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the middle, flowed in natural ringlets over of ornamenting themselves with similar her shoulders, and whenever she chanced appendages. to stoop, fell over and hid from view her Flora was their jeweler. Sometimes lovely bosom. Gazing into the depths of they wore necklaces of small carnation her strange blue eyes, when she was in a Aowers, strung like rubies upon a fibre of contemplative mood, they seemed most tappa, or displayed in their ears a single placid yet unfathomable; but when illu- white bud, 'the stem thrust backward minated by some lively emotion, they through the aperture, and showing in front beamed upon the beholder like stars. The the delicate petals folded together in a hands of Fayaway were as soft and delicate beautiful sphere, and looking like a drop as those of any countess ; for an entire ex. of the purest pearl. Chaplets, too, resememption from rude labor marks the girl- bling in their arrangement the strawberry hood and even prime of a Typee woman's coronal worn by an English peeress, and life. Her feet, though wholly exposed, composed of intertwined leaves and bloswere as diminutive and fairly shaped as soms, often crowned their temples; and those which peep from beneath the skirts bracelets and anklets of the same tasteful of a Lima Lady's dress. The skin of this pattern were frequently to be seen. Inyoung creature, froin continual ablutions deed, the maidens of the island were pasand the use of mollifying ointments, was sionately fond of flowers, and never weainconceivably smooth and soft.
ried of decorating their persons with them; “I may succeed, perhaps, in particular. a lovely trait in their character, and one izing some of the individual features of that ere long will be more fully alluded to. Fayaway's beauty, but that general loveli “Though in my eyes, at least, Fayaway ness of appearance which they all contribu was indisputably the loveliest female I saw led to produce I will not attempt to de- in Typee, yet the description I have given scribe. The easy, unstudied graces of a of her will in some measure apply to nearchild of nature like this, breathing from ly all the youthful portion of her sex in infancy an atmosphere of perpetual summer, the valley.” and nurtured by the simple fruits of the earth; enjoying a perfect freedom from care
The natives are evidently an amphibiand anxiety, and removed effectually from
ous race, and pass nearly half their time all injurious tendencies, strike the eye in a
in the water. "Mr. Melville was, rather manner which cannot be portrayed. This against his inclination, compelled to conpicture is no fancy sketch ; it is drawn form to this custom. Early one morning from the most vivid recollections of the Kory-Kory took him on his back and person delineated.”
landed him in the middle of a neighbor. The reader will gather some idea of
ing stream: the costume and appearance of the Typee “On gaining it, Kory-Kory, wading up fair ones from the following delineation: to his hips in the water, carried me half
way across, and deposited me on a smooth “ Fayaway-I must avow the fact-for black stone which rose a few inches above the most part clung to the primitive and the surface. The amphibious rabble at summer garb of Eden. But how be. our heels plunged in after us, and, climb. coming the costume! It showed her fine ing to the summit of the grass-grown rocks figure to the best possible advantage ; and with which the bed of the brook was here nothing could have been better adapted to and there broken, waited curiously to wither peculiar style of beauty. On ordinary ness our morning ablutions. occasions she was habited precisely as I “Somewhat embarrassed by the preshave described the two youthful savages ence of the female portion of the company, whom we had met on first entering the and feeling my cheeks burning with bash. valley. At other times, when rambling ful timidity, I formed a primitive basin by among the groves, or visiting at the houses joining my hands together, and cooled my of her acquaintances, she wore a tunic of blushes in the water it contained ; then white tappa, reaching from her waist to a removing my frock, bent over and washed little below the knees; and wben exposed myself down to my waist in the stream. for any length of time to the sun, she in As soon as Kory-Kory comprehended from variably protected herself from its rays by my motions that this was to be the extent a floating mantle of the same material, of my performance, he appeared perfectly loosely gathered about her person. Her aghast with astonishment, and rushing togala dress will be described hereafter. wards me, poured out a torrent of words in
“As the beauties of our own land delight eager deprecation of so limited an operain bedecking themselves with fanciful arti. tion, enjoining me by unmistakable signs cles of jewelry, suspending them from their to immerse my whole body. To this I was ears, hanging them about their necks, and forced to consent; and the honest fellow clasping them round their wrists, so Faya. regarding me as a froward, inexperienced way and her companions were in the habit child, whom it was his duty to serve at the
divine justice. But Cromwell received no work that had been done, and gave them such divine direction in his Irish massa all honor for the part they had borne in cres, and 10 believe that he had, argues a it ; but waxing warm as he proceeded, want of moral sense and of the spirit of he began to speak also of their injustice, true religion, which mars very much the delays, strifes and petty ambitions—hurl. excellency of his character. Still it was ing fiercely accusation after accusation in an error of the intellect rather than of the their faces, till a member rose and reheart, and sprung from that very belief buked him for his language. Come, without which he could not have saved come,” broke forth Cromwell, “ we have England.
