.' Page 192, column I., for Reyten read Reytan--column II., for (Rats-lav-itsch) read (Rats-lav-itseh); for (Mah-tsich-yo-yitsch) read (Mah-lsieh-yo-vitseh). Page 496, column Ì., for Glogowezyk, read Glogowczyk-for Gli nomini read Gli uomini.

was not allowed to prove his innocence, went through his exercises before him and by order of the Grand Duke was put in an admirable manner; but when iton fetters and made to work with a ordered to turn while at full gallop-the wheelbarrow in the public streets. And horse having become restive-he was un. when his daughter came to Constantine able to do it. The command was repeatto crave mercy for her father, he kicked ed in a thundering voice, but in vain; the her down stairs, using at the same time horse had become unmanageable. Conthe most abusive language. It was not stantine, now completely beside himself uncommon for women to have their with rage, cried out “ Halt!” and comheads shaved by command of the des. manded a pyramid of twelve muskets pot, if they happened to displease him. with fixed bayonets to be erected. By Önce, four soldiers were severly punish. this time the animal being subdued, the ed for not carrying out such an order, rider had returned, when he was ordered when they could not effect it without of to leap the pyramid. All around trem. fering personal violence to the victims. bled for him, but the officer's horse cleared A distinguished member of the diet, Nie- it. Without a moment of delay he was mojowski, for his opposing the arbitrary ordered to repeat the fearful leap; and taxation which the Grand Duke would the noble animal stood safe again on the impose, was arrested and sent to his farther side. Thus thwarted in his purcountry-house, where, surrounded by pose, the Grand Duke grew still more Cossacks, he was kept for five years, and furious, and repeated the command for not allowed even to attend to his private the third time. A General who happened affairs which demanded his supervision. to be present, interceded for the pardon of

One day, a nobleman from ihe coun- the officer, observing that the horse and try, with his lady and coachman, were rider were both exhausted, and it would made to work with a wheelbarrow be to doom them to a horrible death. among the convicts, for having passed The General was immediately arrested the droszki of the Grand Duke without for presuming thus to interfere. The paying any mark of respect to his high- order was given, and the horse and rider ness, although they were ignorant of his escaped once more. For the fourth time equipage.

the Grand Duke exclaimed, “ To the left But the persecution did not end here; about !-Forward !" For the fourth time even children were punished for their the horse gallantly cleared the pyramid, thoughtless actions. A son of Count and then with his rider fell exhausted to Plater, nine years old, in the playfulness the earth. The horse had his fore-legs of childhood while he was at college, broken, but the rider escaped unhurt; wrote on a wall “ The 3d of May for- yet his countenance was deadly pale, his ever," that being the anniversary of the eyes glared wildly, and his knees shook famous constitution. The fact was re under him. Death-like silence reigned ported to Novosilzoff, the curator of as he approached the Grand Duke, and Universities, who instituted an inquiry laying his sword at his Highness' feet, in among the students to ascertain the cul. broken voice thanked him for the honor prit. None of them, however, betrayed of the emperor's service. “I take back him, for which they were flogged with your sword,” said the Duke, sulkily, “ but the utmost severity. The unlucky of- are you not aware of what may be the fender himself finally confessed the act, consequence of this undutiful conduct to. and was condemed by the Grand Duke wards me?” The officer was sent to the to be a soldier for life, incapable of any guard house. Subsequently he disapadvancement in the army. And when peared, and was never heard of after. his mother threw herself before the This scene took place at St. Petersburg. Duke's carriage to implore mercy for her These are given merely as specimens son, Constantine spurned her with his -volumes might be filled with the atrofoot! Novosilzoff was one of the base cities of this prodigy of inhumanity, who hirelings worthy of his master; he was for fifteen years was allowed to prey a fiend incarnate to the students, and as upon the Polish nation. They are also his station was next to the Grand Duke, but individual grievances, while the en. his power was extensive, and not less tire nation suffered under more general despotic.

wrongs. The sacredness of private corOne instance more of the savage respondence was invaded. Letters were character of this man will be enough. read at the post-offices, before they were One day an officer of the lancer-guard delivered. If the skill of the seal-breaker

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