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PASSAGES FROM THE LIFE OF A MEDICAL ECLECTIC.

NO. II.

the grave.

The labor of the Physician, however for the purpose of relieving spasm, has much he may love his kind, is often from been known repeatedly to destroy life. necessity rather than choice. He has to “The same tea applied to parts affect. deal with so many debasing appetites, ed with itch has been followed by vomiting and diseasing habits, that his heart fails and convulsions. him. He loses his hope and his faith in

“ The same article applied to the skin

on the pit of the stomach, occasions fainthumanity. It is unfortunate that the

ness, vomiting and cold sweats.” work that needs most to be done is the

We see from these facts that when this very kind that is least attractive. But poison is introduced into the system, either every true worker must say, “ necessity by the absorbent vessels, or by the stomach, is upon, and wo is me" if I do not labor nature revolts against it, and strives with earnestly, amid the loathsome and dread- all her power to dislodge the offence. The ful, for the True and the Beautiful. A reaction is so great, that faintness and physician is expected to cure his patients, death ensue at times. If the quantity is however impossible they may render it not large enough to produce death, vomitby their habits. A man steeps his system ings and deathly perspiration throw off the in tobaccó, till every nerve is as restless quantity taken at first be very small, the

and the patient recovers. If the as if it were burning-till he has palsy, reaction is not so distinct, and by very neuralgia, or some other borror fastened gradually debauching the system, the reon him, and then he calls a physician to sults are only perceptible in a stimulation, cure him. He, by no means, contemplates which, if carried far enough, would result giving up the use of tobacco. If the in the death of the individual, or the exphysician brings him an acre of statistics pulsion of the poison. But now it remains demonstrating the deadly nature of the in the system, diseasing the body, clouding weed, he laughs in his face, and tells him the mind, causing weakness, trembling, at that all his ancestors used tobacco, and times deathly sickness, and a craving for lived to a very great age.

more, more, with an appetite insatiable as But Truth is never lost, and however

The German Physiologists tell us hard hopeless may seem the labor of Love things of the effects of smoking in their which gives Truth to the world, it is not country. It is computed that of twenty in vain. The faithful physician will con- deaths of men between the age of eighteen tinue to present facts like the following and thirty-five years, ten originate in the respecting tobacco, though they may seem waste of the constitution by smoking. In to fall unheeded by the way-side of Life. Hatsburg, alone, the consumption of cigars

amount to £16,000, sterling. It is the naEffects of Tobacco on Animal Life. tional sin of Germany to poison the whole

being with this narcotic. We have a Ger. “ Dr. Franklin ascertained that the oily man friend who has inherited a narcotized matter that floats on water after a stream constitution, and who manages to keep his of tobacco smoke has been passed into it, inheritance undiminished, and though he will destroy the life of a cat in a few is a lovely man, and one of the most acminutes if applied to her tongue.

complished scholars in our country, many “Mr. Brodie killed a cat with two drops a time and oft have his friends had to hold of the oil of tobacco.

him, to watch him, to reason with him “Orfila says, “a woman applied to the (though, on the authority of Marryatt, we heads of three children, for a disease of the aver that you cannot reason with nerves), scalp, an ointment prepared with the oil for many hours to keep him from suicide. of tobacco and butter; soon after they ex When will this wholesale poisoning, that perienced dizziness, violent vomitings and destroys the blessing of existence, cease ? faintings, accompanied with profuse sweats.' People will tell you that they use snuff,

“The celebrated French poet, Santeuil, or they smoke, or chew tobacco, and yet encame to his death through horrible pains joy perfect health. Pretty soon they define and convulsions, from having taken a glass perfect health. In their dictionary, it means of wine with which snuff had been mixed. having headache, dizziness, dyspepsia, low

“The tea of twenty or thirty grains of spirits, and a great many troubles that they tobacco, introduced into the human body, feel obliged to resort to tobacco, or the

31

VOL. III.-NO. V.

case.