had enough of this. I will put an end to We could wish to speak of the part he your prating." He had now fairly got took in the condemnation of Charles, on his battle-face, and his large eyes and defend him from the charge of injus- seemed to emit fire as he strode forth on tice and cruelty which has been preferred to the floor of the House, and clapping against him, but find we have not space. his hat on bis head and stamping the
His dissolution of the Rump Parlia- floor with his feet, poured forth a torrent ment by physical force, and assumption of invective on the now thoroughly of the executive power of the kingdom, alarmed Parliament. That speech is losi, have been the basis on which a charge of but it scathed like fire. “ You have sat ambition is attempted to be made out here too long already,” he exclaimed ; But for nearly three years after England, “you shall now give place to better Scotland and Ireland, were subdued, and men;" and turning to his officer, Harrirested quiet under the Parliament, the sion, he gave a brief word of command, Parliament could not get along. The as he would on the field of battle, and his King was dead, and now who should brave musketeers with leveled bayònets rule-or rather, how should the Parlia. marched sternly in. As he stood amid ment rule. Endless suggestions--pro- the bayonets that had so often surroundposed and rejected bills-committees ed him in the field of death, he began to formed and disbanded—this was the his- launch his thunderbolts on the right hand tory of the Rump Parliament, that evi- and on the left, and breaking over all dently could not rule England. Every- ceremonies of speech, boldly named the thing was quivering in the balance; crimes of which the members were guilty, some wanted a republic--some a sort of and closed up with—“corrupt, unjust mixed government, that no one knew persons; scandalous to the profession of anything about—some the restoration of ihe gospel. How can you be a Parliathe Stuarts. In this dilemma the army, ment for God's people. Depart, I say, now all-powerful, looked to Cromwell and let us have done with you. In the for help ; indeed, all England stretched name of God, go !” her hands out to him for relief. He had Thus ended the Rump Parliament, and saved it from outward foes, and now England lay on Cromwell's shoulders. he was looked to as the complete deliv. So did Bonaparte march into the Council erer from her internal feuds. Confer- of Five Hundred, with his brave grenaence after conference was held with Par. diers at his back. liament, and he struggled manfully to
was this summary steady the tottering fabric of liberty he dissolution of Parliament effected, than had helped rear with so much effort. At Cromwell was heard to say, “ It's you length a bill, settling the basis of a new who have forced me to this. I have representation, was brought forward, one sought the Lord, night and day, that he clause of which made the Rump Parlia. would rather slay me than put me upon ment a part of the new. But Cromwell the doing of this work.” But it was saw, with his far-reaching glance, that done, and when the first gust of passion clean work must be made, and this war bad passed Cromwell was himself again, of factions ended, or endless revolution and took the government on his brave would follow—and so he opposed the heart as calmly as if he were born a king. bill. On the day that it was expected to This assumption of power, and his al. pass, he, accompanied by some twenty ter dissolutions of Parliament, when it or thirty of his musketeers whom he would not act in accordance with bis could trust, went to the House, and took wishes, are called despotic and tyrannihis seat. After listening awhile to the cal acts, and so they were. But will discussion he arose to speak. Calm and any one tell us what else could have respectful at first, he alluded to the great been done. To suppose that argument
risk of offending, lifted me from the rock, to its mother's bosom. This was reand tenderly bathed my limbs. This over, peated again and again, the baby remainand resuming my seat, I could not avoid ing in the stream about a minute at a time. bursting into admiration of the scene Once or twice it made wry faces at swal. around me.
lowing a mouthful of water, and choked “ From the verdant surfaces of the large and spluttered as if on the point of strang. stones that lay scattered about, the natives ling. At such times, however, the mother were now sliding off into the water, diving snatched it up, and by a process scarcely to and ducking beneath the surface in all die be mentioned, obliged it to eject the fluid. rections; the young girls springing buoy. For several weeks afterwards I observed antly into the air, and revealing their naked the woman bringing her child down to the forms to the waist, with their long tresses stream regularly every day, in the cool of dancing about their shoulders, their eyes the morning and evening, and treating it to sparkling like drops of dew in the sun, and a bath. No wonder that the South Sea Istheir gay laughter pealing forth at every landers are so amphibious a race, when frolicsome incident.”
they are thus launched into the water as Our author was annoyed in a singular that it is as natural for a human being to
soon as they see the light. I am convinced manner by the island nymphs in bis swim as it is for a duck. And yet in civil. bathing excursions, as the following ized communities how many able-bodied statement will show :
individuals die, like so many drowning kit" I remember upon one occasion plung- tens, from the occurrence of the most triv.
ial accidents !" ing in among a parcel of these river. nymphs, and counting vainly on my supe
Of the social life of the Polynesian rior strength, sought to drag some of them savages, Mr. Melville entertains an exunder the water ; but I quickly repented alted opinion : nature has luxuriously and my temerity. The amphibious young crea. bountifully provided for all their wants; tures swarmed about me like a shoal of dol, the necessity for labor does not exist; phins, and seizing hold of my devoted there are no uncomfortable variations in limbs, tumbled me about and ducked me under the surface, until, from the strange nial;
health is easily preserved, and sel
the climate ; fruits and flowers are perennoises, which rang in my ears, and the su. pernatural visions dancing before my eyes, I dom fails until extreme age has destroyed thought I was in the land of spirits. I stood, the vital powers; there is a total absence indeed, as little chance among them as a
of all care, jealousies, rivalries, and cumbrous whale, attacked on all sides by a
while all pature is glowing in resplendlegion of sword-fish. When at length they ent colors, the simple savage is unmorelinquished their hold of me, they swam lested by earthly wants or ills—with this away in every direction, laughing at my reservation, that he must occasionally clumsy endeavors to reach them.”
have a human victim. This is the idea The Typeean children are from their we gather from Mr. Melville's general birth trained to the water. What would remarks. But we will allow him to a northern mother think of such an ex. speak for bimself: periment as the one here mentioned ?
“I once heard it given as an instance of “One day, in company with Kory-Kory, the htful depravity of a certain tribe in I had repaired to the stream for the purpose the Pacific, that they had no word in their of bathing, when I observed a woman sit. language to express the idea of virtue. ting upon a rock in the midst of the current, The assertion was unfounded; but were and watching with the liveliest interest the it otherwise, it might be met, by stating gambols of something, which at first I took that their language is almost entirely des. to be an uncommonly large species of frog titute of terms to express the delightful that was sporting in the water near her. ideas conveyed by our endless catalogue of Attracted by the novelty of the sight, I wad- civilized crimes.” ed towards the spot where she sat, and “ One peculiarity that fixed my admiracould hardly credit the evidence of my tion was the perpetual hiliarity reigning senses when I beheld a little infant, the pe- through the whole extent of the vale. riod of whose birth could not have extend. There seemed to be no cares, griefs, trou. ed back many days, paddling about as if it bles, or vexations, in all Typee. The hours had just risen to the surface, after being tripped along as gaily as the laughing hatched into existence at the bottom. Oc. couples down a country dance. casionally the delighted parent reached out “There were none of those thousand her hands towards it, when the little sources of irritation that the ingenuity of thing, uttering a faint cry, and striking civilized man has created to mar his own out its tiny limbs, would sidle for the felicity. There were no foreclosures of rock, and the next moment be clasped mortgages, no protested notes, no bills pay
able, no debts of honor in Typee; no un and hours, smoking and talking to one anreasonable tailors and shoemakers, per other with all the garrulity of age. versely bent on being paid ; no duns of any “ But the continual happiness, which so description ; no assault and battery attor- far as I was able to judge appeared to preneys, to foment discord, backing their cli- vail in the valley, sprung principally from ents up to a quarrel, and then knocking that all-pervading sensation which Roustheir heads together; no poor relations, seau has told us he at one time experienced, everlastingly, occupying the spare bed the mere buoyant sense of a healthful chamber, and diminishing the elbow-room physical existence. And, indeed, in this at the family table; no destitute widows particular the Typees had ample reason to with their children starving on the cold felicitate themselves, for sickness was alcharities of the world; no beggars ; no most unknown. During the whole period debtors' prisons; no proud and hard-heart- of my stay I saw but one invalid among ed nabobs in Typee; or to sum up all in them; and on their smooth clear skins you one word-no Money! “ That root of all observed no blemish or mark of disease.” evil” was not to be found in the valley.