doctor, to cure. If the physician tells by tremors of the hands, sometimes by them to leave tobacco, they at once con weakness, tremulousness, squeaking or clude, that he does not understand their hoarseness of the voice, rarely a loss of

Like the drunkard they feel better the voice; disturbed sleep, starting from for taking tobacco, and shall they not take the early slumbers with a sense of suffowhat makes them feel better? They can cation, or the feeling of alarm; nightmare, trust their own experience, and that is de- epileptic, or convulsion fits ; confusion, or cidedly in favor of the much loved stimulus. weakness of the mental faculties; peevish

The Rev. Mr. Fowler, from much at ness, or tability of temper; instability tention to the statistics of tobacco con of purpose ; seasons of great depression of sumption in the United States, estimates the spirits ; long fits of unbroken melanthe annual cost at

$10,000,000 choly and despondency, and in some cases The time lost by the use of it 12,000,000 entire and permanent mental derangeThe pauper tax which it oc

ment.” casions

3,000,000 People think because they do not feel

very ill directly after taking anything in

25,000,000 imical to the vital economy, that it cannot This estimate is believed to be below be hurtful. This is a great mistake. We the truth.

do not always get our pay down,' as the The consumption of tobacco in this Yankees say, for good or evil deeds. country is eight times as great as in France, and three times as great as in Eng. I was, this morning, looking over the land, in proportion to the population. Past, and endeavoring to decide what

From the habitual use of tobacco, in portion of my experience to select for the either of its forms,” says Dr. Mussey, “ the 6 profit and edification” of my readers, following symptoms may arise : a sense of when an old friend called on me. We weakness, sinking, or pain at the pit of had a long and interesting talk, during the stomach ; dizziness or pain in the head; which, he gave me many particulars of occasional dimness and temporary loss of sight; paleness and sallowness of the bis history. As he is a Poet, a man of countenance, and sometimes swelling of wit and worth, I am sure of exciting the feet; an enfeebled state of the volun- deep interest by giving his story as nearly tary muscles, manifesting itself sometimes as possible in his own words.

THE CONFESSIONS OF A TOBACCO USER.

I have lived many years, and I have worm. I have a word to say to some made up my mind that there is very little would-be poet, who fancies he is alive, genuine pride in the world, and that what and dreams of power. He only dreams, there is will never comfortably sustain a if he is a moody tobacco user, hating his man in isolation. No one can live alone. fellows because he has not health to love The proud man, who scorns his fellows, them; and, barring out the influx of heacan no more live alone than the gentle, ven, stopping the circulation of the life confiding, receptive woman, who looks spirit of humanity, because he hates. He to him all unconsciously as to a God. may think, with the preacher at the camp The isolation of such a man is terrible. meeting, that he shall burn his bigness He cages himself from his kind, but he through the world, but the old, solid beats fiercely against the walls of his world will not wake in his day to find a prison. His stagnant soul grows sick, hole through it. I would speak kindly and in the absence of the genial magnet- to him, because I know the worth of ism of his fellow-men, he gets drunk, or kindness. Kind words have made a lad. stupefies himself with tobacco. And the der from earth to heaven for many a misman who does all this might as well not erable one. The lost and saved know be proud, for he really quite mean. I their worth, and wisely and well such know what I say. I have been a to can use them. When I was twenty years bacco user in my day, and I intend, now old I chewed tobacco, and had the blues I am a seceder, to reveal some of the of course. secrets of the worshipers of the weed. had fits of bating myself worse than