“In this secluded abode of happiness Mr. Melville has given an equally there were no cross old women, no cruel glowing description of the daily occupastep-dames, no withered spinsters, no love- tion of the rude islanders, which we find sick maidens, no sour old bachelors, no too long to extract. Bathing, visiting, inattentive husbands, no melancholy young and eating a few simple natural fruits, ocmen, no blubbering youngsters, and no squalling brats. All was mirth, fun, and cupy most of their time. They have no high good-humor. Blue devils, hypochon- serious labor to perform, except occasiondria and doleful dumps, went and hid ally to repel an enemy; their religion themselves among the nooks and crannies hangs loosely upon them ; indeed, Mr. of the rocks.
Melville doubts if they have any religion “Here you would see a parcel of chil. at all, for though they have a few idols dren frolicking together the live-long day, no great respect is shown to them. and no quarreling, no contention, among The Typee method of cooking meat is them. The same number in our own land thus described—the victim, a fat porker, could not have played together for the
space having been killed with clubs : of an hour without biting or scratching one another. There you might have seen a “Without letting any blood from the body, throng of young females, not filled with it was immediately carried to a fire which envyings of each other's charms, nor dis- had been kindled near at hand, and four playing the ridiculous affectations of gen- savages taking hold of the carcass by its tility, nor yet moving in whalebone cor- legs, passed it rapidly to and fro in the sets, like so many automatons, but free, fames. In a moment the smell of burning inartificially happy, and unconstrained. bristles betrayed the object of this proce
“ There were some spots in that sunny dure. Having got thus far in the matter, vale where they would frequently resort the body was removed to a little distance; to decorate themselves with garlands of and, being disemboweled, the entrails flowers. To have seen them reclining be were laid aside as choice parts, and the neath the shadows of one of the beautiful whole carcass was thoroughly washed with groves; the ground about them strewn water. An ample thick green cloth, comwith freshly gathered buds and blossoms, posed of the long thick leaves of a species employed in weaving chaplets and neck- of palm-tree, ingeniously tacked together laces, one would have thought that all the with little pins of bamboo, was now spread train of Flora had gathered together to upon the ground, in which the body being keep a festival in honor of their mistress.
carefully rolled, it was borne to an oven pre"With the young men there seemed al- viously prepared to receive it. Here it was most always some matter of diversion or
at once laid upon the heated stones at the business on hand that afforded a constant bottom, and covered with thick layers of variety of enjoyment. But whether fish- leaves, the whole being quickly hidden ing, or carving canoes, or polishing their from sight by a mound of earth raised over ornaments, never was there exhibited the it." least sign of strife or contention among them.
Their method of preparing and eating “ As for the warriors, they maintained a fish appears to be still more primitive, tranquil dignity of demeanor, journeying and we recommend a trial of it to the occasionally from house to house, where fish-loving population on the Atlantic they were always sure to be received with
coast : the attention bestowed upon distinguished guests. The old men, of whom there were “ I grieve to state so distressing a fact, many in the vale, seldom stirred from their but the inhabitants of Typee were in the mats, where they would recline for hours habit of devouring fish much in the same