Yes, I have been powerless-paralyzed I could ever hate another. I got in love, by the poison of tobacco. Now there as young men of genius generally do, has been any quantity of pseudo poetry and half of them throw themselves away written in praise of a poison that only in their first insanity. I did not succeed three creatures have ever taken the liberty in achieving my stultification at this wise to touch, viz., a goat, a man, and another age, but it was no merit of mine. My

about

for the country, after the reign of a few the walls of Vienna, Sobieski alone, who
months, he fled to his native land, and frequently drove the Turks and Tartars
Stephen Batory, elected in 1575, snc before him, defied it. The blast of his
ceeded to the Polish crown. The short victory (the 12th of September, 1683,)
reign of ten years was long enough for was heard all over Europe, and filled
Batory to endear himself to his people; with extatic joy the hitherto frightened
for his talent, courage, probity, and love Austrians, but not their Emperor, Leo-
for learning, were conspicuous. Yet, his pold, whose heart was possessed by
otherwise glorious reign cannot be look- envy at the sight of his benefactor's glo-
ed upon by the historian but with sorrow, ry. For this victory, Pope Innocent II.
for he had the misfortune of planting received the honor of a statue as the lib-
seed, whose nature neither he nor the erator of Christendom! What a hero !
world as yet knew anything about, till it and what a gratitude !
germinated and reached the season of its Splendid as the reign of Sobieski was,
fruition. Anxious to contribute to the en- yet it had blemishes; and great as the man
couragement of learning, he introdnced was, he had his weaknesses. He could
into Poland the Order of the Jesuits, govern thousands of men on the field of
whose real character was to be displayed battle, but at home he found himself un-
in subsequent reigns.

equal to the intrigues of his wife. But Sigismund III.,

of the family De Wasa, he is not the first who could not fight and son of the Swedish king John, was with woman; Samson himself was a next elected to the Polish throne in 1587, pigmy in such matters. Remembering and died 1632. His long reign of 45 his deeds, we must be less severe upon years was a source of calamities to the his foibles. Polish nation, yet it was not entirely de The 17th of June 1696, closed the eyes void of brilliancy. His reign was graced of our hoary warrior. Some time before by many distinguished men, among his death, the crows, birds ominous of whom stands foremost Zolkiewski, (Zolo storms, had passed over the political hor. kiev-sky) who brought the captive Czar izon of Poland, but when he died, it and his brothers in the train of his tri- grew dark; clouds gathered from all umphal entry to Warsaw, and laid the quarters, and the demon of discord was Russian crown at the feet of his royal busy in preparing thunder-bolts. The master. It was Sigismund who brought storm burst, and the frail bark of Poland upon Poland the Swedish wars for was tossed about by the raging elements, succession, which for many years ex while the Swedes, the Saxons, the Prushausted her. It was also under his sians, the Russians, and the Austrians, sway that the Society of Jesus, in less stood ready to receive the wreck and di. than half a century from its introduction, vide the spoils. What hideous crimes struck deep roots into the Polish soil, and were perpetrated ! what superhuman vir. was spreading its baneful influence tues exhibited ! just as if heaven and hell through the land. The Jesuits were fast were challenged to show their best and engrossing the public education of the their worst ! nation, and consequent imbecility, and Poland was now doomed to receive her bigotry, never failing concomitants of kings at her neighbors' hands, even their system of instruction, gave a greater though they had not the baseness to proimpetus to the detrimental causes acting claim themselves her masters. An opporupon the country from without. It is a tunity soon presented itself to satisfy singular fact that the Jesuit colleges have their lust for acquisition. Through the never produced a single great man in the influence of the intriguing Jesuits, the history of Poland.

political rights of the Protestants were When under the confluence of such encroached upon in 1717, rights which circumstances, Poland was convulsed they had enjoyed for upwards of a cen. with intestine commotions, fomented and tury and a half. Animosities arose at kept up by wily neighbors, who, like home, and Prussia, Russia, and Austria, hungry wolves, were waiting the disso were glad to offer themselves as proteclution of her political body, there appear. tors of Protestant rights. They soon ed a man who could heal her wounds and showed their real intention. The archprolong her life yet a while—that man fiend, Frederic II., proposed the partition was John Sobieski.

of Poland, to which Russia and Austria When all Christian Europe trembled at readily acceded, and the 2d of September, the sight of the crescent unfurled before 1772, saw that infamous act perpetrated,

[graphic][subsumed]

breathing, among the dead, by the Cos- ful of once the fosterer and protector of sacks, who made a litter with their lan- her civilization ! ces and carried him to their general. As soon as he was able to travel he was

“Oh, bloodiest picture in the book of time,

Sarmatia fell unwept, without a crime !" conveyed to Petersburg, where Catharine doomed the hero to prison.

It is common for the historians in the The consternation at these sad tidings interest of kings, to ascribe the fall of was unspeakable; men and women were Poland to the political vices of the Poles; seen in the streets wringing their hands, but it is a mistake. The causes that pro. beating their heads against the walls, and duced the ruin of the country lie more in exclaiming in tones of despair, “Kos- the vices of European society than in the ciuszko is no more, the country is want of virtue in the Poles themselves. lost.”

When the religious enthusiasm that once Sad but true was the prophecy. Par- animated Europe subsided, and the guards alyzed by this disaster, ihé Poles were on the watch-towers of Christianity fell driven into the entrenchments thrown up asleep, or turned traitors to their holy before Praga. When on the 4th of No- calling, universal scepticism seized upon vember, 1794, Suwarow made an assault, society, and laxity in morals and despotthe earth groaned under more than a hun- ism in politics followed as natural consedred cannon vomiting fire from the batte- quences. Kings succeeded in absorbing ries of Praga. The flower of the Polish all the power of feudal Barons; and thus army that made the garrison, fought a monarch became the state. “ L'état, c'est bravely, as if in defiance of fortune; a moi," said Louis XIV. of France. But few hours of carnage, however, decided Poland alone stood as the representative the day against them, and the fortifica- of the principles of freedom, amidst daily tions were carried. How much noble strengthening despotism around her, blood was sacrificed to implacable fate ! At this time Prussia had struggled into Eight thousand Poles fell sword in hand; a feeble existence, and acquired territory. and Suwarow, the monster, having given Austria losing ground in the west, turned orders to set fire to the bridge joining her attention eastward; and Russia havWarsaw to prevent the inhabitants from ing collected her heterogeneous tribes into retreating, let loose his Russian blood. one hideous mass, was ambitious of hounds upon the devoted city. What taking a place among the European powscenes of horror followed! Human nature shudders at the very mention of Surrounded by such moral influences, them. Above twelve thousand towns- and by such neighbors, stood Polandpeople, old men, women and children, dangerous to kings from the freedom of were butchered in cold blood; the Cos- her people, and coveted equally by the sacks in exultation, carried little children three royal scoundrels as offering each on the point of their lances about the what he most desired. Her republican streets, brandishing them in the air. The government was, of necessity, too weak measure of iniquity was not yet full. io resist the combined power of despots. The Russians set fire to the place in four But while kings stood over the dismemdifferent parts, and in a few hours the bered body of Poland, enjoying their whole of Praga, inhabitants and their fiendish triumph, they were sounding the houses, presented but a heap of ashes ! death-knell of despotism. This event

Ou the 6th of November Warsaw had was the last triumph of crowned heads to capitulate, and the Russians, Prussians over the people; and history, when it and Austrians began to fill their dungeons will be written for the people, shall call with the most distinguished names of Po- it the culminating point of the glory of land. On the 24th of October, 1795, the kings. But from this time also, she will treaty for the third and complete partition date the increasing strength of the downof Poland was agreed upon by Russia, trodden masses. The time is not far disPrussia and Austria. Thus the Polish tant when the people will rise in their nation of more than twenty-four millions majesty, and recover their rights at the of inhabitants, was struck out from polit- cost of the heads of kings—their eneical existence; her king, Stanislas Au- mies. gustus Poniatowski, was made to abdicate And here let us add a few words about and retire on a pension to St. Petersburg, the hero who took such a prominent part where he died. Of these enormities all in the last events of his struggling counEurope stood a listless spectator, forget- try, and whose virtues rendered him the

ers.

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